Questions tagged [approach]

The phase of flight in which an aircraft is lining up with the runway and preparing to land.

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55 views

Can Instrument Approaches be carried out when RVR is not given for the full runway length? (Approach Ban)

Bristol Airport (EGGD) has the following NOTAM in place: INSTRUMENTED RVR RWY 27 STOPEND OUT OF SERVICE Would aircraft be allowed to continue approaches into Bristol? If so, would the touchdown and ...
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118 views

Why does GBAS broadcast Final Approach Segment data when SBAS does not?

Ground Based Augmentation Systems broadcast message four, the Final Approach Segment, along with corrections for GNS signals in messages one and two. Since the FAS is essentially a semi-static ...
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262 views

What is the difference between IAN and LNAV/VNAV?

Is there a real difference or benefit in using Integrated Approach Navigation (IAN) instead of LNAV/VNAV for a non-precision approach (NPA)? Both give you lateral and vertical guidance during an NPA. ...
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56 views

In the B737, does an IAN NPA require that the G/P is 3° or can the G/P angle vary?

For an IAN Approach to be recognized and work in a Boeing 737, does the Approach G/P need to be exactly 3° or can it vary?
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What RNP level is required for an RNP approach if the chart does not specify a value?

RNP (Required Navigational Performance) approaches require the aircraft to monitor the navigation accuracy within a specified limit, called RNP level: There are several different levels of RNP. ...
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4answers
239 views

How do I know which airports have ILS and for which runways?

I have been into flying for years but something I can't figure out is how do I, as a pilot, know if an airport I am going to has ILS, which runways would have it and why do only some have it but the ...
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111 views

Why is the ILS16 approach at KSKF not available in my Garmin 430W?

I am doing flight instruction on the San Antonio area (Texas) and I've been shooting different approches on the vecinity airports. One of the approaches I usually execute is the ILS 16 at KSKF, which ...
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111 views

Is this an accurate method to showing how the correct Decision Altitude/Height for an approach has been determined?

Here's my method of summarising how the decision altitude/height for an approach was determined: ...
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86 views

Can I fly the LNAV MDA when the GPS is set up for LPV?

I am going to do my CFII checkride in a few weeks and my DPE wants to do RNAV approaches to satisfy the Non-Precision and Precision approaches tasks on the PTS/ACS. According with the Instrument ACS ...
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1answer
485 views

At what point can Approach mode be engaged in an A320?

In my experience using Flightgear and other computer simulators, when flying an ILS approach on an A320, the approach mode can only be engaged at a certain point or later. What is this point, and why ...
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256 views

Why are the MSA direction needles not oriented to north?

Why is it when you look at an MSA the arrows are pointed opposite of where they should be?
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164 views

What do the different types of approach abbreviations used on the A320 MCDU exactly mean?

On the MCDU I have noticed after setting up the approach there are a number of different codes which appear next to the runway designator these are namely as below: CI CF FI CD FD Can someone kindly ...
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170 views

Why might DTK on GPS not match depicted course on approach plate?

I hope this isn't a dumb question, but I haven't flown a whole lot of GPS approaches and today I observed something that I cannot explain: There was a 2 degree split between the Desired Track (DTK) ...
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100 views

Unstable Approach [duplicate]

What is considered to be an "unstable approach"? Which are the exact parameters against which an approach is being judged, in order to be considered "stable" or "unstable"...
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458 views

What is the difference between ILS and VOR/DME?

I have wondered many times about the difference between VOR/DME and ILS and which one is better for carrying out approaches. Why do pilots use VOR/DME when the ILS is a better option because it is ...
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How to navigate onto VOR RWY 18 approach at KDEC?

Maybe a dumb question. I've seen a few places where a VOR approach doesn't have an obvious (to me) way to get lined up inbound without radar vectors. Say you don't have GPS and you're navigating with ...
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1answer
242 views

How to fly an RNAV (RNP) approach with VNAV in a Boeing 737?

