Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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30
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7answers
6k views

What does “Ground loops are costly. Fly them until they stop” mean?

In one of the earliest scenes of William A. Wellman's 1942 film Thunder Birds, a sign can be seen in a room of a USAAF base (some relax or briefing room, apparently), which says: Ground loops are ...
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4answers
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What does the flashing green-light signal (return for landing) actually mean to NORDO aircraft?

Studying for the PSTAR I see that a flashing green signal while in the circuit means "return for landing" but this is not actually defined anywhere. What does that mean? NORDO = "is an aircraft ...
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3answers
1k views

Why isn't landing in the water a good option in an emergency? [duplicate]

Some people say that landing on water should be considered as a last resort because it is dangerous. But why exactly is it dangerous to land an airplane in the water? Wouldn't it be safer since ...
4
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1answer
382 views

How does a remote pilot land a fixed-wing UAV?

How does a remote pilot land a big fixed wing UAV, whose takeoff weight could be several tons and have to land at a airport with runways? I saw in the TV, these big UAV normally has on-board cameras ...
2
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3answers
213 views

How likely is it that there is someone knowledgeable about piloting in a flight control room?

I saw a reasonably looking video about a non-pilot trying to land a plane with the help of a flight control tower (in a simulator): (it is in French). I believe that ...
17
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6answers
6k views

Do aircraft have accelerometers?

Do modern aircraft employ accelerometers or other similar equipment to measure g-forces on the aircraft? I could imagine this being used as an inspection/service indicator, particularly after hard ...
3
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1answer
525 views

What happens if an aircraft tries to land at MTOW (if greater than MLW)? [duplicate]

Here's a scenario: Just after Take-Off, there's an emergency on-board and pilot wants to land immediately. But, the weight of the plane wouldn't have decreased by large margins (usually 0.02*MTOW). ...
2
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1answer
162 views

Are bigger and / or heavier aircraft more resistant to crosswind compared to smaller / lighter aircraft?

When watching heavy crosswind video compilations, I noticed heavy aircraft like the A380 an B747 have a more stable approach compared to the B737 or A320 where the plane banks left and right on ...
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1answer
156 views

How low was the Hong Kong Kai Tak landing approach over the city?

Hong Kong's Kai Tak approach was famous for its unique approach, including the "checkerboard" and its low altitude when passing over Kownloon. The latter has been memorialized in innumerable photos ...
3
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2answers
195 views

Why does this plane have vapor trails coming out of wings? [duplicate]

See this video of Birmingham strong crosswinds landings: At 2.57, there is a 737-800 landing (screen shot below). One can clearly see some vapor (?) coming out of ...
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3answers
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If pilots in a A320 or 737 had a dual engine failure, would they add flaps for the landing?

Would this not be smart to do because you may come in a little fast, therefore the flaps would send you back up? Or would you absolutely want flaps in this situation
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3answers
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What's the meaning of “the break is a level” in a recovery operation of an aircraft carrier?

The break is a level, 180° turn made at 800 feet (240 m), descending to 600 feet (180 m) when established downwind. Landing gear/flaps are lowered, and landing checks are completed. (source: wikimili....
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1answer
339 views

What switch was Skiles talking about shortly before the Hudson landing?

I'm always amazed by the "miracle of the Hudson River landing" and just now stumbled across this video by the NTSB. At 3:52, Jeffrey Skiles appears to say "* * switch" shortly before they ditch in ...
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3answers
2k views

How often do GA pilots use the Autopilot approach feature while landing?

While flying in simulations, I found that using the Approach feature is very beneficial for riding the glide slope (clear weather or not), however, while watching videos of GA pilots, I do not see it ...
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4answers
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What should a pilot flying IFR in IMC and on final, do if the vacuum system fails?

Talking about small aircraft here, assuming the pilot is stable and ready to land, they’re flying IFR and the visibility is nonexistent, but that’s alright because he’s currently IFR! But then the ...
5
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1answer
272 views

Does high density altitude affect your landing speed?

