Questions tagged [flaps]

Surfaces that extend from the wings to increase lift, allowing flight at slower speeds (such as for takeoff and landing).

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
7
votes
1answer
275 views

Is it safe to fly if the flaps won't retract on ground?

The Piper Archer (PA-28) i had this morning had issues returning flaps to normal after being fully extended ON THE GROUND. It required a non trivial amount of push on the air-frame itself to restore ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Is flap-asymmetry protection on airliners still active even on the ground?

On aircraft with flaps, a general certification requirement is that it must not be possible for the aircraft to suffer a loss of lateral control secondary to an asymmetric-flap condition. This ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Are overwing exits still useable if the flaps can’t be lowered?

Essentially all narrowbody airliners (except for the very smallest propliners), and many widebodies as well,1 are equipped with one or more overwing exits for use in an emergency evacuation; these ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is the DC-9-80 (“MD-80”) prohibited from taking off with a flap setting between 13 and 15 degrees?

A bit of digging into the 7Z9363 accident investigation has brought up some interesting information regarding the DC-9-80 ("MD-80")'s flap system: Flaps may be positioned in any of the six ...
5
votes
1answer
184 views

Why is there an altitude limitation on operating the slats/flaps on the A320?

As per the FCOM limitations chapter there is an altitude limitation of 20000 feet for operating the flaps/slats on the A320? Why this specific altitude?
0
votes
1answer
75 views

What is the temperature of flap linkages during takeoff and landing in passenger and fighter aircraft? [closed]

During takeoff and landing, what is the temperature of flap linkages in passenger or fighter jet aircraft?
0
votes
0answers
51 views

How can the flap deflect to higher angles (than the wing) without experiencing loss of lift? [duplicate]

For a simple aircraft wing, assume the stall angle of attack of this wing is 16 degrees. Now, if I use the same airfoil as used in the wing for the flaps, I am able to deflect the flap at quite ...
0
votes
2answers
235 views

On large aircraft, why do flaperons not run the full length?

This is a 777 flaperon. It looks rather tiny, compared to the flap. There have been air disasters where the airplane rolled uncontrollably for one reason or the other. It seems to me that a larger ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

How do airplane designers determine flap deflection angles for flaps of various % wing chords?

How do airplane designers determine flap deflection angles for flap chords of various % wing chords? E.g. flap chord of 30%, 40% or 50% of wing chord. I understand most flaps' chords are about 25% of ...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Why not always take off with 10 degree flaps in a Cessna 172?

10 degree flaps increase our lift, reduce stall speed, reduce ground roll. Seems like all advantages with no disadvantages. So why does the Cessna 172 POH say normal take off is 0-10 degree flaps? Why ...
0
votes
0answers
116 views

How can a designer deal with a strict requirement when designing an aircraft?

I'm working on designing an aircraft with some specific requirements (Vstall, Vmax, Ceiling, Payload, Range, RoC, Slanding/takeoff etc). I'm following Anderson's and Raymer's ways (trying to find the ...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

At which point in scale reduction do slats and flaps become unnecessary?

Imagine some Fi-156 Storch, and reduce its scale down gradually to 10cm span. Let's assume full scale Fiesler Storch is 100% efficient at, for example, minimizing stall speed. During this reduction ...
1
vote
5answers
649 views

How does retracting flaps help extend the glide of an aircraft?

As per the video from Smithsonian channel BA flight 38's captain retracted the flaps of the Boeing 777 by 5 degrees to extend glide, to travel further. Why?
2
votes
1answer
238 views

Does the flap settings for the best lift/drag ratio change with speed on the Diamond DA20-A?

As I've recently started time building in DA20, I've noticed the AFM suggests flaps at T/O for a glide. Being very intrigued by this I run across this post. Although I appreciate Peter's reply that ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

How do slats actually work?

I want to know what is the difference between slats and flaps and the mechanism of the slats This what I know and researched about flaps: Flaps are a kind of high-lift device used to reduce the ...
25
votes
4answers
5k views

Why are heavy flaps better than just a bigger wing?

Flaps increase lift during landing and T/O. But when retracted, they do nothing. The space needed to stow the common fowler flaps can't be used for anything else - fuel or structure. Extended flaps ...
1
vote
4answers
271 views

Why do flaps retract?

