Questions tagged [airfoil]

The 2D shape of a section of aircraft wing.

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40 views

Simplified rocket lateral dynamics model sign convention [closed]

I had came across a simplified simplified rocket lateral dynamics model seen in this image below: . It has vanes at the exit which generate lift force and can control the rocket orientation. The link ...
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50 views

Circulation around an airfoil at negative α

I was recently reading this very helpful string What is the physical meaning of circulation found in Kutta condition? and it explained very nicely potential flow around an airfoil. My question then is ...
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Does the A220-300 use supercritical airfoils in its wing?

I'm curious about whether or not this modern airliner uses supercritical aifoils in its wing, or just conventional NACA-style airfoils.
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84 views

What do these terms related to airfoils mean?

I keep coming across some terms related to airfoils and I'm not able to find clear definitions for these terms. Bubble ramps pressure recovery suction side
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65 views

Are empennage airfoils always symmetric in conventional airliners?

I'm specifically interested in these models: A319, B737-700, A220, E195-E2. You could call these conventional airliners, so I suppose the question is if these "conventional" planes have only ...
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27 views

Wing and horizontal/vertical tailplane airfoil type and relative thickness?

I've been searching for data on the airfoil type (namely if they are supercritical, aft-loading etc.) and relative thickness (average or in different positions) of the empennage (both horizontal and ...
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1answer
110 views

Servo-actuated aerofoil

I intend on calculating the the servo torque required to actuate a 75mmx38mm NACA0012 airfoil. The example at the end of the page in the link https://github.com/build-week/hover-jet/blob/feature/start-...
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1answer
63 views

How do i find a supercritical airfoil for my preliminary design?

The following information is available but i don't exactly know where to get the information about SC Airfoils from. Do Airbus , Boeing use secret airfoil that they don't disclose? Cruise Speed = 240 ...
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1answer
64 views

What is the relationship between the design lift coefficient and the section lift coefficient of a NACA5 airfoil?

I would like to know the relationship between the design lift coefficient Cli, of a 5-digit NACA airfoil, with the expression Cli = 0.15*L according to Wikipedia. And the section lift coefficient of ...
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1answer
258 views

Why doesn't Boeing use supercritical airfoils?

It's my first question & I really want to know the answer from professionals to decide if my new design of airfoil is worth it because the initial test by CFD software (Fluent-ANSYS) indicate that ...
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Reducing camber for DrelaGW19 for L/D ratio

Okay , Thankyou for letting me know But these airfoils (DrelaGW19 and GW27) have extreme camber on upper surface. Now why is that so? (The first reason could be good lift at high Reynolds number(~ 1.5 ...
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1answer
250 views

What airfoil is used on the MQ-1B Predator's wing?

There are lot of UAV's in todays world to be re worked on. The General Atomics series of UCAVs is quite remarkable. I have selected MQ-1B Predator UAV, for an geometric analysis project(undergraduate)....
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279 views

Why do X-wing configurations missile/guide bombs use symmetric airfoils?

From all the missiles/guide bombs I have come across, I've always observed that a symmetric airfoil is used for both the wing and tail. Why not have a cambered airfoil for the wing and a symmetric ...
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1answer
134 views

Is it better to reduce drag or increase lift?

Essentially my question is, in general is it better to have a lower drag or a larger lift. I know lift to drag ratios are used as an indicator but I think these don't give the best picture. For ...
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1answer
60 views

How does airfoil affect the coefficient of lift vs. AOA slope?

I'm trying to understand whether the airfoil shape can affect the slope of Cl vs. AOA (coefficient of lift vs. angle of attack) in the "linear" portion, e.g., from a few degrees negative to ...
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2answers
177 views

Swept back wing theory

I'm a beginner in airfoil design. I just came across swept-back wings. There is a point that I couldn't understand that theory. Why is the only perpendicular component of the airflow to the wing(...
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1answer
147 views

Which airfoil to use for high subsonic flight?

I am desigining an aircraft, which shall fly up to Mach=0.9 in cruise flight in an altitude of 10 km. So when I think of which airfoil to choose, I have to consider aspects like max. lift coefficient ...
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Why am I getting a low L/D of 4.3 for this supercritical airfoil in Autodesk CFD?

