Questions tagged [general-aviation]

General aviation (GA) includes all civil aviation activities except scheduled, commercial passenger flights. GA covers private recreational flying, corporate jet flights, flight training, crop dusting, aerial photography, and other activities.

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1 answer
75 views

How can I determine how long it would take to fly between two points?

How can I determine the approximate time required to fly a particular plane (e.g. a Cessna 172) between two points, considering the possibility of needing intermediate stops? For airline flights, I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
164 views

Do cell phones interfere with GA avionics?

I think most people know that cell phone signals can interfere with airliner avionics; that's why airplane mode exists. Is this an issue with small GA planes?
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7 votes
1 answer
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What does the letter "H" on the upper side of ADANA word and mean?

As you can see on the STAR chart of Adana, there is a letter "H" with a black background for the VOR sign's line. I can't find the meaning.
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Pressure/Altimetry [duplicate]

If someone could help me with this problem and show the steps, I would highly appreciate it. You are on approach to KATL, where the field elevation is approximately 1000ft. During the cruise phase, ...
0 votes
1 answer
144 views

How Do Pilots Account for Weight Shift?

What I mean by this question is cases of airliners or private jets. You have possibilities of luggage shifting mid-flight, people changing seats (occasional but it does happen), and on private jets, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How does camber affect on critical aoa?

i am pretty clear about why a higher camber would increase Clmax, but critical aoa. one of the resources i read the graphic shows a greater chamber near the leading edge will increase Cl at different ...
-3 votes
2 answers
148 views

Is a Cessna 162 safe to fly if engine RPM drops by 160 on one magneto?

On a Cessna 162, during engine runup I switch to one mag, and the engine RPM dropped by 50, but on the other mag the RPM dropped by 160 while the POH says maximum allowable drop is 150. Is this plane ...
6 votes
2 answers
744 views

On C162 if I am at maximum elevator trim but still has control pressure is it normal?

Flying a C162 I have to set nose down trim to maximum, but I still feel pressure on the control and need to push the nose down. Is this expected, or is weight & balance near the limit of the ...
0 votes
1 answer
140 views

Visa Requirements for GA

I'm planning to take a flight in a small airplane around the world, which means I will have to stop to refuel in various countries. The countries I am particularly asking about are Turkey and Iran. If ...
3 votes
1 answer
107 views

Do private airports have to have the same runway and taxiway dimension and separation requirements as public airports?

I'm new to this site. I joined today after searching for hours to find answers to this question with no luck. I am a part of a group of pilots and aviation enthusiasts working on a new aviation ...
5 votes
1 answer
127 views

What license do I need to transmit on AirBand frequencies?

I am not a pilot, but at my company we are trying to figure out what FCC license we need to use to talk to our pilot when we are on the ground and they are flying. My research has led me to mixed ...
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60 views

How to determine date of pilot license?

I wonder if someone can tell me how to find out what year my Dad got his private pilot license as well as his commercial pilot license? BC Canada Thank you.
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2 answers
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Why can canard wings not be used in all sonic aircraft despite their high control?

As Canard serves two purposes; it improves aircraft control, also contributes to lift, replacing the horizontal stabilizer and - theoretically - reducing overall drag.
6 votes
1 answer
487 views

Where in the CARs does it say that we need to perform a walk-around each day?

I understand to keep an aircraft airworthy, one of the items that must be followed is a walk-around each day. I've been browsing through the CARs for a couple hours now and I couldn't find anything on ...
2 votes
2 answers
95 views

Can you choose to swap to a PPL when learning a (EASA) LAPL?

If I were to start flight training for a (EASA) LAPL and decide later (before completing the LAPL) that I wanted to do a PPL instead, is a switch possible? Could the hours flown in pursuit of the LAPL ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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How to find accurate civil aviation flight traffic data? [closed]

I need to review civil aviation flight traffic data for several regions around the world. My preference is real-time data, but data delayed by 5-15 minutes is fine. Historical data (going back 1 year)...
-2 votes
1 answer
64 views

What is a control area? [closed]

I read a controlled area is a controlled airspace extending upwards from a specified limit above the earth. But what is the difference between a contolled airspace and a control area.Also what about ...
5 votes
0 answers
249 views

Why isn't Yamaha EPeX300Ti more popular in aviation?

