Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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Short Take Off and Landing, and Range

Can a plane have good range with a short take-off and landing (STOL) capability? If not, why. I have noticed STOL planes with lack the better good seat miles per gallon of planes that need longer ...
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Are airliners designed to land safely with no undercarriage deployed?

Complete undercarriage failure ("belly landing") is very rare in large passenger aircraft, but not unprecedented. (source) I would imagine it would be fairly easy to predict which part of ...
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How to calculate take-off and landing distances for a light plane?

I cannot find a generic takeoff chart for the 850 lbs BD-5B Micro-plane. How can I find, generate, or calculate the takeoff and landing distances needed? I did find this chart below and included the ...
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1 answer
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Exactly when do the ARMED Speed Brakes extend after landing a B737-800?

Is it when the main gear makes contact with the ground, or does the nose gear must also be on the ground?
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When should the throttle be closed on a C172 while landing?

during landing training in a cessna 172, would you rather cut the power to idle at beginning of runway threshold, or idle when you're close to ground? I keep having problems where I flare too high or ...
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5 answers
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Botching crosswind landings

I'm having a terrible time nailing my crosswind landings. I'm a student pilot and have about 30 hours in a Cherokee 180 and working on my solo CC's. I start out doing a side slip method on short final ...
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How can you move the thrust reverser to another part of the airplane? [closed]

So this is what we need to research simply: Is there a way we can remove the thrust reverser from the airplane and have something else take care of it? My initial thought was maybe we could put ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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On the A320, is it wrong to retard at 50ft or earlier?

The A320 FCTM explains that the flight crew can rapidly retard all thrust levers to IDLE either earlier or later than the 20 ft. Is it wrong to retard at 50ft or earlier?
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2 votes
3 answers
751 views

How to calculate the altitude my aircraft normally loses in two minutes of gliding descent?

As this may be a rookie question, I just can't wrap my head around if it is an approximate or established number. Doesn't it always depend on different conditions, such as wind(affecting AGL immensely)...
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who can do an overhaul of landing gear?

A manufacturer requires the landing gear of an aircraft to be overhauled at a 10 year interval. Can any maintenance facility perform this work or does it need to be an approved facility. This is for a ...
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Why do F-35B jets hover with their weapons bay doors partially open?

This is an interesting phenomenon noted for F-35B aircraft during vertical flight and vertical landing. They will do so with their weapons bay doors partially opened. ...
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A C130 lands on a carrier. How much energy must be dissipated and where does it all go?

Assumptions must be described and answers must be math justified. Extra credit for plausible obscurity. c130 carrier landing update: From the video the landing roll was 270ft at 85klb and 460ft at ...
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How much momentum is lost through the wheels when landing?

I am idly curious whether any significant proportion of a landing plane's momentum is lost through wheel braking vs. everything else like thrust reversers, aero drag, etc? If I have to pick a plane, ...
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Is a plane stalled during landing rollout?

IMAGE SOURCE: https://pilotinstitute.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/01/Parts-of-a-Wing.jpg As the lift dumpers are extended on landing they cause the air to move away from the wing. Also as the flaps are ...
5 votes
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How should I act after landing in big airport

So I have a PPL, in the time of my education I did some touch and goes in international airports, but never parked there. I am planning now to fly to Dresden Airport from Prague, and I am a bit ...
8 votes
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Does Headwind on Landing affect Ground Effect?

I am currently training for my commercial Pilot check ride and I am trying to execute the short field spot landing. Under FAA ACS standards you have to hit your spot within -0 to + 100 feet. I live ...
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2 answers
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A very loud, short- lived howl

Within the last eighteen months, I'd say - commercial aircraft descending into Heathrow have started to emit a terrifying, short-lived but very loud whining howl when they pass over my house. They are ...
10 votes
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Why does ADS-B altitude from multiple landed planes vary so much from one plane to another?