I am a high school student learning to analyze aircraft models in Autodesk CFD for the first time. My current project is analyzing a supercritical airfoil on Autodesk CFD (that was designed in ...
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67 views

What characteristic my canard needs to have when the canard also carries a pair of engine?

I am in 3rd year Aerospace Engineering and trying to do a preliminary design of an airplane. My design has a front wing that also has an engine at its root on both side of the fuselage. There is ...
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1answer
83 views

Could leading-edge dynamic stall occur for a tripped airfoil?

As far as I know leading-edge dynamic stall is characterized by the formation of a Leading edge vortex. This leading edge vortex forms due to the 'bursting' of the LSB (Laminar separation bubble). ...
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1answer
117 views

Why am I seeing extremely high L/D ratio of (e.g. L/D = 90) in my 2D airfoil analysis?

Can anyone explain/justify why, using the 'Theory of Wing Sections' by ABBOTT the lift/drag ratios seem so high. For example, I'm doing an analysis of the NACA0012 airfoil and using their experimental ...
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1answer
92 views

How do I find the shear center of an unsymmetrical airfoil?

I'm quite a newbie of these systems and I am designing the wing box of a drone. I know where I want my shear centre. However, I have been trying to determine the shear centre of my idealized airfoil. ...
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2k views

Are airfoil profiles patented? If not, why?

For something that takes so much research and can effect performance drastically, there seems to be no patents on airfoils. Too simple in appearance to patent? They appear simple at first but the ...
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1answer
124 views

How do you calculate the optimal cruising speed of an airfoil?

I am working on a school project (aircraft design). I would like to know how to calculate the cruising speed of a given airfoil. For example, if I have a NACA 5613-35 airfoil (that is the NACA 4 digit ...
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1answer
337 views

Calculating CL and CD from Cp vs. x/c graph data? [duplicate]

I need to calculate CL, CD, CM coefficients for NACA 0012 airfoil at angle of attack 6 degrees and Re=7.5e5, Mach=0.05. I used Xfoil for getting the CP distribution, Cp vs. x/c graph and Cp-x-y data. ...
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2answers
109 views

Lift Pressure Distribution [closed]

If the pressure goes always from high to low, we should have a compression, due the lower pressure of the air stream over the upper surface, and an expansion in the airstream in the lower surface. So ...
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1answer
64 views

A question regarding airfoil parameters

If a hypothetical aircraft, which is a tailless straight flying-wing with no fuselage, has the following characteristics: moderate forward sweep an aspect ratio = 9 a dihedral angle of 3 degrees a ...
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1answer
198 views

Why doesn't the centre of pressure move in the case of a symmetric aerofoil?

Why doesn't the CP (centre of pressure) move in the case of a symmetric aerofoil? Also, why does the CP move backward in the case of a flat plate?
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1answer
273 views

How do I choose the vertical tail's airfoil?

I'm designing a fixed wing UAV and I'm having some doubts about how to determinate the vertical tail airfoil. It's important to say that we've already sized this surface. And till this moment we're ...
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1answer
260 views

Leading edge or trailing edge stall?

As I wrote last week, I'm doing a Benedek 10355 airfoil performance report. At this point of the work I am analyzing the stall of the profile at a fixed Reynolds number. The Benedek 10355 airfoil has ...
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1answer
108 views

Is it possible that as the Reynolds number increases, a laminar bubble increases in extension?

I'm studying the Benedek 10355 airfoil (Plot), which should be a profile used in air-controlled models. While I was carrying out a boundary layer analysis, I realized the particularity that I have ...
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1answer
141 views

Pressure distribution on Aircraft wing

While conducting a structural analysis FEA for an aircraft wing, I had to import the CFD pressures acting on the wing, lets say at an A.o.A = 10 deg, at 80 m/s and at sea level, and say the ...
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1answer
138 views

Database for NACA airfoil polars [closed]

Is there anywhere where I can find a database of experimental or CFD-obtained NACA series four or series 6 airfoil data? I'd like to have access to a relatively large set of high-fidelity drag polars/$...
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1answer
195 views

Is co-flow jet wing technology workable?

