29

No, ATC would not file a complaint for a single missed read back. In order to file a complaint they'd need to have very good reason to believe that the pilots were willingly breaking communication regulations, and there are so many other valid reasons for why this scenario could happen: The pilots may have responded but it may not have been received. If two ...


13

If a pilot forgets to release his mic button, you can't talk to him. VHF radio is simplex, so only one station can transmit at the time. If more than one station transmits at the same time, the signal will sound garbled. As a result, there is no standard phraseology to use in such a situation. All you can do is wait for the pilot to discover the issue. See ...


11

The general FAA rule is indeed that ATC cannot issue a clearance to cross multiple runways. However, waivers are available to airports with parallel runways close enough to make it impractical or even hazardous for aircraft to stop in between them and wait for a second instruction. They are essentially treating such a pair as a single runway for the ...


7

Some years ago (in the 80s) I tried out for ATC in Canada and took the preliminary screening test, which was a series of 25 diagrams representing radar displays with targets moving around different airways, crisscrossing each other in various directions, and you had to answer 2 questions for each diagram, whether or not targets at different speeds and ...


6

It is country specific In the US, as well as I can translate the legalese to English, your application must be accepted by the FAA before you turn 30. (I considered it myself, about a decade too late.) In Canada, you must be at least 18 years of age, but I couldn't find any readily available maximum. As another answer indicates, there may not be one. In ...


4

In principle you can listen to ATC of VOBL (Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore) using a VHF air band radio receiver on the following frequencies: Tower: 124.35 MHz Ground: 121.65 MHz Approach: 121.25 and 127.75 MHz It is however illegal to own such a receiver in India: Prohibition of possession of wireless telegraphy apparatus without ...


4

@StephenS is right about San Francisco being an example that is exempt from the 2010 rule. The FAA ATC Job Order discusses this point in § 3-7: At those airports where the taxi distance between runway centerlines is less than 1,000 feet, multiple runway crossings may be issued with a single clearance. The air traffic manager must submit a request to the ...


2

A fairly simple way to design sectors is to have one per VOR, with the boundaries halfway to the next VOR on each airway. This puts the VOR at the logical center of the sector with lots of space around it for the controller to resolve conflicts between aircraft crossing paths at that VOR. If traffic levels do not justify having a separate controller for ...


2

Calculating the capacity of an ATC sector is a complex issue, you should not expect to find one single determining factor. A few obvious factors come to mind: Lateral extend of the sector (size) Vertical extend of the sector Whether or not surveillance is available (RADAR etc.) The route structure, and whether traffic is forced to follow certain airways or ...


2

Since the other answers focus on the US and you specifically mentioned London Heathrow, I will answer for Europe. In Europe, Eurocontrol uses a central Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM) system to avoid both congestion at the destination airport and in the enroute environment. The Air Traffic Flow Management System of the European Region comprises two ...


2

The US AIM (Aeronautical Information Manual) says: When necessary, the tower controller will issue clearances or other information for aircraft to generally follow the desired flight path (traffic patterns) when flying in Class B, Class C, and Class D surface areas and the proper taxi routes when operating on the ground. If not otherwise authorized or ...


2

I think that a lit bit technical knowledge is required to at least think of being an ATC because imagine a “mayday” situation. The ATC has to plan everything according to it and this is the point where technical knowledge comes really handy. Secondly it isn’t necessary that doing five tasks together at the same time makes you suitable for an ATC because ...


1

At a controlled airport, you need a clearance to land, and sometimes to enter its airspace (varies by class of airspace and country). How to enter the pattern is not a clearance, at least if you're VFR. Depending on other traffic in the area, ATC may give explicit instructions on how to enter the traffic pattern. If there's no other traffic present (or at ...


1

Based on the FAA Safety Alert posted below, since June 2010 controllers were no longer allowed to give multiple runway crossings at the same time: Instructions to cross a runway will be issued one at a time. Instructions to cross multiple runways will not be issued. An aircraft or vehicle must have crossed the previous runway before another runway ...


1

in the Netherlands, LVNL will not hire anyone over the age of 30 (this used to be 25 until some years ago). It's listed as the very first sentence on their website about how to get a job as a controller. There are also strict medical requirements basically the same as those for a PPL class medical. This is in no small part because there's a 5+ year ...


1

The highest peak in Saudi Arabia is Jabal Ferwa at 9,856 feet above sea level. Add some padding for safe terrain clearance, instrument error and human error, and 15,000 feet looks like a reasonable transition altitude. The highest peak in the contiguous United States is Mt. Whitney at 14,505 feet, so 18,000 feet for the transition altitude looks similarly ...


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