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1

Remember, radials come from a fix. You cannot hold south of a VOR on the 360 radial in the same way that you could not hold east on a 270 radial using the VOR as the holding fix. You could hold south on a 360 radial, but the fix would have to be somewhere away from the VOR. For example, if you're told to hold south of the 10DME on the 360 radial, that ...


1

The holding clearance that you have specified is invalid. CLEARED TO THE XYZ VORTAC. HOLD NORTH ON THE THREE SIX ZERO RADIAL, LEFT TURNS... You cannot hold north of the VOR on a radial that is south of it. A correct clearance would be CLEARED TO THE XYZ VORTAC. HOLD **SOUTH** ON THE THREE SIX ZERO RADIAL, LEFT TURNS... Conversely, the hold that is drawn on ...


2

Neither of the two representations show holding North if the arrow depicted in the corner is truly pointing towards 150°. If this is the case, North is at the bottom of the page and South is at the top. Therefore, both representations are showing holding South of the fix. If the dot depicted is the fix, the representation on the left is not a holding pattern....


0

Published holding us easier for both the pilot and ATC, but sometimes impossible due to a weather system impacting arrival routes. Plenty of non-standard holding is issued as published patterns are covered by convective activity.


1

A holding instruction will usually include: A fix, A bearing or radial on which to travel for your inbound leg, A turn instruction (if the turn is not the standard right turn) A time or distance to travel on your inbound leg. A cardinal direction of disambiguation for redundancy to keep you on the correct side of the fix. An Expect Further Clearance time. ...


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