Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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A very loud, short- lived howl

Within the last eighteen months, I'd say - commercial aircraft descending into Heathrow have started to emit a terrifying, short-lived but very loud whining howl when they pass over my house. They are ...
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10 votes
1 answer
498 views

Why does ADS-B altitude from multiple landed planes vary so much from one plane to another?

When viewing ADS-B data from sites like FlightAware and Flightradar24 (and also from a personal antenna), the landed altitudes vary greatly from one aircraft to another. What accounts for this ...
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Is it appropriate to determine approximate flight altitudes based on ADS-B landed altitude compared to runway elevation?

For small aircraft flying below 2,500 ft. AGL, is it appropriate to compare the landed ADS-B altitude (pressure calibrated AMSL) to the elevation of the runway in order to compute a reference offset ...
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How are the landing lights of the legacy F-18 Hornet seen before landing on the carrier?

The LSO will be able to see the nose gear landing lights to make sure that the aircraft's angle of attack is at $8.1^\circ$ if the aircraft is "on speed". Are these lights (all 3 of them) ...
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Why do pilots move the propeller lever full forward before landing?

Is it because aircraft can get more "instant" power for go-around, with throttle full-forward? Or is it for protecting the aircraft's engine from high RPM, low PROP stress in case of go-...
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Why is rare to see landings from East to West at the AJU airport?

Every day at the Aracaju - SE, Brazil Airport (IATA: AJU, ICAO: SBAR) planes take off from West to East and lands from East to West. But in rare occasions they will land from West to East. I think it ...
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3 votes
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What happened to this plane during landing? Failed first time? [closed]

Hi I was checking flights at Heathrow on flightradar24.com the other day and found this plane a bit strange. It looked like the first landing wasn't successful. The plane may have touched down but ...
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Any aircraft that can takeoff or land on 150 m / 500 ft runway?

Just spotted on Google Maps: What could be the purpose for building a 150 m / 500 ft runway? I understand that no regular aircraft can takeoff or land on such distance, so certainly the reason isn't ...
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Delays between "50", "40", "30", "20", and "10" cockpit announcements

When a large airplane is about to land, the following announcements are heard in the cockpit: "Fifty!" (delay) "Forty!" (delay) "Thirty!" (delay) "Twenty!" (...
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-4 votes
2 answers
176 views

What should I look for if I am safely in the air with no means of braking at all [closed]

So I just saw this answer, and there was a ravine at the end of the runway. I have decided to open the throttle again and go for the ravine. I dropped about a 100 ft in to the ravine, but managed to ...
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Can an airliner with no brakes be slowed down after landing by steering it into the grass?

If pilots have no control over brakes / air brakes / reversers, can they slow down the plane after landing by carefully steering it off the runway into the grass? Would it be better to put only one ...
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9 votes
3 answers
2k views

What happens if the autopilot fails to initiate a flare?

What are the chances of autopilot failing to do a flare in an otherwise stable autopilot controlled approach and landing? Has it happened before and how was it dealt with?
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2 votes
4 answers
260 views

Airliner failing to execute flare during landing [duplicate]

If an airplane such as Boeing-777 doesn't do a flare and instead continues "50, 40, 30, 20, 10..." at a steady rate, how hard will it hit the ground? (Added later) Specifically, will it be a ...
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8 votes
3 answers
295 views

Take-off and landing a Waco Standard Cabin QDC

I'm sure you hear it all the time: Someone's writing a book and want to know how to fly a plane. I'm no different in that regard. However, I have a specific plane: a Waco Standard Cabin QDC, 1931. ...
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How does an Airport decide to change CAT status - what ground equipment is required for CAT I / II / III [closed]

The airport must, of course, be continuously monitoring the status of ILS, Lighting, RVR etc. From this status information, it seems logical that the CAT of any Approach can be calculated - but ...
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How can an ultralight be slowed down for landing in a tailwind?

When flying an ultra light and I have a tail wind, and, with the engine at idle how do I slow down to land ?
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Viable to slip onto the center line?

One of the constant problems of aviation is drawing onto the center line on final. Either due to a bad rollout or due to crosswinds a pilot often finds that the aircraft is not on the center line for ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Did SWA 997 deviate from the planned stabilized approach to rwy 04 and instead land on 31?