When viewing ADS-B data from sites like FlightAware and Flightradar24 (and also from a personal antenna), the landed altitudes vary greatly from one aircraft to another. What accounts for this ...
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Is it appropriate to determine approximate flight altitudes based on ADS-B landed altitude compared to runway elevation?

For small aircraft flying below 2,500 ft. AGL, is it appropriate to compare the landed ADS-B altitude (pressure calibrated AMSL) to the elevation of the runway in order to compute a reference offset ...
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How are the landing lights of the legacy F-18 Hornet seen before landing on the carrier?

The LSO will be able to see the nose gear landing lights to make sure that the aircraft's angle of attack is at $8.1^\circ$ if the aircraft is "on speed". Are these lights (all 3 of them) ...
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Why do pilots move the propeller lever full forward before landing?

Is it because aircraft can get more "instant" power for go-around, with throttle full-forward? Or is it for protecting the aircraft's engine from high RPM, low PROP stress in case of go-...
1 vote
1 answer
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Why is rare to see landings from East to West at the AJU airport?

Every day at the Aracaju - SE, Brazil Airport (IATA: AJU, ICAO: SBAR) planes take off from West to East and lands from East to West. But in rare occasions they will land from West to East. I think it ...
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What happened to this plane during landing? Failed first time? [closed]

Hi I was checking flights at Heathrow on flightradar24.com the other day and found this plane a bit strange. It looked like the first landing wasn't successful. The plane may have touched down but ...
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Any aircraft that can takeoff or land on 150 m / 500 ft runway?

Just spotted on Google Maps: What could be the purpose for building a 150 m / 500 ft runway? I understand that no regular aircraft can takeoff or land on such distance, so certainly the reason isn't ...
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Delays between "50", "40", "30", "20", and "10" cockpit announcements

When a large airplane is about to land, the following announcements are heard in the cockpit: "Fifty!" (delay) "Forty!" (delay) "Thirty!" (delay) "Twenty!" (...
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What should I look for if I am safely in the air with no means of braking at all [closed]

So I just saw this answer, and there was a ravine at the end of the runway. I have decided to open the throttle again and go for the ravine. I dropped about a 100 ft in to the ravine, but managed to ...
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Can an airliner with no brakes be slowed down after landing by steering it into the grass?

If pilots have no control over brakes / air brakes / reversers, can they slow down the plane after landing by carefully steering it off the runway into the grass? Would it be better to put only one ...
9 votes
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What happens if the autopilot fails to initiate a flare?

What are the chances of autopilot failing to do a flare in an otherwise stable autopilot controlled approach and landing? Has it happened before and how was it dealt with?
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4 answers
340 views

Airliner failing to execute flare during landing [duplicate]

If an airplane such as Boeing-777 doesn't do a flare and instead continues "50, 40, 30, 20, 10..." at a steady rate, how hard will it hit the ground? (Added later) Specifically, will it be a ...
9 votes
4 answers
410 views

Take-off and landing a Waco Standard Cabin QDC

I'm sure you hear it all the time: Someone's writing a book and want to know how to fly a plane. I'm no different in that regard. However, I have a specific plane: a Waco Standard Cabin QDC, 1931. ...
1 vote
1 answer
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How does an Airport decide to change CAT status - what ground equipment is required for CAT I / II / III [closed]

The airport must, of course, be continuously monitoring the status of ILS, Lighting, RVR etc. From this status information, it seems logical that the CAT of any Approach can be calculated - but ...
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How can an ultralight be slowed down for landing in a tailwind?

When flying an ultra light and I have a tail wind, and, with the engine at idle how do I slow down to land ?
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Viable to slip onto the center line?

One of the constant problems of aviation is drawing onto the center line on final. Either due to a bad rollout or due to crosswinds a pilot often finds that the aircraft is not on the center line for ...
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Did SWA 997 deviate from the planned stabilized approach to rwy 04 and instead land on 31?

