Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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2answers
162 views

Is it possible to Fly Aircrafts on Mars?

I have been fascinated with the thought of flying all kind Aircrafts on Mars. To begin, I don't know much about the fundamental things or requistes for flying. Is it possible with the the things we ...
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1answer
239 views

How challenging is it to land a plane on a tabletop runway?

Yesterday(August 7 2020), an Air India Express plane skidded of the runway(Dubai - Kozhikode, IN) and fell almost 30 feet below from the tabletop runway and broke into two pieces. It was also heavily ...
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1answer
145 views

Are there all terrain landing gears for planes?

Is there a landing gear set up that will allow a single engine plane (also, allowing for tundra tires than what is not available for current water skids) to land on rough grass and water? The wheels ...
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Are manned balloons allowed to land anywhere?

From time to time, quite spectacular videos turn up from hot air balloons landing in unusual or even quite tight spots, such as a soccer field in Vlijmen, a road in Nijkerk, or even a small playground ...
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3answers
245 views

Shouldn't the instructor in this scenario try to avoid a deadstick landing? [closed]

In the Netflix drama "The Crown" (season 1, episode 4) Prince Philip has flight lessons with Group Captain Townsend (below is an image of that scene, I was unable to identify the plane). ...
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1answer
139 views

How does the location of the undercarriage affect 'Nosing Over'?

"The location of the undercarriage and the height from the ground of the aircraft’s centre of gravity have a very important role in the design of aircraft. In the case of a “tricycle ...
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2answers
1k views

Are crosswind landings easier with larger airplanes?

I don't spot an answer to this question, so thought to re-post it here. Larger airplanes are heavier and would ostensibly be pushed less by the wind compared to a small airplane? Do larger airplanes ...
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2answers
186 views

Ventral masts- what are they?

I have kids working on a model of a Boulton Paul Defiant, a WWII-era fighter plane. When we found images of this plane, it shows two rods sticking vertically down from the belly of the plane. Some of ...
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1answer
197 views

What would happen if a hot air ballooon was punctured in mid-air?

I am writing a script for a film where a hot air balloon is punctured and it falls to the ground. There are two teenagers in the balloon when it is in the air. What I would like to know is how fast ...
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3answers
219 views

Am I expected to stay on glide slope for landing in a light aircraft?

When I land the airplane (Cessna 172, 182, 152) I notice that I come in pretty far above glide slope (four white lights on the PAPI). I pick an aiming spot on the runway (like the second center line ...
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1answer
158 views

What altitude restrictions are there in Class C airspace?

So if I'm flying into a Class C airspace, I call approach and I establish radio contact and tell them I want to land, then I enter the airspace. If I'm still talking to approach and haven't been ...
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1answer
68 views

Will a quad fan arrangement on an aircraft help with pitching moments during VTOL flight transition?

The phenomena of ducted fan assemblies inducing pitching moments whilst in transition from vertical to horizontal flight paths is a problem I have seen mentioned by many designers and engineers of ...
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Could an airliner abort a landing after using the brakes system while landing?

Everyone knows that doing a go-around is a normal procedure, although the go-around happens usually before applying the brakes system (spoilers, ground/air brakes, and/or thrust reversers), but, could ...
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1answer
104 views

Is flap down the same as flap extended to 25degrees? [closed]

Is Flap down command is same as setting the flap angle to 25degrees. Recently I am reading the information related to Flap and got confused with different terminology. Trying to get relation between ...
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1answer
129 views

Why does spoiler extension during touchdown causes a pitch up moment?

There are reports that incorrect flight technique associated with spoilers extension during touchdown were contributing factors to pitch increase after landing, causing tail strikes in jet transport ...
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1answer
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Where do I find charts like this for Europe or Global [closed]

I am playing Xplane11 and I am trying to find charts like this But for Europe or USA and shows every ILS approach, detalied maps etc. For europe I have found one site such as http://www.uvairlines....
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How can I land a PA-44 (Seminole)?