The answer to this question might be obvious to experienced aviators. But as an armchair enthusiast, I really couldn't find a satisfactory answer anywhere on the internet. Below two pages came from ...
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1 answer
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What are dry and saturated lapse rates values or ranges for a rising or lowering parcel of air in degrees Celsius?

Environmental lapse rate average is rounded to 2 degrees celsius per 1000 ft.(Note that environmental lapse rate varies through the day).What about parcel of air lapse rate.? Dry lapse rate is a ...
0 votes
1 answer
71 views

If while landing ,a surface inversion occured close to the ground would atc or atis know?

A change in temperature, pressure and many factors might happen in a surface inversion.Thus affecting landing performance and calculation.The local peessure might change suddenly as well...
2 votes
1 answer
76 views

Is there a benefit or advantage of decreasing the transtion altitude or transition level? [duplicate]

Some counrties have high transition altitudes and transition levels while other countriea have low ones.
7 votes
3 answers
387 views

Do long distance business jets have a crew resting area?

I am asking this question out of curiosity. Do they have separate cabin area for themselves?
18 votes
1 answer
3k views

Responding to another aircraft without knowing their radio call sign

PPL student here. I recently had someone ask over the radio if there was any traffic in the pattern (uncontrolled class G airport). I could make out everything that pilot said except for his radio ...
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1 vote
1 answer
102 views

How to fix JeppView VFR charts font display [closed]

Some of the VFR charts printed by JeppView for Windows incorrectly display various letters on the map. This is especially visible in the NDB/DME designations ("INN", "PAT", "...
6 votes
1 answer
250 views

How to "address" a flight plan to additional stations

Airspace around the Swiss village of Davos is restricted as part of the World Economic Forum every year. The amendment to the Austrian AIP instructs pilots who would still like to cross the affected ...
2 votes
2 answers
314 views

Difference between Maintenance planning document(MPD) and Maintenance Manual (AMM)

Could someone explain to a layman, relatively new to Aviation maintenance, the difference between the Maintenance planning document(s) (MPD) and the Maintenance manual (AMM). Is one a subset of the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How do GA aircraft flaps stay in place?

On most small GA aircraft such as the well-known Cessna 172P "Skyhawk", the flaps are electrically actuated. Now - how do they stay at the setting selected by the pilot after extension ? Is ...
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5 votes
3 answers
566 views

Why does the hydraulic pump of retractable-gear GA aircraft run continuously throughout the gear cycle?

The POH of a Cessna T210N (which is a retractable-gear aircraft) states that the hydraulic pump will run 1 - 2 times per hour to restore system pressure bleed down, and whenever the gear up / down ...
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1 vote
1 answer
88 views

What can be obtained from minimum vector altitude (MVA)?

From the minimum vector altitude (MVA) can be obtained: Only the obstacle clearance, only the navigation reception, or both?
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-3 votes
1 answer
144 views

How long is the TDZ of a runway? [closed]

How long is the TDZ of a runway? 3000 ft, 3500 ft or 2000 ft?
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0 votes
1 answer
63 views

Are there any published travel guides for GA Pilots? [closed]

Are there any published travel guides for GA Pilots specific to the US? Kind of like Michelin Guides, except for airplanes instead of cars and highlight scenic, historic or notable routes?
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4 votes
1 answer
288 views

Is there a way to calculate the braking distance for a light aircraft?

PPL student, I train in a C152. Reviewing its POH I cannot find a method to estimate brake performance roll (as I would do with T/O roll). Is there any method or rule to calculate brake roll in ...
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7 votes
1 answer
491 views

Do you have to fly to an airport with an instructor before you can solo there?

I am currently doing my flight training and my CFI said that before I can fly solo to another airport he needs to fly with me there first. Is this true?
5 votes
2 answers
4k views

Why don't small aircraft produce tyre smoke when landing, but big aircraft do?

