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Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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4answers
135 views

Does the headwind component change noticeably when transitioning from a crab to a slip on short final?

I don't know if I'm overthinking this, but it has been causing a bit of confusion in my head. Knowing that the headwind component affects the angle of climb/descent, I was wondering how it affects ...
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5answers
221 views

How to land using horizon?

source I recently heard pilots discussing a landing technique that some instructors are now teaching. To assist new pilots in flaring, they instruct the pilot to adjust their attention toward the ...
11
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1answer
261 views

What happens to a large plane after a successful gear-up landing?

There are plenty of videos of non-fatal gear-up landings - even of airliners. I can find none that show the recovery of the aircraft after safe evacuation of crew and passengers and completion of ...
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0answers
90 views

What are the unique sounds emitted by Embraer E190-E2 on final?

I live close to an airport where these aircraft frequently land. When the E2 is between 2-3 thousand feet, something which I can only describe as whale moans, is heard. I say they are unique because ...
27
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6answers
4k views

Why pull up on the rollout after landing, after the nose wheel is down?

I'm a student pilot learning on a Piper Cherokee 180. When I land and the nose wheel touches down my instructor wants me to keep pulling back on the stick through the landing roll. For soft field ...
3
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2answers
259 views

gear down during takeoff for extended period of time

Normally when an aircraft departs, the landing gear is retracted shortly after the aircraft is airborne. While watching aircraft departing from an airport in my city, I noticed, that occasionally the ...
5
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3answers
295 views

Does a pilot follow the PAPI lights in the same way in all categories of aircraft?

Since there are different dimensions of aircraft in various approach categories, I wonder what changes pilots in different aircraft have to make when following the PAPI lights. I know that 3° (for ...
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0answers
36 views

Why was the cabin light turned off before landing? [duplicate]

I was just recently on board of a flight. Around 15 min before landing the pilot told us he'd now turn of the cabin lights and fly the rest of the way in darkness. He did not give a reason. I was ...
7
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1answer
221 views

Under what circumstances can a flight attendant unbuckle and get up during landing?

Lately I've been on several flights where the flight attendants had to talk sternly to passengers that were getting up either just before landing or just after (which is quite obvious to everyone ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Why does the A350-900 call out to retard at 20 feet above the runway?

I watched this video of a delivery of an A350. at 14:50 there is the sequence I'm interested in: the ground radar normally counts down the distance to the ground, ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What happened to Widereøe flight WF0597?

WF0597 was a scheduled flight from Bergen Airport Flesland (ENBR) to Kristiansand Kjevik (ENCN). The Embraer E190-E2 immediately started circling Flesland and continued for about 1 hour and 40 minutes,...
11
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1answer
274 views

Why is braking action (with Anti-Skid) best when the wheel rotates at ~85% of the actual speed?

During my ATPL training the subject of tires and braking was discussed. I understand the principle of the anti-skid and also the differences between aircraft and similar systems in cars. Physics also ...
2
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1answer
402 views

Why did my flight descend for landing then suddenly climb steeply and turn sharply?

I was flying on a Vueling flight (VLG6251) from Rome, Italy to Orly, France on the 31st of December 2017. During landing, my plane went to a really low altitude as if it was about to land but there ...
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2answers
183 views

Runway Number Landing and Departure Left Traffic Question [duplicate]

If I am "departing runway 36", what does that mean? I understand that runway 36 is at the north end of the runway (360 magnetic); So my question is does the aircraft start at the north end 36 and take ...
1
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3answers
323 views

What does it mean when your destination airport is currently “below IFR minimums”?

Does it mean that absolutely nobody can land there until conditions improve? Can ATC still give you an IFR clearance to your destination airport in this case?
7
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1answer
197 views

What does “leave clear on its left” mean in UK regulations relating to collision avoidance on non-runway landings?

This doesn't seem to be plain English, could someone explain this with a simple example for me please? I'm not sure what 'Leave clear on it's left' means, and it's not clear whether the subject of the ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

At KOAK, how can I get a passenger from the GA terminal to the commercial terminal?

