Hot answers tagged

91

Practically speaking, the 'heavy' designator ('super' for A380 and An225) is to help enforce separation requirements due to wake turbulence. In case of AF1, it is not as if other aircraft are going to be allowed near it, so the designator is redundant. Regulation wise, FAA JO 7110.65T Section 4. Radio and Interphone Communications, specifically states that ...


67

Capacity If a visual approach is offered, and it gets accepted by the pilot, the airport can declare higher capacity. Whereas IFR procedures reduce the airport's capacity. US and European airports handle their slots differently. Europe plans for the worst, which can on good days limit the full potential. The US plans for the best, which can on bad days end ...


63

Can you? Absolutely, and air traffic control will treat you (almost) like any other airplane. You are supposedly handled on a first-come-first-serve basis (reality is slightly different with different aircraft speeds, etc.). Do the airlines like it if you slow them down? No, but it's part of the system and the way that it works. Very often, there are ...


56

The pilot in command has final authority over Air Force One Air Force Instruction 11-202, Volume 3 says the following in Chapter 1, part 1.1.1 (as in, the very first thing in the document): 1.1.1. Pilot in Command Authority. The Pilot in Command (PIC), regardless of rank, is responsible for, and is the final authority for the operation of the aircraft. ...


48

Apparently you aren't the only person who wondered this; the FAA actually has it in an FAQ: What is the significance of a runway 8069 feet in length and why are two different aerodrome symbols used to depict hard surface runways on Sectional charts? For purposes of airport depiction, specialists represent a runway between 7970 and 8069 feet in ...


46

It's technical, not political The F-35 was an attempt to do exactly what you propose, lowering costs by planned sharing of 80% of parts across variants, but it turns out that the USN's F-35C costs over twice as much as the USAF's F-35A, and only shares 20-25% of it's parts. The project has been a disaster practically since day one, and the services are ...


44

There is absolutely nothing "typical" about such a situation, which is also why - as is the case for most abnormal situations and emergencies - there are no detailed and specific standard procedures for dealing with it. Many ATC units around the world have adopted the general "ASSIST" checklist to deal with abnormal situations. This would ...


42

A license, once granted, is good forever (barring some enforcement action). But, you need more than just a license to fly. To use your license, while flying solo, you also need a Medical Certificate (if required for the aircraft or flight rules) and a Current BFR (Biennial Flight Review). Medical Certificates are good for 5 years until you're 40, then ...


41

My favourite entry in my logbook is 2013-08-02 KOSH-KORD 1.5 hrs – from Air Venture in Oshkosh straight into Chicago O'Hare, in a Cessna 172 :-) A friend of mine and I have flown into SFO (with our instructor), and dropped of my friend, who then took a Lufthansa flight to Munich. So, having flown into SFO, ORD, and SAN (San Diego, the busiest single-runway ...


41

I did it in 17 days - start to finish. Did flight school in Arizona. Before I went, I got the PPL study guide, MS Flight Simulator complete with a yoke, pedals, and throttle quadrant... and put in dozens of hours just learning the instrument scan and practicing virtual stuff. When I got to the flight school, I already knew the parts of the plane, and ...


41

Simply, because no airline has determined the route makes economic sense. A poll doesn't necessarily translate into a ready market of passengers. Sure, lots of people might check a box on a survey saying they'd like to see such a thing, but does that really translate to thousands of people actually a significant sum of money for the service? Would enough ...


41

I’ve chatted with a few F-14 pilots who are members of the Tomcat Association, aviation museum curators, as well as former NFWS Topgun instructor Dave “Bio” Baranak about the possibility of getting one or two F-14 airframes flying again. The depressing conclusion we have all come to is that it is almost impossible for this to happen. Multiple F-14 pilots, ...


36

Assuming a regular private pilot's license (i.e. not sport/recreation), a part 61 instructor, and a rented aircraft, then you need to budget for the following: Aircraft rental (this usually includes oil and fuel) Instructor time (air and ground) Materials (books, DVDs, charts, fuel tester etc.) as recommended by your instructor Headset Third-class medical ...


35

This sounds like a “people problem”. That kind of problems is best solved with enforcement. Source of radio broadcast can be localized and it is not particularly difficult. There are techniques for transmitting something secretly, but they need specific modulation. Rogue broadcast or jamming on simple AM voice channel will be trivial to triangulate. So if ...


35

The most obvious thing to me would be to just talk to them: Medevac 123, this is the Diamond on base for 31, do you need to expedite your departure? If they say no, then just continue and land as normal. If they say yes, then I'd get out of their way: Medevac 123, roger, we'll extend our base and fly a wide upwind to let you out I wouldn't worry ...


