Questions tagged [ailerons]

Ailerons are the control surfaces on the wing that provide roll control.

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Is it possible to use a plane's entire wing as an elevon?

Would it be feasible to build an RC plane using the entire wing as an elevon, with each wing independently moved up and down with servos? For roll control, they would be moved in opposite directions; ...
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Precautions for LauncherOne off centerline drop

Virgin Orbit's LauncherOne is carried in the spare engine position of its 747 carrier aircraft inboard from the inner engine on the portside wing. At launch, the orbital launch vehicle is dropped from ...
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2 answers
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How does an aileron actuator work considering the following?

My question is how does an aileron work considering it rotates around a fixed point and the actuator arm moves in a straight line. If what is shown in the first picture I have provided is true, then ...
6 votes
2 answers
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Why does my paper airplane with the ailerons configured to make it spin fly straighter than with them configured for straight flight?

I made a paper airplane with a standard design, except I cut out the back ~2 cm of the body, leaving ailerons on the wings. If I throw it with the ailerons straight, it doesn't fly very far and turns ...
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Elevator or Aileron?

I was just looking at an airplane take off, and when it was taking off, some flaps were facing down at the back of the main wings- Are these Ailerons or elevators please? I did some research but the ...
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1 answer
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Why does the aileron on this jetliner swing?

The picture I took here is left wing of a jetliner and it shows how the flap works during take off and landing. In that video is the inboard aileron, and it shows that the inboard aileron is not ...
2 votes
1 answer
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What is the maximum roll rate for an RC aircraft of low maneuverability?

I'm a student of mechanical engineering and my graduation project is basically an RC aircraft powered by a propulsion system and It is used for general transportation. The aircraft doesn't require ...
3 votes
1 answer
156 views

Does use of flaps or ailerons affect the aerodynamic forces distribution on the wing area before them?

Assume I want to use the flaps or ailerons at a specific altitude for some maneuevers on an aircraft. We know that the overall aerodynamic forces like lift and drag on an aircraft wing will change ...
4 votes
4 answers
511 views

Why don't I see this kind of split ailerons on aircraft?

Why don't I see split ailerons that work like spoilers going up and like normal ailerons going down? Isn't that a good way to get rid of adverse yaw? Adverse yaw is caused by difference in drag for ...
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How much could you increase lift using ailerons alone?

If a plane had ailerons that could be moved in the same direction, could the lift be increased by a non-negligible amount?
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Pitch control of tailless aircraft/flying wings with very wide elevons

I'm writing a simulation of a flying wing and I need clarification on some of its behavior. Specifically, the simulation suggests to me that a flying wing (or any tailless aircraft) with two single ...
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4 answers
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Were leading edge ailerons tested?

So far I have never come across any testing being done on having the ailerons and/or elevators on the leading edge of a wing, rather than on the trailing edge. Does anyone know of such tests existing? ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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What are the pros and cons of sealing the gap between the wing and the aileron?

I read somewhere that sometimes gap between the wing and aileron is sealed and this is done to reduce drag. But somewhere else I read that "slotted" ailerons allows for better aileron ...
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Why doesn’t the A320 have any provision for manual aileron trim?

To eliminate the need for pilots (human or automatic) to maintain continuous force on their aircrafts’ yoke/joystick and rudder pedals while flying, aircraft generally have some sort of trim mechanism ...
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How are the 737’s elevator and aileron cables attached to their control tabs without impeding the control surfaces’ motion under hydraulic power?

The 737 (all versions thereof) is one of the few jetliners still in production to have any manual-reversion capability for its flight controls in the event of the loss of all hydraulic systems. If ...
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2 answers
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What is the benefit of a horn control surface?

Like the one above. Is it just so that you can hinge closer to the leading edge of the aileron or control surface? Why did the designers of the ATR-72 elect to use this feature?
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On large aircraft, why do flaperons not run the full length?

This is a 777 flaperon. It looks rather tiny, compared to the flap. There have been air disasters where the airplane rolled uncontrollably for one reason or the other. It seems to me that a larger ...
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Why does aileron response diminish as speed becomes slower, from slow-flight up to the stall? (In a light trainer)

Can someone phrase the explanation to this in simple words as you would explain to a student?
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4 answers
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What would an all-flying aileron look like, and would it be a good idea?

The only info I could find about someone doing this IRL was the British Army Aerorplane No. 1, but I don't think it ever flew with them. I don't know much about how this would affect the aerodynamics, ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Is this how ailerons are actuated?

I was wondering how ailerons work on fighter jets. I came across this after hours of research. Is that how fighter jet ailerons work? Is their a better picture or image that would be better. If there ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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How do linear actuators for flight controls work in fighter jets?

I've built some rc planes and know that in order to control an aileron in a rc plane, that you need a servo, a control horn(sticking out of the aileron), and a pushrod. However, I was wondering how ...
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1 answer
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Why aren't 757 scimitar winglets flush with the ailerons?

Over my many past flights aboard 757s, I have seen changes being implemented with their design. One of which was notably their refit of scimitar winglets. Although one of their most notable ...
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3 answers
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What are some common aileron failures?

There are a few parts to the control system for an aileron in a light aircraft, such as the rods, bellcrank, cables, chains etc. What are the main reasons for aileron failures and what parts wear the ...
3 votes
1 answer
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What is the term for an aileron that’s also used as a ground spoiler?

Ailerons and spoilers1 have a considerable amount in common; both are wing-mounted panels, hinged at their leading edges, that move up and/or down to alter the aircraft’s aerodynamic characteristics. ...
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What are typical control surface deflections?

