Questions tagged [piston-engine]

Piston (reciprocating) aircraft engines are internal combustion engines, similar to the type found in most automobiles. They are typically gasoline powered.

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3answers
117 views

Does throttle equal power on a turbocharged piston engine?

On a normal piston engine powered airplane, throttle equals power. If I set the throttle to 50 %, I will get 50 % of the power the engine can develop at the current altitude, temperature, etc. In a ...
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Does a diesel piston engine's power decrease more slowly with altitude than with an AVGAS engine?

I have a power-altitude curve of the Austro Engine AE-300 provided by manufacturer and I don't know the reason why power decrease lower than other engines. The curve is in the end of the pdf in this ...
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0answers
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How does the pressure distribution at the blades of a radial turbocharger look like?

Consider a piston engine equipped with a turbocharger. In the turbine section of the turbocharger, the pressurized exhaust airflow comes from the center (radially) to the blades, then changes ...
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1answer
35 views

Why oil pressure decreases when coarsen the pitch during run-up?

During run-up checks, we set the Throttle such a manner that RPM IS 2000 then we do run-up checks Magneto check 2.prop check Notice RPM drop MAP increases Oil pressure decreases Why does MAP ...
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2answers
117 views

What is vapor lock?

Vapor lock occurs in piston engines especially during summers.. before starting engine we prime it and the engine starts but as soon as we reduce it to near idle or just above idle, engine tends to ...
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1answer
89 views

Why does RPM increase when you lean the mixture in constant speed propeller engine? [duplicate]

In constant speed propeller aircraft like Diamond star DA-40, during run-up checks the AFM mentioned to increase throttle to increase RPM to 2000 and then do magneto check then rpm check then mixture ...
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1answer
195 views

How much drag is actually caused by open cowl flaps?

I am modelling the Cessna 210 for FlightGear, which has cowl flaps. I want the model to be as realistic as possible, and so, I want to know: how much drag do cowl flaps produce ? I could not find any ...
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Engine Bearings Damage in Radial Engines

Studying the P47's dive performance in DCS, I noticed how it's easy to damage the engine bearings if you windmill the prop at high speed. Doing some research, I discovered that all radial engines are ...
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6answers
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Why have propeller engines never been mounted on the tail in production transport aircraft?

Recently, Embraer teased this concept. Unlike jet engines, I have never heard of a production airliner or executive aircraft that mounted propellers on the tail like this. From the source: the new ...
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1answer
245 views

What is the metal sheet in front of the engine called on a Cessna 182 or similar?

I need to know the name of that metal sheet covering the front of the engine in small Cessnas (specifically the Cessna 182), just behind the propeller. I mean the one where the cowl plugs are put into:...
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1answer
80 views

BHP increases with Altitude

Searching on internet, I found some performance charts of the Merlin Engine BHP output: As you can see there is an increase in BHP,(mainting a constant Boost Setting), until reaching the critical ...
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1answer
104 views

Why is the RPM limit on a Lycoming IO-540 different in the -C and -D versions?

On a Lycoming IO-540, it seems there is a Max RPM difference between the -C and -D versions (and thus a max HP difference too). Does anybody know what is different in the engines that causes this, or ...
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Can I assume that AVGAS can be used without any problem when the engine manual suggests RON 95 or higher?

Can AVGAS 100 LL be used without any problem in Rotax 912i engine which suggests a fuel with RON 95 or higher? What would be the advantages of using AVGAS over unleaded RON 95 gasoline?
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Are there any spark plug modifications that prevent fouling?

Today, the plane I had, failed the Run up because the magneto test failed. One of the spark plugs fouled out. Other than making sure the engine is properly leaned out (even then spark plugs in a plane ...
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2answers
107 views

Why is a reciprocating engine air intake a reverse bell shape? [duplicate]

Why would this inlet for the induction system get wider as the air approaches the filter? What net effect does this have on intake pressure, and how would an inlet that starts wide and then narrows ...
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Why does using carburetor heat increase fuel consumption?

