Questions tagged [airliner]

An airliner is a large, commercial aircraft operated by an airline for transporting people and/or cargo.

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1answer
139 views

Does the 737 have a higher aspect ratio than most later 7X7's?

In this video: The Insane Engineering of the 787 there's a chart (at around 10:40 in) which shows that the 737 (which series?) has an aspect ratio of over 9, while the 747, 757, 767 and 777 rise from ...
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5answers
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Would an airliner climb higher late in the flight because of the consumed fuel (lighter airplane) to save more fuel?

Some people said airplanes would fly higher in the late period of each flight, because the fuel is consumed, and the airplane is lighter. Higher altitude and less dense air is enough to support the ...
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0answers
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Why do white marks on the spinners in front of engines have different patterns? Not Yellow? Omitted for some models?

In aeroailas' answer I understand that the cones in front of the props/fans are called spinners. In Farhan's answer I understand that the ehite marks painted onto the spinners act less as scarecrows ...
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Why large freighter planes still do not use intermodal (ship) containers given that size and shape are not problems?

Recently I found this article this article about the concept of directly sit on a pile of intermodal containers and lock them in place. Whether it is plausible to open such a huge opening ventral of ...
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How does IRS estimate the alignment time?

In modern airliners, e.g. A320, once the IRS is starting the alignment process, there is an ECAM message that indicates the alignment time, e.g. ...
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2answers
2k views

What kinds of altimeter are used in modern airliners?

What's the mechanism of the altimeters in big jets?
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2answers
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How is fuel mass measured in airliners?

Large airliners display the amount of fuel in each tank as a mass (usually in kg or lbs) and not as a volume. This makes sense since mass is important for weight&balance considerations and the ...
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1answer
122 views

Does the nacelle strut experience reaction forces due to lift, drag, thrust, weight of engine during cruise flight?

Cruise flight indicates that total lift and weight of aircraft cancel and thrust forces generated cancels with total drag forces. However, I am looking closely at the nacelle instead of the whole ...
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4answers
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What navigation actions does a pilot take when simply told to "go around"?

In this recording of ATC during the 2008 crash of a British Airways Boeing 777 at London Heathrow the controller is heard to say "Qatari 011, go around". How would the pilot of Qatari 011 ...
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1answer
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How to most likely get a flight that will go above 40,000 ft?

I wonder if there are passenger flights that would reach cruise altitudes higher than 40,000 ft (i.e. reach 41,000 ft for instance) more likely than others. It also depends on the plane of course, but ...
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Are supersonic passenger aircraft still realistic? [duplicate]

I was wondering if supersonic passenger aircraft like Concorde or the Tupolev Tu 144 can still be made and flown profitably. The Tu 144 failed because it was poorly designed. And Concord failed ...
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Is the compressor required on jet engines? Can air be rammed into the turbine?

In the context of a common airliner (say Boeing 777), when the airplane is on the ground, and the turbines are on, air is getting sucked in and compressed/bypassed. The engine has to do work to ...
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1answer
161 views

Do redundant angle of attack and sideslip sensors use a voting mechanism, or do they display data directly?

In civil transport aircrafts (featured with dual/triple redundancy), how does airplane's Airflow angle (AoA/AoSS) sensor measurements read by the pilot? By using voter mechanism as used for airspeeds ...
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Why hasn't there been a case of an airliner breaking apart and crashing due to turbulence in the past 40-50 years?

Most of the breakups involved clear air turbulence as well, the type that still can't be detected today. Examples like: Boeing 707 (BOAC Flight 911) - which crashed near Mt Fuji BAC One-Eleven ...
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1answer
264 views

How does a headwind affect the distance that a modern passenger jet can glide?