I want to land at the GA side of Oakland International (KOAK) in order to drop my passenger off for a commercial flight from the main terminal. I was told by a local guy that they do not allow a taxi ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Tyre wear and land gear shock reduced by wheel spin up [duplicate]

From the answer to the question 'How are forces on the landing gear reduced or compensated for at touchdown?' I note: "For what it's worth you do not necessarily want to spin up the gear before ...
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3answers
2k views

Do floatplanes land on rivers?

I'm sitting here in a coffee shop on the local river and I noticed it was just wide enough to facilitate a landing. There is no chop on the river, but it does move pretty switfly, and there are ...
2
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0answers
78 views

What are the differences between FCLP markings and equipment and the LA on a ship?

Most Naval and Marine Corps Air Stations have these markings on at least one or more of their runways: It’s a Field Carrier Landing Practice (FCLP) area and used to maintain proficiency amongst ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Why do I get a severe headache just before landing?

I had severe painful headaches two times in my entire lifetime and both times I was in flight. I see some common factors in this two occurrences which I thought could be some known pattern so I would ...
3
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1answer
205 views

What procedures are in place at London City Airport for emergencies after V1?

Given the challenging operating environment at EGLC, what procedures are in place for emergencies after V1. Is it possible to return to the airport?
4
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1answer
270 views

Why is there such a long displaced threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK?

This video seems to raise a whole bunch of questions, but here's one I have: Why such a long displaced landing threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK? (Scroll down to the 4L/22R section for details.) ...
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2answers
184 views

Should I add balloons in my Ultralight wing to help it float if I land in the water?

I like to fly over rivers and lakes in my ultralight. One of the things that scares me the most is if my engine died, I might drown down in the depths of the water as I egressed out of my ultralight. ...
17
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7answers
5k views

What is wrong with a high-speed landing for an ultralight or GA aircraft?

Is it okay to land an ultralight or a general aviation plane at a speed higher than the recommended landing speed for such plane? Will there be any damage if the descent rate is very low?
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3answers
378 views

What are the consequences of falsely and/or unnecessarily declaring an emergency?

I'm curious as to what would happen to a pilot should they falsely declare an emergency to expedite their landing. By 'falsely' or 'unnecessarily' I mean that the hypothetical pilot is not ...
3
votes
2answers
303 views

How do Airbus planes flare in normal operation?

In reading the reports and Sully's comments regarding the flight that was ditched in the famous events of US Airways Flight 1549, I am wondering how the Airbus control system works to flare an ...
6
votes
1answer
350 views

How are procedures for curved-runway operations different for those for straight runways?

Runways having a significant curve between the two ends aren't exactly common, but they do exist, one good example being Elk City Airport's runway 14/35. When operating to or from an airport with a ...
0
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3answers
189 views

How do aerobatic aircraft land?

The aerobatic aircraft I've seen don't have any flaps or air-brakes, besides they're taildraggers so I guess they usually have to do stall landing or three point landing but I don't understand how the ...
50
votes
3answers
14k views

Has this Google Maps imagery of 4 planes on a runway been tampered with? [closed]

The image below is of Google Maps (30 May 2018) of Amsterdam Schiphol's Aalsmeerbaan (36R). It shows 4 planes on the runway and a fifth that's about to land. When you zoom in, all planes seem ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

What qualifies as a “takeoff” and “landing” in currency requirements?

I just met my night-time currency requirements at KONT. Landing and taking off from a 12000 foot runway in a Cessna 152 got me to thinking (always dangerous, I know). There's more than enough room ...
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3answers
6k views

Are landings easier during the day or at night?

When is it easier for a pilot to perform a "good" touchdown: during daytime or nighttime? Considering typical flights for 737s to holiday destinations so mostly small airports with a single runway. ...
7
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2answers
222 views

While flying having trouble estimating how far I am from Airport

When approaching an uncontrolled airport especially, standard procedure demands to make the first call 10 miles out announcing my location, entry procedure, etc. and then more calls at 5 miles, 2 ...
0
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1answer
133 views

Is right rudder always needed during go-around/touch and go with a Diamond DA-40?

