Questions tagged [landing]

Landing is the final phase of flight, when an aircraft touches down on the runway or other surface.

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3
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1answer
268 views

Did Biplane pilots turn off their engines before landing?

I read or heard one time that radial engine biplane engines were turned off just before touchdown because if the throttle was used, the torque could cause the wing of the plane to contact the ground ...
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2answers
109 views

Upon landing (uncontrolled field), can I exit the runway via a crossing runway?

I understand at a controlled airfield it's a no no unless directed by atc to do so.
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4answers
178 views

How to estimate the altitude of an aircraft at a given distance from a runway?

What altitude should a heavy class commercial freighter be at on a descent path 17 nautical miles from a runway? (Say SDF airport)
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0answers
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What wind speed is needed for vertical take offs in fixed wing planes? [duplicate]

Is there a scale or guide to see the vertical take off and landing head wind speed requirements for each plane? How is this calculated?
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1answer
167 views

Why do this airline experience more hard landings than others? [closed]

Ryan air has a reputation for hard landings, watching this video at the 2:22 mark and reading the subsequent comments (along with personal experience) suggests many people find the landing with Ryan ...
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13answers
13k views

Have any large aeroplanes been landed — safely and without damage — in locations that they could not be flown away from?

And, what was done with them subsequently?
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1answer
128 views

Would this modified tire work to prespin an aircraft tire? [duplicate]

In order to decrease that initial hit of the tire spinning up to ground speed on the runway, could adding a blades or shape into the tire rim of a commercial plane save on tires by prespinning the ...
4
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1answer
282 views

Why do some helicopters have wheels instead of skids?

I have noticed that Black Hawk helicopters have tires, but I have not seen one take off like a plane. When would a helicopter need to use a running take off or landing? When is it determined ...
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2answers
104 views

Distance to the runway/ touchdown point

Trying to learn about aviation, and looking through all the displays in the cockpit, and also the Garmin G1000, I am not sure where I see the distance to the runway touchdown point, or the start of ...
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1answer
135 views

Why would an aircraft drastically reduce in speed and then accelerate during landing? [closed]

I was on a flight today and I noticed that as we were approaching to land, the plane drastically reduced its speed for few seconds and then regained its speed. Can somebody tell me why?
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How far would a landing Airbus A380 go until it stops with no brakes?

If an Airbus A380 lands with all brakes disbled, including reverse thrust, wheel brakes and any other measures it has to stop or slow down. Then how long would it take it to reach a complete stop.
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4answers
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During VTOL landings, do Harrier pilots cut power before touching the ground?

When vertically landing, do Harrier pilots cut power before they touch the ground?
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5answers
211 views

Which direction of a forward slip is safer during a turn to final?

Suppose I'm making a turn from a left base to final and, realizing I need to kill quite a bit of excess altitude, decide to use a forward slip with full rudder deflection (along with full flaps). ...
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1answer
173 views

Why is it appropriate to announce ‘stable’ on final approach?

I have recently discovered that a budget airlines flight deck in the UK (Airbus 320) announce ‘Stable’ on the final approach. Both the Captain and F.O, just after 500 ft is called out by the computer. ...
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What is the recommended procedure to land a taildragger in a crosswind?

Almost 20 years ago I helped a friend ferry a 1948 Stinson from Córdoba, Argentina, to Buenos Aires. We had to make several stops to refuel (while classifying them by how many dogs and cats came out ...
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3answers
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Are runways booked by airlines to land their planes?

Suppose Indigo lands at Indira Gandhi international airport and the arrival is schedule at 5:30 a.m. Is the runway to land on fixed by the airline. If not please explain reason behind not to schedule ...
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2answers
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Why is the A380’s with-reversers stopping distance the same as its no-reversers stopping distance?

Thrust reversers, found on almost all jetliners1 and on the larger propliners, redirect engine thrust forwards, helping to slow the aircraft in the event of a landing or rejected takeoff.2 This takes ...
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4answers
6k views

Why are thrust reversers not used to slow down to taxi speeds?

