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Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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Why don’t aircraft undergo contaminated-runway landing-distance and rejected-takeoff certification testing?

All aircraft have to undergo testing to determine how much runway they need in order to safely land and come to a stop, or to safely reject a takeoff. They do not, however, have to undergo this ...
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1answer
18 views

Why are landing-distance and rejected-takeoff certification tests performed without thrust reversers?

All aircraft have to undergo testing to determine how much runway they need in order to land and come to a stop without running out of runway, and how much runway they need in order to be able to ...
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0answers
183 views

Are tritium runway lights widespread in remote areas?

There was some interest in the 80s and 90s in providing runways in remote areas with tritium lighting (which requires no external power, since the radioactive decay in a sample of tritium gas induces ...
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7answers
4k views

What does an absolute novice need to learn to make a successful emergency landing?

Suppose I am a passenger in a small, non-commercial plane (e.g. at most 8 seats), and the pilot suddenly dies or is otherwise incapacitated mid-flight. Suppose further that nobody else on the plane ...
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1answer
109 views

Can I land a plane in a field in the UK and Republic of Ireland?

So I already saw this question here for the US, but I live in the UK and quite close to the border with the Republic of Ireland (ROI). We have property over the border in the ROI and I was wondering ...
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3answers
280 views

Can pilots choose runway and landing direction?

Pilots normally receive landing clearance for a specific runway assigned by ATC. Absent an emergency, can pilots of commercial flights (depending on the wind conditions for example) choose a ...
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1answer
84 views

Is there a maximum horizontal acceleration for passengers?

Are there any regulations regarding the maximum acceleration forces that passengers should experience during takeoff/flight/landing? Or what would be considered to be an acceptable horizontal ...
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2answers
87 views

Main structural (and any other) impact of hard landing

I was reading this question related to the parts suffering the most G forces. Reflecting about that question I question myself about hard landing, which is not a normal operation. So, my especific ...
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0answers
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Are the terms “Coupled approach” and “Hand flown approach” strictly defined?

I was looking on SE and also Google for the answer, but couldn't find anything. My question is when to log an approach as coupled or handflown? All of the approaches I fly are CAT I but the aircraft's ...
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4answers
288 views

Do airplanes with fixed gear usually turn upside down during water landing?

During discussion about emergency landing on water in this YouTube video (4:00) the flight instructor said: "...the problem with these airplanes with a fixed gear, you're usually going to be ...
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3answers
217 views

Do any aircraft have a “self-contained ILS”?

The ILS is an invaluable aid to pilots, especially those operating to/from the many airports where poor weather is common (low-visibility operations would be completely impossible without an ILS); ...
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1answer
49 views

Learn in-depth about airplane operations [closed]

Currently seeking a book or manual that teaches a civilian how a cargo aircraft operates and what it's pilots do, say a 787. Preferably a high-level overview at a per flight phase: Pre-flight: Flight ...
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2answers
458 views

With radio not working, why it is more important to stay away from exactly class D airspace?

The instructions how to land when the radio is no longer working state as the first item "stay away from the class D airspace". Why is the class D specifically mentioned in these instructions? How it ...
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1answer
123 views

Course of other planes approaching the airport

I flew from MUC to TXL recently and made a weird observation. I was sitting in the port side of the plane and -just a few minutes before landing- saw a red light at approximately our height just ...
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1answer
124 views

deployable ILS operation in CAT II or CAT III

can a deployable ILS operate in CAT II or CAT III ? as far as i know a deployable ILS can operate only in CAT I. may I wrong? Thanks
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1answer
80 views

What are the takeoff and landing distances of motor gliders?

I'm doing some estimations of weight and thrust loading for a college project, and in the formula below the landing distance is not a variable, but should be estimated using similar aircraft and usual ...
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2answers
282 views

How do I calculate the required heading for an aircraft carrier with an angled deck to sail into the wind?

