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Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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1answer
161 views

What are the pros and cons of practising figure-eight landings on perpendicular runways?

This is just a gee-whiz question, I have no intention of doing this nor am I trying to get anyone's blessing on this. Part of remaining current to legally take passengers up in a plane is having 3 ...
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1answer
103 views

What flying boat has the highest maximum takeoff/landing sea state?

I assume that flying boats have limits on the sea states they’re certificated to take off and/or land in (for instance, hitting a ten-meter wave head-on in a five-meter wooden plane is probably ...
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3answers
8k views

Why would one plane in this picture not have gear down yet?

This image (as posted in another question) is a YouTube video's thumbnail: I noticed that the lead twin (737?) has gear down, the 747 behind does not (appear to) have gear down, but the third plane ...
7
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1answer
518 views

How long can the stop in a stop-and-go be?

When a pilot is cleared for a stop and go, how long does this allow them to be stopped on the runway? I'd like to know if there is a limit in regulations or at least guidance for this.
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2answers
157 views

How does pulling back provide better steering during rollout for light GA planes?

I had requested clarification on an answer to the question, How do I keep a C172 straight on the centerline during landing/rollout? I did not comprehend how pulling back after touch down provides ...
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2answers
116 views

What prevents the use of an EMAS along the sides of a runway?

The NTSB report about the crash of American Airlines Flight 1420 discusses whether an EMAS would have mitigated the severity of the accident, but concludes, based on testimony from a representative of ...
29
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6answers
11k views

Can a plane land on an aircraft carrier without support from its crew?

Imagine a scenario where a carrier was dead in the water. No-one inside. Could a plane land on the carrier? What would such a procedure look like potentially?
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2answers
4k views

Is there an audible warning on commercial aircraft if you try to land gear up?

In one of the comments on this question (under the accepted answer), someone remarks that Aircraft can legally fly without a system to alert the crew when they are landing with gear up, etc. Are ...
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3answers
250 views

Why, and how, are barometric altimeters accurate enough for approach and landing?

The barometric altimeter is used as the primary altitude indicator during approach and landing right up until the aircraft crosses the threshold (after which the radar altimeter takes over and makes ...
3
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2answers
217 views

Why is LGA's Instrument Approach Procedure VOR-H misaligned with the runway?

I was looking at LGA's Instrument Approach Procedures, and I noticed that on this IAP plate the final segment (CHUGG to MAFAS) is misaligned with the runway. How should I interpret this? Shouldn't be ...
3
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2answers
335 views

What are the consequences of touching down at too low of a speed?

The consequences of a high speed touchdown / high vertical speed are very much obvious. However, what will the consequences be of a low speed touchdown? How severe are they (if any)?
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3answers
1k views

How do I keep a C172 straight on the centerline during landing/rollout?

During rollout upon touching down, I'd often find myself veering off the runway centreline to the left. Every time I input rudder, I have this feeling that I am getting pulled out of the turn (while ...
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3answers
193 views

On the 737NG, after deployment of spoilers automatically after landing, do the spoilers automatically go back down?

So, I was just wondering whether the spoilers on a 737-800, after automatic deployment when landing, will go back down automatically, or need manual input by pilots for the spoilers to go down.
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4answers
10k views

Is 'bouncing' an airliner on landing in high winds a deliberate technique, or something always unexpected?

Last week, 767 landing at Newark, high winds, a good deal of rocking in the last few minutes, some passengers quite distressed. The landing was harder and noisier than usual, and we immediately ...
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1answer
129 views

How can I calculate which runway to use for landing, based on the wind? [duplicate]

I have a project where the user enters the name of the airport. We fetch the wind direction (degrees) for that airport. Then we use the wind direction and the data about the runways at that airport to ...
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1answer
263 views

Can I legally land an airplane in in Badwater Basin, CA?

Would it be legal to land a light plane in the Badwater Basin salt flats in Death Valley National Park? Let me add that you can obviously land in the park, as you have runways at both Furnace Creek ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Why don’t aircraft undergo contaminated-runway landing-distance and rejected-takeoff certification testing?