Let us assume you are flying a B737NG and you are cleared for an RNAV (RNP) approach which has several legs with different altitude crossing restrictions. What do you enter in the MCP altitude window?...
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86 views

What is meant by these criteria for a stabilized approach? [closed]

Based on regulation, there are several criteria for when an approach is stabilized. I want to ask: Only small changes in heading/pitch. How small? The aircraft is in correct landing configuration. ...
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Why is the ILS 36R approach at ZBAA over twice as long as a standard ILS approach?

I fly exclusively in a consumer flight simulator, so excuse me if there's an obvious answer to this. ILS approach plates typically show a long, arrow-like symbol to indicate the part of an approach ...
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187 views

How to say the name of this approach clearance: COPTER RNAV (GPS) 027°

JFK has this approach: https://aeronav.faa.gov/d-tpp/2006/00610COPTERR027.PDF How is this approach said on frequency? Is it the "copter RNAV zero two seven approach" or the "copter RNAV zero two ...
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234 views

Mushing glide vs forward slip sink rate

Source: Wolfgang Langewiesche - Stick and Rudder; An Explanation of the Art of Flying I ran across a mushing glide in Wolfgang Langewiesche's - Stick and Rudder; An Explanation of the Art of Flying ...
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Why does an A300/310 in LAND or GO-AROUND mode have to be at least 400 feet AGL for manual control column movement to disengage the autopilot?

Each of the A300/310’s two autopilots has two modes of operation: In CWS (Control-Wheel Steering) mode, the autopilot(s) attempt to hold the attitude that the aircraft had at the moment of autopilot ...
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Why can't you operate packs on HIGH during take-off, approach and landing on a 737-800?

It's in the FCOM Limitations Chapter and I think that these phases are critical phases of flight and I don't want to reduce my engine performance by purposely creating a high demand for bleed air from ...
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155 views

Why do pilot and GPWS approach callouts say “minimums” instead of “minima”?

A safe instrument approach requires a number of callouts along the way; two of the most important come fairly late in the approach, first to alert the pilot flying that the aircraft is approaching the ...
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142 views

Where does an FMS wind information comes from to calculate V approach?

To calculate the V approach the FMS is using a wind either taken by the ADIRS or inserted on APPR PERF page. At first I will say that it takes the wind inserted by the crew, but I am not completed ...
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948 views

Why can military aircraft descend below the DA / MDA during an instrument approach?

According to §91.175(c) Except as provided §91.176 of this chapter, where a DA/DH or MDA is applicable, no pilot may operate an aircraft, except a military aircraft of the United States, below the ...
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149 views

When outbound from an IAF on an approach to a procedure turn, may the pilot choose whether to use time or distance?

I was trained that if a fix to be flown over and then outbound for an approach is off-airport, then fly out for 1 minute prior to making a procedure turn. If it is over the airport, then fly outbound ...
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158 views

How can I find examples of airports with specific approach types?

Can you guys help me find airports with these approaches: An airport with only an LNAV mins (so no LNAV/VNAV or anything other than just LNAV) One with an LPV lower than 200 feet One with an ASR ...
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373 views

What is a circling approach?

What is a circling approach and why is it necessary? I know that if a runway is not suitable for an instrument approach, the pilots should execute landing on a runway which has an instrument approach ...
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139 views

What is the difference between high altitude vs low altitude approach?

Is there any factor that influences the decision of whether to take a high or low instrument approach (e.g. Hi Tacan or Low Tacan)? What are the differences between these two approaches?
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864 views

ICAO and EASA classification of instrument approaches

ICAO distinguishes approaches operations based on DH between 'Type A' (DH >= 250 ft) and 'Type B' (DH < 250 ft), which are further divided into subcategories. From the Annex 6 — Operation of ...
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2k views

How often do GA pilots use the Autopilot approach feature while landing?

While flying in simulations, I found that using the Approach feature is very beneficial for riding the glide slope (clear weather or not), however, while watching videos of GA pilots, I do not see it ...
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4k views

Is there a penalty for changing the approach procedure after accepting one?

