Skip to main content

Questions tagged [approach]

The phase of flight in which an aircraft is lining up with the runway and preparing to land.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1 votes
1 answer
111 views

In Jeppesen Approach charts, what does D2.8, D3.8 mean?

In Jeppesen Approach chart for VABB VOR RWY 32, what does D2.8 (BBB VOR), the MDA is lower at 650ft. when at D3.8 (BBB VOR), the MDA is higher at 780ft. How to decide which DME should be taken before ...
Krishna Kanth's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
122 views

Optimising Continuous Descent Approaches (CDA): Seeking Strategies and Rules of Thumb

Ideally, approaches should be executed as a continuous descent approach (CDA), maintaining idle thrust and only levelling off (or reducing vertical speed to <500 fpm) briefly to reduce speed, while ...
tedioustortoise's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
203 views

B737 during approach the G/s did not capture?

During a recent sim session this happened: ILS radar vectors I armed the approach late initially the aircraft went left and right but it captured the LOC but the G/S was not captured. Could someone ...
Deepak's user avatar
  • 403
4 votes
1 answer
124 views

How to fly a departure after a practice approach with Garmin GTN750?

I fly a C172 which is equipped with a Garmin GTN750. Whenever I shoot a practice approach followed by a published departure I run in sequencing problems. So I load and activate the approach and load ...
Peter's user avatar
  • 141
17 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does "Independent visual approach" mean, at airports with parallel runways?

I have read that some airports, with parallel runways, use this procedure - INDEPENDENT VISUAL APPROACHES, but I could not understand very well the meaning, and for this reason, the purpose. Please, ...
eduardoguilherme's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
136 views

Could someone help me make this checklist-execution dialogue sound correct?

I am translating from Chinese a dialogue that involves two pilots going through an approach checklist. However, all the information I could find on the internet seemed to be for flight simulators (I ...
Pearl6527's user avatar
  • 373
0 votes
1 answer
87 views

What does "localizer level flight" in the approach checklist mean?

What does "localizer level flight" in the approach checklist mean? How might an actual dialogue in the cockpit sound when the approach checklist is executed? Are the words "localizer ...
Pearl6527's user avatar
  • 373
1 vote
0 answers
172 views

LPV, WAAS/EGNOS and GLS in 737 NG

As far as I understand, there are mainly 3 types of RNP approaches: LNAV/VNAV - we have a set of fixes with altitudes and flying it LPV WAAS/EGNOS - same as 1, but aircraft use special receiver ...
Bohdan Bessonov's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
283 views

Approach miniumum when I lost WAAS during approach

I have a GPS receiver with WAAS. During an LPV approach, I received an LOI message That means I only lost WAAS, not RAIM. Did I just need to change minimum to LNAV and continue the approach?
sophie's user avatar
  • 11
3 votes
2 answers
592 views

Confusion about the 6 month timeline for instrument currency

14 CFR 61.57 (c)(1) says that "within the 6 months PRECEDING the month of flight, that person has performed the following tasks..." (6 instrument approaches and the rest). To keep things ...
Terry's user avatar
  • 335
1 vote
1 answer
83 views

MAP in profile view of approach plate

I understand that the start of the dotted arrow on the profile view of an approach plate shows the MAP for the precision approach on a plate if the plate combines more than 1 (for example, a plate ...
Terry's user avatar
  • 335
2 votes
1 answer
490 views

In what situations can LNAV/VNAV minima be higher than LNAV minima, such as RNP Approach to Runway 16 in Corfu?

I recently flew the RNP approach for runway 16 into Corfu. While reviewing the approach charts, I noticed something unusual. The LNAV/VNAV minima is set higher than the LNAV minima for this particular ...
tedioustortoise's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
124 views

Question about ILS approach categories

I was reading about FAAs ILS approach categories minimums and have a question! Category II. DH 100 feet and RVR 1,200 feet (with autoland or HUD to touchdown and noted on authorization, RVR 1,000 feet)...
Breaach's user avatar
  • 159
0 votes
0 answers
42 views

When are you established on an RNAV segment under ICAO rules?

In the U.S. it is when you are within 1X the required accuracy. I have not been able to find the source publication for ICAO.
Name's user avatar
  • 914
2 votes
2 answers
129 views

How can airport elevation be different in various approach charts?

If you see KRDM RNAV Y RWY 29 - airport elevation is 3080. But in RNAV Z RWY 29 - airport elevation is 3082. How it can be different for approaches to the same airport and runway?
Jimmy's user avatar
  • 21
0 votes
1 answer
118 views

Why are there altitude differences on the Jeppesen ESB Ankara VOR chart?

