Questions tagged [runways]

A runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft" (ICAO definition).

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2answers
123 views

What is the best time to run runway friction tests? [closed]

When is the best time to run runway friction tests? And what is the optimum temperature to run them?
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When does the ATC assign runways to aircraft arriving at an airport?

I want to know how far from the airport runways are assigned. Approximately how many nautical miles away or typically how many minutes before landing would the pilot know which runway they'd be ...
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Why might a too-wide runway be a problem?

In the September 2020 issue of EAA's Sport Aviation, Budd Davisson writes Runway width becomes a problem for some taildraggers when it gets to be less than 35-40 feet because of the lack of ...
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Why no runway markings at south end of 18/36 at FRA? [duplicate]

Perusing Google Earth I just now noticed that the north/south runway at Frankfurt am Main Airport (FRA / EDDF) does not have the usual markings at the south end of runway 18/36 - no "piano keys&...
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1answer
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Could a wing be designed to exploit both normal flying and ground effect?

Ground Effect planes' wings are stubby and the height over the ground or water is limited to wing span. Could a wing be designed to exploit both normal flying and ground effect together to give the ...
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How can pilots differentiate runways and taxiways during landing?

There have been many incidents where pilots landed or attempted to land the aircraft on a wrong surface (for example Continental 1883 and Air Canada 759). Are there any tips for pilots to avoid that? ...
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1answer
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Are aircraft pilots required to fly runway heading for a certain distance?

If an aircraft rotates off the runway relatively quickly (runway mid-point for example), do pilot's need to continue on the runway heading for a minimum distance before turning based on departure ...
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Was the Jabara Dreamlifter incident the biggest difference between required and actual takeoff length?

DCA14IA016: on November 20, 2013, a Boeing B747-400LCF (Dreamlifter) landed at Jabara airport. They took off the next day which was considered a major feat given the discrepancy between the size of ...
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How can I read airport maps when choosing a seat as a passenger?

When I choose seats on an airplane, I usually go for a window seat since I love the view, especially the views of a city on takeoff/landing. Sometimes I get good a view of the city and sometimes I ...
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Do most airport use one and only one runway for landing?

Do most airports (especially busy ones) use only one runway at a time for landing? For example, I know Heathrow uses only one of its runways at a time (although they might switch to another half way ...
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Why is crushable-block EMAS the only overrunning-aircraft-stopping system in wide civilian use?

Because runway overruns often end badly, and many runway ends (especially older ones) don’t have enough clear space available beyond the runway end for a full-size runway safety area (RSA), EMAS has ...
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Why do so few non-US runways have EMAS beds?

As occurrences of an aircraft running off the end of the runway and hitting things tend to leave both the aircraft and whatever it hits rather the worse for wear, much effort over the years has gone ...
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What is the difference between stopbars and Intermediate Holding Position Lights?

I know that stop bars continuously light red and stand at before taxi route joint, holding points, or at the runway entrance, but what about the Intermediate Holding Position Lights? How can we ...
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1answer
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How can I determine the runway number from its true bearing and magnetic variation? [duplicate]

Given: Runway True Bearing 007° Magnetic Variation 4°E What is the runway number (or designator)?
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What is the name of the movement which is carried out by plane beginning from the runway and ending at takeoff?

What is the name of the movement which begins after the plane lines up on the runway and takeoff clearance is received, and ends when the plane lifts off from the runway? Is it also called as 'taxiing'...
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1answer
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Why is Tromsø Airport's runway 01 referred to as 36 in the sign before the runway?

Runway designations can change due to the changing direction of the magnetic north. Using Google Earth, we can verify that Tromsø Airport's runway 01 has not changed its designation since at least ...
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Are intersection takeoffs less common in the USA than in other countries?

On a recent trip through Australia I did a number of intra-oz flights. In at least three of the cases we performed intersection takeoffs, a couple at MEL/YMML and one at BNE/YBBN. I have at least a ...
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1answer
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Should I wait for Tower to provide runway exit instructions?

This is somewhat already answered here (Is it a flight violation to mishear ATC instructions for exiting the runway?), but this question is more geared toward taking action before hearing from Tower. ...
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“Gross” and “net” planned runway length for the Haifa airport

My city's mayor was just boasting on how she'd gotten an approval for an airport runway of length "2100 m gross, 1900 m net length", and that this would be enough to connect the city - Haifa - to hubs ...
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Why do airports have directional runways instead of a large area to operate in any direction?

Instead of a few runways in a few directions, why not have a large square block of asphalt so that planes can take off and land in any direction? Where and on what direction planes land and take off ...
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Why isn't runway 4L/22R at KMDW available as an emergency runway?

Chicago-Midway (MDW/KMDW) has five runways, oriented along the diagonals of the square airport. The longest two (13C/31C [1988 x 46 m] and 4R/22L [1964 x 46 m]) are ILS-equipped, and serve as the ...
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Could sprinkling cool water on the runway in hot summer decrease air density?

Why is there no such technique used where cool water gets sprinkled on a runway? Cooling down the air above the airport would decrease air density and therefore lead to a shorter starttime for ...
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Why is it runway “1” instead of “01” in America?

In the case of a runway with a magnetic heading of 10° in America the runway number ("1") isn't hugely distinguishable from the runway centreline IMHO, (for example see Washington Airport and San ...
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How long did it take to set up a portable runway? [closed]

How long did it take to set up those metal runways? Were the metal sheets spiked into the ground? How big were they? Also, how are commercial runways built?
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Why do airports in the UK have so few runways?