If in an emergency and a modern passenger aircraft had to glide, will it make a big difference if the aircraft had a headwind rather than having to glide downwind to nearest airport?
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1answer
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Could we use ground effect (over water) to increase an airliner's range? [duplicate]

Theoretically, would it be possible to increase the range of a modern jetliner in ground effect over the sea?
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5answers
716 views

What is the principle behind flight of airplanes? [duplicate]

What is the principle behind flight of airplanes? Need a simple answer for grade 7 student. Thank you
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Why was the minimum turbulence intensity that commercial airliners have to withstand increased?

From 50 fps turbulence intensity at VC to 90-100 fps turbulence intensity at VC. The amended FAR design criteria was introduced in 1980 or 1981 for commercial airliners. What prompted this change?
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Are empennage airfoils always symmetric in conventional airliners?

I'm specifically interested in these models: A319, B737-700, A220, E195-E2. You could call these conventional airliners, so I suppose the question is if these "conventional" planes have only ...
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2answers
151 views

How to anticipate the radius and rate of turn under specific conditions?

Given that an aircraft would normally start a turn from straight and level, how would one go about calculating the rate/radius of turn since there would be a delay before the aircraft can get to full ...
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1answer
446 views

Airport location identification from 1960s photo?

Can anyone identify the airport location in this photo? It would have been taken in late 1962 or early 1963 just before this DC-8 N9609Z took on its Canadian registration CF-TJL in April 1963. There ...
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5answers
307 views

In theory, can jetliners remain controllable after losing the entire tail section?

The scenario here is a detachment of the tail,one with the whole empennage. Could a variant of an existing model of swept winged jet airliner be made to remain controllable, using ailerons, ...
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1answer
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Is a braking rotation immediately after touching down a known maneuver?

In this video the airliner landing on grass rotates high up after touching down, looks like more than it would do during take off. Is it a known possible way to drop the speed or it was more for the ...
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Could an airliner with only one functioning engine recover from a stall?

If a modern commercial airplane such as a Boeing 787 would stall with only one functioning engine, is it possible for the pilots to right it or would it require two functioning engines?
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What kind of problems can a flight have if passenger weight is miscalculated?

There was a widely reported news story about a TUI Boeing 737 flight, where a bug in reservations system caused 38 passenger on the flight to be allocated a 38kg standard weight as opposed to the ...
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Could an airliner exceed Mach 1 in a zero-G power dive and safely recover?

(I looked for duplicates. I really did.) Being as it is that "safety" and this are mutually exclusive: I am stupid. I take a cruising A320, apply TOGA power, and push zero Gs until I exceed ...
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1answer
111 views

What are the difficulties in building transonic airliners?

If the sonic boom is an issue, why don't we build airliners that are capable of flying just below Mach 1? Big airliners fly at Mach 0.85 at most, and the record for current sub-/transonic civilian ...
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514 views

How much aerodynamic heating do jetliners endure?

At cruise altitude (~ 33,000 ft) and cruise airspeed (~ 500 mph) how much do present-day airliners heat up due to air friction during their journey? Probably not much because there's still ice on the ...
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1answer
348 views

Why are you not allowed to use power sockets in the seats during takeoff and landings?

Is it because the extra strain on the electrical system reduces engine performance?
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230 views

For jetliners, how is a swept wing justified over a thin wing?

For a given speed, a swept wing is a fatter alternative to a straight, thin wing. But why? Does not the sweep lengthen the wing and make it heavier? Is the swept wing chosen for the extra fuel tank ...
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1answer
169 views

What is the highest number of airliners shown flying together in a single photo?

I was re-visiting this question about a timelapse photo of multiple airliners and started wondering about the maximum number of jetliners that could be photographed together while flying. I have ...
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Could an aircraft have squashable wings that get thicker as it flies faster?

As I understand, for high speed subsonic flight a thicker wing is more aerodynamic, and at low speed, a thin wing is preferable. Could aircraft which range in speed from 180 to 620 knots (most ...
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3answers
2k views

What powers the air-conditioning on commercial planes?

How is the air conditioning system on airliners powered? I expect that the air conditioning is powered by the APU powers, but I wonder if there are other power sources used like the main engines?
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2answers
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What information is recorded in aircraft sensor and maintenance logs?

