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Questions tagged [emergency]

An emergency is any situation that threatens the safety of an aircraft, the people on board it, or people on the ground.

19
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3answers
5k views

Does the ditching switch allow an A320 to float indefinitely?

I watched a documentary yesterday about the Hudson River ditching of US Airways Flight 1549. In the documentary, one of the investigators explained that the reason the water was entering so quickly ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

What prevents the use of an EMAS along the sides of a runway?

The NTSB report about the crash of American Airlines Flight 1420 discusses whether an EMAS would have mitigated the severity of the accident, but concludes, based on testimony from a representative of ...
6
votes
1answer
160 views

Why is the 737’s aileron/spoiler authority reduced at low flap settings?

According to the NTSB report on the crash of United Airlines Flight 585, the ability of the 737’s lateral controls (ailerons and flight spoilers) to counteract the rolling forces produced by (say) a ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What is the glide ratio on the CE-S550 Citation S-II?

I couldn't find it in the AFM. Is it different then the square winged citation II?
0
votes
1answer
97 views

What are the differences between the two main brace positions? [duplicate]

Why are there two different brace positions (pictured below) ? (If there is a difference between the official and true reason, please state both. In many planes the reduced seating spacing does not ...
0
votes
1answer
242 views

How to increase your chances of survival in a plane crash? [closed]

More than 90% of plane crashes in recent years had survivors. In America, for example, there were 568 plane crashes between 1983 - 2000: Out of the collective 53487 people onboard, 51207 ...
24
votes
7answers
4k views

What does an absolute novice need to learn to make a successful emergency landing?

Suppose I am a passenger in a small, non-commercial plane (e.g. at most 8 seats), and the pilot suddenly dies or is otherwise incapacitated mid-flight. Suppose further that nobody else on the plane ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

What was wrong with my answers to how to deal with low volt annunciator, and icing, both in IMC/IFR?

I have questions for emergency situation in IMC. I was asked about low volt or icing condition IMC from my school's checker. The checker said "if you see low volt annunciator on PFD how can you deal ...
2
votes
2answers
300 views

Has a passenger or cabin crew member ever flown an airliner?

Is there any documented case, excluding hijacking, where a passenger or cabin crew member had to fly an airliner (hands on yoke/stick) – even if just briefly – due to an emergency (pilot ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

co-pilot incapacitation: land alone or with a passenger-pilot?

Pilots are trained to safely fly the aircraft in case of co-pilot incapacitation: "A commercial aircraft can be landed with one pilot at the control and Delta pilots are fully trained to do so if ...
3
votes
2answers
189 views

What emergencies or failures should I report to ATC? [duplicate]

During a flight, what kinds of emergencies or failures should I report to ATC immediately? For what kind of emergencies or failures am I not required to report them? What is the general rule? Could I ...
3
votes
4answers
301 views

Do airplanes with fixed gear usually turn upside down during water landing?

During discussion about emergency landing on water in this YouTube video (4:00) the flight instructor said: "...the problem with these airplanes with a fixed gear, you're usually going to be ...
0
votes
2answers
211 views

Do any airlines have Braille emergency checklists?

In reading the report into the crash of UPS Flight 6, I noticed that one of the items of feedback from pilots in a simulated inflight-fire scenario utilising a smoke-filled simulator was (page 287 of ...
0
votes
2answers
204 views

How long can ATC operate for without main power? [closed]

This question pertains to large towers at large airports. I'm assuming there is backup power in case of a power cut / power failure. But how long does a typical reserve generator / unit supply power ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

What is in the A320 Smoke and Fume checklist?

What does the "Smoke and Fume Checklist" for the Airbus 320 series look like? Is it a printed item or is it on the ECAM screen?
3
votes
1answer
231 views

When flying in uncontrolled airspace, which ATC frequency should I contact if I have an emergency?

Question 1: If I am flying in uncontrolled airspace and I have an emergency, should I report on 121.5MHz if no ATC is within line of sight communication (which means I cannot hear the ATC and the ATC ...
3
votes
2answers
473 views

With radio not working, why it is more important to stay away from exactly class D airspace?

The instructions how to land when the radio is no longer working state as the first item "stay away from the class D airspace". Why is the class D specifically mentioned in these instructions? How it ...
3
votes
3answers
266 views

When an emergency happens, why do pilots need to stay on the current ATC frequency?

