Questions tagged [turboprop]

A turboprop engine is a type of turbine engine which drives an aircraft propeller to produce thrust (as opposed to a jet engine, where the turbine exhaust provides thrust directly).

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Why is the generator turned back off for starting the second engine on a King Air?

The engine start procedure for the Beechcraft King Air B200 says (emphasis mine): Right Ignition and Engine Start Switch – ON [R FUEL PRESS] annunciator – OFF Right Condition Lever – LOW IDLE (...
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Would jet fuel for an F-16 or F-35 be producible during WW2?

I understand that different types of engines use different types of fuel, and as the description of the [jet] tag says, turboprops and jet engines use different types of fuel. So if – like in the ...
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Why use turbofan engines for high altitude flight?

I noticed that a lot of high altitude aircraft have turbofans for engines. So I researched and figured out that turboprop engines are more efficient. But most high altitude aircraft like the Global ...
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Why can't turbojets or turbofans be overtemped or overtorqued the way turboprops can?

Turboprops that aren't FADEC controlled can be overtorqued or overtemped if the power lever is moved too far forward yet I have never heard of a jet that can't be "firewalled", FADEC or not. Why is ...
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How heavy are turbofan and turboprop propeller blades?

How heavy are the blades from Turbofan (CFM56-5B, RRTrent800, PW4062A) and Turboprop (PW127M) engines? Is there a general appromixation like $$ m_\mathrm{Fan} = 0.1 \times m_\mathrm{Turbine} $$ ...
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PT-6 Starting problems - PT6A - 67B, installed on a PC12

we are having trouble starting our PC12. After introducing fuel at stabilized 13% ng, the engine spools up very slowly - it takes forever to get through 20, 30, 40%ng. We've had several hung starts, ...
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turboprop thrust relative to the jet's propulsion [duplicate]

What is the thrust ratio in a turboprop between propeller and its jet exhaust, and is the jet exhaust necessary for flight? Once the turbines are spinning, it seems the exhaust is waste product. This ...
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Turboprop vs turbofan (in regional aircraft)

I'm trying to figure out WHY turboprops are more efficient at lower altitudes and airspeed, while turbofans are better at faster speeds and higher altitude. Simplistically, my explanation is the ...
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Do a turboprop’s compressor and turbine rotors windmill when the engine is shut down and feathered?

If a jet engine is shut down in flight, it continues to turn due to the aircraft’s forward motion forcing air through the engine, causing it to “windmill” in the airflow. Is this also true for ...
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How does propellers' pitch change during the use of reverse thrust in turboprop/propfan propelled planes?

Which way do proplellers turn during the use of reverse thrust in turboprop/propfan propelled planes: A) Do the leading and trailing edges of propellers remain the same or... B) Do the propellers ...
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why are turboprop/turboshaft engines rated only in horsepower and never in ft-lbs of torque like diesel engines or electric motors?

I realize torque and horsepower are essentially the same measurement since horsepower is simply torque over time. But I'm curious as to why diesel engines or electric motors always provide torque ...
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Why do we refer to “power” for turboprop engines and “thrust” for turbojet/fan engines?

In jet engines, I read that thrust is related to the fuel flow rate, whereas in turboprop engines power produced is related to the fuel flow rate. What is the reason and brief math behind this?
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How to compare turboprop engines and with which values?

I have found this website that lists a lot of turboprop engines. I would like to compare them with as few values as possible. As an example, there are tons of different values that describe a jet ...
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Are turboprops less safe then jets?

On a recent trip to an airport, I noticed a large number of Bombardier Dash 8s. I wanted to know - are turboprops less safe than traditional jets like the 737 or A320? For instance, I would imagine ...
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Why aren't there any widebody propliners for the high-density short-haul markets?

Jetliners come in both narrowbody (one aisle) and widebody (two or more aisles) versions, but all propliners, to the best of my knowledge, are narrowbody aircraft. Now, granted, one of the big ...
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Why would a turboprop rev down just before going full throttle during takeoff?

The only turbprop I've travelled is the ATR 72. I've noticed that the props' rev go down (for like a second, the sound also goes down) just before engaging full throttle in order to takeoff. I've ...
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How does the load transfer from a prop to the airframe?

I was just watching this video... Restoration and startup of a Wright 1820 Cyclone ...and it got me thinking: a propeller shoves back air, and this creates a forward force on the prop. The prop ...
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Where should I find a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6 operator's manual?

I'm studying the PT6 in detail but the infos I get around the web are sometimes lacking in depth of informations. I'm pretty much interested in the power curve vs RPM of this engine. Where should I be ...
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Why is there still a preference for turboprop airliners over the new regional jets? [duplicate]

In the 1950s and in the early 1960s, jets were mostly available as fighter/military or big, long haul aircraft. Regional aviation was based primarily on piston aircraft that could operate in smaller ...
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In a pusher configuration with turboprop(s), how is the superhot exhaust avoided?

I actually looked around for turboprops in a pusher configuration, and so far I only found one: P180 Avanti. You can see the propellers are behind the turbine, and in fact it looks like two exhaust ...
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Why are turboprop intakes placed below the propeller?

On many turboprop aircraft, such as the A400M and the ATR 72, it seems that the air intake tends to be placed below the propeller (images: Wikipedia): source source Given that mounting the intake ...
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How long does it take for a propeller engine to spool-up?

To build further upon the question Why does a turboprop lag?, the following: Assuming a propeller engine is running in idle and the throttle lever is switched to full thrust instantaneously at t = 0 ...
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Is it incorrect to refer to a C-130 as a jet?

In this article by CNN, the C-130 involved in the unfortunate crash in Savannah, GA is referred to as a "jet." Is this considered proper usage? I'm not looking for public opinion here but official ...
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What do these explanations for propellor RPM increases mean?