As written above, why does using carburetor heat increase fuel consumption? Because I found such information in a few SOPs for piston airplanes and I do not understand why does it happen
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1answer
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What is the proper procedure for a piston engine fire on the ground (e.g. during engine starting)?

I am wondering what is the correct sequence of action if there is a fire e.g. during engine starting. Of course I know that there are emergency procedures in each AFM and every single plane is ...
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0answers
130 views

Was Stringfellow's 1848-1868 motor a revolutionary aviation engine or just a useless low efficiency toy which never powered a flying model plane? [closed]

I took a look at the 1848 Stringfellow's aviation steam engine and I do not really understand how it was capable to power a model plane in horizontal flight as long as the motor itself was just an ...
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1answer
178 views

Can a single seater airplane fly with 50 lbs of thrust

An airplane with 10 sq meters of wing five meters fuselage and including one person. can it fly with 50 lbs of thrust? And the max weight is 400 lbs
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1answer
79 views

Can we get 0:40 thrust to weight ratio from three small engines

Because I have an engine of 13 hp four stroke 1 cylinder that pulls about 0:20 T/W ratio. and is it possible to multiply the thrust by two? Using two more small engines which is 6.5 hp each on the ...
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1answer
262 views

Why not use the engine of a model aircraft for other purpose?

I was reading the DLE-120 engine User Manual and saw this sentence: This engine was designed for use in a model aircraft. Do not attempt to use it for any other purpose. Why? Why not use the engine ...
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3answers
357 views

Why don't all cylinders have priming lines?

Questions about the primer for carburetor engines. Why does the primer only spray fuel to three (sometimes just one) of four cylinders. (Like Piper Cherokee or Seminole) And is it true that priming ...
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1answer
110 views

Are return springs on a carburetor throttle mandatory or not?

In many GA aeroplanes throttle control is connected mechanically to the throttle of carburetor via a cable. I read in some AFMs that in case of a cable failure, return springs will open the throttle ...
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1answer
108 views

What's for the "smoke fittings" in this muffler?

Just was reading this manaul => DLE-120 engine User Manual In this page (pg 4), saw this part: What's for the "smoke fittings" or "fuel tubing"in this muffler?
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1answer
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What does "spark plugs appear yellow at the ignition point" mean?

I was reading the DLE-120 engine User Manual and saw this paragraph: Caution: Running the engine with a lean fuel mixture will cause the engine to overheat and burn the electrode of the spark plugs. ...
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2answers
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What does this formulation mean?

Just was reading this manual => DLE-120 engine User Manual On this page (pg 4), I saw this formulation: What does it mean? How is the 30:1 ratio calculated? What does "fl oz" mean? What ...
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1answer
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Why do propellors have white markings on their tips? [duplicate]

Why do propellors have white markings on their tips? Here are a couple of examples:
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Why can't you turn off GA aircraft like a car? [duplicate]

The Cessna 172S Aircraft Flight Manual states the following for securing airplane after commencing a flight: SECURING AIRPLANE Parking Brake -- SET. Electrical Equipment, Autopilot (if installed) -- ...
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3answers
207 views

Why do we take off with maximum power settings?

In most GA prop airplanes, take-off is executed with full throttle and high rpm. The usual reasoning is that this way, we leave the first few hundred feet, where failures are most severe, behind as ...
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1answer
1k views

Identify this USAAF biplane

I have been unable to match this USAAF biplane with a similar photo mainly due to the cockpit canopy. I've found no other like it. I believe the photo was taken at Madison, WI or Chicago, IL in the ...
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2answers
175 views

Whenever I hear a plane throttling down quickly, what is happening visually?

I am completely blind and have heard this several times when I was at air shows. Then my friend sent me this recording of a crop duster spraying the fields, and I heard the same type of sound. It ...
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1answer
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Can coaxial rotors be mounted on a piston engine like the Lycoming O-320?

What are the drawbacks of this compared to coaxial configuration with a turboshaft engine?
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Why is the maximum endurance for a piston aircraft at sea level?

The Canadian Flight Training Manual stated this when talking about maximum endurance: For reciprocating engines, maximum endurance is achieved at sea level. The book does not explain further as to ...
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1answer
63 views

Does a constant speed prop deliver max speed at max manifold pressure and max RPM?