Why do flaps retract? I know, it might seem obvious at first, because of drag, but instead of retracting the flaps, can't they just make the flaps flexible enough to get into a reduced drag position, ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Does leading-edge droop increase or decrease lift, other things being equal?

Consider a conventional subsonic airfoil in level flight. Typically it is cambered and with a small positive incidence, both of which features contribute to lift. Now droop the leading edge, as with ...
18
votes
7answers
2k views

Is lowering V1/VR (and runway length required) the only reason for flaps at take off?

I've read that some aircraft (examples include the Saab 340 and the Fokker 100) can perform flapless take offs, provided there is enough runway available. It's also my understanding that, in terms of ...
0
votes
2answers
967 views

A320 flap settings

Can anyone please explain about the 5 types of A320 flap settings - Up, Flap 1, Flap 2 and FULL. What do these mean? I've read that the A320 gives 2 outputs for the corresponding flap settings. What ...
1
vote
2answers
612 views

Do MD-11 pilots ever use flaps 50?

I'm curious if there is ever a purpose to use full flaps like that? Was it a bit of an overkill?
3
votes
5answers
592 views

Can thrust vectoring be used to enable the use of flaps on tailless delta-winged aircraft?

I'm considering flying wings as well as airplanes with only vertical stabilizer for their compact size, efficiency and high speed. As I can't find a working example of such scheme, theoretical ...
4
votes
1answer
389 views

Why does lift curve slope increase when Fowler Flaps are deployed?

Below is an image for a Fowler Flap: Notice that as the flap is deployed, both the camber and the area increase. This change in wing shape modifies the lift curve as follows: (source: Development of ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

What does the lift coefficient take into consideration for flaps?

Angle of attack increases lift for two reasons, Camber and increased flow deflection, What reason does the lift coefficient use? Both?
3
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between an aileron and a flap?

I have already been searching Google for the difference between an aileron and a flap, but I am not much satisfied, so now I am asking here on SE. What is the difference between an aileron and flap? ...
5
votes
1answer
471 views

Why do Boeing planes have more flap settings than Airbus planes? [duplicate]

The Boeing 737 and Airbus A320 are similar in size and performance. They are direct competitors. Boeing seems to have eight flap settings (1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 25, 30, 40) whereas Airbus seems to have ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

What does “speed checked” mean?

Here is a Scenario: PF: Flaps one. PM: Speed Checked, Flaps one. What does that mean and why do they have to say "speed checked" every time?
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Does deploying flap change the aspect ratio of the wing?

Specifically when a Plain flap is defleted the geometry of the wing will be altered (Camber is increased). Does this have any effect on aspect ratio? What's the connection between Camber and aspect ...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Why are Krueger flaps called flaps and not slats?

I always thought that flaps are trailing edge high lift devices and slats are leading edge high lift devices. This is also confirmed by the accepted answer for What is the difference between flaps and ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it right to extend flaps only in the white arc?

If the cruise speed is >80kts on the downwind leg but I can only extend flaps in the white arc, am I right in saying I need to get to the white arc, even if I'm on - for example - 100kts? For ...
14
votes
8answers
2k views

Could flaps be raised upward to serve as spoilers / lift dumpers?

I should preface that I'm by no means an aviation person. I'm just in a aircraft knowledge obsession phase and daydreaming about designing my own ultralight (will never happen). The idea would be to ...
2
votes
1answer
363 views

How beneficial are flaps when landing with a tailwind?

I understand that flaps are devices used to increase the amount of lift and drag. When landing with a tailwind your groundspeed will be higher. Therefore, flaps would help reduce this groundspeed, ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

How does the A350 variable camber system decrease drag?

Just curious how the A350 reduces drag/fuel burn by extending the flaps ever so slightly during cruise. Everything I've read about extending flaps says that extending them pushes the centre of ...
1
vote
1answer
325 views

What is this loose object above the flap fairing? [duplicate]

During my flight, I noticed a loose object above one of the flap fairings. You can see it in this video: https://imgur.com/wCPSEem. Is it normal or should I notify the airline? People pointed out to ...
2
votes
1answer
322 views

Would adding a slat and a slotted flap increase the max CL of a multi element airfoil to 6.5?

