Questions tagged [wing]

The structures extending from the sides of the plane that generate most of the lift to keep the plane in the air.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
2answers
126 views

Why are the flaperons on the 787 located so far in-board?

Why are the flaperons positioned in between the outboard and inboard flaps (see 2nd picture)? Why not have them located as far outboard as possible to achieve maximum roll authority? I would think the ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

What are the effects of endplate on airfoil section?

A 3D wing cannot achieve the same high lift/drag ratio (more than a hundred sometimes) displayed by a 2D profile (airfoil section). This is due to 3D effects like spanwise flow, wingtip losses(...
1
vote
2answers
280 views

What is the function of interplane strut of a Biplane?

What kind of load does the interplane strut(s) carry,is it compression, tension or shear? In order words,what's their function and how do you calculate the force that the interplane strut carries?
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Why does the use of reverse thrust in flight on the DC-8 cause areas of separated/reversed airflow over the wing?

The DC-8 is one of only a few jetliners that can safely use reverse thrust in flight; even so, reversing the inboard engines (the outboard engines can only be reversed on the ground) while flying ...
2
votes
4answers
222 views

How does the “pendulum effect” affect biplanes?

A high wing airplane will correct itself (lateral stability) when disturbed because its c.g. is below the c.p. (looking at the plane from it's side), according to this forum post and the book below. ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

What kind of Chinook helicopter/airplane hybrid is this?

I had this question: Could this helicopter's body be a flying wing? and this picture came up. What kind of helicopter is this? What is the extra wing for?
1
vote
6answers
156 views

Why is a reduction in lift called 'drag'?

Induced drag is high pressure air 'leaking' to the upper part of the wing (low pressure zone) creating a vortex which means the area of the wing tip with the vortex can't create lift. Drag on the ...
6
votes
1answer
397 views

What’s the purpose of the small “hole” in front of wing root on A320-214?

Someone knows what’s the purpose of this little “hole”?
6
votes
1answer
140 views

Lift distribution on biplanes

This Wikipedia page about biplanes says in a wing of aspect ratio 6, and a wing separation distance of one chord length, the biplane configuration will only produce about 20 percent more lift than ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Why does the effective alpha/CL increase at wingtip of swept wing?

If anybody could explain this in an intuitive way I'd really appreciate it. I haven't been able to find a clear answer on this. I understand that the increase in effective AoA/CL and the spanwise flow ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Does the canard config have radically different controls than classic config?

Classic configuration is something like the A320: wings in the middle, horizontal stabilizers at the tail. Canard configuration is something like the Beechcraft Starship: wings at the back and ...
5
votes
2answers
651 views

At what altitude does a wing become useless? [duplicate]

At what speed or altitude does an aircraft become more efficient as a rocket then a plane using thrust vectoring instead of the wings to steer? At what altitude did the flight control surfaces of the ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

How much lift does the wing attach fitting actually carry?

How do I calculate the lift force that the the bolt that join the wings to the fuselage of a strutted or braced airplane carry? I know in a cantilever airplane,the bolts have to carry all of the lift ...
2
votes
4answers
189 views

How to determine the compressive force in the spars of a strutted wing?

How does one calculate the compressive force that the inner section of a strutted or braced wing (from the strut attach point to the wing root) experiences? I know how to calculate the tension in the ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Are there planes that can fly without wings? How would a plane be able to fly without wings? [duplicate]

Are there any planes that can fly without wings? How do they produce lift? How do they control the attitude?
0
votes
0answers
63 views

What's the aircraft painting standard? [duplicate]

Why are wings always painted grey, regardless of the color of the fuselage? Is there a regulation for that issue?
16
votes
1answer
583 views

Why does the F-15 have a swept-back trailing edge at its wing tips?

The F-15's wing has an curious feature: a swept-back trailing edge near the wingtips, along with an unswept inboard portion of the wing. (Modified from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

What are the pros and cons of a straight wing plane? [duplicate]

I need this asap for my folio... Much appreciated. I'm doing a research section on my folio and I need to know the pros and cons for a straight wing in general. Everywhere I've searched doesn't seem ...
11
votes
4answers
5k views

Do high-wing aircraft represent more difficult engineering challenges than low-wing aircraft?

Generally, it's easier to make things strong in compression than in tension. In a low-wing plane, the weight of the aircraft is on top of the wing; in a high-wing aircraft, it hangs from it. It ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

CG calculation for a swept wing aircraft

With a swept wing aircraft (specifically a MiG-25 I am modelling) where is the root chord taken from to calculate the location of CG? Is it the root chord of the wing (where it attaches to the ...
8
votes
1answer
222 views

What are the circled features on the upper surface of the A380 wing?

On the A380 wing are at least 3 red circle each side. There seems to be a black part inside. Is this a dip stick, or something else?
6
votes
1answer
305 views

Why is a rectangular wing with winglets not better than an elliptical wing?

Why is a simple rectangular wing with winglets not better than an elliptical wing in terms of induced drag and produced lift?
22
votes
5answers
9k views

Why was the Spitfire's elliptical wing almost uncopied by other aircraft of World War 2?

The Spitfire was one of the most successful designs of its day, with flying qualities of a similar standard to the other best designs of the era. In its decade of production from 1936 it grew bigger, ...
5
votes
1answer
277 views

How are elliptical winglets better than blended winglets?

I've read in few papers that elliptical winglets give better performance than blended in terms of their L/D ratio. I am not able to find why elliptical winglets are better. the two differ by their ...
4
votes
2answers
226 views

Why isn't the bell distribution used?

Why has the bell distribution not become widely used? Is the bell distribution only ideal in inviscid flow scenarios or is there another reason for the lack of use?
6
votes
1answer
159 views

Do any aircraft possess washed-in wing characteristics?

