36

Since you didn’t specify a jurisdiction, I’ll answer for the FAA. Others should be similar. Pilots must be rated for the category, class and (if applicable) type of aircraft. Category is pretty broad, such as “Airplane”. Class is a bit more specific, such as “Multi-Engine Land”. Type is even more specific, such as “Boeing 737”. A type rating is required for ...


30

As the T-28 is a vintage military surplus aircraft it is normally certificated in the Experimental-Exhibition category. For most aircraft in this category, there is no type rating in the traditional sense. For years, the FAA managed these aircraft and pilot qualifications for them on a case-by-case basis. Approval to fly them was (and for some vintage ...


22

The regulatory basis for the exam comes from 49 USC 44709 (hence the name), which states: (a) The Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration may reinspect at any time a civil aircraft, aircraft engine, propeller, appliance, design organization, production certificate holder, air navigation facility, or air agency, or reexamine an airman holding ...


22

The basic difference is that a mechanic can perform maintenance on any aircraft; a repairman can perform maintenance only on aircraft for their employer, or that they own. The full details are in 14 CFR 65 Subpart D (mechanics) and Subpart E (repairmen). Here are the basic privileges for each one (emphasis mine): A certificated mechanic may perform or ...


19

I worked as a test pilot for my aerospace employer. I have a small collection of ratings, and for unusual operations, and for experimental equipment operations we use Letters of Authorization (LOA). We are not involved in airframe certification, but have done a few Supplemental Type Certificates (STC). The most common things we have done are modifications ...


18

FAA considers space shuttle either a military aircraft or spacecraft and hence its rules don't apply on space shuttle. However, requirements to be a pilot for a space shuttle are: ... at least 1,000 hours pilot-in-command time on jet aircraft It means that you need type rating to operate a heavy jet aircraft (not light jet). Weight of an empty space ...


17

From a private pilot's perspective, there are two possible options: a foreign-based license or a 'full' FAA pilot's license. The first type is defined in 14 CFR 61.75, which starts like this: §61.75 Private pilot certificate issued on the basis of a foreign pilot license. (a) General. A person who holds a foreign pilot license at the private ...


17

An examiner uses the contents of FAA Order 8900.1 - Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS)as guidance for doing their job. As you might imagine, there is some guidance available for them there: VOLUME 5 (AIRMAN CERTIFICATION) CHAPTER 2 (TITLE 14 CFR PART 61 CERTIFICATION OF PILOTS AND FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS) Section 18 (Conduct an ...


17

PPL is Private Pilot License May fly for pleasure or personal business. Private pilots cannot be paid, compensated to fly, or hired by any operator. CPL is Commercial Pilot License Can be paid, compensated to fly, or hired by operators and are required to have higher training standards than private or sport pilots. ATPL is Airline Transport Pilot License ...


17

@Farhan covers the NASA requirements but legally, According to the FAA FAR's §460.5 Crew qualifications and training. .... (b) Each member of a flight crew must demonstrate an ability to withstand the stresses of space flight, which may include high acceleration or deceleration, microgravity, and vibration, in sufficient condition to ...


16

If you hold a Sport Pilot certificate and are looking to upgrade it to a Private Pilot certificate, your best bet is to use the requirements of Part 61 Subpart E. All of the flight time you logged earning a Sport Pilot certificate applies towards Private, but additional hours and types of flight time need to be logged. The requirements for each are ...


16

I reached out to the Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department and asked this question. To my surprise, I got an answer back in less than 12 hours. As of December 31, 2014, they report: 219 private pilots 951 commercial pilots 4007 ATPL holders 20 MCPL holders For a total of 5197 pilots licensed in Hong Kong.


16

First, if you fly privately without a license can you avoid trouble with the FAA? Yes, if you don't attract attention to yourself. It's essentially the same as driving a car without a license or insurance: it happens because some people just don't see why they should have to get a license, and it's possible because no one regularly checks every car and ...


14

Oddly enough, "common carriage" is not defined in the FAR's, but that is because it is a "common law term" and not specific to aviation. AC120-12A - Private Carriage Versus Common Carriage of Persons or Property contains guidance that can be used to help determine whether or not an operation falls under common carriage. Take a look at it for specific ...


14

I attended the ACS webinar on June 25th. This is the response from Christopher Morris at the FAA. You can also read the FAQ on the FAA website. If the pilot recognizes the stall warning and promptly makes an appropriate correction or airspeed adjustment, a momentary activation of the stall warning horn does not constitute unsatisfactory performance on the ...