What is the reason for the 10 feet difference between ESB dme altitude and profile view? Thanks.
Yigit's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
2 answers
486 views

How do you know what altitude to be at for "APPR" mode to work?

How would you know what altitude to be at to capture the glideslope on an autopilot RNAV or ILS approach? (I am mainly focused on MSFS airliners, but this could apply to other planes or in real life) ...
DaCuteRaccoon's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
332 views

Why is my WAAS equipped aircraft telling me to descend sooner than the FAF (KDVT 25L LPV)

I ran into a weird issue today with our G1000 WAAS-equipped aircraft. The aircraft wanted me to begin decent .9nm before the FAF on the KDVT 25L LPV approach. The LPV is considered a non-precision ...
Jonathan Wilkinson's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
425 views

What's the difference between these two VOR cones in Jeppesen Approach Charts' profile view?

Both are ILS approaches. In Jeppesen introduction there's a similar icon which is explained as "A "broken" navaid or fix symbol indicates that it does not fall directly in line with ...
Kerem Kaya's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
950 views

When should the missed approach procedure be executed?

When flying a straight-in precision or non-precision instrument approach, when should the missed approach procedure be executed? Note that this is being asked in the context of FAA regulations, but ...
ryan1618's user avatar
  • 14.9k
10 votes
6 answers
2k views

What is the load factor in a descending turn?

Possibly related to How does the load factor vary when the aircraft pitches up/down? Could you help to settle a debate? I have recently flown a dead-stick approach with a CFI in the right seat. ...
ExternalUse's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
674 views

What is a Tromboning arrival procedure?

I only know that Tromboning is a RNAV arrival procedure which has the trombone shape, and it's an application of CDO (Continuous Descent Operation) along with Point Merge Procedure. Can you give me ...
Harry Huynh's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are Baro-Aiding and Baro-VNAV systems?

I've tried searching online as to what the architecture of these systems look like, and I can't seem to find any hardware information. And if it's not a hardware but instead a software, which software ...
RattMuscle's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
163 views

Canadian Approach Plates: Why does the minima show that DME is required but the procedure name does not?

I see so many plates that contain lines of minima requiring the use of DME, but the title does not indicate DME is required. For example, the "LOC RWY 27" approach into CYYJ. The title ...
foxtrottrotfox's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
402 views

What is the dots before Missed App Point on the Jeppesen VOR Chart?

What is the dots before Missed App Point on the Jeppesen VOR Chart ? and also why the pull up vector before the missed approach point ? Thanks.
Yigit's user avatar
  • 101
4 votes
1 answer
893 views

GNSS approaches: Why does LNAV minima even exist? Wouldn't all aircraft fly to LNAV/VNAV or LPV minimums?

I am new to instrument flying and am trying to wrap my head around the different types of GNSS approach minimums. I am having an issue understanding why LNAV minimums exist. My understanding is, if ...
foxtrottrotfox's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
795 views

Does U.S. ATC have the authority to clear an aircraft for a low approach along a runway at an altitude of 200 feet AGL?

In the U.S., does an ATC Tower Controller have the authority to effectively waive 14 CFR Part 91.119 (c) by clearing a pilot for a low approach who has requested to fly at 200 feet AGL along the ...
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why would planes with two autopilots have just one active during cruise?

I know that the plane must have two autopilots for flying approaches, but why have individual buttons for each autopilot? Wouldn't it be easier to have both autopilots work at the same time for the ...
Boeing787's user avatar
  • 6,454
4 votes
0 answers
1k views

What exactly is the difference between HIALS and HIALS-II lighting systems?

What exactly is the difference between HIALS and HIALS-II lighting systems? The symbols at the beginning of the runways are very different and I cannot classify them in a particular way. But in ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

Holding ***and*** the Procedure turn

On this approach (KPRC VOR12), Is it okay to enter holding and execute the Procedure turn? I had a discussion with another pilot who wanted to do that, and thought, "Why would you ever need to ...
Charles Bretana's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
173 views

Is preplanning approach management best practice and why didn't pilots seem to do it 50 years ago? [closed]

There are lots of recreation of flights where the pilots seem to look at the approach chart and all approach considerations just before they begin their approach for the destination airport. This ...
user2617804's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Reporting to ATC when losing visual to traffic?

I'm a PPL student and I recently flew to a class C airport. One of my first flights into class C, actually. Once I contacted the tower and stated my intentions, I was asked to report if I had another ...
Chris's user avatar
  • 559
2 votes
1 answer
207 views

EASA - Legal Alternate when ILS to a specific RW is U/S

Interesting question this morning. My alternate has RW07/25; the ILS to 25 was U/S. TAF was for OVC007. My alternate minima are: If DH < 250 then use DH + 200. With the ILS inop, had I needed to ...
ExternalUse's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
970 views

Why do VOR A, B charts only have circle-to-land minimums, while VOR X,Y,Z charts have straight approach minimums too?