I’m trying to get my ME endorsement now, and I find I can’t land very well. My instructor told me to forget everything I know about the Cessna, and that this aircraft should be landed with power. He ...
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1answer
140 views

Has an F-16 ever done a landing without the speedbrakes extended?

Has there ever been a landing made by an F-16 without the speedbrakes extended?
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Why can't you operate packs on HIGH during take-off, approach and landing on a 737-800?

It's in the FCOM Limitations Chapter and I think that these phases are critical phases of flight and I don't want to reduce my engine performance by purposely creating a high demand for bleed air from ...
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3answers
62 views

Is optimal landing flare related to ground effect?

Based on other questions it appears that a "flare" is always part of a healthy airplane landing. This question asked when a flare should be started, and I found it interesting that the accepted ...
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1answer
100 views

How close to the envelope and the ideal was US1549 on ditching in the Hudson?

I assume that for "water landing" an airplane should be configured for the lowest possible stall speed, and then flown to that speed before impact to minimize the energy to dissipate on impact. What ...
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3answers
363 views

Why does An-225 (Mriya) perform a low-pass on its landings?

Today was a big event for aviation fans where I live (Warsaw, Poland, EPWA). We have had a visit of Antonov 225 (Mriya). Today, but also as I saw in other videos, it often (always?) performs a low-...
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1answer
205 views

Why does the DC-9's antiskid system have to be manually disarmed during landing rollout following a ground-shift-mechanism malfunction on takeoff?

An aircraft's ground-shift mechanism (usually a sensor wired to the nosegear strut that looks to see whether the strut is compressed or not) tells the aircraft whether it's on the ground or in the air....
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547 views

How do I use the takeoff and landing distance charts in the C172 POH?

Can anyone explain how to calculate takeoff and landing distances using the chart for C172s, and please give me an example?
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Why some airliners landing gear levers have “up” and “off” positions? [duplicate]

As I understand the difference between both is that "off" cuts the hydraulic pressure that retracts the gear, but why can't this be handled by the system itself and needs pilot intervention? Are they ...
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179 views

Does an airplane has to take off from beginning of the runway or it can take off from displaced threshold?

I mean, if the airports declared that there is a displaced threshold of runway ; and airplanes use this length for landing but how about for takeoff?
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What does “Ground loops are costly. Fly them until they stop” mean?

In one of the earliest scenes of William A. Wellman's 1942 film Thunder Birds, a sign can be seen in a room of a USAAF base (some relax or briefing room, apparently), which says: Ground loops are ...
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4answers
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What does the flashing green-light signal (return for landing) actually mean to NORDO aircraft?

Studying for the PSTAR I see that a flashing green signal while in the circuit means "return for landing" but this is not actually defined anywhere. What does that mean? NORDO = "is an aircraft ...
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3answers
1k views

Why isn't landing in the water a good option in an emergency? [duplicate]

Some people say that landing on water should be considered as a last resort because it is dangerous. But why exactly is it dangerous to land an airplane in the water? Wouldn't it be safer since ...
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1answer
399 views

How does a remote pilot land a fixed-wing UAV?

How does a remote pilot land a big fixed wing UAV, whose takeoff weight could be several tons and have to land at a airport with runways? I saw in the TV, these big UAV normally has on-board cameras ...
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3answers
235 views

How likely is it that there is someone knowledgeable about piloting in a flight control room?

I saw a reasonably looking video about a non-pilot trying to land a plane with the help of a flight control tower (in a simulator): (it is in French). I believe that ...
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6answers
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Do aircraft have accelerometers?

Do modern aircraft employ accelerometers or other similar equipment to measure g-forces on the aircraft? I could imagine this being used as an inspection/service indicator, particularly after hard ...
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1answer
570 views

What happens if an aircraft tries to land at MTOW (if greater than MLW)? [duplicate]

Here's a scenario: Just after Take-Off, there's an emergency on-board and pilot wants to land immediately. But, the weight of the plane wouldn't have decreased by large margins (usually 0.02*MTOW). ...
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1answer
173 views

Are bigger and / or heavier aircraft more resistant to crosswind compared to smaller / lighter aircraft?