So I had this question asked in my recent commercial-pilot checkride: The DPE asked me about high-density-altitude airports; he specifically asked me if I should add airspeed when I'm on landing ...
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2answers
309 views

How can aircraft land on choppy water?

What plane can land the slowest on the water? What plane can land on the choppiest water? Is there a way to land between the waves?
4
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1answer
224 views

How do airports in hot climates handle extremely high temperatures?

In June 2017 dozens of flights were cancelled in Phoenix, Arizona because of temperatures exceeding 120 degrees Fahrenheit/48.9 degrees Celsius.1,2 Hot air at a given air pressure is less dense, ...
4
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1answer
119 views

Difference between ETA and On-Block time?

I see that the definition of the ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) according to Eurocontrol is: (SESAR) the time computed by the FMS for the flight arriving at a point related to the destination ...
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3answers
2k views

What does it mean when autoland is fail passive / fail operational?

The below explanation is what I've got from the internet about fail passive and fail operational: Fail operational - Where you have 3 autopilots engaged, such that any single failure will result in ...
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2answers
5k views

Why is there a maximum landing weight limit?

I was told that if the aircraft's weight exceeds the maximum landing weight, it could cause a structural damage during landing, but why? My understanding is that with a heavier aircraft, I need fly ...
4
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0answers
386 views

Delta plane looked like it was landing on Atlanta freeway

Yesterday a few minutes after 4:00pm ET (2020-01-04 21:00 UTC) I drove my car out of Park-Ride Lot C of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta and took 85 South to 285 West/North. ...
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2answers
281 views

Why do light aircraft stall their wings to land? [closed]

What's the advantage compared to large commercial aircraft that don't stall their wings on landing?
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5answers
1k views

Problem with right crosswind landing but not left

The prevailing winds where I'm training are almost always straight down the runway or from the left. I have no problem landing on (and staying on) centerline in either case. However, when the ...
2
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1answer
120 views

How does a departure off a runway used for LAHSO operations work?

Let's say that LAHSO operations are in effect at Long Beach (KLGB). Runway 12/30 has a hold short line short of runway 8L / 26R. If an aircraft is cleared to land runway 30, and LAHSO operations are ...
3
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1answer
218 views

Why does this aircraft land nose first? [duplicate]

I've seen almost every aircraft land back gear first to evenly distribute the landing load between more struts. However, I recently saw this video of a NASA Super Guppy Nose-Wheel land gear first at ...
8
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4answers
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How close is a pilot allowed to get to a runway without landing clearance?

I heard it was 100 feet above minimums, I'd just like verification.
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1answer
136 views

What is the procedure for a fast landing that is too slow for go-around? [closed]

Say an aircraft (A320 or similar) on landing, hits the tarmac way too fast and on a short runway, less than V2 but around V1 or slightly over. This could happen if a pilot had recently moved from ...
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2answers
244 views

Why does the A320 have an anti skid system and how does it work? [duplicate]

Can somebody explain why do A320 aircraft have an anti skid system? What is its purpose? And a brief explanation on how it works.
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2answers
186 views

How to reduce the landing roll distance

If I want reduce the landing roll distance, for example to clear the runway at the nearest exit, I was told by some instructors that to increase the drag using following methods: Pull up and hold the ...
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0answers
104 views

What are the flow properties for the engines of a Fokker 70 with reversers deployed?

I want to know what the approximate flow properties would be at the exit of the nozzle for a Fokker 70 with reversers deployed. What is the exit velocity of gas at the nozzle? How do they calculate ...
35
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4answers
14k views

Does the sterile cockpit rule mean flight attendants could not inform the pilots if a passenger is in the lavatory while on final?

Context: I've seen this interesting question just the other day, asking what would pilots do after receiving this information while on final: either go around or continue with the landing. However ...
2
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5answers
456 views

Can thrust vectoring be used to enable the use of flaps on canardless tailless delta-winged aircraft?

