Questions tagged [turbine]

A set of rotating blades that extracts power from a flow. In aviation this primarily refers to the section of a gas turbine that extracts power from the combusted gases, as part of a turboshaft, turboprop, or jet engine.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
3answers
82 views

What other materials apart from conventional nickel and steel superalloys can be used as a first stage turbine blade material?

Steel and nickel chromium alloys have been prominent and most used as turbine blade material although there are other materials such as tantalum carbides, tungsten and many more which I have no ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Why does the CFM LEAP have so many LPT stages? [duplicate]

With the core power being similar, intuitively, the higher the number of turbine stages, the more energy is absorbed, the higher the RPM. But the PW1000G vs CFM LEAP (both engines have similar thrust ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

What is the difference between RTOP, MTOP, and MCP?

I am currently learning how to fly the SD3-60 (Shorts) Aircraft, and I am trying to gain an understanding of RTOP (reserved take off power), MTOP (max take off power), and MCP (max continuous power). ...
0
votes
0answers
135 views

Does Betz's Law apply to jet engine turbines?

Betz's Law says the extractable power from wind is only 59% (16/27) of its original power. $$P_{max} = \frac{16}{27} \frac{1}{2} \rho A v^3$$ Rho is the gas density, A is the cross section area of gas ...
3
votes
2answers
231 views

Has there ever been a centrifugal turbine in an aircraft engine?

These days, most jet engines feature axial compressors and turbines. However, there are some older aircraft engines with centrifugal compressors, like the Rolls Royce Nene. But I've never heard of any ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Why does the LEAP 1A HPT run at such a high RPM?

I've watched the N2 on the LEAP sit at 100% at cruise and fluctuate as high as 101%. Why does the HPT run at such a high RPM?
2
votes
2answers
85 views

What do these temperature data listed in the EASA Type Certificate Data Sheet mean?

Could you tell me what is the Maximum Permissible Indicated Turbine Temperature (ITT) and the ambient limit temperature for sea level static thrust?
0
votes
1answer
123 views

What gas turbines have the following configuration?

Is there any jet engines--with published data on the dimension of the turbines and compressors--that are of the configuration of 2 Low Pressure compressor, 8 High Pressure compressor, 2 High Pressure ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What is the diameter of each stage of the PW800 engine compressor and turbine?

I am an Aerospace Engineering student working to analyze P&WC's PW800 engine family--specifically, the PW814GA, for a project and we need to know some hard-to-find data. Does anyone knows where I ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Why is tangential velocity a loss of kinetic energy in a turbine section?

While researching turbine engines I came across a statement The mass of airflow naturally does not change in the transfer of energy to the rotor system, but the velocity of mass flow being slowed ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

What is the temperature range of engine mounts connected to the pylon?

I want to know what is the temperature of the engine mounts in modern turbofan engines for example, Rolls Royce Trent 900. Also, what are the temperature considerations you need to make while ...
1
vote
6answers
302 views

Would a piston or turbine engine be best suited for a small UAV flying 8000miles?

I am trying to devise a concept that would airdrop medical supplies around remote regions of Africa: vaccines, medicine, blood... etc. I image the payload would be anywhere between 1-2 ton. I think a ...
1
vote
1answer
703 views

How to find the static stall angle of attack for a given airfoil at given Re?

For vertical axis wind turbines applications I'm wondering how one would find the static stall angle of an airfoil at a given Reynold number? Is it just the critical angle of attach (AoA) where ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

How does the 'quiet one' helicopter muffler work?

Back in the Vietnam War era, special ops needed a quiet means of inserting soldiers behind enemy lines to install eavesdropping equipment. They modified a Hughes 500 to do the job. One of the things ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

How is fuel ignited in jet engines? [duplicate]

From what I understand, in jet engines, air is compressed and fuel is not only injected but also ignited : how is this done ?
6
votes
3answers
280 views

Turbofan engine start - Why does ignition occur so early?

In another thread, two key steps of starting a turbofan (ignition and fuel introduction) are given as follows: With increased N2 rotation, ignition will be turned on. [...] With further ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

How hot do internal parts of jet engine get?

How hot does a jet engine get? I'm interested in the temperature of the parts, not of the exhaust or combustion. If you took temperature of an engine after a flight across the Pacific Ocean what are ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Could high density abrasion-resistant ceramic turbine blades allow for the use of borane fuels?

In the late 1950s the U.S Air Force searched for a fuel with similar characteristics to jet fuel but with higher energy density allowing longer flight range for bombers. In 1947 the British had ...
14
votes
6answers
7k views

Has anyone burned hydrogen in a gas turbine?

I am just wondering if supplying compressed hydrogen to a gas turbine (combustor) would be a better fuel as it has three times the octane rating of kerosene. It just seems better all around.
4
votes
3answers
387 views

What turbine blade alloy did the Jendrassik Cs-1 use?

Wikipedia says that the first turboprop aircraft engine was the Jendrassik Cs-1 invented in Hungary by György Jendrassik. It says it was supposed to run at 1000 hp but "combustion problems" limited ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

How do the contrarotating turbines work in the F-119-PW-100?

I was reading about the F22 Raptor and found out that its powerplants use contrarotating turbines. How does this work Also, if the spools and their connected compressors are rotating in opposite ...
2
votes
1answer
312 views

How can I calculate turbofan efficiency as a function of turbine inlet temperature?

I know that increasing the turbine inlet temperature (TIT) increases the overall efficiency of the jet engine. So I wanted to find the overall efficiency as a function of TIT. I used the equations ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Turbine blade manufacturing/assembly process

I want to know the process for manufacturing turbine blades and the companies that are involved. Who makes the turbine blades? Who applies the thermal barrier coating? Who repairs the blades? Let's ...
0
votes
2answers
368 views

Do the compressors and turbine rotate at the same speed?