Almost all of the major airports in the United Kingdom are single-runway (or functionally-single-runway) installations, with only two of the very busiest (Heathrow and Manchester) having as many as ...
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1answer
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Close Runway 16/34 from one direction

Let's say Runway 16/34 used direction 16 for arrival and 34 for departure. Can the runway close 16 (arrival direction) and still working in 34 for departure?
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Are there any real life instances of aircraft aborting a takeoff or landing to avoid a vehicle?

I came across a fake video of an A380 closely avoiding a fuel truck. More details at Snopes including a link to the YouTube video. While this video is not real, I'm interested in finding out if it's ...
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What does this indication of '10∼15 degree' that points toward the both edge of runway means?

While I study FAR AIM, 2-1-1 approach light system, I saw this indication (on the left side) that I couldn't guess what it tried to demonstrate. It seems like runway end identifier lights, but I can'...
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How Does the FAA Define the Dimensions of the Touchdown Zone?

Does the FAA give a regulatory definition of the term "Touchdown Zone" for use within the context of landing operations? In 14 CFR 91.175 the FAA requires—in certain cases—that pilots must ...
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What is the area between the taxiway and runway shown in the picture below?

Is this the Arresting area? I'm not too sure what you call this area
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Why can't some airports handle heavy aircraft while others do it easily (same runway length)?

As I've seen in this video, they operate flights from Bournemouth airport all the way to Barbados on a Boeing 787-8. As Bournemouth runway length is 2,271 m (7,451 ft), it can handle aircraft such as ...
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Can two aircraft be allowed to stay on the same runway at the same time?

My understanding is that the runway should always be cleared, and occupied by no more than a single aircraft for takeoff and/or landing at any given time. Is there any scenario in which ATC can ...
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What will be the immediate action by the pilot and ATC if any plane blocks the runway while landing?

Suppose, if the Airport has only one runway and one plane is trying to take off at the end of the runway and other plane trying to land from the other end of the runway. Due to any reason if the ...
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1answer
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How many US airports have 4 or more parallel runways?

Which airports in the US have four or more parallel runways? How many are planning additions in the next 5 years? A few years back, 10 years, Charlotte opened their 3rd parallel runway and it was ...
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1answer
168 views

Why can some runways only be used from one end?

Is there any reason for why some runways can only be landed and taken off from one end and not the other, even though there aren't any obstructions (mountains, etc.) and apparently can be used from ...
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1answer
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Why are Gatwick's runways too close together?

Gatwick Airport has two runways (08L/26R and 08R/26L), but they are only 200 metres apart - too close (by just ten metres) to allow simultaneous operations on both runways. As a result, usually only ...
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Why don't short runways use ramps for takeoff?

Say you had a runway for light aircraft, but only 700 meters or so of runway. Wouldn't it help to end the runway with a ramp that is ~40 meters above ground and slightly facing the sky at a gradient ...
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How are parallel runways named if there are more than 2 or 3? [duplicate]

I know that it's very common for runways to have a parallel neighbor, and they're normally called left and right. I have also seen some runways called "center" if there are three parallel runways. ...
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What's the relation between speed of an aircraft and takeoff distance?

I'm making a tool that when given : weight of aircraft , takeoff speed , runway length and some other parameters , it analysis the takeoff performance and states whether using the brakes now is safe ...
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How does the runway number relates to Magnetic Heding/Course? [duplicate]

I know that runway numbers correspond to Magnetic North, how does it relate to Magnetic Course/heading? Can we say that the runway number is equivalent to Magnetic heading?
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Why do airports remove/realign runways?

When looking at Google Earth, I often find myself looking for airports. I often notice that no matter what size airport, over time many of them have abandoned old runways and built new runways in ...
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1answer
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Why did this aircraft take off in the opposite direction compared to the one used by other flights right before/after it?

I recently took a weekend trip to Naples and went to admire the city from above at the Certosa di San Martino panoramic viewpoint which, it turned out, was also offering a distant view at NAP ...
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What does an “X” at only one end of the runway mean?

I came across aerial imagery of a dirt strip in northern Idaho with a white "X" at one end of the runway, but no markings at the other. Does this mean the runway is only closed in one direction, or ...
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Why is one of Madera Municipal's runways labelled with only “R” on both sides?

I was looking on Google Maps satellite view and noticed Madera Municipal Airport in Madera, CA (ICAO KMAE) has an east-west runway labelled with nothing but the letter "R" on both sides. There is no ...
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Are grass strips more dangerous than tarmac?

There are a couple of flight schools near me. One is at a large airport, they use Piper Tomahawks primarily to teach. Naturally, they use well maintained, tarmac runways to takeoff and land. This ...
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What are the slash markings on Gatwick's 08R/26L?

Google Earth @ 51°08'52.24" N 0°11'35.71" W The markings are at 100 m intervals, to one side only of the centerline. They're also lighted as seen below. They are missing from the ICAO aerodrome ...
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Are runways booked by airlines to land their planes?

Suppose Indigo lands at Indira Gandhi international airport and the arrival is schedule at 5:30 a.m. Is the runway to land on fixed by the airline. If not please explain reason behind not to schedule ...
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1answer
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Are there regulations on building homes at the end of a runway?

I live next to a golf course (Butter Valley Golf Port) in Bally PA that has a paved single engine air strip that runs through a portion of the course. Off the end of the runway (in one direction) ...
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How can pilots obtain runway length information for airports that do not appear in the chart supplement?

How can pilots obtain official runway length information for airports that do not appear in the chart supplement such as private airports?
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What are these protuberances on the north edge of runway 10/28 at Mataveri?

The single runway (10/28) at Mataveri International Airport (IPC/SCIP) on Rapa Nui1 has (at least according to Google Maps) a few paved protuberances emanating from partway down its northern edge ...

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