How can I tell what a reasonable control surface deflection is? For example, is a 10 deg aileron deflection reasonable? Or a 0.5 degree aileron deflection? Is that too little? Too much? Same ...
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The F/A-18 Hornet and MiG-29 ailerons from the external parts of the wings go up some degrees in flight ,meaning adding " crow" .Why?

In some parts of the flying envelope of the F/A-18 Hornet and MiG-29 the ailerons from the external parts of the wings go up in sync. They're made to go one up one down in order to get rolls, not up/...
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1 answer
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Are there roll control devices other than ailerons?

With the little that I've learnt about aeroplanes, I know that the aileron is the control surface that a pilot use to roll the plane by decreasing the lift of one wing and increasing the lift of the ...
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What is the purpose of these "antennas" on the aileron and winglet (A320 Neo) [duplicate]

As title says, see attached picture:
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1 answer
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What is the difference between an aileron and a flap?

I have already been searching Google for the difference between an aileron and a flap, but I am not much satisfied, so now I am asking here on SE. What is the difference between an aileron and flap? ...
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Why were the ailerons of the Fokker Dr. I (Red Baron) located on the top wing?

Photos' source are here: Fokker Dr. I (Red Baron), and here: a Sopwith triplane. They are probably not the actual airplane but only (claimed) authentic models. It makes sense to me that the Sopwith ...
5 votes
1 answer
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Testing control surfaces pre flight; what feedback does pilot recieve?

During taxi / pre-take off I see a lot of commercial airliners test the deflections of their various control surfaces like the rudder, ailerons etc. What's the feedback received in this operation i....
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2 answers
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What advantage might interplane-strut mounting offer to ailerons, on the Curtiss Model F?

Glenn Curtiss's 1912-1918 Model F biplane flying boat has large ailerons on the struts between the wings, not contiguous with any other flying surface. Did this aileron position have any advantage ...
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1 answer
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Why only the outboard ("low speed") aileron drops when there is no hydraulic pressure on the 747-8?

As the title says, why only the outboard ("low speed") aileron drops when there is no hydraulic pressure on the 748? (Full resolution)
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3 answers
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Do ailerons on opposite wings move together?

It seems nicely symmetrical that opposite ailerons would be locked togther, so that when the left wing's ailerons move up, those on the right wing would move down, by the same amount and at the same ...
3 votes
2 answers
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What are the scale effects of GA wing tip airfoils?

[ update: I am adopting an improved description provided by Peter Kämpf: "...only looking at the airfoils in isolation..." ] The goal of this question is to determine if wing tip airfoil scale plays ...
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Why does the A320’s maximum allowable aileron deflection decrease, rather than increase, when the flaps are extended?

According to this answer to why the A320 uses mainly spoilerons for roll control during landing, rather than conventional ailerons, the ailerons can’t extend as far when the flaps are extended, for ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What's the relationship between aileron deflection and roll moment?

I'm wanting to build a laterals-only kinematic model in MATLAB considering only the ailerons for control inputs and was wondering if anyone has a rough guideline for the relationship between their ...
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1 answer
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Can ailerons be used to control yaw and pitch [closed]

Is it possible for an aileron to be used to control the roll, pitch and yaw of a vtol drone
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Disadvantages of using thrust vectoring only in an aircraft with variable rotation nacelles such as the X-19

Take a quad tilt rotor aircraft such as the curtiss-wright X-19 or even a bi-tilt aircraft such as the V-22. What would be the advantages or disadvantages of using thrust vectoring only for control ...
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When is aileron trim used?

There is an aileron trimmer in some Boeings. When and why should it be used? P.S. I'm not a pilot, can you answer with less smart words?
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What is an aileron bushing?

What is an aileron bushing,and what's its use?
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What is the relation between flap setting and aileron droop on the A350?

The A350 has a aileron droop function, which is linked to the flap setting. In contrast to other aircraft with aileron droop, the A350s ailerons do not droop when the flaps are fully extended. I ...
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1 answer
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Why does the A320 right aileron float on dual engine failure?

On this question for the A320 after dual engine failure it says: When the hydraulic power is lost, the right aileron is lost, and is in the upfloat position. Why would this affect only the right ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Why flaps can deflect up to 25°+ without stalling the wings? [duplicate]

According to this graph,plain flaps have their highest Cl at about 2 and stalls at about 15°,my question is how then do airplane flaps reach 25°+ of delflection when this gragh clearly states that ...
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2 answers
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Could vortex generators be used to preserve aileron authority during a stall?

I know that using aileron input in the approach to a stall is generally inadvisable; what if vortex generators are placed at the wingtip (where the ailerons sit), meaning that the ailerons will still ...
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1 answer
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Can an aileron stall in-flight?

Horizontal stabilizers stall, so I was wondering, is it possible for an aileron to stall? If yes, at what angle of attack?
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What is a minimal step angle deflection for flight control surfaces?

If the flight control surfaces (ailerons, elevators, rudder) are controlled digitally by servo motors, yet disregarding the way how the input to the servo motors get generated (manually or autopilot), ...
15 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why would the front edge of an aileron fold outward?

I was just enjoying a movie of one Svetlana Kapanina flying her EA300. One camera looks out of the cockpit over the left wing. In a couple of scenes, the aileron of the wing can be seen quite clearly. ...
6 votes
2 answers
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What determines spanwise placement of spoilers for roll control?

Specific application of spoilers was discussed in What is the benefit of spoilerons compared to ailerons? As I remember it, 40yrs ago gliders had spoilers close to the wing tips - perhaps slightly ...
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1 answer
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How to define the aileron's deflection angle (in the Laplace domain)?

Very simple question here. I know what Laplace transforms are, but except for solving ODE's I haven't really used them in a real project or thought about it in a very pragmatic way. I am currently ...