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Questions tagged [approach]

The phase of flight in which an aircraft is lining up with the runway and preparing to land.

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0answers
50 views

Ground Speed On Approach [duplicate]

I'm not a pilot, just a bit of frequent flyer and moderate aviation enthusiast. I sometimes get on Flightaware and check on the flights I frequent and see the path that was taken and flight time. I ...
6
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1answer
430 views

How will the lack of ground stations affect navigation?

VOR's and NDB beacons are getting closed day by day and they were used for making and then referencing the holding patterns and the entry procedures and how they were named. So How will we make ...
4
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1answer
152 views

Does ATC clear IFR helicopters for a visual approach if landing at a helipad on a high-rise?

I'm guessing that most helipads on downtown high rises don't have any instrument approaches. If a helicopter is on an IFR to a helipad without any instrument approaches, does ATC just clear them for ...
3
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1answer
131 views

Is there any plan to create GPS approaches to water areas for seaplanes?

Is anyone working on differential GPS approaches for seaplanes? They are a largely ignored resource with great capabilities for certain remote places
6
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1answer
83 views

Where does the factor 1.3 for Vapp come from?

The approach speed Vapp is usually given as 1.3 * Vs0, or 1.3 times the stall speed in landing configuration. Why 1.3? What created a consensus of 1.3 * Vs0 as the generally accepted textbook ...
18
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5answers
3k views

Why can't wing-mounted spoilers be used to steepen approaches?

In a comment on this answer to my previous question about tail-mounted airbrakes (lack of), @JohnK states: You won't see flight spoilers (speed brakes) being used to steepen approaches. You have to ...
3
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2answers
171 views

Do modern aircraft automatically manage the deceleration to Vref?

Typically in most aircraft, the pilot manually reduces the speed gradually until reaching the landing zone/flare zone. Modern aircraft have FMC. Does the FMC automatically manage the speed gradually ...
9
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3answers
491 views

What prevents the use of a multi-segment ILS for non-straight approaches?

An ILS, consisting of a localiser beam to provide lateral guidance (which can also be used on its own for a non-precision approach) and a glideslope beam to provide vertical guidance, is (currently) ...
2
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1answer
178 views

Did Kai Tak have a straight-in approach to runway 13 for higher-performance aircraft?

Runway 13 at Hong Kong’s Kai Tak Airport (closed in 1998 and replaced by the current airport at Chek Lap Kok) had a hideously difficult approach in which pilots would fly in from the west, following ...
1
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3answers
201 views

How does one tell whether a corkscrew approach is stabilized or not?

A corkscrew approach is an unusual type of approach used in places like BGW/ORBI to minimise an aircraft's exposure to antiaircraft fire on the way down; it involves staying at cruise altitude until ...
19
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2answers
4k views

Should you blow through the final approach course if the ATC forgot about you? [duplicate]

So you were being vectored for the final approach course (ILS/RNAV/whatever) and the controller forgot about you for some reason (busy). Assume you called them and they were not replying. Also assume ...
6
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3answers
330 views

Why, and how, are barometric altimeters accurate enough for approach and landing?

The barometric altimeter is used as the primary altitude indicator during approach and landing right up until the aircraft crosses the threshold (after which the radar altimeter takes over and makes ...
3
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3answers
118 views

How to reverse course when there is no published course reversal?

Coming from the SW on the RNAV RWY 15 KONO, how do I align myself with the final approach course? There is only one IAF and no published course reversal. Is it up to me how I get established inbound?...
2
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1answer
222 views

Why do some aircraft approach the runway with a long detour and others with a short one? [closed]

I am currently analyzing flight data. For some flights landing at Frankfurt Airport. As you can see in the graphic, some of the planes fly out about 100km to then fly again towards the runway. Some ...
4
votes
1answer
209 views

Is the callout “minimums” on the 737 used to describe DH on precision approaches

So, I have heard that decision height (DH) is used to signify the height on a precision approach which the pilot has to decide whether to continue or not. But, in the 737, I only hear "approaching ...
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0answers
67 views

When to turn during missed approach when MAP not identifyable

Not a duplicate of When to go missed on a non-precision approach? please read carefully before duplicating this contains some subtle points. Reposting after clarifications that emphasise this is a ...
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0answers
116 views

Are the terms “Coupled approach” and “Hand flown approach” strictly defined?