Why do VOR A, and B charts only have circle-to-land minimums, while VOR X, Y, and Z charts have straight approach minimums too? Is this the only difference and is it only used to separate the two ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
0 votes
1 answer
227 views

Which one is racetrack? Isn't it a holding over VOR on the left and holding over FIX on the right?

Which one is a racetrack? Isn't it a holding over VOR on the left and holding over FIX on the right? If one of them is a racetrack, how is it different from holding? Or are they both used in the same ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
1 vote
1 answer
5k views

What is MEHT (minimum eye height over the threshold)?

What is MEHT (minimum eye height over the threshold)? I can't find the definition and how to use it.
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
2 votes
2 answers
159 views

How to fly the step-down fixes on the LOC 32 approach at Dothan (KDHN)?

From Oaldy to CABTA is 2600, then is it CABTA to KENSY down to 2200? Using Localizer only...I see the glideslope intercept says 2200 but Kensy is father up.
1921's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
319 views

Is it possible to perform a descent like the picture below which I share?

In the picture, after crossing the VOR fix aircraft does not complete a parallel holding and directly descent on the other side of the racetrack outbound track. In my opinion with Jeppesen General ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
2 votes
1 answer
231 views

What are the meanings of the codes depicts in the square brackets? For example: [MDØ68]

I always see these codes inside of the square brackets with different charts. Especially I wonder about the meaning of Ø.
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,205
3 votes
3 answers
776 views

Why are visual and ILS approach angles for a Cessna 172 often different?

NOTE: I fly in Canada. Also, the question is based on my experience on light aircraft like a C172. It is known that the (standard) glideslope flown in an ILS approach is 3°. However, that doesn't ...
PapaMike99's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
423 views

EASA Part-NCO; Approach light system

EASA Part-NCO, specifically OP.110, refers to 4 different lighting systems (NALS, BALS, IALS, FALS) to be considered when determining the landing minima. However, there are quite a few different ...
ExternalUse's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
488 views

Do these sound like plausible ATC communications (specifically in China, if that's relevant)?

Working on a small translation project that involves civil aviation. The setting is a Chinese airport. Same idea as my other question - Do these seem like plausible radio communication dialogue ...
Pearl6527's user avatar
  • 373
11 votes
3 answers
1k views

Are there any TLS approaches in the US? What does a TLS approach plate look like?

I've been reading about Transponder Landing System (TLS) approaches: https://www.anpc.com/instrument-landing-systems/ What would a TLS approach plate look like? I have ForeFlight and can also get ...
Azendale's user avatar
  • 1,313
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

How would you enter this approach with a racetrack course reversal at EGPH from the southwest?

For reference this is the NDB ILS DME RWY 24 approach at EGPH. When arriving from the south/southwest, I am sure you would be vectored in but i am interested as to how this would be done without ...
Lewis's user avatar
  • 53
3 votes
1 answer
829 views

What is the purpose of WAAS?

Does it just help with all of the approaches like LPV and stuff? Or is it its own thing?
Boeing787's user avatar
  • 6,454
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is baro-VNAV the only possible source of vertical guidance on LNAV/VNAV approach?

As written before, is baro-VNAV the only possible source of vertical guidance on LNAV/VNAV approach? I read somewhere that SBAS is also a possible source, but in that case wouldn’t it be a LPV ...
Konrad's user avatar
  • 2,025
4 votes
2 answers
245 views

Why do none of the procedures for EFSA use the SVL VOR-DME?

This is inspired by this question. Looking at all the approach and STAR charts for EFSA in Savonlinna, Finland, they are all RNAV. The Linna VOR-DME is not used for any of them even though it is ...
TomMcW's user avatar
  • 28.6k
9 votes
3 answers
3k views

What happens if the autopilot fails to initiate a flare?

What are the chances of autopilot failing to do a flare in an otherwise stable autopilot controlled approach and landing? Has it happened before and how was it dealt with?
Latest Glitch's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
335 views

How does an Airport decide to change CAT status - what ground equipment is required for CAT I / II / III [closed]

The airport must, of course, be continuously monitoring the status of ILS, Lighting, RVR etc. From this status information, it seems logical that the CAT of any Approach can be calculated - but ...
Andy Needham's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

What’s the difference between Arrival and Approach controllers?

Some airports have two separated frequencies related to arrival. Arrival and approach. When I navigate to some airports that have both frequencies, I first contact the arrival controller then, at a ...
moon's user avatar
  • 401

1
2 3 4 5 6