I was wondering what the sensor and maintenance logs in an aircraft look like and what are the values logged? Like maybe the engine temperature, altitude, exhaust temperature, etc. I know the data is ...
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5answers
6k views

Can airliners land with auto pilot in gusty wind conditions?

Why does the pilot make so many movements? I don't see that plane is moving all that much, but his yoke movements are strong and fast. For someone who is not a pilot, it almost looks like panicked ...
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2answers
5k views

Has any airliner ever collided with a glider?

I've read about many near-collisions between gliders and airliners, but did such a collision ever happen in mid-air, actually?
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1answer
235 views

How much does an airliner cabin elongate at altitude?

How much (about) is a commercial plane's cabin elongated at cruising altitude, due to interior-exterior pressure difference? Of course there should be a slight shrinkage because of temp difference, ...
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0answers
142 views

Can a modern airliner handle turbulence forces of +5/-3G?

In the BOAC Flight 911 accident the 707 likely experienced around positive 5G and negative 2-3G. The wings of the 707 were only about as 50% as flexible as the wings of airliners today. How would a ...
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1answer
207 views

Why don't airlines place some physical separator between passengers in the planes to prevent the spread of COVID-19?

Why don't airlines place some physical separator between passengers in the planes to prevent the spread of COVID-19? A bit like the following, but adapted for cabins and viruses: (image source)
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1answer
128 views

Are modern airliner avionics spill-proof? [duplicate]

I thought about this today, and didn't find much other than a flight decades ago that made an emergency landing due to spillage causing the trim wheel to uncontrollably pitch the plane down into a ...
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1answer
808 views

Do airliners have any cockpit indication of open doors?

A recent report into an "unnecessary" plane evacuation reports that, following an aborted takeoff [The senior flight attendant] then ordered an evacuation of the 169 passengers onboard, but ...
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2answers
2k views

Have any airliners successfully landed on a runway after striking a tree?

There are many examples of aircraft striking trees during a crash sequence, usually with high fatality rates. Have any airliners struck* one or more trees and proceeded to successfully land on a ...
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1answer
100 views

After the Covid pandemic, will there be an aircraft manufacturer which produced a combi aircraft anymore? [closed]

On this covid pandemic, there will be many changes in all of air travel, one of them is Combi aircraft to be rebuilt again.
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1answer
457 views

What is this jet airliner flying over my house?

I took a picture of this jet flying over my house: It looks like a 737. Took place on July 14, 2020 at 4:00 PM in Long Beach, California.
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2answers
232 views

Why can airliners not fly as fast as fighter jets? [duplicate]

Why do passenger aircraft not fly at the speed of fighter jets? What factors stop them from achieving such speed?
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1answer
114 views

What safety precautions are taken for an airline prototype test flight?

Regarding the software, the equipment and the personnel. Can the crew jump out of the plane with parachutes or is it a bad idea? Additionally, if you would compare the safety of today and the 1970/80s ...
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1answer
194 views

Other than the 747, are there any other current, recent or planned airliners with a nose door option?

Boeing has recently announced that the 747 program is coming to an end. One of the key features of the freight 747s was the nose door, which facilitated faster loading of freight and allowed the ...
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1answer
346 views

Is/why isn't the Antonov 124 to 225 wing upgrade method common?

I'm told that wing redesigns (edit: for tapered, swept wings) are difficult, so variants of a model often do with a common wing optimized for the middle member. But then I read the following: Based ...
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6answers
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Are there any remaining flying boat or seaplane airliners in operation?

Is there anywhere in the world that still offers scheduled air carrier service using flying boat / seaplane types of aircraft - something akin to a proper airliner? Or are they all limited to charters ...
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2answers
462 views

Why are there so few high-wing jetliners? [duplicate]

So far, we have only seen a few civilian jet transports with high wings. All of them BAe 146, Do 328JET, seem to be regional jets. Yet military jet transports are almost completely high-wing. Why aren'...

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