I'm considering flying wings as well as airplanes with only vertical stabilizer for their compact size, efficiency and high speed. As I can't find a working example of such scheme, theoretical ...
11
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1answer
2k views

What does shimmy in nose landing gear mean?

While I was reading a small article on "Reasons for RTO", I came across a situation where the pilots aborted takeoff because of "landing gear shimmy". What does that mean?
32
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2answers
12k views

Can I land my aircraft on the grass next to the runway at a public airport?

The pavement is hard on my tires, so I prefer to land in the grass.
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1answer
175 views

What is the exhaust from the end of jet wing prior to landing? [duplicate]

What is the exhaust from the end of jet wing prior to landing ? My guess,excess fuel from powering down engines.
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4answers
266 views

What makes airplanes pitch up during landing?

So what exactly pitches the plane upward with the rear end down? Do flaps help lower the nose when deployed 80%-100% down with such low speeds?
20
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2answers
5k views

Why do aircraft sometimes bounce while landing?

I've seen a few youtube videos where an aircraft bounces once/twice while landing on the runway. Why does this happen?
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1answer
333 views

Why do pilots wait for a positive rate to put the gear up, When V1 means “commit to takeoff”?

To explain further, V1 means they cannot stop in time if anything happens. Therefore they must commit to taking off. So why wait for a positive rate? Shouldn’t it be retracted as soon as they see a ...
6
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5answers
2k views

Can an F-16 land on an aircraft carrier, at all?

Looking at the F-16 again, I noticed the tailhook which it seems to have. I know the F-16 is not designed to land on any aircraft carrier, however, if it was between ditching in the ocean and ...
4
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2answers
376 views

Do thrust reversers only have idle and full modes or are there intermediate settings?

Are there any intermediate thrust reverser settings? If so, how often do pilots use these intermediate settings?
3
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1answer
179 views

If propeller-driven planes with electric engine became the norm, would descent for landing with the engines turned off become a routine procedure?

To elaborate on the question: I know that in modern fossil fuel-driven aircraft turning the engines off during descent and/or landing approach isn't feasible for safety reasons (which makes total ...
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2answers
369 views

Is it okay to purposely stall a small single-engine aircraft just before touch down to get a good flare?

I'm still learning ground theory and have only flown in simulators (P3D v3 Academic). For a long time, I've been trying to properly flare single engine aircraft but have mostly failed. I even watched ...
0
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1answer
210 views

How did the term 'Buttered the bread' originate?

I've heard this term used a few times to describe an exceptionally smooth landing
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2answers
250 views

Can a 737 be on final at 160 knots, and also touchdown at 160 knots?

Would the 737, going 160 knots, float a bit more before touching down?
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0answers
501 views

How Does the FAA Define the Dimensions of the Touchdown Zone?

Does the FAA give a regulatory definition of the term "Touchdown Zone" for use within the context of landing operations? In 14 CFR 91.175 the FAA requires—in certain cases—that pilots must be in a ...
0
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1answer
162 views

Which avoidance maneuver is best when seeing crossing traffic on approach to a runway?

Let us say I am in final landing and I saw another aircraft is crossing the runway while I am still in air, should go around be my best choice? If I touched down and then I saw the traffic, how ...
19
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10answers
8k views

Why don't airports use arresting gears to recover energy from landing passenger planes?

An average plane has 50t of mass and a landing speed of approx. 250 (lets be conservative) 200 km/h. Thus its kinetic energy at landing is about 75 MJ or 21 kWh. The plane catches the wire attached to ...
4
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1answer
302 views

Do landing gear doors need repairs after a gear gravity deploy landing?

I know that landing gears can be deployed even without hydraulic power by letting them go down by gravity, as seen on this video: I was wondering: do the landing ...
1
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1answer
162 views

Can a delta wing fighter engage an arrestor net without its main landing gear?

A delta wing fighter aircraft with underwing drop tanks while landing loses its main landing gear, but the nose wheel is extended. Is it an option for the pilot to engage the barrier net of type EP-15 ...

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