14

You are sort of correct. For the ground instruction for your basic Private Pilot Certificate, it would not really matter. For the actual flight instruction, the CFI has to be certificated for the category and class of aircraft in which you are being trained by them. If the aircraft is a taildragger, high performance, and/or complex aircraft, the CFI will ...


13

My understanding is that most FAA licenses would also qualify as "ICAO Licenses" (certainly the ATP seems to as we have a bunch of US/FAA certificated ATPs acting as international captains for US airlines flying to/from ICAO member states). From a quick read I think anything from Private up meets the ICAO Annex 1 (personnel licensing) requirements. (It ...


13

As several commenters have noted, medical rules are different in each country. ICAO provides guidelines and recommendations, but it's up to each country to actually implement them. ICAO's personnel licensing requirements are in Annex 1 which is not freely available but their Manual of Civil Aviation Medicine implies that transgender pilots should be ...


13

According to the table in 14 CFR 61.23 (d), the expiration date of your medical is based on your age "on the date of examination for your most recent medical certificate." So, if you were 39 on the date of the examination, you're good for 60 months. There is a possibility that the requirement to renew 3rd class medicals may go away completely soon....


13

"Without question, flight is represented by countless heroes who have stirred greatness in others. It was a dream that had been waiting to be realized for thousands of years, and chased by countless visionaries, scholars and brave souls. But even as the mass of collected knowledge came to a crucial turning point, it was not until the ingenuity of the Wright ...


13

No, you cannot. Just like an ASEL doesn't give you the ability to fly an AMEL, if you have an AMEL that doesn't give you ASEL privileges. Adding the ASEL shouldn't be that hard though, especially if you've done a majority of your training in one. You will still need to take a check ride.


12

Yes. 14 CFR 61.3(b) covers this (my emphasis): (b) Required pilot certificate for operating a foreign-registered aircraft within the United States. No person may serve as a required pilot flight crewmember of a civil aircraft of foreign registry within the United States, unless— (1) That person's pilot certificate or document issued under §61....


12

Just like having a SEL Commercial with a MEL PPL doesn't mean you can operate a MEL commercially. The certification requirements require the demonstration of particular maneuvers like a Chandelle which includes a slow-flight phase. Slow flight on a single is significantly different than slow flight on an MEL because of p-factor and aircraft handling. Same ...


11

The license required for operating a manned free balloon would be a "Lighter-than-air, Balloon" license (as opposed to a "regular" license, which is usually thought of as being for "regular" Airplanes - the kind that take off and land using runways, as opposed to lakes). Cluster balloons are, for all regulatory purposes, just "balloons" - the only difference ...


11

The answer to this lies in 8900.1, Volume 5, Chapter 2, Section 18 - Conduct an Airline Transport Pilot Certification, Including Additional Category/Class Ratings. In most cases, yes the type rating "upgrades" or "elevates" along with your license since the type rating is always evaluated at ATP standards, even if you only have a private or commercial ...


11

Actually, it doesn't matter whether you are a Private pilot or an ATP, the requirements for a type rating are in the Airline Transport Pilot and Aircraft Type Rating Practical Test Standards, which apply regardless of the aircraft type. In the PTS, it says: Practical Test Book Description This practical test book contains the Airline Transport ...


11

According to this AOPA article, you can request an extension online through the FAA's Airmen On-Line Services. You also can look up your current status here: http://www.faa.gov/licenses_certificates/airmen_certification/new_verification_info/ In my case, this was updated about a week before my card arrived in the mail. You can also see what date's ...


11

According to the Seaplane Pilots Association you can operate an amphibious airplane on hard-surface runways with a land class rating but need a seaplane class rating to take off or land on water, and vice versa. As far as the regs, it seems that the airplane can simply be considered either land or seaplane class depending on how you are operating it.


11

Glider PPL will suffice, did it yesterday and three or four times in the past three months. That's me in the back seat preparing to take a co-worker for her first glider ride in a Grob-103:


11

Just as people can go for quite a while driving without a license before they get caught, there is no certain way to catch somebody who goes flying without a license. There are various ways that it can happen, but none of them are certain. There was a quip quoted elsewhere referring to the high proportion of unlicensed pilots in Alaska, that supposedly the ...


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