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A runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft" (ICAO definition).

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2answers
151 views

How long does a runway have to be for an Airbus A380 to takeoff?

I have seen several Airbus A380's takeoff on large runways, but how small can a runway get for an Airbus A380 to takeoff fully without overrunning?
4
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2answers
474 views

Is this photo of an aircraft in a flood genuine?

I stumbled upon this picture somewhere on the internet: I don't believe an aircraft would be able to take off like that; I also don't expect a normal landing be allowed if this were on a runway. I ...
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4answers
9k views

Do military bases still employ wheel watchers?

When I was in the air wing in the '70s, I had the unpleasant opportunity of pulling wheel watch. The unfortunate individual sat in a small shack (maybe 3 x 6 ft.) with a pair of high-powered ...
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3answers
125 views

What runway materials reduce skidding in wet conditions?

What are the possible materials that can be used on a runway, so as to reduce the plane speed and certainly stop the plane while preventing skidding when the runway is wet?
6
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1answer
446 views

What is this 'runway number' automatic readout system on a flight deck?

I was watching this flight-deck video (starts at 11:13) of a Turkish Airlines Boeing take off from Istanbul and just as they accelerate on the take off roll there seems to be an automatic voice in the ...
35
votes
1answer
6k views

Why are months (e.g. December) used to notate a runway?

I'm writing a report on runway quality and I've stumbled onto a weird qualifier in the data. I understand that runway 17/35 indicates which direction the runway is facing based on magnetic heading. ...
12
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1answer
415 views

Why is the aiming point distance shorter in the US vs. Europe for long runways?

In essence, if you compare EGLL and KJFK (but it works for other airports too) you would see that US airports generally adhere to the rule of 1000 ft in distance between threshold and aiming point ...
4
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2answers
256 views

Why don't pushback tugs take the aircraft to the runway? [duplicate]

As we know aircrafts have to turn on their engines to taxi the entire way to the runway, if pushback tugs are used, it would save a lot of ATF and overall costs. Is there any specific regulation by ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the correct phraseology for "runway 03 R”?

What phraseology is normally used for "runway 03 R" by air-traffic control and pilots? A couple of possible options I came up with: runway zero three R runway three R runway zero three right runway ...
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2answers
239 views

What Are These Runway Lights For?

I know that the strobe lights that flash in rapid succession of each other indicate the open end of the runway, to help guide pilots in at night. It's obvious the white lights indicating the edges of ...
0
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0answers
49 views

Is there an equivalent of the Threshold Crossing Height for departure procedures?

The definition for the Threshold Crossing Height is, according to the sources that I have checked, "the theoretical height above the runway threshold at which the aircraft's glideslope antenna would ...
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0answers
54 views

One-way runways usage [duplicate]

I noticed than in Frankfurt there is one-way runway (18). Are there many of such one-way runways? The main question is how such runways can be used? In the case of Frankfurt, it seems that a "wall" ...
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3answers
184 views

Where can I find runway usage statistics of USA airports? [closed]

Ok I’m looking for stats and data of planes arriving at various airports and what runways they use most. I need to know the most used runways for arrivals in airports here in the States. Can anyone ...
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1answer
191 views

What are the rules for racing on airport runways? [closed]

What are the adverse affects of burnout rubber left on the runways for airplanes?
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2answers
191 views

How are the runways operated at Toronto Pearson?

I have a sort of technical question regarding the operations of runway systems at larger airports, specifically at Toronto Pearson (satellite view here). As far as I can see, the airport has 5 runways:...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

What is a “Land And Hold Short Of” light?

A runway inspection found a "Land And Hold Short Of" (LAHSO) embedded light had become dislodged and had caused damage to a tyre. http://avherald.com/h?article=4bb1964c&opt=0 What is such a ...
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3answers
222 views

How are runway lights constructed?

How are runway lights constructed so that they are not damaged by aircraft wheels, and can continue to function safely, to demanding specifications, under a wide variety of environmental conditions?
4
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1answer
287 views

Why is there such a long displaced threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK?

