17

The same frequency is listed twice because the services provided on that frequency are mutually exclusive. When one service is available, the other cannot be. When the airport has an operational control tower, airport traffic control service is available on the Tower frequency: AIRPORT TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE- A service provided by a control tower for ...


9

Personally I have no expectations whatsoever. Sometimes the student (or instructor) requests multiple holds and they end up only doing one, and sometimes it's the opposite. My general technique is to say "Hold over ABCDE as published and advise ready to exit the hold," which lets you tell me when you are done doing whatever you need to be doing. If ...


8

The FAA highly encourages you to find or hire a test pilot for your E-AB. Advisory Circular 90-116 This advisory circular (AC) provides information and guidance on the Additional Pilot Program (APP) for flight testing experimental aircraft. The APP was developed to improve safety by enhancing Builder/Owner Pilot (BP) skills and mitigate risks associated ...


6

The first time you pass over the holding fix is the entry. Each additional time you pass over the holding fix completes one turn. The first turn is often not a complete racetrack, e.g. a teardrop or parallel entry, but it still counts as a turn. Most importantly, such a turn qualifies as a hold for maintaining currency or for checkrides (per my DPE). You do ...


6

In VFR conditions, no there is no restriction against landing in an airport where runway edge lighting or other airport lighting is not lit at night. That being said, without any visual references, it may be very difficult to locate where runway is or judge or hide above the runway in order to land. In addition if additional lighting is not available i.e. ...


6

The FAA wants to draw attention to and monitor any effect of 5G on aviation safety so it detects issues now, while they are minor, and not later, as the number of 5G devices per square mile grows and the effects get stronger. The rest of this is just my theory on why it might be different by nation. In the USA, there has always been an abundance of extreme ...


5

14 CFR 65.31 and 65.33 do not mention citizenship as a requirement. This job listing with Serco for a position at TTD says that you must: Be eligible to work for Serco under the Federal Immigration Laws Be able to receive an interim security suitability clearance granted by FAA Security derived from a public trust background check. According to ...


4

If you ask ATC to do one turn in holding, as you say in your question, to my knowledge there is no specific guidance (in the ATC Order 7110.65 or the AIM, etc.) identifying pilot or controller expectations. So, in the absence of clear and unambiguous information, I would recommend telling them exactly what you want to do (i.e., just the entry or the entry ...


4

Under normal circumstance even interception missions are supposed to work with ATC. Squawking 7777 is sort of a last resort thing for the DoD to tell ATC to get out of their way and get everything else out of their way. If you listen to the Washington Center ATC records from 9-11, there's a point where the interceptors around the capital get ordered to ...


3

Not necessarily. You would have to comply with §91.319 (a) which states: No person may operate an aircraft that has an experimental certificate— (1) For other than the purpose for which the certificate was issued; or (2) Carrying persons or property for compensation or hire. So commercial activities which don’t require carriage of a person or property for ...


2

Part 91 operation only requires "The aircraft is continuously in a position from which a descent to a landing on the intended runway can be made at a normal rate of descent using normal maneuvers". The touchdown zone referenced in 91.175c applies to 135 and 121 operations and they will have clarification in their op specs.(Which are also legally ...


2

The Chart Supplement will describe only the surface-level airspace. If it says "...other times CLASS E" that means the Class E will begin at the surface. If it says "...other times CLASS G" that means the Class E will not start at the surface, and you will have to check the official airspace definitions (FAA JO 7400.11) to determine if ...


2

This answer will assume from the context of the question, that the question pertains to the airspace of the United States. This answer will also assume that the question pertains to airplanes, or other aircraft that are not helicopters. Note that the answer would be different for helicopters. The test question was: During operations outside controlled ...


2

You can read an FAA Q&A from 2017 that gives some information about how FBOs are regulated at airports that receive Federal money. The key point seems to be that the "airport sponsor" set conditions for FBOs and other businesses at the airport, and the FAA is mostly concerned with making sure that the sponsor meets their Federal obligations. ...


2

(Re FBOs): They have an interesting relationship where they have a quasi granted monopoly to serve the public. I assume that if I tried to open an FBO, that I would be influenced—at least partially—by both FAA and the local port authority. This is true in some cases, at least in regards to local municipal or state authority. Local authorities often ...


2

Some practice areas are charted, e.g. there's one near Hillsboro, OR. The VFR sectional has this note just northwest of the Newberg VOR: If you then look up the Chart Supplement, there are more details on the area and the frequency to use: Note that 122.75 is the general air-to-air frequency for the US, it isn't a specific frequency for that area. Having ...


1

You can log what ever you want in your own logbook. However, since you did not receive your CFI by meeting the requirements of U.S. FAR Part 61 you are not an "Authorized Instructor" (FAA Definition of Authorized Instructor) So, any FAR that requires instruction be given by an Authorized Instructor would not apply to you and could not be counted ...


1

No. This is a very bad idea, for the following reasons. First of all placing a very large chunk of metal under the counterpoise grid will affect the uniformity of the radiation pattern of both the unidirectional and the omnidirectional signals being transmitted by the VOR station. Secondly there is a risk of coupling RF currents into the substation and the ...


1

I've not been able to find copies of aviation regulations for the USA pre-dating 1938. In the 1938 Code of Federal Regulations, Title 14 item 20.44 speaks of "specifying the weight and powerplant of aircraft which the applicant is deemed competent to pilot". Classes 2M, 3M, and 4M are all "multi-engine" classes. However, the word "...


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