Would adding a slat and a slotted flap increase the of a multi element foil to 6.5? I understand, as a general rule, the max $C_L$ for a classic NACA airfoil is as follows: Base: 1.5 Slat: + 0.7 ...
16
votes
1answer
3k views

What happens to Cessna electric flaps that are moving when power is lost?

On final in a C182T you move the flap control arm from 20 to FULL, and when halfway there, the breaker pops (or BUS1 fails, a wire falls off, etc.) Does the flap stay where it is, slide back to 20°, ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the reason for setting flaps 1 on the ground at high temperatures?

Yesterday I've seen an A320 standing at the gate with flaps 1. While this question answers, why the flaps should be up, is there any reason to retract the flaps to 1 instead of up? In addition it ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Why doesn't extending the flaps on a B-2 send it into an uncontrollable dive?

The Northrop-Grumman B-2, a tailless-flying-delta-wing aircraft, has a set of flaps along its trailing edge, as seen (for instance) in this cutaway diagram: (Image from Funker530.) But tailless ...
-1
votes
2answers
150 views

Are flaps a good idea for airfoils with a lot of camber?

I have a wing with an airfoil s1223 which is an airfoil with a lot of camber. the take off distance is limited so I want to implement flaps for this issue but I have the doubt if this is a good idea.
0
votes
1answer
539 views

Why does the DHC-6 pitch down when the flaps are retracted, rather than up?

Air Moorea Flight 1121 crashed because one of its elevator cables broke immediately after the pilot retracted the flaps, but before he could trim out the resulting pitch-down moment - to quote the ...
1
vote
1answer
298 views

What is the name for a flap that increases the wing's area but not its camber?

Flaps are high-lift devices mounted to the rear portion of an aircraft's wing. Some types of flaps increase lift by increasing the wing's camber, or, at least, that of its lower surface (plain flaps, ...
4
votes
4answers
338 views

Could flaps replace spoilers by deflecting more than 90°?

Could flaps replace spoilers by deflecting more than 90° after touchdown?
6
votes
1answer
907 views

Why does the A320’s maximum allowable aileron deflection decrease, rather than increase, when the flaps are extended?

According to this answer to why the A320 uses mainly spoilerons for roll control during landing, rather than conventional ailerons, the ailerons can’t extend as far when the flaps are extended, for ...
1
vote
1answer
649 views

Is it normal procedure to lower flaps at high altitudes?

I was flying on a Boeing 747-800 today and the pilot opened up flaps at high altitude. This caused sharp descend for about 5 seconds ( Causing slight panic onboard ) , the pilot leveled the flaps ...
9
votes
1answer
827 views

What are possible causes for the flaps not deploying on a Cessna 172?

I would like to seek some expert opinion on why my flaps failed to deploy when I took it to Flaps 20. I was turning from Downwind to Base when I took flaps 20 and noticed that my speed was creeping ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is this unusual leading edge flap on a B737-200?

On this video of Air North's gravel runway-equipped B737-200, there's what appears to be a small leading-edge flap (Krueger flap?) inboard of the engine. Refer to the screen shot below. What is this?...
2
votes
2answers
553 views

What flaps and throttle settings are used on takeoff, climb, cruise, descent, and landing? [closed]

What degree of flaps and throttle setting are used on takeoff, climb, cruise, descent, and landing? This question is for private and general aviation aircraft. I have looked everywhere for FAA manuals ...
1
vote
2answers
190 views

What backup systems are in place for flaps actuated by sliding block guides?

Looking at this video of a 737's flap extension, it looks like there is just one screw per side driving all of the flaps. Are there any systems in place that will allow the flaps to extend in the ...
16
votes
3answers
4k views

To flap or not to flap?

I am learning to fly an Ikarus-C42. The instructor I have recommends to all students that they land without flaps, because it is less to think about and because it gives you more airspeed, thus less ...
4
votes
1answer
619 views

Which photo more accurately represents Flaps 1 in a 737-800?

or A recent update in a sim craft changed the visuals from what I'm used to, but from my research it looks to be more realistic. This post clearly reflects the more extended option being more ...