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Questions tagged [general-aviation]

General aviation (GA) includes all civil aviation activities except scheduled, commercial passenger flights. GA covers private recreational flying, corporate jet flights, flight training, crop dusting, aerial photography, and other activities.

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4 votes
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How does rudder braking work? [duplicate]

I've always been unable to understand how rudder braking/toe braking works and how you steer while using rudder braking. Hence I came to this website with possibly the most knowledgeable people I ...
Aerospace_Nerd's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
178 views

How to avoid rocking side to side after touchdown?

I'm a fresh student pilot with about 20 flight hours in an Aquila A210. One thing that sometimes seems to happen to me is that after touchdown, the plane slightly swerves to one side (I can feel it in ...
Double M's user avatar
  • 167
5 votes
3 answers
136 views

How can I find the minimum and maximum airspeeds for efficiency with a specific prop/engine combination?

I'm operating a Cessna 180 with various wing and weight mods with a TCM IO550D engine and a McCauley Black Mac (D3A34C401/90DFA-2 3 blade (88 inch) seaplane prop. I operate Lean of Peak (LOP) for most ...
DustyFlier's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
60 views

What is "two letter identification code" and how is this code sent as a signal with light by flashing?

What is "two letter identification code" and how is this code sent as a signal with light by flashing?
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,207
1 vote
2 answers
92 views

Temperature change & Altimeter indication

Ref: FAA Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge 2023 (faa-h-8083-25c) Page 8-4, column 2, paragraph 3 (including figure 8-3) through page 8-5, column 1, paragraph 1. As a background to my ...
user20555384's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why are supercritical airfoils not used in GA aircraft?

Why are supercritical airfoils not used in GA aircraft? The 787 is assumed to use a supercritical airfoil, so why don't GA aircraft use them? My guess is that they're harder to manufacture, and a lot ...
Wyatt's user avatar
  • 2,421
2 votes
0 answers
92 views

Why do the New York Special Flight Rule (SPFR) and Skyline routes exist simultaneously?

If I understand correctly Skyline just allows you to fly 1300-2000 ft, while SFRA allows you fly surface to 1300 ft. The question is, why there are 2 airspaces like this? Why can SPFR not cover ...
demonguy's user avatar
  • 355
0 votes
2 answers
202 views

why does the rotor could head (Nr) "overspeed" if the collective is lowered suddenly, what is the Physics behind it

I know that in helicopters the N2 and Nr are coupled. I would appreciate a physical explanation leading to the cause of how the rotor blades could overspeed if collective (power) is lowered suddenly I ...
YamchaAviator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
206 views

Do military transport aircraft engines rely on the same supply chain as the civilian version?

I know that some military transport aircraft share the same engine as civilian aircraft, e.g., the TF39 used in C-5A was called CF6 in the civilian market. When the manufacturer makes the plane, do ...
aham_brahmasmi's user avatar
26 votes
2 answers
11k views

Can I sell a 1975 Piper Cherokee Archer II with no Logs?

My father had a major stroke and I’m having to sell off his assets to fund his healthcare. One of the assets is a 1975 Cherokee Archer Piper PA-28-181. Unfortunately, I can’t find his logs/...
Vance Baker's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
181 views

How much does the wing of a 6-seater plane weigh?

I could find plenty of information regarding the total weight (empty operating weight, maximum landing weight, and maximum takeoff weight) of every plane in commercial production. However, I could not ...
CoastCity Lapse 00crashtest's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
260 views

Is it legal to turn off ADS-B before landing and only after takeoff in Europe (GA)?

I noticed in https://globe.adsbexchange.com that all aircraft of a certain company do not show ADS-B signal on almost all take offs and landings (around 3000-4000 feet) over the past 6 months. ...
Jorge Leitao's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
7k views

Is 40+ too old to start a Commercial Pilot career?

I'm 44 and I just started my private pilot journey, however I would like to see if is worth it to get the commercial and maybe fly for profit, I wonder how is the market for commercial airlines or ...
alejjak's user avatar
  • 81
2 votes
2 answers
484 views

Why is this plane circling over and over so late at night

Link to the specific flight on FlightRadar24 Why is this plane circling over and over so late? Really interesting, love tracking planes
Leo Goodwin's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
198 views

Can a person with cerebral palsy become a pilot?

I have mostly succeeded at everything I want in life except the one hobby I wish I could take up, and of course that hobby is flying, or I wouldn't be asking here. Background I graduated high school ...
eyoung100's user avatar
  • 123
3 votes
2 answers
268 views

Can you cross an ADIZ without filing a flight plan, if departure and arrival are in the US?