I was looking on SE and also Google for the answer, but couldn't find anything. My question is when to log an approach as coupled or handflown? All of the approaches I fly are CAT I but the aircraft's ...
2
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1answer
59 views

Learn in-depth about airplane operations [closed]

Currently seeking a book or manual that teaches a civilian how a cargo aircraft operates and what it's pilots do, say a 787. Preferably a high-level overview at a per flight phase: Pre-flight: Flight ...
0
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1answer
212 views

Instrument approach DME VS instrument approch ILS DME

what is the diffrence of Instrument Approach DME and Instrument Approach ILS DME? Is it same as LOC DME APCH and ILS DME APCH?
1
vote
1answer
304 views

Does ATC prefer ILS over RNAV?

Listening to APP for several major (US class B) airports, it seems that every flight is vectored to intercept the localizer. Is it really possible that 100% of flights filed an ILS approach? If so, ...
3
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1answer
196 views

RNAV (RNP) Approach Height Loss Question?

While viewing the following approach chart, which is an RNAV(RNP) CAT C Approach, there are several landing minima, stating a HEIGHT LOSS OF 50' AND 150', what does that specifically mean?
2
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1answer
1k views

What is timed approach?

I have tried to find what timed approach is, but I cannot find any reference to it. Could you let me know what it is and when it is used?
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0answers
119 views

Diversions because of fog: What are the reasons?

It's fog season again around my local airport MUC (EDDM), and I have noticed a number of diversions recently. Some planes were holding a bit before attempting to land, performed a go around and then ...
4
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1answer
235 views

If an approach chart says “GPS required”, do I need GNSS capability to fly it?

If an aircraft is /Y, /C, or /I (RNAV no GNSS), can they fly an approach chart that says "DME/DME/IRU or GPS required"? GPS in my mind is a GNSS. If you don't have DME/DME/IRU and are RNAV (non-GNSS) ...
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2answers
546 views

What does the letter “D” next to the VOR frequency and name mean?

In most charts there is the letter D next to the VOR freq. What does this mean? I assume the H and L in brackets in other charts mean high and low VORs (correct me if im wrong). But what does the D ...
3
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1answer
236 views

Are there any airports that require arriving/departing flights to fly under an obstruction?

Are there any airports with approaches and/or departures that require pilots to fly under an obstruction at some point (thus meaning that, for at least a short segment of the approach or departure, ...
4
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1answer
186 views

What is the source for the “rule” forbidding configuration changes below 200ft AGL?

I keep hearing from countless instructors, and even some DPE's, that in single engine aircraft, no configuration changes are allowed below 200AGL (i.e. flaps). Some have also stated that this is ...
5
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4answers
263 views

Do different planes (category) aim differently in the 'final stages before flaring'?

(youtube.com) Do different planes (categories A through D) aim differently in the final stages before flaring? I'm asking about precision runways. The reasons I ask: An ILS' glide slope is not ...
25
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4answers
5k views

Do any airports have a steeper standard approach than London City?

Watching the CS100 certification of the 5.5deg steep approach into London City, I wondered if there were any airports with steeper standard approaches. By standard I mean published. I have seen very ...
8
votes
3answers
609 views

Why would a pilot on final to a towered airport not speak up when ATC clears another aircraft to land on the same runway, without mentioning them?

Every time I watch AOPA's Accident Case Study video Communication Breakdown, I'm left wondering. Here's an aircraft (in this case, '1DA) on final approach for landing on a towered airport, when ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Is it possible to load (and not activate) the approach procedure on a Garmin 1000 or 430?

I noticed sometimes when I fly with a G1000, or Garmin 430 and am doing multiple practice approaches I can't always load my next approach. It forces allows me to activate the approach, which would ...
4
votes
1answer
401 views

Why wouldn't KJFK offer the ILS for 22L?

(Source: Flightradar24) The above was from last Sunday around 17z. I was watching FR24 with the ATC feed. The airport was operating in 'arrival priority' with approaches to both 13L (Canarsie) and ...
8
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1answer
592 views

Why are there many different approach lighting systems?

Why not just have only 2 or 3? What's the point of having such a number of different configurations? What's the practical application of each lighting scheme? I mean, do they really help pilots in a ...
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0answers
58 views

Are ASR and PAR approaches commonly used in Europe?