Is application of right pedal always necessary in parallel with advancing power lever in diamond aircraft (DA-40) during go-around/touch and go?
3
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2answers
209 views

Was it ever possible to land big commercial jets from the missed approach point during non-precision approach?

When you shoot a non-precision approach, you are expected to maintain the MDA until the missed approach point, and if you have the runway in sight before you get there, you may proceed to land on the ...
-1
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the speed and inclination angle of a commercial plane during descent?

I have a question based on flight track logs on https://flightaware.com. In one of the logs I'm looking at, it says that at time 08:16:15 PM the altitude was 36,000 ft and plane speed was at 473 mph. ...
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vote
2answers
349 views

Why is landing not usually a continuous descent?

I have noticed on commercial flights (Ryanair, Boeing 737 specifically), that during the last 20 - 30 minutes of the flight, the aircraft alternates between descending and ascending pitch. Why is ...
3
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3answers
285 views

Could a plane land on specialized vehicles if its landing gear failed?

This (fake) video has stirred up a lot of questions online about whether such a scenario would be possible in reality - and the answer to those questions appears to be a resounding "No, that's very ...
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3answers
4k views

When does an airliner switch from using the tiller to the rudder?

When does an airliner switch from using the tiller to steer to the rudder on takeoff? Same for landing- when does the pilot switch from using the rudder to the tiller? What is this process? Once a ...
0
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1answer
168 views

Qualification Requirement of Aircraft taxi and landing lights?

Can anyone provide any standard through which taxi and landing lights are certified for use on aircraft? And which certification is required for military aircraft lighting systems?
1
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2answers
244 views

What are the particular challenges faced when landing at Bristol airport (UK)?

Earlier this year I returned to Bristol on flight TOM-6633, and like most landings at Bristol the passengers found the experience physically immersive, attention grabbing, and at least a little ...
6
votes
2answers
456 views

Is there a minimum start altitude for autorotation landings?

If a helicopter is flying relatively low, say for sightseeing, can it still land using autorotation if required? What about if there was an issue during a routine landing? Is there any cutoff point ...
0
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3answers
247 views

Do aircraft automatically send a message to the ground if there is a catastrophic failure?

For example, if there is a engine failure, it will be displayed on EICAS as a CAS message. As per my knowledge, the pilot will initiate the contact with any ground station nearby for guidance to land ...
7
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2answers
777 views

Can a pilot still land if the tower gives confusing Information? [closed]

Recently an airplane crashed at Kathmandu airport in Nepal. The people that owned that plane claim that confusing information was given to the pilot by the control tower, and as a result the plane ...
0
votes
1answer
248 views

Is a pilot responsible for CTAF announcements in this scenario? [closed]

A Cessna 525 Citation Jet is coming in to land and a single-engine Cessna 150 is taking off at a small airport with no ATC. The Cessna 150 stays in continued radio contact and the Cessna 525 Citation ...
0
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0answers
95 views

What is the average deviation from the PAPI glide slope at the threshold?

If one approaches with three red and one white light what will be the average deviation from the standard threshold height of 50 feet?
5
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2answers
381 views

Why is Reverse thrust more effective at higher airspeeds?

It might seem logical at first but why is reverse thrust actually more effective at higher airspeeds? If we assume that engine performance will not change during a 100 knot deceleration on landing ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Where can I find the main landing gear and MLG bay dimensions of an A350-900?

The most information I have found was from this Airport and Maintenance Planning report by Airbus but it does not include any of the landing gear or bay/well dimensions. The main landing gear is ...
2
votes
2answers
254 views

What are ways to reduce drag and noise generated by the landing gear?

Apart from using fairings, what ways are there, or have been studied, but not necessarily implemented in reducing drag and noise produced by the landing gear, mainly for commercial aircraft with ...
4
votes
1answer
213 views

Was a point system implemented to train pilots to land on aircraft carriers?

A long while ago a friend of mine told me that early in the history of aircraft carriers, a lot of planes and pilots were lost due to the increased difficulties of landing planes on a moving runway. ...