I am planning a flight from Houston to Florida. The quickest way for me is to just fly direct to across the water saving many miles. I am trying to do this VFR. Is this possible without filing a ...
Ted Staggs's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
149 views

Garmin autopilot question

I recently took a check out in a Cessna 172 with a Garmin GFC 500. My instructor had said when the plane was turning on nav mode, to not select a different heading opposite of the turn and switch to ...
Boeing787's user avatar
  • 6,464
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Are used planes worth their money for a private pilot?

I am thinking about getting PPL as a base step for pilot career. But all my previous life experience tells me that without practice, any skills would decrease rapidly with time. I have a sum of money ...
Даниил Галахов's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

Which type of wing would be a better option for fixed-wing UAV? Mid or low?

In the context of VTOL hybrid Fixed-wing tiltrotor UAV, for the operation that would require low weight and more maneuverability for agricultural crop surveying, which option would be a good choice, ...
Tejas Raysad's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
233 views

Effects of lead on engines and engine oil

I'm aware of the issues of spark plug fouling and lead deposits that tetraethyl lead can have on an aircraft engine, but what effects do lead and its compounds (metallic Pb, PbO, PbCl2, PbBr2) have on ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
176 views

What authority does the owner of an aircraft have as a passenger?

If Alice, who owns an aircraft and may or may not be a certificated pilot, flies in her plane as a passenger with her friend Bob as PIC, what authority, if any, does Alice have over the flight that an ...
Someone's user avatar
  • 7,097
0 votes
1 answer
190 views

What is the history life of Cessna 172 airplane?

How can i find manufacture date of cessna 172P knowing serial number?
EdKings's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
122 views

Why does a helicopter that uses the Coandă effect need a direct jet thuster aswell

Why does a helicopter that uses the Coandă effect instead of a tail rotor need a direct jet thruster as well. Why couldn't they just vary the pitch of the ducted fan used for the Coandă effect?
Peter R. McMahon's user avatar
17 votes
6 answers
7k views

Is needing to urinate an emergency?

I'm planning a 3.5 hour trip. Usually I urinate more frequently than that, but I will not drink many fluids the morning of the flight in an attempt to get to my destination directly. If a pilot or ...
Cloud's user avatar
  • 13.5k
6 votes
1 answer
835 views

Is this Common carriage?

It’s been a little while since I’ve studied common carriage vs private carriage.. I need a little advice with this situation. My dad is purchasing a plane (in his name and company) and I’m going to ...
Miaflyer219's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
336 views

What type of Flare is best used in GA Survival kit?

I have a question regarding Survival Kit Signaling equipment for a General Aviation aircraft. what type of emergency Flares are recommended for aviation use? The Signaling gun with cartridges type or ...
user12253633's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
272 views

Two Pilots Logging Dual PIC

I have a question regarding two pilots, Pilot A who flies under the hood, and Pilot B who is Safety Pilot. According to the FAA Hicks Letter, Pilot B can be made in charge of safety of flight to log ...
Shelton 's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
134 views

Human error analysis in general aviation [closed]

can anybody help me with understanding more about the human factors analysis in general aviation Controlled flight into terrain. I am researching on the topic and I would really appreciate any help in ...
Soumyajit Maiti's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
131 views

How does pulling back on the yoke make you recover from a flat spin

One method I read here, to recover from a flat spin, is to pull back on the yoke or stick, which would push the tail down when facing to the back, and up a bit when facing forward. I assume, if the ...
Peter R. McMahon's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
293 views

Could you use the flaps to recover from a flat spin

If the plane is in a flat spin, what would happen if you put the flaps down to cause the backward turning wing to be pushed down, and the forward turning wing up, to tip it out of the spin.
Peter R. McMahon's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
42 views

Maximise Range Vs Pitching Down while flying a Glider in a Downward Air Mass

While flying a glider, if I encounter a downward moving air mass (i.e. sink) while on final, should I fly to maximise range (best lift to drag ratio) or should I pitch downward in order to exit the ...
JF0001's user avatar
  • 101
12 votes
3 answers
2k views

Does the other engine have to go through extra checks when one engine fails

Many times I read articles on sites like aviaton herald about engine shutdown in fight because of some problem. It's given the problematic engine will be repaired. Question is about other working ...
user871199's user avatar
  • 1,817
6 votes
1 answer
254 views

Is there a reason why the vertical lines of some airplane envelope graphs are not parallel?

I am working on a project to develop an easy solution for mass and balance generation for my aviation club. (First example below) I checked the Graph of a PA-44-180 from the POH and wondered why piper ...
Ted Staggs's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

Do I need any authorization to work and sign out performed maintenance on US-registered general aviation aircraft outside of USA? [duplicate]

I'm non-USA citizen and holder of FAA A&P Mechanic's certificate but haven't worked on US-registered aircraft since 1999 however all this time I'm involved in commercial aircraft maintenance and ...
Giorgi Nadibaidze's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
327 views

Should you line-up the runway 90 degrees or follow the yellow marking?