This video seems to raise a whole bunch of questions, but here's one I have: Why such a long displaced landing threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK? (Scroll down to the 4L/22R section for details.) ...
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1answer
139 views

Why doesn’t runway 31R at JFK have a VGSI?

All of the runways at JFK have a PAPI except 31R. Why does 31R not have any kind of VGSI?
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1answer
119 views

Why runway 13L/31R of JFK Airport does not mention any Threshold Crossing Glide Path Height for its reciprocal end?

I am studying FAA's airports legacy file and its corresponding layout data. I noticed that runway 13L/31R of JFK Airport lacks a Threshold Crossing Glide Path Height, as one can also confirm from this ...
5
votes
2answers
193 views

How should you coordinate with traffic at non-towered airports?

I am a fairly new pilot. I recently flew to a non-towered airport in Quebec, Canada (Lachute, CSE4). There is a significant displaced threshold on each end of the runway. The airport has one taxiway ...
6
votes
1answer
402 views

How are procedures for curved-runway operations different for those for straight runways?

Runways having a significant curve between the two ends aren't exactly common, but they do exist, one good example being Elk City Airport's runway 14/35. When operating to or from an airport with a ...
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3answers
581 views

Why aren't runways lit from overhead, like highways?

Why don't runways have overhead high-mast lights like roads? YouTube videos substantiate that aircraft landing lights and runway edge lights are too faint to illuminate the whole runway, and the ...
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1answer
208 views

Was the runway upgrade at Mataveri Airport on Easter Island really related to the Lee Correy novel “Shuttle Down”?

This answer to the question Could the Space Shuttle have landed on any long runway other than those specially reinforced at Kennedy (TTS), and Edwards (EDW)? says: The Mataveri Airport on Easter ...
3
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1answer
273 views

How can I calculate the Obstacle Free Zone of an aerodrome?

How can I calculate the Obstacle Free Zone of an aerodrome?
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0answers
238 views

Where does the Departure End of Runway (DER) exactly begin?

I am having trouble understanding the concept of Departure End of Runway. Most sources state that DER is at the end of the portion of the runway that can be used for takeoff (which, as far as I can ...
40
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2answers
5k views

What does the letter G mean in a runway identifier?

Boulder Municipal Airport (KBDU) has runways 8 / 26 and also runways 8G / 26G. What is the significance of the letter G following the runway numbers?
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3answers
541 views

Why do simultaneous-ops parallel runways need to be so far apart?

In the answers to this question about Denver's widely-scattered pinwheel of runways and this question about Schiphol's runway out in the middle of nowhere, it's mentioned that parallel runways are ...
1
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1answer
127 views

SFO Taxiway Marking Meanings

I'm studying aviation and pulled up a Google Map satellite view of San Francisco International Airport (KSFO) and was wondering if someone could shed some light on what a few of the taxiway markings ...
3
votes
2answers
236 views

What is the Runway Design Code (RDC) for San Francisco airport (KSFO)?

I need the Runway Design Code (RDC) for the SFO airport. Can anyone provide a link for this and possibly other airports? I have checked the SFO Master Plan/Development Plan and found nothing.
2
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2answers
205 views

Engines more powerful than the brakes?

This might be more of an anecdotal question, but are there any aircraft where under full throttle (with afterburner in worst-case) where the wheels wouldn't provide enough friction against the runway ...
6
votes
1answer
309 views

Why is runway friction measured at 65 km/h and 95 km/h?

Why do we measure at 65km/h and 95km/h when we do a Runway Friction Measurement? Are there differences?
0
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1answer
207 views

Why would a runway friction measurement improve over time?

Why would a runway friction measurement that I've just made (with a SARSYS friction tester) give better (condition improved) results than a measurement that I made 6 months ago? The runway has been in ...
0
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1answer
251 views

Do runway markings vary from country to country?