34

If the GPS is unavailable, it will be quite an impact to the aviation industry. All airliners in-flight will experience degraded RNAV performance, but they would make it to the destination using VORs, DMEs and ILSs. For general aviation, things are not so lucky. The GPS display provides an excellent situation awareness in small aircrafts; without it, ...


32

ICAO Class F airspace is a bit of an odd duck (and the US FAA is apparently not the only agency that thinks so - from a quick check on Wikipedia it seems more jurisdictions ignore class F than implement it. They only mention Class F as being in use in Germany and the UK). From a functional/regulatory standpoint Class F is a sort of hybrid between "Class E" ...


32

It depends on your location. It will vary based on cost for tie-down or hangar space, fuel costs, maintenance costs, etc. In order to compare apples to apples, let’s boil it down to a wet-Hobbs-rate. Wet-Hobbs-Rate is an all-in rate (minus tax) for the use of the aircraft to include everything except away-airport landing fees where applicable. That ...


32

The objective is very important. You don't build an airplane because you want one faster or cheaper. Neither is the case. The kit won't be cheaper, and it'll take 1 to 2 thousand manhours, minimum, of your time (take the building time claim of any kit and double or triple it to get reality). You build one for the experience of building one. A lot of ...


30

Just to add to Lnafziger's answer (which is entirely correct), the FAA has designated five airports as "High Density Traffic Airports" (covered in FAR Part 93 Subpart K) which specifically limit the number of scheduled IFR arrivals, and it's easy to misread that as "you can't land here." Part 93.129 specifically says: (a) IFR. The operator of an aircraft ...


30

The FAA has an airmen inquiry search portal. I put Nathalie Brown and came up with Nathalie Myrtle Brown with the following details: Certificate: PRIVATE PILOT Date of Issue: 11/25/1968 Ratings: PRIVATE PILOT AIRPLANE SINGLE ENGINE LAND AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE LAND INSTRUMENT AIRPLANE As @FredLarson points out in comments the date supplied seems to be the ...


27

What is a TRACON (Terminal Radar Approach CONtrol)? A TRACON is a term used in the US for what is elsewhere known as the Terminal Control (ICAO terminology), the control in charge of operations around one or more large airports. It doesn't manage ATC at airports, which is provided by TOWERs. TRACON is therefore an intermediate step used for: Climbing ...


27

It looks to me like you need to file FAA Form 7480-1, Notice of Landing Area Proposal. There is a checkbox for "Deactivation or Abandonment". The form explains that you have to give 90 days advance notice. So you shouldn't make any changes until 90 days after filing the form. This presumably gives them time to update charts, so that pilots know the ...


26

I can't answer for the Blue Angels or the Thunderbirds, but I can for the UK equivalent, the Red Arrows. The Red Arrows have no spare pilots (or 'B team'). The nine pilots on the team fly every display in their 3 year tour. The explanation is that a spare pilot would not fly frequently enough to be current and safe. They do however have the capability to do ...


26

Hawaiian Airlines only recently started acquiring airplanes (A330-200) that are capable of that range. According to Wikipedia, London and Paris routes were discussed. On November 27, 2007, Hawaiian Airlines signed a MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) with Airbus for 24 long-range jets priced at $4.4 billion. The order included six Airbus A330-200s with a ...


26

There is no US regulation about whether an airport can be called "international." The Secretary of the Treasury designates the official list of international airports of entry. But not all airports on this list are even called international, and it does not include all airports with international flights. There are even some airports called "international" ...


25

Well, the short version is that there really isn't a standard (and this applies to small as well as large airports). Some airport authorities charge fees that are billed through the FBO, some don't. Some airport authorities bill you directly, some don't. Normally you pay at the FBO before you leave. Most of the FBO's set their own fees (although they may ...


25

For filing and opening VFR flight plans, pushing back your ETA because of a delay, and a few more obscure things which you can find in section 4-1-21 of the AIM you would contact Flight Service (addressed as "region Radio" - e.g. "New York Radio" or "Bridgeport Radio") The universal flight service frequency is 122.2, and above 5000 feet you should be able ...


24

That direction (284) is the true heading, but runways are numbered according to the magnetic heading. Runways are usually numbered according to their direction, more precisely called runway magnetic bearing or QFU (see Q codes). (How are runways numbered?) For KTEX: 276 magnetic, 285 true 096 magnetic, 105 true While 276 should be rounded to runway ...


23

The minimum required hours of instruction is 40 hours. How many will you need to get the license? That depends on a lot of factors. Very few students are good enough at 40 hours to pass the practical test. If you can only fly once per week, you will "forget" some of what you learned on the last lesson. "Forget" is in quotes because some of the ...


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