All aircraft have to undergo testing to determine how much runway they need in order to safely land and come to a stop, or to safely reject a takeoff. They do not, however, have to undergo this ...
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1answer
54 views

Why are landing-distance and rejected-takeoff certification tests performed without thrust reversers?

All aircraft have to undergo testing to determine how much runway they need in order to land and come to a stop without running out of runway, and how much runway they need in order to be able to ...
6
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1answer
290 views

Are tritium runway lights widespread in remote areas?

There was some interest in the 80s and 90s in providing runways in remote areas with tritium lighting (which requires no external power, since the radioactive decay in a sample of tritium gas induces ...
24
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7answers
4k views

What does an absolute novice need to learn to make a successful emergency landing?

Suppose I am a passenger in a small, non-commercial plane (e.g. at most 8 seats), and the pilot suddenly dies or is otherwise incapacitated mid-flight. Suppose further that nobody else on the plane ...
4
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1answer
118 views

Can I land a plane in a field in the UK and Republic of Ireland?

So I already saw this question here for the US, but I live in the UK and quite close to the border with the Republic of Ireland (ROI). We have property over the border in the ROI and I was wondering ...
6
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3answers
402 views

Can pilots choose runway and landing direction?

Pilots normally receive landing clearance for a specific runway assigned by ATC. Absent an emergency, can pilots of commercial flights (depending on the wind conditions for example) choose a ...
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1answer
95 views

Is there a maximum horizontal acceleration for passengers?

Are there any regulations regarding the maximum acceleration forces that passengers should experience during takeoff/flight/landing? Or what would be considered to be an acceptable horizontal ...
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2answers
97 views

Main structural (and any other) impact of hard landing

I was reading this question related to the parts suffering the most G forces. Reflecting about that question I question myself about hard landing, which is not a normal operation. So, my especific ...
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0answers
67 views

Are the terms “Coupled approach” and “Hand flown approach” strictly defined?

I was looking on SE and also Google for the answer, but couldn't find anything. My question is when to log an approach as coupled or handflown? All of the approaches I fly are CAT I but the aircraft's ...
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4answers
301 views

Do airplanes with fixed gear usually turn upside down during water landing?

During discussion about emergency landing on water in this YouTube video (4:00) the flight instructor said: "...the problem with these airplanes with a fixed gear, you're usually going to be ...
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3answers
238 views

Do any aircraft have a “self-contained ILS”?

The ILS is an invaluable aid to pilots, especially those operating to/from the many airports where poor weather is common (low-visibility operations would be completely impossible without an ILS); ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Learn in-depth about airplane operations [closed]

Currently seeking a book or manual that teaches a civilian how a cargo aircraft operates and what it's pilots do, say a 787. Preferably a high-level overview at a per flight phase: Pre-flight: Flight ...
3
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2answers
473 views

With radio not working, why it is more important to stay away from exactly class D airspace?

The instructions how to land when the radio is no longer working state as the first item "stay away from the class D airspace". Why is the class D specifically mentioned in these instructions? How it ...
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1answer
137 views

Course of other planes approaching the airport

I flew from MUC to TXL recently and made a weird observation. I was sitting in the port side of the plane and -just a few minutes before landing- saw a red light at approximately our height just ...
2
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1answer
156 views

deployable ILS operation in CAT II or CAT III

can a deployable ILS operate in CAT II or CAT III ? as far as i know a deployable ILS can operate only in CAT I. may I wrong? Thanks
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1answer
112 views

What are the takeoff and landing distances of motor gliders?

I'm doing some estimations of weight and thrust loading for a college project, and in the formula below the landing distance is not a variable, but should be estimated using similar aircraft and usual ...
2
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2answers
305 views

How do I calculate the required heading for an aircraft carrier with an angled deck to sail into the wind?