The natural wind is from 360 degrees at 10 knots. The desired relative wind down the angled deck is 10 degrees left of the ship’s heading at 30 knots. What heading and speed must the carrier go?
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6answers
266 views

How much can I exceed crosswind limits by? [duplicate]

I'm learning in a Tomahawk. They have a maximum demonstrated crosswind component of 15 knots. My school has a limit of 12 kt, but will only allow students to fly in 50% of that, so 6 kt. Since it's ...
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0answers
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How does the Pseudo-Satelite Zephyr land?

I don't see how the Airbus Pseudo-Satelite Zephyr solar plane can land safely. It this video, it is "thrown" to take off, but no gear or something similar is visible. Will it just land on its belly? ...
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If my company has a Line Maintenance Approval, can they perform a Landing Gear replacement in the Flight Line?

I am not sure if a landing gear replacement is performed in the line or base. Also is a line maintenance approval enough? What are the reasons for your answer? Thank you!
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4answers
9k views

Do military bases still employ wheel watchers?

When I was in the air wing in the '70s, I had the unpleasant opportunity of pulling wheel watch. The unfortunate individual sat in a small shack (maybe 3 x 6 ft.) with a pair of high-powered ...
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3answers
4k views

To flap or not to flap?

I am learning to fly an Ikarus-C42. The instructor I have recommends to all students that they land without flaps, because it is less to think about and because it gives you more airspeed, thus less ...
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1answer
153 views

Does anybody know that why C172S POH doesn't have normal & soft field landing distance chart?

Thank you for reading my writing. I found out that C172S, C172P model POH doesn't have normal landing distance & soft field landing distance chart or table. It has only short field landing ...
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2answers
221 views

Is every emergency landing of a commercial flight documented?

A friend told me she was on a Royal Jordanian commercial flight in 2006 that had an emergency and was forced to land in a field in Greece. She said the final destination was supposed to be Italy, ...
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4answers
154 views

Does the headwind component change noticeably when transitioning from a crab to a slip on short final?

I don't know if I'm overthinking this, but it has been causing a bit of confusion in my head. Knowing that the headwind component affects the angle of climb/descent, I was wondering how it affects ...
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5answers
242 views

How to land using horizon?

source I recently heard pilots discussing a landing technique that some instructors are now teaching. To assist new pilots in flaring, they instruct the pilot to adjust their attention toward the ...
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1answer
266 views

What happens to a large plane after a successful gear-up landing?

There are plenty of videos of non-fatal gear-up landings - even of airliners. I can find none that show the recovery of the aircraft after safe evacuation of crew and passengers and completion of ...
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0answers
215 views

What are the unique sounds emitted by Embraer E190-E2 on final?

I live close to an airport where these aircraft frequently land. When the E2 is between 2-3 thousand feet, something which I can only describe as whale moans, is heard. I say they are unique because ...
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6answers
4k views

Why pull up on the rollout after landing, after the nose wheel is down?

I'm a student pilot learning on a Piper Cherokee 180. When I land and the nose wheel touches down my instructor wants me to keep pulling back on the stick through the landing roll. For soft field ...
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2answers
272 views

gear down during takeoff for extended period of time

Normally when an aircraft departs, the landing gear is retracted shortly after the aircraft is airborne. While watching aircraft departing from an airport in my city, I noticed, that occasionally the ...
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3answers
514 views

Does a pilot follow the PAPI lights in the same way in all categories of aircraft?

Since there are different dimensions of aircraft in various approach categories, I wonder what changes pilots in different aircraft have to make when following the PAPI lights. I know that 3° (for ...
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0answers
38 views

Why was the cabin light turned off before landing? [duplicate]

I was just recently on board of a flight. Around 15 min before landing the pilot told us he'd now turn of the cabin lights and fly the rest of the way in darkness. He did not give a reason. I was ...
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1answer
250 views

Under what circumstances can a flight attendant unbuckle and get up during landing?

Lately I've been on several flights where the flight attendants had to talk sternly to passengers that were getting up either just before landing or just after (which is quite obvious to everyone ...
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1answer
3k views

Why does the A350-900 call out to retard at 20 feet above the runway?