When watching heavy crosswind video compilations, I noticed heavy aircraft like the A380 an B747 have a more stable approach compared to the B737 or A320 where the plane banks left and right on ...
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1answer
171 views

How low was the Hong Kong Kai Tak landing approach over the city?

Hong Kong's Kai Tak approach was famous for its unique approach, including the "checkerboard" and its low altitude when passing over Kownloon. The latter has been memorialized in innumerable photos ...
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2answers
434 views

Why does this plane have vapor trails coming out of wings? [duplicate]

See this video of Birmingham strong crosswinds landings: At 2.57, there is a 737-800 landing (screen shot below). One can clearly see some vapor (?) coming out of ...
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If pilots in a A320 or 737 had a dual engine failure, would they add flaps for the landing?

Would this not be smart to do because you may come in a little fast, therefore the flaps would send you back up? Or would you absolutely want flaps in this situation
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293 views

What's the meaning of “the break is a level” in a recovery operation of an aircraft carrier?

The break is a level, 180° turn made at 800 feet (240 m), descending to 600 feet (180 m) when established downwind. Landing gear/flaps are lowered, and landing checks are completed. (source: wikimili....
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356 views

What switch was Skiles talking about shortly before the Hudson landing?

I'm always amazed by the "miracle of the Hudson River landing" and just now stumbled across this video by the NTSB. At 3:52, Jeffrey Skiles appears to say "* * switch" shortly before they ditch in ...
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How often do GA pilots use the Autopilot approach feature while landing?

While flying in simulations, I found that using the Approach feature is very beneficial for riding the glide slope (clear weather or not), however, while watching videos of GA pilots, I do not see it ...
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What should a pilot flying IFR in IMC and on final, do if the vacuum system fails?

Talking about small aircraft here, assuming the pilot is stable and ready to land, they’re flying IFR and the visibility is nonexistent, but that’s alright because he’s currently IFR! But then the ...
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1answer
345 views

Does high density altitude affect your landing speed?

So I had this question asked in my recent commercial-pilot checkride: The DPE asked me about high-density-altitude airports; he specifically asked me if I should add airspeed when I'm on landing ...
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2answers
349 views

How can aircraft land on choppy water?

What plane can land the slowest on the water? What plane can land on the choppiest water? Is there a way to land between the waves?
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1answer
238 views

How do airports in hot climates handle extremely high temperatures?

In June 2017 dozens of flights were cancelled in Phoenix, Arizona because of temperatures exceeding 120 degrees Fahrenheit/48.9 degrees Celsius.1,2 Hot air at a given air pressure is less dense, ...
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1answer
280 views

Difference between ETA and On-Block time?

I see that the definition of the ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) according to Eurocontrol is: (SESAR) the time computed by the FMS for the flight arriving at a point related to the destination ...
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4answers
4k views

What does it mean when autoland is fail passive / fail operational?

The below explanation is what I've got from the internet about fail passive and fail operational: Fail operational - Where you have 3 autopilots engaged, such that any single failure will result in ...
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2answers
5k views

Why is there a maximum landing weight limit?

I was told that if the aircraft's weight exceeds the maximum landing weight, it could cause a structural damage during landing, but why? My understanding is that with a heavier aircraft, I need fly ...
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0answers
400 views

Delta plane looked like it was landing on Atlanta freeway

Yesterday a few minutes after 4:00pm ET (2020-01-04 21:00 UTC) I drove my car out of Park-Ride Lot C of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta and took 85 South to 285 West/North. ...
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358 views

Why do light aircraft stall their wings to land? [closed]

What's the advantage compared to large commercial aircraft that don't stall their wings on landing?
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1k views

Problem with right crosswind landing but not left

The prevailing winds where I'm training are almost always straight down the runway or from the left. I have no problem landing on (and staying on) centerline in either case. However, when the ...

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