I have been teaching ground school at my local Canadian Air Cadets. When I was teaching about the wing twist of an aircraft, I was asked if any aircraft possess washin characteristics (vs washout). ...
4
votes
2answers
146 views

Does load factor affect roll rate?

To be clear I am referring to a given aircraft at a given weight, speed, attitude, etc everything else the same except one is at say 0.5g and the other at 2.5g will there be a difference in roll rate ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Airplane gently rocking its wings during whole flight

I was on a flight with a regional airline a while ago in a Bombardier airplane (if I recall correctly) where the airplane would slowly and gently rock its wings just a little bit on the whole flight. ...
4
votes
2answers
393 views

What is a lambda wing?

I was reading a description of the Boeing X-45 that described it as having "lambda wings." What is a lambda wing and why is it called that?
-1
votes
2answers
76 views

Are flaps a good idea for airfoils with a lot of camber?

I have a wing with an airfoil s1223 which is an airfoil with a lot of camber. the take off distance is limited so I want to implement flaps for this issue but I have the doubt if this is a good idea.
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Is some sweep beneficial with taper?

I'm developing a canard glider which requires some taper for the canard to stall first. I understand that sweep is typically only for aircraft in a compressible airflow (M >= 0.3), but is there any ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

What are the effective span and lifting properties of a circular wing?

Today I read an article on FlightGlobal about the Bell air taxi demonstrator. It includes some paraphrased quotes from the Bell VP of innovation, Scott Drennan, among which the following stood out: ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Anyone able to help identify what aerofoil this is?

Firstly, apologies for the potato quality of the image below. I am attempting to determine the qualities of a VTOL and cannot find any data online. If anyone knows what aerofoil this could be that ...
2
votes
2answers
421 views

How can a Cessna cut the wing of a Boeing?

I read days before about the collision of the flight PSA Flight 182 on September 25, 1978. I was wondering how is it possible that a Cessna 172 can CUT Boeing's 727-214 wing. There is a video with the ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Air flow over an airfoil

We know that in real viscous flow, boundary layer exists around the airfoil and there will be a separation point which flow starts to separate from the back of the airfoil( velocity gradient equal ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Who made the first high-wing jet airliner?

I thought the only high-wing jet airliners were made by the Soviets but the British Aerospace RJ-100 and Dash 6 series twizzled my mind. So who made the first high-wing jet airliner?
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Why there are nearly no upper wing jetliners? [duplicate]

Whenever I look at the western airliners. All of their wings are always mounted on the lower part of the fuselage except the Dash 8 series which have turbo props. But the Soviet jetliners have their ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Wing Shape: Long/Wide Span Wings vs Deep Wings [duplicate]

Planes use wings to generate lift. The wider the span of the wing (looking at the plane from the front) the more lift it generates, however, this is at the expense of more drag. Some planes like the ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Load testing a model glider wing

I wish to load test a model glider wing. The standard static load test methodology using sandbags on the upturned wing would be difficult as the chord of the wing is small - it will be difficult to ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

What airfoil type is used on the B727-200F?

What airfoil type is used on the Boeing 727-200F? Is it a NACA profile or something else?
9
votes
1answer
225 views

How do flaps deploy and stow with very large wing flex?

On large airliners, the wings are generally of the high aspect ratio types and hence very flexible. Now the flaps are attached to wing only through a series of tracks, and as the wings flex, these ...
1
vote
0answers
178 views

How much performance penalty is incurred from a WW2-era folding wing mechanism?

I'm interested in WW2-era single-engine piston-prop monoplanes. I'm interested in the folding wing mechanisms from the perspective of performance, chiefly two things: How much extra weight does it ...
5
votes
2answers
342 views

Why the Antonov AN-225 has negative dihedral wings combined with a positive dihedral horizontal stabilizer?

I know the reason why it has negative dihedral wings, but I do not really know why it is combined with a positive dihedral horizontal stabilzer, which are the benefits this configuration provides?
0
votes
1answer
234 views

What are the dimensions of the A320's wingtip fences?

Does anyone know the size (relative to the wing) or have a schematic draw of these wingtip fences?
1
vote
2answers
208 views

What are (wing area)/(weight) ratio in birds and airplanes? [closed]

I like to know the usual ratio of wing area over weight in birds and airplanes? I mean if total weight of an airplane is 100 Lbs(Kg), how much should be the least ...
1
vote
2answers
294 views

How does wing aspect ratio influence lift and drag?

I know simmilar questions are all over the internet (and this website too), but there's one thing that i just cannot comprehend and none of the articles i read could explain it properly. According to ...
0
votes
2answers
154 views

In an airplane wing, which one is primary, and which one is secondary

I got this device detail of a wing. Those parts are: 1: wingtip fence, one of the wingtip device beside winglet. 2 & 3: aileron. 4: flap track. 5 & 6: slat. 7 & 8: flap. 9 & 10: ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Forces that wing attach fittings must transfer to fuselage?

I just saw the naked wing (it didn't have its wing fabric) of a Weedhopper ultralight and wondered the types of forces that the wing lift struts must transfer to the fuselage, apart from the apparent ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

What is the wing span in aspect ratio's calculation?

We all know that the aspect ratio of an airplane is calculate as: $$AR=\frac{b^2}{S}$$ Where: $AR=$ Aspect ratio $B=$ Wingspan $S=$ Wing's area In an airplane, wing span is the distance from tip ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Does the wing to fuselage fittings of an airplane ever experience shear load?

Do wing attach fittings of semi-cantilevered plane (i.e. ultralights) ever get subjected to shear force? For example during roll, does the centrifugal force of the wings load the wing attach fittings ...