I have read in a book that if the engine RPM increases while descending, the probable causes are: Engine transfer bearing leaking excessively Excessive friction in blade bearings I am not able to ...
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What could cause an engine shutdown on a Q400 with CDS codes 732, 907, 915 and 938?

A Bombardier Q400 displays error code 938 on the Central Diagnostics System(CDS), which is attributed to turbomachinery chip detector. An examination shows debris in the detector hitch which is ...
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Why is the first turbine in a turboprop (or turboshaft) connected to the compressor?

Typically the first turbine after the combustion chamber drives the compressor as shown in this picture. (wikimedia.org) This first turbine spins the fastest and harvests the most energy from the ...
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FADEC or EEC for PT6-42A…is it feasible?

In a response to a You-tube clip showcasing Piper's M600 single turbo prop, a viewer dismissed it as an inferior engine compared to a GE (probably an H-80 series) due to lack of FADEC or Electronic ...
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Is a turboprop or a turbofan more eco-friendly?

If we compare them, which one wins? Why? And, what about CO2 emissions?
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How do the compressor stages keep spinning after start in a free turbine?

In a ‘free’ (or uncoupled) turbine engine (specifically the Rolls Royce C20-250), what is spinning the compressor blades (N1) after start? It can’t be N2, because it’s a free turbine. I don’t think ...
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What is NH overspeed test and how it is preformed on DHC Q400 aircraft?

In the Aeroplane Operating Manual of DHC Q400 aircraft it is written that, at the time of normal engine shutdown, the engine system tests the NH overspeed circuitry by using it to shutdown the engine. ...
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Why were turbojets the first kind of turbo-engines, instead of turboprops?

During WW2, the first jet engines appeared en mass in combat aircraft. Britain and Germany made the first ones. But why were turbojets first? Why not turboprops, which are easier since the turbo-...
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For how long can a single-engine turboprop safely run the engine at idle?

Can a single engine turboprop (such as a Piper Meridian or TBM) allow idling long enough to drop off a passenger or package without shutting down the engine? If so, would the prop be feathered but ...
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What happens when changing the throttle on a PT-6 engine?

Imagine a PT-6 in cruise flight. What would pushing the throttle forward for increased power show on the engine instruments? We know (I assume!) the prop RPM remains constant by varying the pitch, but ...
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How does a turboprop engine keep running during thrust reversal?

For thrust reversal after landing, a turboprop engine reverses blade pitch and blows air forward. But the engine itself requires air flow for the turbine. How can a turboprop engine keep running when ...
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Does the DC-3 have a prop sync?

I'd like to ask if the DC-3 has a prop sync. I found nothing about prop sync in the DC-3 operations manual, in the running specs, design features, or in the chapters about its engine and propeller. I'...
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What prevents miltiary jets and turbo-props from being refitted with a turbofan?

What prevents military jets and turbo-props (such as P-3 Orion) from being refitted with a high bypass turbofan?
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What are the effects of an increase in altitude upon ESHP of a turboprop engine?

This is one of the questions in the ATP material: What effect will an increase in altitude have upon the available equivalent shaft horsepower (ESPH) of a turboprop engine? A) Lower air ...
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How much runway is needed for comfortable operations in a PC-9?

I am familiar with simple single engine props and twins and am thinking of moving up to turboprops like a Soccata TBM 700 or Pilatus PC-9. How much runway do aircraft like these need to operate ...
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Which engine type requires the shortest take-off run: a turboprop or a turbofan?

If two fixed-wing aircraft almost identical except for the engines, one turbofan and one turboprop, which one would need less runway to take off?
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Is the Cirrus SR22T a turbo-prop? Or does in just have a turbocharger?

Is the Cirrus SR22T a turbo-prop? Or does in just have a turbocharger like in a car?
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Could low pressure compressor blades be made of aluminum?

With the compressor blades on a gas turbine, could the low pressure blades be made of aluminum, or would it be catastrophic? Edit: Like the 6061 alloy.
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Is turboshaft fuel efficiency affected by N2 loading?

When using a free power turbine turboshaft, does fuel burn get affected by N2 loading? I am asking as I want to in the future bench test a turboshaft for fuel burn, but I don't know if the loading ...
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What is this on the starboard engine of the Dash 8?

On the inside of the starboard engine of the Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 there is a small aerofoil shaped object* protruding from the casing. There also appears to be pipes protruding from the end of it. ...
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What is the purpose of a reverse-flow orientation for turbo-prop aircraft?

If I decide to utilize a PT6 (ignoring for now the cornucopia of variants) as the turbine engine I will be using on my newly designed turbo-prop aircraft, do I then decide how I will orient the engine ...
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Why are the top speeds for jet engines higher than for propellers?

I realize turbines are more efficient than piston engines, but if that were true, then why don't turbo-props reach jet speeds?
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How does a turboprop engine work? [duplicate]

I don't understand how it works, can someone provide me with details?
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How does this fuel pump work?

This question is about the fuel pump controlled by the hydro-mechanical fuel control unit. This is part of a fuel system for a turboprop engine, described on this page which actually comes from a ...
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How do blade cuffs help cool the engine?

How does the blade cuff (a fairing of suitable airfoil shape used to cover the shanks of propeller blades in order to reduce the aerodynamic losses) help cool the engine?
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What happens when a propeller is placed in beta while feathered?

Could someone explain beta range to me? What happens when we set the throttle control lever to the beta range (reverse thrust) while the propeller blades are in the feathered position? Will the ...
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Why is the bypass ratio of a turboprop higher than turbofan?

Whenever, I come across turboprop, the author always mentions that they have higher bypass ratio than turbofan but no one explains the reason for this. So, is the bypass ratio higher due to higher ...