The natural wind is from 360 degrees at 10 knots. The desired relative wind down the angled deck is 10 degrees left of the ship’s heading at 30 knots. What heading and speed must the carrier go?
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6answers
337 views

How much can I exceed crosswind limits by? [duplicate]

I'm learning in a Tomahawk. They have a maximum demonstrated crosswind component of 15 knots. My school has a limit of 12 kt, but will only allow students to fly in 50% of that, so 6 kt. Since it's ...
6
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0answers
160 views

How does the Pseudo-Satelite Zephyr land?

I don't see how the Airbus Pseudo-Satelite Zephyr solar plane can land safely. It this video, it is "thrown" to take off, but no gear or something similar is visible. Will it just land on its belly? ...
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0answers
39 views

If my company has a Line Maintenance Approval, can they perform a Landing Gear replacement in the Flight Line?

I am not sure if a landing gear replacement is performed in the line or base. Also is a line maintenance approval enough? What are the reasons for your answer? Thank you!
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4answers
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Do military bases still employ wheel watchers?

When I was in the air wing in the '70s, I had the unpleasant opportunity of pulling wheel watch. The unfortunate individual sat in a small shack (maybe 3 x 6 ft.) with a pair of high-powered ...
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3answers
4k views

To flap or not to flap?

I am learning to fly an Ikarus-C42. The instructor I have recommends to all students that they land without flaps, because it is less to think about and because it gives you more airspeed, thus less ...
3
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1answer
188 views

Does anybody know that why C172S POH doesn't have normal & soft field landing distance chart?

Thank you for reading my writing. I found out that C172S, C172P model POH doesn't have normal landing distance & soft field landing distance chart or table. It has only short field landing ...
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2answers
229 views

Is every emergency landing of a commercial flight documented?

A friend told me she was on a Royal Jordanian commercial flight in 2006 that had an emergency and was forced to land in a field in Greece. She said the final destination was supposed to be Italy, ...
3
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4answers
162 views

Does the headwind component change noticeably when transitioning from a crab to a slip on short final?

I don't know if I'm overthinking this, but it has been causing a bit of confusion in my head. Knowing that the headwind component affects the angle of climb/descent, I was wondering how it affects ...
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5answers
262 views

How to land using horizon?

source I recently heard pilots discussing a landing technique that some instructors are now teaching. To assist new pilots in flaring, they instruct the pilot to adjust their attention toward the ...
11
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1answer
269 views

What happens to a large plane after a successful gear-up landing?

There are plenty of videos of non-fatal gear-up landings - even of airliners. I can find none that show the recovery of the aircraft after safe evacuation of crew and passengers and completion of ...
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0answers
244 views

What are the unique sounds emitted by Embraer E190-E2 on final?

I live close to an airport where these aircraft frequently land. When the E2 is between 2-3 thousand feet, something which I can only describe as whale moans, is heard. I say they are unique because ...
28
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6answers
5k views

Why pull up on the rollout after landing, after the nose wheel is down?

I'm a student pilot learning on a Piper Cherokee 180. When I land and the nose wheel touches down my instructor wants me to keep pulling back on the stick through the landing roll. For soft field ...
3
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2answers
282 views

gear down during takeoff for extended period of time

Normally when an aircraft departs, the landing gear is retracted shortly after the aircraft is airborne. While watching aircraft departing from an airport in my city, I noticed, that occasionally the ...
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3answers
670 views

Does a pilot follow the PAPI lights in the same way in all categories of aircraft?

Since there are different dimensions of aircraft in various approach categories, I wonder what changes pilots in different aircraft have to make when following the PAPI lights. I know that 3° (for ...
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0answers
39 views

Why was the cabin light turned off before landing? [duplicate]

I was just recently on board of a flight. Around 15 min before landing the pilot told us he'd now turn of the cabin lights and fly the rest of the way in darkness. He did not give a reason. I was ...
7
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1answer
263 views

Under what circumstances can a flight attendant unbuckle and get up during landing?

Lately I've been on several flights where the flight attendants had to talk sternly to passengers that were getting up either just before landing or just after (which is quite obvious to everyone ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Why does the A350-900 call out to retard at 20 feet above the runway?

I watched this video of a delivery of an A350. at 14:50 there is the sequence I'm interested in: the ground radar normally counts down the distance to the ground, ...