I understand that most of the airports should follow FAA/ICAO for runway markings but most of the countries have their own standardization orgs. So, how much do the runway markings vary from USA to ...
3
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1answer
258 views

Can aircraft depart/arrive after another aircraft has sprayed snow on the runway?

Does snow spray affect runway surface friction? The weather was bitterly cold on March 18th, 2018 and Birmingham airport was covered with snow. As you can see in this video, an A380 sprays snow on the ...
74
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1answer
10k views

How is tire rubber removed from the runway?

Every time an aircraft touches down, the tires are spun up rapidly. As a result, some rubber is left at the touchdown zone. (image source) As time goes on, more rubber is accumulated at the ...
3
votes
1answer
293 views

How does the capacity of 2 parallel runways compare to single runway?

Under IFR, what is the capacity of 2 near parallel runways and how does it compare to mixed mode single runway?
8
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1answer
688 views

Why is the landing distance increased on grass runways?

Checking the Cessna 152 POH it says to increase takeoff distance by 15% of ground roll (makes sense due to increased friction). Also says to increase landing distance by 45% (doesn't seem to make ...
20
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1answer
5k views

How could this weird shaped aircraft Airbus Beluga fly only with two engines and use short runways?

More than that! She could land and take off fully loaded on 2000 meters of runway at Hawarden Airport as seen here in this video. At my local airport the runway is 2500 meters long and an Airbus A300 ...
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2answers
224 views

How do general aviation airports inspect their runways?

How do general aviation airports inspect their runways for cracks, ruts, holes or anything that would impair their integrity? How often do airport operators conduct standard inspections of their ...
9
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1answer
521 views

How will aiport operations at KOAK be affected when taxiway W is promoted to a runway?

For the record, my question is not about mistakenly using a taxiway as a runway. I've noticed recent changes to the sectional and TAC VFR maps around Metropolitan Oakland International Airport (OAK/...
3
votes
1answer
318 views

How are arriving aircraft assigned to runways?

A similar question to this one was asked before, however my question is not about who assigns runways to arriving aircraft, but what the reasons behind those decisions are. As an example, let's look ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

What do different runway depictions mean in the Chart Supplement?

I cannot find a digital Chart Supplement (AF/D) glossary. What is the length requirement to depict a runway as a dashed line vs. solid black? The depiction for Melbourne, Florida shows one runway ...
2
votes
1answer
326 views

Does the landing distance required for a wet runway needs to be within a certain range of the landing distance available?

Conform the regulations the landing distance required (LDR) for propeller engine aircraft needs to be within 70% of the landing distance available (LDA). The LDR for a wet runway needs to be ...
7
votes
1answer
488 views

At what distance beyond the aiming point is a landing considered a “Deep Landing”?

In Flight Data Monitoring (FDM) programmes, the Deep Landing calculation is based on difference between the aim point (or glide slope touchdown point) and the actual touchdown point. How are the ...
0
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0answers
84 views

Why don't airports use heated runways in the Winter? [duplicate]

I was looking online and saw heated sidewalks, driveways, etc. So I was wondering why don't airport use these in wintery conditions?
4
votes
1answer
269 views

What is the runway holding short line on Taxiway B between B2 and B3 at KFAT for RWY29L?

At Fresno Yosemite International Airport (KFAT), I was instructed to taxi to RWY 29L via B11, B from Signature Support. When passing B3 and approaching RWY 29L end, I noticed there is one holding ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Why building a stopway instead of just building a longer runway? [duplicate]

I don't get the point of building a stopway. If you have the space to build a stopway, you could just extend the length of the runway. Why are stopways necessary?
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2answers
1k views

Is there a formula to calculate take off runway distance for commercial planes?

I want to be able to calculate the take off runway distance that a plane needs depending on factors such as weight and plane size, etc. I know that graphs exist in the pilot handbook to do this but is ...
5
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2answers
370 views

Are animals straying onto the runway considered to be a runway incursion?

Are animals on the runway defined as a runway incursion?