On Monday, January 3, 2022, Southwest Airlines Flight 997 from STL to LGA landed with the following flightpath: The flightpath deviates from the planned stabilized approach to Runway 04 and instead ...
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8 votes
8 answers
2k views

Is there a deterministic guide to landing?

Much of the aviation related instructions seem clear-cut and science-based. For some reason landing seems heavy on art and light on science. To explain, I’m told to round out at about “yea” height, ...
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17 votes
6 answers
3k views

Why not extend the downwind when first learning to land?

I'm supposed to turn base when I see my touchdown point is 45° off my shoulder. But I'm a newbie and final has a lot for me to handle all at once. I'm sure as I improve it will become easier, but what ...
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3 answers
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Why have high lift devices on both leading and trailing edge?

Trailing edge devices such as flaps increase lift by raising lift coefficient at s given AoA. Leading edge devices such as slats increase lift by raising stall AoA. The former is nice because it ...
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Which aircraft is easier to land-- Supermarine Spitfire or North American P-51 Mustang? [closed]

Which aircraft is easier to land (without ground-looping)-- the Supermarine Spitfire or the North American P-51 Mustang? If the answer is different depending on conditions (e.g. no-wind versus ...
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Airplane accidents that happen during take off and landing [closed]

I have just seen some documentary about Munich Air Disaster in 1958. I found that the real reason behind this disaster is related to the aircraft performance with the thick snow runway during take off....
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2 answers
4k views

Why don't small aircraft produce tyre smoke when landing, but big aircraft do?

On almost any recording of big aircraft landing, a huge cloud of smoke can be seen. This even applies to the relatively small Cessna Citation. But I never saw such smoke, at least not visible one, on ...
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9 votes
5 answers
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What is the danger in the over-use of reverse thrust during ground operations when operating a turboprop powerplant?

I'm new to turboprops, and everyone I've flown with seems extremely cautious about using only the bare minimum reverse thrust after touchdown and never during forward taxi. Why might that be?
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2 votes
0 answers
225 views

Why do flights approaching Kabul seem to take a different route since the Taliban took over?

From a reporter on Twitter: Nerdy question but genuinely curious: All fights into Kabul would previously approach from the east, flying towards the direction of Nangarhar, then making a U-turn over ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
273 views

Could an airliner pilot successfully exit alone from a controlled ocean ditching?

MH370's 777 disappeared into the Indian Ocean, the investigation positing a possibility of a pilot self-hijacking the plane and flying until resource exhaustion, then gliding into a "controlled&...
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3 votes
1 answer
987 views

What does the sound and flashing button indicate during this landing?

What does the sound in this YouTube video indicate? It is accompanied by a flashing button. Does that sound indicate the touchdown of both the main and nose landing gear? The pilot also pressed the ...
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23 votes
2 answers
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Is this aerodynamic braking procedure normal in a 747?

I found this instagram video via YouTube: The description in the YouTube video states that: This aerodynamic baking procedure is applied to reduce wheel brake and engine wear I have two questions: ...
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Private Helicopter landing on Private land [duplicate]

Can I land a helicopter on my property in Palm Beach County? The property is 6 acres along the Loxahatchee River in Unincorporated Jupiter / Palm Beach County. What is the pertinent FAA or County ...
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How is the debris deflector on the DC-9-80 ("MD-80")'s nose gear kept from striking the ground during landing?

The DC-9-80 (marketed as the "MD-80") has, mounted to its nose gear, what I presume to be a debris deflector (a sled-shaped device to keep the nose gear from kicking up pieces of gravel or ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
284 views

Front and / or Rear Tires Doors or Windows testing in Aircraft [closed]

I would like to know before the landing takes place, is there a way out for the pilot to know whether the doors or windows for the Front and Rear tires of the Aircraft will work 100%? If i am not ...
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6 votes
5 answers
789 views

What is the principle behind flight of airplanes? [duplicate]

What is the principle behind flight of airplanes? Need a simple answer for grade 7 student. Thank you
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1 vote
3 answers
240 views

How much slipping and sliding go on during short final?