On Monday, January 3, 2022, Southwest Airlines Flight 997 from STL to LGA landed with the following flightpath: The flightpath deviates from the planned stabilized approach to Runway 04 and instead ...
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Is there a deterministic guide to landing?

Much of the aviation related instructions seem clear-cut and science-based. For some reason landing seems heavy on art and light on science. To explain, I’m told to round out at about “yea” height, ...
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6 answers
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Why not extend the downwind when first learning to land?

I'm supposed to turn base when I see my touchdown point is 45° off my shoulder. But I'm a newbie and final has a lot for me to handle all at once. I'm sure as I improve it will become easier, but what ...
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Why have high lift devices on both leading and trailing edge?

Trailing edge devices such as flaps increase lift by raising lift coefficient at s given AoA. Leading edge devices such as slats increase lift by raising stall AoA. The former is nice because it ...
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Which aircraft is easier to land-- Supermarine Spitfire or North American P-51 Mustang? [closed]

Which aircraft is easier to land (without ground-looping)-- the Supermarine Spitfire or the North American P-51 Mustang? If the answer is different depending on conditions (e.g. no-wind versus ...
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Airplane accidents that happen during take off and landing [closed]

I have just seen some documentary about Munich Air Disaster in 1958. I found that the real reason behind this disaster is related to the aircraft performance with the thick snow runway during take off....
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Why don't small aircraft produce tyre smoke when landing, but big aircraft do?

On almost any recording of big aircraft landing, a huge cloud of smoke can be seen. This even applies to the relatively small Cessna Citation. But I never saw such smoke, at least not visible one, on ...
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What is the danger in the over-use of reverse thrust during ground operations when operating a turboprop powerplant?

I'm new to turboprops, and everyone I've flown with seems extremely cautious about using only the bare minimum reverse thrust after touchdown and never during forward taxi. Why might that be?
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Why do flights approaching Kabul seem to take a different route since the Taliban took over?

From a reporter on Twitter: Nerdy question but genuinely curious: All fights into Kabul would previously approach from the east, flying towards the direction of Nangarhar, then making a U-turn over ...
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1 answer
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Could an airliner pilot successfully exit alone from a controlled ocean ditching?

MH370's 777 disappeared into the Indian Ocean, the investigation positing a possibility of a pilot self-hijacking the plane and flying until resource exhaustion, then gliding into a "controlled&...
3 votes
1 answer
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What does the sound and flashing button indicate during this landing?

What does the sound in this YouTube video indicate? It is accompanied by a flashing button. Does that sound indicate the touchdown of both the main and nose landing gear? The pilot also pressed the ...
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Is this aerodynamic braking procedure normal in a 747?

I found this instagram video via YouTube: The description in the YouTube video states that: This aerodynamic baking procedure is applied to reduce wheel brake and engine wear I have two questions: ...
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How is the debris deflector on the DC-9-80 ("MD-80")'s nose gear kept from striking the ground during landing?

The DC-9-80 (marketed as the "MD-80") has, mounted to its nose gear, what I presume to be a debris deflector (a sled-shaped device to keep the nose gear from kicking up pieces of gravel or ...
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Front and / or Rear Tires Doors or Windows testing in Aircraft [closed]

I would like to know before the landing takes place, is there a way out for the pilot to know whether the doors or windows for the Front and Rear tires of the Aircraft will work 100%? If i am not ...
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What is the principle behind flight of airplanes? [duplicate]

What is the principle behind flight of airplanes? Need a simple answer for grade 7 student. Thank you
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How much slipping and sliding go on during short final?

NOTE: This is not a question about coordinated flight in the pattern. There is no disagreement that hasty skids to turn the plane faster from base to final can and do kill. The question is about what ...
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How does CONFIG FULL provide better handling capabilities in turbulent conditions?

I wanted to get some clarity as to how does CONFIG FULL provide better handling capabilities in turbulent conditions? This line mentioned in the A320 FCTM under the the supplementary procedures ...
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