In reading this question (Would more throttle when using reverse thrust reduce stopping distance?), it prompted me to remember that on many of my flights (typically on 737s or CRJ type aircraft), it ...
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1answer
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Would more throttle when using reverse thrust reduce stopping distance?

If more throttle is applied after engaging the reverse thrust, would it shorten the braking distance?
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1answer
185 views

Shouldn't there be ATIS/sign information on sloped up runways?

I landed on Catalina island runway 22 last Saturday after the installation of a new concrete runway. To make it easier for heavyweight planes to land and after a short roll stop, they have made the ...
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1answer
169 views

Is there any plan to create GPS approaches to water areas for seaplanes?

Is anyone working on differential GPS approaches for seaplanes? They are a largely ignored resource with great capabilities for certain remote places
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2answers
2k views

Why complex landing gears are used instead of simple, reliable and light weight muscle wire or shape memory alloys?

Muscle wires actuators are really simple, have a high power density and are reliable. Landing gears on other hand are used only twice per flight while taking off and landing (if everything goes well ...
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3answers
1k views

Nose gear failure in single prop aircraft: belly landing or nose landing?

Let's say we are flying a single prop airplane with tricycle format retractable gear, such as a Mooney Bravo or a Piper Comache. The nose gear fails mid-flight and is unable to be lowered. Is it safer ...
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0answers
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Do aircraft use some kind of stability control to keep the aircraft on the runway during landing? [duplicate]

Modern automobiles use an electronic system called ESP to keep the car on track in slippery situations. Do modern jet liners have a similar system to aid the pilot in keeping the aircraft on the ...
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2answers
651 views

Landing in very high winds

A few weeks ago, a storm passed through my area with winds reported at 55kt and gusting to 68kt. Many light planes managed to break their tie-down ropes and were flung around the ramp area, which isn'...
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2answers
206 views

Do carrier-borne aircraft pilots count the seconds on the downwind leg of the carrier?

On carrier landing, someone tells me that the pilots need to count several seconds on abeam leg of the landing pattern, in order to land precisely on the flight deck. Is that true? What do we call for ...
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1answer
76 views

How do I know when to use flaps in glide approach or force landing?

During glide approach or practise force landing, I can see the aimpoint moving down. It means the aircraft will overshoot the field. But I am not sure when should flaps be used or which stage of flaps ...
5
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1answer
252 views

What are the pros and cons of practising figure-eight landings on perpendicular runways?

This is just a gee-whiz question, I have no intention of doing this nor am I trying to get anyone's blessing on this. Part of remaining current to legally take passengers up in a plane is having 3 ...
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1answer
120 views

What flying boat has the highest maximum takeoff/landing sea state?

I assume that flying boats have limits on the sea states they’re certificated to take off and/or land in (for instance, hitting a ten-meter wave head-on in a five-meter wooden plane is probably ...
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3answers
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Why would one plane in this picture not have gear down yet?

This image (as posted in another question) is a YouTube video's thumbnail: I noticed that the lead twin (737?) has gear down, the 747 behind does not (appear to) have gear down, but the third plane ...
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1answer
558 views

How long can the stop in a stop-and-go be?

When a pilot is cleared for a stop and go, how long does this allow them to be stopped on the runway? I'd like to know if there is a limit in regulations or at least guidance for this.
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2answers
190 views

How does pulling back provide better steering during rollout for light GA planes?

I had requested clarification on an answer to the question, How do I keep a C172 straight on the centerline during landing/rollout? I did not comprehend how pulling back after touch down provides ...
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2answers
128 views

What prevents the use of an EMAS along the sides of a runway?

The NTSB report about the crash of American Airlines Flight 1420 discusses whether an EMAS would have mitigated the severity of the accident, but concludes, based on testimony from a representative of ...
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6answers
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Can a plane land on an aircraft carrier without support from its crew?

Imagine a scenario where a carrier was dead in the water. No-one inside. Could a plane land on the carrier? What would such a procedure look like potentially?
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2answers
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Is there an audible warning on commercial aircraft if you try to land gear up?