NOTE: This is not a question about coordinated flight in the pattern. There is no disagreement that hasty skids to turn the plane faster from base to final can and do kill. The question is about what ...
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1 vote
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How does CONFIG FULL provide better handling capabilities in turbulent conditions?

I wanted to get some clarity as to how does CONFIG FULL provide better handling capabilities in turbulent conditions? This line mentioned in the A320 FCTM under the the supplementary procedures ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What does a pilot do if all the engine shut down in the middle of the Ocean?

In case of a commercial aircraft, what is the plan B for making an emergency landing in the middle of e.g. the North Atlantic Ocean? I know it's very unlikely but still a possible situation. The plane ...
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2 votes
4 answers
477 views

Can a private pilot land at any category of airport?

I'm aware that commercial pilots require special training for landing at Category C airports (e.g. Innsbruck), but I was wondering if, as a private pilot I could land at an airport such as this, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
892 views

When is it appropriate to foam a landing strip? (example JB292)

Background: I recently watched the Channel5 documentary on JetBlue 292 with their famous sideways landing gear. At around the 8:00-mark you see footage of the actual landing: Main landing gear intact ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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How do airliner pilots practice recovering from a bounced landing?

Other questions say bouncing an airliner is bad, why bounces happen, and how to recover from a bounce. How do pilots practice bounce recovery?
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4 votes
1 answer
152 views

Is a braking rotation immediately after touching down a known maneuver?

In this video the airliner landing on grass rotates high up after touching down, looks like more than it would do during take off. Is it a known possible way to drop the speed or it was more for the ...
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2 votes
4 answers
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Engine out over a mountain road. Do you land upwind or up hill?

You're flying solo in a late-model, fixed-gear Cessna 172 with half-full fuel tanks. You are at 1000 feet AGL, 100 knots indicated, directly above the middle of a 2000 foot long straight section of ...
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9 votes
6 answers
2k views

Can flaps be used to perform rotation and flare?

TL; DR using flaps to directly control sink/climb rate near ground = simpler and faster response = easy to fly airplane? Rotating is the pitch up during takeoff that causes the aircraft to leave the ...
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11 votes
1 answer
845 views

Why does the flare mode of the A321neo engage 50 feet higher than the A321ceo?

Following is taken from the operating manual of A321neo: When passing 100 ft RA, the THS is frozen and the normal flight mode changes to flare mode as the aircraft descends to land. The flare mode is ...
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2 votes
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Should one use mainly the rudder or the ailerons combined with rudder to go back to center line on short short final?

My pattern work is improving but there is one thing I consistently miss: I have a very hard time staying aligned with the runway on short final, say after passing the airport fences. When the nose ...
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4 votes
1 answer
241 views

How long it takes for Pilots to prepare for landing?

I'm wondering how many minutes prior to Final approach do pilots decide what type of approach they will carry on with at the arrival airport like (VISUAL/CATI,II,IIIA,IIIB) ? Like how many minutes ...
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1 answer
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Is there any difference between "EMERGENCY LANDING" and "FORCED LANDING"?

Emergency landings and/or forced landings are stressful situations, but talking about meanings, are they the same, please?
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1 vote
1 answer
356 views

How are carrier landings graded?

I'm an aspiring naval aviator (preferably a Hornet or an F-35) and a DCS player. Here's a question for any former navy aviators or LSOs. What would get you a good or bad landing grade on the carrier? ...
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4 votes
1 answer
485 views

What are the equations to compute takeoff and landing distance?

I am flying a Piper 28-336 Dakota. Based on this paper I was able to reproduce the take-off distances from the POH and incorporate the calculations directly in Excel. It can be seen that the effects ...
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0 votes
1 answer
321 views

Is it possible to define a "good landing" in terms of pitch angle and vertical speed?

Is there a specific combination of pitch angle and vertical speed at touchdown that would be usually be considered a "good landing" in a B737NG?
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9 votes
1 answer
925 views

Any ideas on what caused my engine failure?

On my second solo flight I came back to do a few landings, and after the first landing I applied full power for takeoff to which the engine responded by just shutting off on me. Not sure if my mixture ...
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