I was reading a discussion in flight simulator forum and I found this statement: Ignoring the issue of engine overheating, max MAP and max RPM is the best thing for max speed Do you agree with that? ...
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2answers
185 views

Why do different manufacturers recommend different throttle settings at startup?

I was wondering why different engine manufactures recommend different throttle openings before engine start? On many Pipers 1/4 Inch is recommended while the Cessna 172N recommends 1/8 Inch and the ...
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1answer
256 views

Why do we lean the mixture in a turbocharged airplane (C182T)?

An increase in Altitude will result in a decrease of atmospheric pressure -1 in. Hg. / 1000ft (ISA conditions), but with a turbocharged airplane it will keep the pressure constant (+/- MSL pressure) ...
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1answer
922 views

What are advantages and disadvantages of Rotax and Lycoming engine designs?

I am wondering what are advantages and disadvantages of these two designs, e.g. Rotax 912 vs Lycoming O-235, compared to each other. At first glance they are pretty similar (both are 4-cylinder, ...
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2answers
133 views

What is the physical difference between an airplane having let's say 150 horsepower to an airplane having 250 horsepower?

I was wondering what defines horsepower in an airplane piston engine and how can it be changed?, is horsepower changing during flight?
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What happens if you put too much oil into a reciprocating engine wet sump?

Apparently putting too much oil into your airplane engine is really bad and can be expensive but why? Will the excess oil go out via the oil breather,... ? Thank you
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How much do propellers stutter?

A photo in EAA's monthly magazine shows one propeller blade as a dozen distinct images rather than the usual smooth motion blur. One explanation (this answer appears to have been deleted) for this is ...
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4answers
318 views

Why would a turboprop be better than an internal combustion engine for a UAV?

Let us consider a UAV, long endurance high altitude (~26,000ft). Why would a user (most probably military) go for a turboprop rather than an internal combustion engine?
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337 views

What are the reasons for this radial piston engine shut down procedure?

In a radial piston engine, before the engine is shut down the rpm is brought to a considerable high power setting of approximately 1950 rpm. This is to burn the unburnt carbon in the spark plugs. Are ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does exhaust flow inwards through a radial turbocharger?

In a radial compressor, the air enters centrally and passes outwards, aided by centrifugal force. But, as the diagram shows, in piston-engine superchargers the driving exhaust gas flows inwards ...
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2answers
762 views

What can cause the engine temperature to be high in piston engines?

What can cause the engine temperature to be high in piston engine aircraft?
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2answers
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Starting on the left magneto only - why?

I had been flying a PA-28 Archer III for quite a few months before I sat down to properly read through the POH. Something stood out to me about the starting procedure (emphasis mine) Open the ...
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1answer
147 views

What is the problem if the temperature of the oil and heads of cylinders is too high?

What is the problem if the temperature of the oil and heads of cylinders is too high? What's the fault in piston engines?
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3answers
2k views

Can the plane Celera 500L be eight times more fuel efficient than a jet of similar size and capacity?

Celera 500L (see Otto Aviation site for more details) is a plane with a single propeller powered by a piston diesel engine. The constructor claims it is 8 times more fuel efficient than a jet of about ...
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1answer
168 views

Is there a standard on-board diagnostics protocol for FADEC aviation piston engines?

Almost any car engine manufactured since 1997 will have on-board diagnostics, either the OBD1 or more recently the OBD2 standard which provides a standard for protocols, standard message codes and a ...
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1answer
679 views

What is the difference between Full Throttle Height and Critical Altitude?

My understanding is that "critical altitude" is the density altitude at which the wastegate on a turbocharged engine is fully closed, so any climb will result in a decrease in manifold ...
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1answer
144 views

Why am I getting unusually high CHT on ground operations on one engine in a Seneca II?

Aircraft had sat for 3 months, and on startup the right engine CHT (Cylinder Head Temperature) was climbing noticeably higher than the left. After taxiing and run up CHT was near top of green. Redline ...

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