Questions tagged [runways]

A runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft" (ICAO definition).

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1answer
131 views

What does this indication of '10∼15 degree' that points toward the both edge of runway means?

While I study FAR AIM, 2-1-1 approach light system, I saw this indication (on the left side) that I couldn't guess what it tried to demonstrate. It seems like runway end identifier lights, but I can'...
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How Does the FAA Define the Dimensions of the Touchdown Zone?

Does the FAA give a regulatory definition of the term "Touchdown Zone" for use within the context of landing operations? In 14 CFR 91.175 the FAA requires—in certain cases—that pilots must be in a ...
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What is the area between the taxiway and runway shown in the picture below?

Is this the Arresting area? I'm not too sure what you call this area
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Why can't some airports handle heavy aircraft while others do it easily (same runway length)?

As I've seen in this video, they operate flights from Bournemouth airport all the way to Barbados on a Boeing 787-8. As Bournemouth runway length is 2,271 m (7,451 ft), it can handle aircraft such as ...
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Can two aircraft be allowed to stay on the same runway at the same time?

My understanding is that the runway should always be cleared, and occupied by no more than a single aircraft for takeoff and/or landing at any given time. Is there any scenario in which ATC can ...
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What will be the immediate action by the pilot and ATC if any plane blocks the runway while landing?

Suppose, if the Airport has only one runway and one plane is trying to take off at the end of the runway and other plane trying to land from the other end of the runway. Due to any reason if the ...
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How many US airports have 4 or more parallel runways?

Which airports in the US have four or more parallel runways? How many are planning additions in the next 5 years? A few years back, 10 years, Charlotte opened their 3rd parallel runway and it was ...
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126 views

Why can some runways only be used from one end?

Is there any reason for why some runways can only be landed and taken off from one end and not the other, even though there aren't any obstructions (mountains, etc.) and apparently can be used from ...
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Why are Gatwick's runways too close together?

Gatwick Airport has two runways (08L/26R and 08R/26L), but they are only 200 metres apart - too close (by just ten metres) to allow simultaneous operations on both runways. As a result, usually only ...
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Why don't short runways use ramps for takeoff?

Say you had a runway for light aircraft, but only 700 meters or so of runway. Wouldn't it help to end the runway with a ramp that is ~40 meters above ground and slightly facing the sky at a gradient ...
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How are parallel runways named if there are more than 2 or 3? [duplicate]

I know that it's very common for runways to have a parallel neighbor, and they're normally called left and right. I have also seen some runways called "center" if there are three parallel runways. ...
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What's the relation between speed of an aircraft and takeoff distance?

I'm making a tool that when given : weight of aircraft , takeoff speed , runway length and some other parameters , it analysis the takeoff performance and states whether using the brakes now is safe ...
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How does the runway number relates to Magnetic Heding/Course? [duplicate]

I know that runway numbers correspond to Magnetic North, how does it relate to Magnetic Course/heading? Can we say that the runway number is equivalent to Magnetic heading?
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Why do airports remove/realign runways?

When looking at Google Earth, I often find myself looking for airports. I often notice that no matter what size airport, over time many of them have abandoned old runways and built new runways in ...
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Why did this aircraft take off in the opposite direction compared to the one used by other flights right before/after it?

I recently took a weekend trip to Naples and went to admire the city from above at the Certosa di San Martino panoramic viewpoint which, it turned out, was also offering a distant view at NAP ...
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What does an “X” at only one end of the runway mean?

I came across aerial imagery of a dirt strip in northern Idaho with a white "X" at one end of the runway, but no markings at the other. Does this mean the runway is only closed in one direction, or ...
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Why is one of Madera Municipal's runways labelled with only “R” on both sides?

I was looking on Google Maps satellite view and noticed Madera Municipal Airport in Madera, CA (ICAO KMAE) has an east-west runway labelled with nothing but the letter "R" on both sides. There is no ...
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Are grass strips more dangerous than tarmac?

There are a couple of flight schools near me. One is at a large airport, they use Piper Tomahawks primarily to teach. Naturally, they use well maintained, tarmac runways to takeoff and land. This ...
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What are the slash markings on Gatwick's 08R/26L?

Google Earth @ 51°08'52.24" N 0°11'35.71" W The markings are at 100 m intervals, to one side only of the centerline. They're also lighted as seen below. They are missing from the ICAO aerodrome ...
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Are runways booked by airlines to land their planes?

Suppose Indigo lands at Indira Gandhi international airport and the arrival is schedule at 5:30 a.m. Is the runway to land on fixed by the airline. If not please explain reason behind not to schedule ...
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Are there regulations on building homes at the end of a runway?

I live next to a golf course (Butter Valley Golf Port) in Bally PA that has a paved single engine air strip that runs through a portion of the course. Off the end of the runway (in one direction) ...
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155 views

How can pilots obtain runway length information for airports that do not appear in the chart supplement?

How can pilots obtain official runway length information for airports that do not appear in the chart supplement such as private airports?
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What are these protuberances on the north edge of runway 10/28 at Mataveri?

The single runway (10/28) at Mataveri International Airport (IPC/SCIP) on Rapa Nui1 has (at least according to Google Maps) a few paved protuberances emanating from partway down its northern edge ...
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Shouldn't there be ATIS/sign information on sloped up runways?

I landed on Catalina island runway 22 last Saturday after the installation of a new concrete runway. To make it easier for heavyweight planes to land and after a short roll stop, they have made the ...
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Where do LAX commercial cargo planes land/take off?