Coflow Jet claims that their idea of sucking air from the trailing edge and blowing it out the leading edge improves efficiency. But this looks like nothing but flow control done wrong to me. And by ...
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4answers
356 views

Are there any situations where having high lift but low lift to drag ratio would be beneficial?

From my understanding, high lift to drag ratio could make an aircraft efficient during cruising conditions. This is when the aircraft is in equilibrium, lift is equal to weight, and thrust is equal to ...
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1answer
140 views

What about an airfoil's shape makes air flow faster around it?

An airfoil's shape causes air above the wing to move faster than below the wing to allow for the difference in air pressure as dictated by Bernoulli's principle. This is what many sources say, but I ...
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2answers
5k views

Why are birdlike airfoils not used?

Here are two airfoils (lets focus on Re 100,000): SD7043-il which is simple to build and has a glide ratio of about 60 e376-il a birdlike and much harder to build if using paper or similar due to the ...
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1answer
55 views

Is lift/drag the same as coefficient of lift/coefficient of drag?

I see it being used interchangeably (for example by Airfoil Tools Fusion360 AddIn), so can I just pick an airfoil from the airfoiltools database with a certain CL/CD for my aircraft and assume L/D is ...
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2answers
301 views

Why is the aerodynamic center for most airfoils located at the quarter chord location?

I've been reading several sources on the location of the aerodynamic center https://web.mit.edu/16.unified/www/FALL/fluids/Lectures/f03.pdf https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerodynamic_center John ...
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1answer
1k views

Why does my wind tunnel experiment give two different stall angles of attack?

When I increase the angle of attack from 0 to 20 the stall begins at 18 deg. When I decrease the angle of attack from 20 to 0 the stall ends at 13 deg. Why the difference and what value (13 or 18 deg) ...
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3answers
202 views

Would this quadrilateral-shaped airfoil produce lift with a zero angle of attack?

I have been recently studying the shapes and characteristics of different high-lift airfoils that have been used for VTOL aircrafts. While studying these different designs today, a particular ...
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3answers
708 views

What is the impact of camber on CLmax?

I was reading Aerodynamics for Engineering Students by Houghton and saw the following graph: A lot of other sources say that increasing camber increases CLmax, like the graph below. I am a little ...
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1answer
86 views

On an aerofoil or circular cylinder why does the airflow stay attached after passing the point of maximum thickness?

Why does it follow the curvature rather than separating? Its not due to the coanda effect as the accelerated flow near the surface of the aerofoil can't be considered a jet. It's not due to surface ...
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1answer
117 views

Comparison of pitching moment at different locations

I've conducted some numerical simulations of a pitching airfoil at three different locations of the pitching axis along the airfoil. The locations (from the leading edge of the airfoil) are: $0.25c$, $...
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1answer
59 views

Can an airfoil have multiple aerodynamic centers?

Aerodynamic center is a point where the moment is independent of angle of attack. Can we have 2 or more such points? Does it necessarily lie inside the airfoil?
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116 views

Which among the two contributes most of the lift, the upper or lower surface of the airfoil? [duplicate]

I see some explanations that lift is due to the suction of low pressure on the top surface of the wing and deflecting down of airflow on the bottom which results to upward force lift. I wonder, which ...
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2answers
648 views

What type of airfoil do low-supersonic aircraft use?

I understand that supersonic airfoils have better performance supersonically, but it seems at if they are not always used for any aircraft that goes supersonic and that supercritical airfoils are ...
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2answers
237 views

In the context of aircraft design, what are the differences between a flat plate shaped airfoil and a droplet shaped airfoil? [closed]

I am relatively new to aerodynamics and am curious to know what difference it makes on an aircraft - lift, drag, weight etc - which of the two airfoils is used on the wing.
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1answer
161 views

How does vorticity change the lift coefficient of an airfoil?

For airfoils in unsteady motion, the lift coefficient oscillates and the wake is characterized by vortex shedding. How does vortex shedding affect the lift coefficient for an airfoil?
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1answer
74 views

How do viscous drag and form drag individually change as a function of angle of attack?

Typically, when dealing with airfoils, the drag coefficient $C_d$ is given as a function of angle of attack. If we limit the discussion to 2D subsonic incompressible flows, then the drag is the sum of ...

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