I watched this video of a delivery of an A350. at 14:50 there is the sequence I'm interested in: the ground radar normally counts down the distance to the ground, ...
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1answer
2k views

What happened to Widereøe flight WF0597?

WF0597 was a scheduled flight from Bergen Airport Flesland (ENBR) to Kristiansand Kjevik (ENCN). The Embraer E190-E2 immediately started circling Flesland and continued for about 1 hour and 40 minutes,...
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1answer
298 views

Why is braking action (with Anti-Skid) best when the wheel rotates at ~85% of the actual speed?

During my ATPL training the subject of tires and braking was discussed. I understand the principle of the anti-skid and also the differences between aircraft and similar systems in cars. Physics also ...
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1answer
413 views

Why did my flight descend for landing then suddenly climb steeply and turn sharply?

I was flying on a Vueling flight (VLG6251) from Rome, Italy to Orly, France on the 31st of December 2017. During landing, my plane went to a really low altitude as if it was about to land but there ...
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2answers
333 views

Runway Number Landing and Departure Left Traffic Question [duplicate]

If I am "departing runway 36", what does that mean? I understand that runway 36 is at the north end of the runway (360 magnetic); So my question is does the aircraft start at the north end 36 and take ...
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3answers
665 views

What does it mean when your destination airport is currently “below IFR minimums”?

Does it mean that absolutely nobody can land there until conditions improve? Can ATC still give you an IFR clearance to your destination airport in this case?
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1answer
201 views

What does “leave clear on its left” mean in UK regulations relating to collision avoidance on non-runway landings?

This doesn't seem to be plain English, could someone explain this with a simple example for me please? I'm not sure what 'Leave clear on it's left' means, and it's not clear whether the subject of the ...
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2answers
164 views

At KOAK, how can I get a passenger from the GA terminal to the commercial terminal?

I want to land at the GA side of Oakland International (KOAK) in order to drop my passenger off for a commercial flight from the main terminal. I was told by a local guy that they do not allow a taxi ...
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1answer
171 views

Tyre wear and land gear shock reduced by wheel spin up [duplicate]

From the answer to the question 'How are forces on the landing gear reduced or compensated for at touchdown?' I note: "For what it's worth you do not necessarily want to spin up the gear before ...
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3answers
2k views

Do floatplanes land on rivers?

I'm sitting here in a coffee shop on the local river and I noticed it was just wide enough to facilitate a landing. There is no chop on the river, but it does move pretty switfly, and there are ...
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0answers
96 views

What are the differences between FCLP markings and equipment and the LA on a ship?

Most Naval and Marine Corps Air Stations have these markings on at least one or more of their runways: It’s a Field Carrier Landing Practice (FCLP) area and used to maintain proficiency amongst ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do I get a severe headache just before landing?

I had severe painful headaches two times in my entire lifetime and both times I was in flight. I see some common factors in this two occurrences which I thought could be some known pattern so I would ...
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1answer
218 views

What procedures are in place at London City Airport for emergencies after V1?

Given the challenging operating environment at EGLC, what procedures are in place for emergencies after V1. Is it possible to return to the airport?
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1answer
320 views

Why is there such a long displaced threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK?

This video seems to raise a whole bunch of questions, but here's one I have: Why such a long displaced landing threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK? (Scroll down to the 4L/22R section for details.) ...
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2answers
211 views

Should I add balloons in my Ultralight wing to help it float if I land in the water?

I like to fly over rivers and lakes in my ultralight. One of the things that scares me the most is if my engine died, I might drown down in the depths of the water as I egressed out of my ultralight. ...
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7answers
5k views

What is wrong with a high-speed landing for an ultralight or GA aircraft?

Is it okay to land an ultralight or a general aviation plane at a speed higher than the recommended landing speed for such plane? Will there be any damage if the descent rate is very low?
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3answers
474 views

What are the consequences of falsely and/or unnecessarily declaring an emergency?

I'm curious as to what would happen to a pilot should they falsely declare an emergency to expedite their landing. By 'falsely' or 'unnecessarily' I mean that the hypothetical pilot is not ...