For example: If you request a visual approach and get approved, but you meant to request an ILS approach, are you not allowed to change it? Is there some type of penalty for changing approaches after ...
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137 views

What are the dimensions of an approach plate plan view in nautical miles?

I am writing some software to work with approach plates on a website, but I cannot find the scale of the plan view. I am trying to convert the position of a plane in latitude and longitude onto the ...
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In an Intermediate Approach Segment, why are the Optimum Approach ratio 0% and the max. approach ratio 5.2%?

In an Intermediate Approach Segment, the Optimum Approach ratio is 0% and the max. approach ratio is 5.2%. Where do those specific numbers come from, and what do they mean to pilots?
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198 views

If the airport reported BKN002, would that prevent performing a DH 259' approach?

According to this Instrument Approach: The published Minimums are a Visibility of 1300 m, and a DH of 259 feet. In accordance with ICAO, would the Visibility and Ceiling be above the Published ...
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382 views

Can you continue an ILS approach when weather falls below minimum?

If, after passing the final approach fix, weather deteriorates so that the reported values are now below required minima, is it allowed to continue the approach?
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668 views

During an instrument approach, what are the obstruction clearance given?

I was wondering wether each segments of the approach has different minimum obstruction clearance? (E.g. initial, intermediate and final) From both terrain and man made obstacles. If possible i would ...
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697 views

Approach when weather condition is below minimum

If airport weather condition is below minimum, but pilot report that flight weather condition is above minimum, Does controller can issue approach clearance to pilot? If weather condition get worse ...
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298 views

Can a 737 be on final at 160 knots, and also touchdown at 160 knots?

Would the 737, going 160 knots, float a bit more before touching down?
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702 views

Why can a localiser be used without a glideslope, but not vice versa?

An ILS consists, at its most basic, of two components: a localiser (to provide lateral guidance) and a glideslope (to provide vertical guidance). The two are typically used together, for an ILS ...
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399 views

What is the lowest RNP approach requirement without being RNP AR?

I was recently told by a friend that as soon as RNP for an approach is below the 1.0/0.3nm standard that it is required to be RNP AR. At least here in Australia, a curved segment anywhere on the ...
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132 views

Why is the JAC VOR an Initial Approach Fix for the KJAC VORDME Rwy 19 Approach?

See the attached KJAC VOR/DME Rwy 19 approach. QUESTION: Why is the JAC VOR an IAF for this approach? There isn't a procedure turn to use this VOR as a functional IAF, and the twin peaks (13,770' ...
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587 views

How can I get 'lead point' for aircraft to intercept final course?

As controller, I always wonder when should I instruct aircraft to turn. The aircraft does not turn at right angles as soon as instructed, but rather has turning radius. So, I tried to find the formula ...
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5k views

Why do aircraft leave the cruising altitude long before landing just to circle?

Often flights will leave the cruising altitude long before the actual landing. They will go down to a couple of thousand feet and stay at that altitude and circle for quite a while in waiting loops ...
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544 views

Are go-arounds prohibited at St Barth (TFFJ)?

The description of this video claims that past a certain point — which is around the turn to final — on approach to TFFJ (St. Barth) runway 28, a go-around is prohibited. That sounds strange. I ...
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Ground Speed On Approach [duplicate]

I'm not a pilot, just a bit of frequent flyer and moderate aviation enthusiast. I sometimes get on Flightaware and check on the flights I frequent and see the path that was taken and flight time. I ...
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527 views

How will the lack of ground stations affect navigation?

VOR's and NDB beacons are getting closed day by day and they were used for making and then referencing the holding patterns and the entry procedures and how they were named. So How will we make ...
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1answer
239 views

Does ATC clear IFR helicopters for a visual approach if landing at a helipad on a high-rise?

I'm guessing that most helipads on downtown high rises don't have any instrument approaches. If a helicopter is on an IFR to a helipad without any instrument approaches, does ATC just clear them for ...
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247 views

Is there any plan to create GPS approaches to water areas for seaplanes?

Is anyone working on differential GPS approaches for seaplanes? They are a largely ignored resource with great capabilities for certain remote places

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