In one of the comments on this question (under the accepted answer), someone remarks that Aircraft can legally fly without a system to alert the crew when they are landing with gear up, etc. Are ...
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3answers
445 views

Why, and how, are barometric altimeters accurate enough for approach and landing?

The barometric altimeter is used as the primary altitude indicator during approach and landing right up until the aircraft crosses the threshold (after which the radar altimeter takes over and makes ...
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2answers
264 views

Why is LGA's Instrument Approach Procedure VOR-H misaligned with the runway?

I was looking at LGA's Instrument Approach Procedures, and I noticed that on this IAP plate the final segment (CHUGG to MAFAS) is misaligned with the runway. How should I interpret this? Shouldn't be ...
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2answers
373 views

What are the consequences of touching down at too low of a speed?

The consequences of a high speed touchdown / high vertical speed are very much obvious. However, what will the consequences be of a low speed touchdown? How severe are they (if any)?
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3answers
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How do I keep a C172 straight on the centerline during landing/rollout?

During rollout upon touching down, I'd often find myself veering off the runway centreline to the left. Every time I input rudder, I have this feeling that I am getting pulled out of the turn (while ...
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3answers
226 views

On the 737NG, after deployment of spoilers automatically after landing, do the spoilers automatically go back down?

So, I was just wondering whether the spoilers on a 737-800, after automatic deployment when landing, will go back down automatically, or need manual input by pilots for the spoilers to go down.
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4answers
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Is 'bouncing' an airliner on landing in high winds a deliberate technique, or something always unexpected?

Last week, 767 landing at Newark, high winds, a good deal of rocking in the last few minutes, some passengers quite distressed. The landing was harder and noisier than usual, and we immediately ...
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1answer
331 views

How can I calculate which runway to use for landing, based on the wind? [duplicate]

I have a project where the user enters the name of the airport. We fetch the wind direction (degrees) for that airport. Then we use the wind direction and the data about the runways at that airport to ...
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1answer
275 views

Can I legally land an airplane in in Badwater Basin, CA?

Would it be legal to land a light plane in the Badwater Basin salt flats in Death Valley National Park? Let me add that you can obviously land in the park, as you have runways at both Furnace Creek ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Why don’t aircraft undergo contaminated-runway landing-distance and rejected-takeoff certification testing?

All aircraft have to undergo testing to determine how much runway they need in order to safely land and come to a stop, or to safely reject a takeoff. They do not, however, have to undergo this ...
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1answer
116 views

Why are landing-distance and rejected-takeoff certification tests performed without thrust reversers?

All aircraft have to undergo testing to determine how much runway they need in order to land and come to a stop without running out of runway, and how much runway they need in order to be able to ...
7
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1answer
307 views

Are tritium runway lights widespread in remote areas?

There was some interest in the 80s and 90s in providing runways in remote areas with tritium lighting (which requires no external power, since the radioactive decay in a sample of tritium gas induces ...
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7answers
4k views

What does an absolute novice need to learn to make a successful emergency landing?

Suppose I am a passenger in a small, non-commercial plane (e.g. at most 8 seats), and the pilot suddenly dies or is otherwise incapacitated mid-flight. Suppose further that nobody else on the plane ...
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2answers
238 views

Can I land a plane in a field in the UK and Republic of Ireland?

So I already saw this question here for the US, but I live in the UK and quite close to the border with the Republic of Ireland (ROI). We have property over the border in the ROI and I was wondering ...
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3answers
645 views

Can pilots choose runway and landing direction?

Pilots normally receive landing clearance for a specific runway assigned by ATC. Absent an emergency, can pilots of commercial flights (depending on the wind conditions for example) choose a ...
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1answer
107 views

Is there a maximum horizontal acceleration for passengers?

Are there any regulations regarding the maximum acceleration forces that passengers should experience during takeoff/flight/landing? Or what would be considered to be an acceptable horizontal ...