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Note: this may be a dupe of this question. However, you seem to be saying that you've read and understood the regulations on what to do, you just don't believe that ATC or the FAA really expects you to follow them. In the scenario you describe you are indeed expected to fly from the airport to an IAF before beginning an approach. There's a long and detailed ...


Simply put, a cloud base is the bottom of a cloud layer of any size. A cloud ceiling is the height of the first cloud layer that constitutes at least a broken layer.


They are not the same thing. Cloud base is simply the bottom "surface" level of the a cloud regardless of the sky coverage. Where cloud coverage constitutes a ceiling, then the cloud base would be the same as the ceiling, but regardless, the bottom margin of any cloud is its base.


Long story short, European residents apparently require an EASA license to operate a foreign aircraft, even if they also hold a foreign license from the country the aircraft is registered in. European regulations are really difficult to pin down because implementation is delegated to member states, however it looks like as a resident in an EASA country you ...


I can't find any specific definition of "normal maneuvers", probably because it varies a lot by aircraft type and situation. But I did find AC 120-29A - Criteria for Approval of Category I and Category II Weather Minima for Approach that gives some indication of what the FAA considers not normal (section Part 91, section 91.175 requires ...


For this alternate planning requirement, GPS can not be required for any part of the non-GPS approach. This includes using GPS as a substitute for out of service equipment.(eg an ILS near me has a NOTAM that DME or GPS is required, because a VOR used for the missed will be down for maintenance. This would count as a GPS approach.) This in in AC90-108.


I'm not sure what source you're looking at for the FARs but the reduction is indeed there in 14 CFR 97.3: Copter procedures means helicopter procedures, with applicable minimums as prescribed in ยง97.35. Helicopters may also use other procedures prescribed in subpart C of this part and may use the Category A minimum descent altitude (MDA), or decision ...


To answer your question directly, yes you can use the ODP to depart an airfield regardless of if ATC has specifically given it to you. You may use it until you reach the prescribed altitude in your IFR clearance or the beginning of the cleared routing. However, if ATC has given you specific instructions for your departure, you have to either accept those ...

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