At the Los Angeles airport, do commercial freight planes such as a 777F, 737F etc. take off near the Lufthansa / FedEx / DHL cargo areas from the 25L /25R runways towards the ocean ? Do they land in ...
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Why are runway lights always on?

By driving often near my local airport, I deduced that runway lights are kept always on as soon as the day light or weather conditions require it. I also suppose that it comes from safety reasons ...
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How did this Vampire's takeoff damage the runway so much?

This appears to be real, but, what's the cause? Aircraft is a DeHavilland Vampire on takeoff from a small airfield, but the runway's surface disintegrates from jet blast Full file at https://i.imgur....
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Minimum runway width for SSC Stratolauch

What is the minimum runway width for the Scaled Composites Stratolaunch vehicle? 1? Is this determined by the separation between its fuselages (and thus undercarriages), or its outer engines (to ...
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496 views

Why is there conflicting nomenclature for the 1,000 ft runway markings?

The two thick solid lines on runways at 1,000 ft from the end of the threshold are called "fixed-distance markers" in some documentation, and in others, it is called the "touchdown zone marker". Are ...
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How is The Published Runway Touchdown Zone Elevation Decided?

The touchdown zone of a runway can be up to 3,000 feet long if the information I have is accurate. How is the published Touchdown Zone Elevation determined? Is it the center, an average of the ...
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257 views

Do 'threshold' and 'end of the runway' mean the same thing?

While I studied aviation, I got confused by these two words. Can anybody explain whether they're the same or not, and if not, what is the difference?
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Berlin Tegel periodic runway direction switch [duplicate]

If you live in Berlin it's very easy to see airplanes approaching Tegel airport; sometimes you can see them approaching from East for a month and then suddenly approaching from West before switching ...
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What factors made my flight land at runway 02 in El Prat?

Aircraft normally land at Barcelona's El Prat airport using either of the 25 runways, along a flight path hugging the coast, with a flip to the 07 orientation generally associated with bad weather. ...
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Why isn't KTEX's runway designation 10/28 instead of 9/27?

Why is the marking on the runway written as (9/27) Telluride (KTEX), Colorado, USA. whereas the direction is 284 degrees? Shouldn't it be (10/28) instead?
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When and why was runway 07/25 at Kai Tak removed?

Wikipedia states that Kai Tak Airport in Hong Kong originally had two runways, both built under Japanese occupation during World War II: ... In 1942, the Japanese army expanded Kai Tak, using many ...
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What are the pros and cons of practising figure-eight landings on perpendicular runways?

This is just a gee-whiz question, I have no intention of doing this nor am I trying to get anyone's blessing on this. Part of remaining current to legally take passengers up in a plane is having 3 ...
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Why is the TORA of 27R not the same as the TORA of 09L?

09L and 27R are the same runway but just in opposite directions. I've drawn out a diagram and for some reason the TORA for 27R is 18m less? Where has that 18m disappeared? I've been trying to work out ...
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How do I get an FAA okay for a private runway?

The county I'd like to put a private runway (for my use only) in doesn't require any special permits because the property is zoned Agricultural, BUT they do require some form of acknowledgement from ...
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What prevents the use of an EMAS along the sides of a runway?

The NTSB report about the crash of American Airlines Flight 1420 discusses whether an EMAS would have mitigated the severity of the accident, but concludes, based on testimony from a representative of ...
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158 views

Is there a way for passengers to know which runways their flight will use?

When I fly, I like to see the airport when I take off and land. Is there a way I can know, in advance, which runway the plane is likely to depart/arrive from so I know which side of the plane to sit ...
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Do any airports have runways or taxiways that cross active rail lines at grade?

Gibraltar has a runway which crosses an active road at grade (which, due to the peninsula’s geography and the resulting constraints on the airport’s location, happens to be the main road connecting ...
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Why do heavy departures wait 5-10 minutes on the runway at ZRH?

I'm frequently travelling to Zürich for business and I usually make my schedule so that I have at least an hour to do some planespotting and photographing at the ZRH airport. Whenever I came to the ...
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Why aren't runway numbers painted in a higher aspect ratio?

I'm watching a lot of aviation youtube channels and it seems to me that when attempting a landing on a "normal" glide path, it must be quite hard to read the runway numbers until you're on short final,...
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Why not make the touchdown zone of runways wider than the rest?

Reasons: Save money by making the rest of the runway narrower Larger margin of error left and right Easier to turn around, if necessary And if the reason that it isn't done is merely for regulation/...
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Are there differences between the runway lighting on a land runway and on an aircraft carrier?

How are the lights on aircraft carriers placed and are there differences to the color/position/number of lights at normal airports?
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Are tritium runway lights widespread in remote areas?

There was some interest in the 80s and 90s in providing runways in remote areas with tritium lighting (which requires no external power, since the radioactive decay in a sample of tritium gas induces ...
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Can pilots choose runway and landing direction?

Pilots normally receive landing clearance for a specific runway assigned by ATC. Absent an emergency, can pilots of commercial flights (depending on the wind conditions for example) choose a ...
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209 views

Can I land on an abandoned runway in California?

Can a private pilot land on an abandoned runway in southern California's remote areas? There are a few unpaved runways near scenic hillsides, ideal for camping or swimming.
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Does the use of a turboclair system come with operational restrictions due to possible turbulence?

A turboclair system basically consisted of jet engines used to warm the air around the runway and dissipate the fog. I understand that better visibility due to less fog allows less-well-equipped ...
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119 views

Is it possible for one runway to have a different TORA in each direction?

Is it possible that TORA is not the same for both directions on a single runway?