I had a discussion with somebody recently. I prefer to do a 90 degree line-up on the runway, ensuring max take-off run available. (in GA airplanes...) However, somebody pointed out that one should ...
Ted Staggs's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
5k views

Flying upside down without feeling it

A friend of mine told me that several years ago she flew on a two-seats general aviation aircraft. She does not remember the exact model, but she remembers well that the pilot flew upside down for a ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 293
1 vote
1 answer
133 views

What is the "Model TA-M" I marked in yellow in the table?

What is the "Model TA-M" I marked in yellow in the table? I think it represents a weather chart, but I don't know if it's an abbreviation or what the explanation is. The table image was ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,207
1 vote
1 answer
121 views

What does the expression (For VOR/ILS/MLS, give VAR) in the table mean? Because VAR (magnetic variation) value is not given in the table

What does the expression (For VOR/ILS/MLS, give VAR) in the table mean? Because the VAR (magnetic variation) value is not given in the table. The table image was taken from the AIP Turkey document for ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,207
3 votes
1 answer
401 views

What do "Secondary power supply/switch-over time" and the corresponding values in the table mean?

What do "Secondary power supply/switch-over time" and the corresponding values in the table mean? I have no idea about the statements I marked in yellow in the table. I would be glad if you ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,207
0 votes
0 answers
174 views

What exactly is LDI (Landing Direction Indicator), what does it look like, where should it be, how does it work and how do pilots use it?

What exactly is LDI (Landing Direction Indicator), what does it look like, where should it be, how does it work and how do pilots use it?
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,207
0 votes
1 answer
43 views

What do "AFS" and "LTAFYDYX" mean according to the image in the LTAF AIP document?

What do "AFS" and "LTAFYDYX" mean according to the image in the LTAF AIP document? I found that AFS stands for Aeronautical Fixed Service, but I don't know what it does and the ...
pilot162's user avatar
  • 2,207
12 votes
4 answers
4k views

Why do most light aircraft not have AoA indicators?

Why is an angle of attack indicator not commonly included on small airplanes? Is it too expensive?
Someone's user avatar
  • 7,097
0 votes
1 answer
98 views

Can I climb with no excess thrust [duplicate]

I've been searching on the internet about this question and all say you are not able to climb with no excess thrust. But I am wondering that if I have no excess thrust, can I still climb in exchange ...
Hitomhi's user avatar
  • 349
2 votes
1 answer
152 views

Low and High G snapshot

I'm reading Fighter Combat: Tactics and Maneuvering by Robert L. Shaw and ran into this passage which I'm having trouble understanding. I was thinking maybe someone with experience would understand ...
Wilson's user avatar
  • 23
0 votes
1 answer
128 views

Why in aviaton they are using Electro Mechanical Actuators instead of Electric Linear Motors?

In my opinion they are much more compact, the design may be needed to change in order to still be a fail-safe component, also, may be need to account for jamming and load disconnection safety devices, ...
DaveTechICX44's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
363 views

Approved Mixtures of Fuels in ROTAX 912 Engine

The Rotax 912 is a popular combustion engine in smaller general aviation aircraft in Europe. Due to a number of factors (including fuel cost), the Rotax-powered aircraft in our flight school are most ...
Wasserwaage's user avatar
  • 1,640
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

Are glass cockpit or steam gauge GA aircraft safer?

All else being equal, considering the reliability of instruments, human factors, etc., is it safer to fly in a piston-single GA airplane with steam gauges or with a glass cockpit? In other words, if I ...
Someone's user avatar
  • 7,097
12 votes
1 answer
3k views

Are passengers required to obey pilots' commands?

If the pilot in command of a GA aircraft tells a passenger to do or not do something, is the passenger legally obligated to obey the pilot? For example, if the pilot tells a passenger "Stop ...
Someone's user avatar
  • 7,097
0 votes
3 answers
528 views

Can I log PIC time without a valid medical?

Here is the scenario. Could you please tell me if this pilot can log PIC time? I am a private pilot and my medical is expired. I want to fly so I am trying to fly with another private pilot friend. My ...
sophie's user avatar
  • 11
24 votes
4 answers
5k views

What exactly is a 'hard landing'?

In my shareholder agreement, there is a very reasonable line that states: Any hard landings to be reported immediately to [head instructor] or [club name] The thing is, I'm not exactly sure where ...
Cloud's user avatar
  • 13.5k

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