Since the turbine and the compressors are connected to each other via a common shaft, do they both rotate at the same speed. Because I've read that in some jet engines (single spool engines) they don'...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Turbines in jet engines

I was reading this thread and in the answer, the person wrote "For example, the turbine blades are replaced after a set number of turbine cycles and/or after a set number of hours, which are lesser ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

How often are turbine blades in jet engines replaced?

How often are the turbines in the hot section of the jet engines replaced due to deteriorated TBC? or just how often are they replaced? lets say for CFM56-7
0
votes
1answer
274 views

What is the definition of “blade scatter” in gas turbine compressor dynamic balancing?

Can someone help me define “blade scatter” gas turbine compressor dynamic balancing?
8
votes
1answer
473 views

What's that rattling noise from parked jets? [duplicate]

While walking around the airport on a windy day I occasionally hear a tingling or rattling noise from the engines of the parked jets. You can see the fans rotating in the breeze. What’s causing the ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the correct equation for rotor solidity?

I'm working in a project that uses"blade solidity ratio", or "rotor solidity", the problem is, there are several articles which defines the equation in a different way changing in the section of the ...
4
votes
1answer
955 views

Are turbine and compressor blades and vanes cast or forged?

I was wondering how blades and vanes are typically made in commercial jet engines. Would you typically use investment casting to make compressor blades or just in the turbine section to accommodate ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Would turbine blade twist change if all conditions except the density of the fluid remained the same?

While designing a turbine, the blade twist is apparent from the velocity triangles, and this analysis only depends on the velocity. However, would there be any difference for different media? When ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

What is the relation between solidity and lift coefficients?

I've seen this graph in a couple of places. I'm not sure what it's supposed to mean, as the formulae I've seen in the papers cannot be found in any standard book or reference. Please let me know if ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

In the compressor characteristic, how do I calculate the minimum flow?

I have a small question, how do I determine the minimum flow point on the compressor characteristic? I.e. what is the safety margin on the curve?
1
vote
1answer
122 views

In the compressor characteristic, what does this value represent?

$$ ? = \frac{m_t* \sqrt{T_3}}{P_3}$$ All I know is that it is a material property of a turbine, it has something to do with the mach number, and is used for calculating $W_T$. It's kinda similar to ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

What values can/should be used for the isentropic efficiency of a compressor and turbine?

I was trying to model an turbofan aircraft engine using Matlab and Simulink. In the process I have fixed certain parameters to some specific values which are nominal operating values of the parameters....
0
votes
5answers
961 views

I wonder if it's possible to make a “compressed air” turbine engine [closed]

I wonder if it's possible to make an efficient turbine engine that uses only hot compressed air to move but only that, meaning there is no ignition involved. To put it simple can we use compressors ...
3
votes
1answer
457 views

What is the difference between active tip clearance control system and passive tip clearance control system in turbine?

What are the main differences between turbine active tip clearance control system and passive tip clearance control system?
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Is low pressure compressor air used to cool turbine blades?

This photo shows LP cooling air is being used to cool turbine blades. the question is, is it possible to use LP air to cool the turbine blades? would you please guys explain why do they use LP air ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the efficiency of the turbine of a modern jet engine?

What is the turbine efficiency of a modern jet engine? Just the turbine efficiency only. What percentage of fuel energy the turbine converts into mechanical energy.
0
votes
2answers
414 views

Does the stator blade angle changes? Why?

I have read that when jets are on the ground their compression ratio changes. With this change the stator compressor's blade angle changes. Is this true?
1
vote
1answer
627 views

What does the term “loading” refers to when we talk about Blade loading and Stage loading in Turbomachinery?

I have been reading about the term Blade Loading and Stage loading in case of Axial Turbines and Compressors, however, I would like to know what does the term "loading" here exactly refers to? What I ...
1
vote
1answer
635 views

Hydro-pneumatic fuel controls and hydro-mechanical fuel controls

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the hydro-pneumatic controls against the hydro-mechanical controls?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Gas Turbine Engine Starting Sequence [closed]

How to explain the figure above?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is this a blisk?

GE Aviation bought the Czech company Walther to get their 600-800shp turboprop engines, now called the H75... On their website, two thirds down the page, the following picture has the caption The H-...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why aren’t diesel piston engines used on aircraft like the Saab 340 or L-410?

In contrast to this question (link), I would like to know the opposite - why diesel piston engines aren't used on aircraft with comparable role and configuration to Saab 340, L-410, ATR-42? There's ...
4
votes
1answer
306 views

How are turbine blades overhauled?

How are turbine blades overhauled? What techniques are commonly used and how does it affect the integrity of the blade?
2
votes
3answers
391 views

Why is the first turbine in a turboprop (or turboshaft) connected to the compressor?

Typically the first turbine after the combustion chamber drives the compressor as shown in this picture. (wikimedia.org) This first turbine spins the fastest and harvests the most energy from the ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

How many turbine powered aircraft are in the air at any given time? [closed]

I know there are a lot of statistics about how many planes are in the air on average, but not all aircraft flying are turbine-driven. How may turbojet, turbofan, and turboprop aircraft, on average, ...
3
votes
1answer
842 views

What were the J47's turbine blades made of?

What materials were used to make the General Electric J47 turbine blades in the 1960's?
3
votes
3answers
856 views

Would removing heat from the compressor and adding heat to the turbine increase a gas turbine's efficiency?

Since a compressor compresses air, the air temperature increases due to P1/T1=P2/T2. When the temperature is increased it would be harder to compress - so would removing the heat from the air inside ...