On almost any recording of big aircraft landing, a huge cloud of smoke can be seen. This even applies to the relatively small Cessna Citation. But I never saw such smoke, at least not visible one, on ...
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3 votes
3 answers
181 views

How can I re-certify my PPL?

I have: a US PPL issued circa 1980 (for about $1600.00 total cost) 120 hours ASEL pilot in command last flight in 1987 type rated for Cessna 150/152/172/172RGII 30 hours of IFR instruction and flight/...
0 votes
1 answer
129 views

Why oil pressure decreases when coarsen the pitch during run-up?

During run-up checks, we set the Throttle such a manner that RPM IS 2000 then we do run-up checks Magneto check 2.prop check Notice RPM drop MAP increases Oil pressure decreases Why does MAP ...
2 votes
2 answers
312 views

What is vapor lock?

Vapor lock occurs in piston engines especially during summers.. before starting engine we prime it and the engine starts but as soon as we reduce it to near idle or just above idle, engine tends to ...
0 votes
1 answer
296 views

Why does RPM increase when you lean the mixture in constant speed propeller engine? [duplicate]

In constant speed propeller aircraft like Diamond star DA-40, during run-up checks the AFM mentioned to increase throttle to increase RPM to 2000 and then do magneto check then rpm check then mixture ...
8 votes
2 answers
922 views

During an engine failure in Diamond DA-40, should the prop lever be at fine pitch or coarse pitch?

Chapter 3 of AFM doesn't mention anything about prop lever setting during engine restarting for both windmilling as well as stationary propeller
1 vote
1 answer
276 views

What does "cabin class" mean when describing GA aircraft?

Does it mean that there's a door with stairs? Or pressurized? Or that the seats are arranged a certain way?
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5 votes
1 answer
823 views

What do a "sheared pump drive" and a "possible sticky vacuum regulator" mean?

The POH for a PA28 (engine driven vacuum pump) says a decrease in pressure on the gyro suction gauge may indicate a possible sticky vacuum regulator. A zero pressure indication means a sheared pump ...
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10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Do minors need parental permission to fly with a private pilot?

I’m a 17 year old private pilot, and my friend and his girlfriend who are also 17 want to fly with me. It’s not clear whether they are asking their parents permission. If their parents didn’t want ...
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-3 votes
2 answers
272 views

why do Lycoming piston engine aircraft operate at 75% best power? [closed]

What happens to the remaining 25%, is the remaining 25% lost due to friction?
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8 votes
1 answer
769 views

Why do we calculate 25% more of TODR?

In general aviation aircraft, we are being told to calculate TODR (takeoff distance required) using AFM and TODR x 1.25. Why do we need the value with 25% added?
2 votes
0 answers
160 views

Any general aviation terminals have jet bridges?

Has anyone seen a FBO or general aviation terminal with a loading bridge for passengers? I remember flying into PHL on a commercial flight landing at Terminal F and they had ground level loading ...
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31 votes
2 answers
5k views

Is it safe to carry bear spray on a GA plane?

I'm aware that bear sprays are normally banned from commercial flights, including in checked bags. As I'm not sure of the reason behind that, I'm in turn unsure of whether it's wise to have some with ...
0 votes
1 answer
229 views

I'm trying to replace the Colomban CRI CRI engines with twin 72v 3000w dc electric motor. Will the plane fly?

This is the 72V 300W DC motor: (source)
5 votes
3 answers
402 views

Ground effect and Lift coefficient

Is there a correlation between the lift coefficient and the proximity between the wing and the ground? I know that the lift coefficient is dependent on angle of attack; However, based on experiments ...
10 votes
3 answers
1k views

Effect of heat and humidity on take off, descent, climb, and cruise

I am aware of this question, this resource (phak), and this resource that explains the science, but I am looking for a more straightforward answer. I am student pilot and there's a lot of literature ...
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3 votes
3 answers
146 views

Which source(s) provides the most authorative and correct flight dynamics theory? [closed]

Just like many curious people, the question: " How airplanes actually work?" occupied my mind for a long time. Different sources gave different answers where most claimed the Bernoulli ...
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