How common are ASR and PAR approaches these days? Are they still practiced anywhere in Europe?
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0answers
87 views

Approach speed Exceedance

What are the possible effects when an aircraft exceeds its approach speed limitations? i.e. unstable approach? Go around? Runway overrun I know a lot of factors come into play, however, I wish to ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Does having lead-in lights in sight allow descent below MDA?

Does having lead-in lights in-site during an approach that includes them allow for a pilot to descend to 100 feet above the touchdown zone elevation? 14 CFR 91.175 allows a pilot to make such a ...
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0answers
130 views

What are the differences between FCLP markings and equipment and the LA on a ship?

Most Naval and Marine Corps Air Stations have these markings on at least one or more of their runways: It’s a Field Carrier Landing Practice (FCLP) area and used to maintain proficiency amongst ...
5
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1answer
279 views

Could a 'wind wall' help to reduce the wind shear problem at St Helena airport?

I've seen a fair number of articles online about "The World's Most Useless Airport" (St. Helena, HLE/FHSH), which was unable to open to full commercial flights (as was the intention) due to the wind ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Why do some IAPs lack an Intermediate Fix and/or include other fixes between Final Approach Fix (FAF) and Intermediate Fix (IF)?

I have noticed that some Initial Approach Procedures (IAP) do not mention an Intermediate Fix, but they do include at least one fix before the Final Approach Fix. Take, for example, this IAP of the ...
3
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4answers
1k views

Why would the Speedbrake be required for such a long time on approach? [duplicate]

As far as I was aware, the Speedbrake is designed to slow the aircraft down. On landing, I do understand why they are required. Once the aircraft has hit the tarmac, they are deployed to 1) slow the ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

Approach plate does not require DME, but DME used in the published missed?

This approach plate doesn't say "DME REQUIRED", but the published missed approach uses DME. Can I still fly it without DME equipment? If this approach didn't say "RADAR REQUIRED", could you fly it ...
3
votes
4answers
423 views

Does a Tower controller need to see an aircraft on final to give landing clearance?

If there is an IFR aircraft on approach that has already received an approach clearance, and he reports being at the final approach fix but the controller does not have him in sight yet, can the ...
0
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2answers
214 views

Need help to clarify the terms “arrival”, “departure”, “approach”, “terminal” and “transition” fix for US STAR and SIDS

I find it a bit difficult to clarify, while consulting the US published STAR and SID published charts, which fixes are designated as arrival, departure, approach, terminal and transition. Could ...
2
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2answers
163 views

How to interpret the published altitudes for each of US STAR procedures?

I have been studying the STAR procedures, as published by FAA, and I am trying to understand the way that the altitudes are defined for each fix/route. Take, for example, CAMRN4 of JFK. I see the MEA ...
9
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3answers
782 views

Clearance limit of VFR practice IFR approach?

When a VFR aircraft has been approved by atc to perform a practice approach, is the aircraft also cleared for a published missed approach procedure?
3
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2answers
342 views

Does TRACON airspace override Class B airspace in terms of control authority when controlling approach or departure procedures?

This is a simple schematic description of Class Airspace. My understanding is that Class B has strict rules, specific lower and upper altitude limits and requires clearance to enter. However, I have ...
0
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1answer
380 views

What is the sequence of ATC frequencies for final approach at JFK?

Recently I was listening to liveATC.net and tried to understand the sequence of operations for the voice communications. However, it seems that there are a lot of frequencies for the approach ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

Can I fly a “Contact Approach” to this airport?

In order to request and receive a clearance to conduct a "Contact Approach" the airport, among other requirements, must have a published instrument approach (IAP) and be reporting at least 1 mile ...
7
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1answer
508 views

Can I use radar service instead of DME or GPS for this ILS approach?

At the top of this approach chart for KDNN in the briefing section, it is stated that "Simultaneous operation of I-DNN and GQO DME required." If my aircraft is not RNAV/GPS or DME equipped can I fly ...
6
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3answers
548 views

Is it always the case that any one STAR leads to all the runways?

I was making an addon for a flight simulator and I am having a problem figuring this scenario out: Let's take CYOW - Macdonald Cartier international. It has 6 runways: 04, 07, 14, 22, 25, 32. It has ...