Per the below order, I need to stay with the initial ATC frequency during an emergency, what is the benefit to do so? What if the aircraft entered into the airspace controlled by anther ATC or the ...
6
votes
1answer
820 views

What is the difference between redundancy and fault tolerance?

What is the difference between redundancy and fault tolerance in the context of aviation ?
25
votes
1answer
3k views

What to do if carbon monoxide is present?

Most small, single engine aircraft are fitted with non audible carbon monoxide detectors that turn black if it is present. Carbon monoxide can incapacitate in mere seconds (and kill in minutes) ...
3
votes
1answer
283 views

Why is a plane escorted while in technical difficulties?

In a recent incident, where the pilots of an Embraer 190 lost control and started flying erraticly in Portugal, two fighter jets started escorting the troubled plane after the emergency was declared. ...
2
votes
1answer
396 views

Where to relocate a bomb on a plane to minimize damage?

In a video blog I saw today on the net, an airline Captain said: "if a bomb is found on board in-flight, pilots are trained to relocate it someplace where it would do the least damage" without further ...
2
votes
1answer
371 views

In a Practice Forced Landing (PFL), what are Low Key and High Key and how are their locations determined?

Please explain what are "low key" and "high key" in practice forced landings? Are they any particular locations with respect to the airfield? Are they the same for every aircraft? Will they change ...
2
votes
4answers
256 views

Do you need strong muscles as far as applying the yoke is concerned, in order to be able to deal with some emergencies?

In some of the plane accidents, the pilot had to use all his might to apply the yoke in certain direction to save the plane from imminent crash; in some cases even crew members had to help with the ...
3
votes
2answers
229 views

Is every emergency landing of a commercial flight documented?

A friend told me she was on a Royal Jordanian commercial flight in 2006 that had an emergency and was forced to land in a field in Greece. She said the final destination was supposed to be Italy, ...
-2
votes
2answers
406 views

What components on a fully functional A-380 could fail in mid flight while still allowing the plane to land without loss of life? [closed]

I'm doing some research for a potential fan story in the Dresdenverse. Summary: a passenger is flying for the first time in an A-380. The A-380 is fully functional: it's the first flight after a ...
31
votes
4answers
7k views

What do flight attendants do if a passenger asks what is going on in case of a potential emergency?

This is related to, but not the same as, another question I asked on Interpersonal Skills. I was on a flight last year, on a route I fly on a fairly frequent basis. Shortly after takeoff, I heard the ...
-1
votes
1answer
310 views

What happens if an ATC tower is completely disabled? [duplicate]

What is the procedure for aircraft, if the ATC they were relying on to land, is, in some way, completely disabled? (for example there is a fire that destroys the whole building and all equipment). If ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

On an engine failure, can I contact the tower instead of 121.5?

Let's say I am cruising at a very high altitude with my Cessna, like at 5000ft+ AGL, and I got an engine failure. After going through the checklist, my engine is still not working, but I realized ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Declaring an emergency - protocols for commercial aircraft

I am researching for a book and would like to know how a commercial aircraft would signal that his aircraft has an emergency. Not mechanical or violence, but possible biological contamination. ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Can Anyone Fly A Plane? [duplicate]

Have it ever happened that the flight attendants asked the most wanted and feared question of all flight-simmers out there: "Can Anyone Fly A Plane?" My question is for events when all the pilots was ...
2
votes
1answer
500 views

Should I monitor the emergency frequency (121.5 Mhz) at all times?

When flying on a plane with two or more radios, should I set the second radio to 121.5 at all times? (Assume I'm not using it to listen on other frequencies) I've heard that sometimes when an ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

In an emergency near a remote island is it better to land resulting in the airport closing or ditch in the water?

Consider a landing at a remote island (like Easter Island or perhaps one with a calm lagoon, like YLHI) in which the aircraft is likely to crash and close the airport. (For example a gear-up landing ...
1
vote
3answers
238 views

How to best recover from an excessive descent?

Suppose I found myself in a rapid, steep descent, perhaps right after breaking a spin. E.g. a 60 degree nose down with 100kt and accelerating rapidly, on a Cessna 172. What might be an ideal ...
0
votes
2answers
402 views

Could a civilian aircraft in distress land in Area 51? [duplicate]

Just curiosity, but in case of a real life-threatening emergency (where you can't fly to closest airport or strip), would they (Air Force, military or whoever) allow the plane to land on the Area 51 ...
6
votes
0answers
319 views

Why didn't NWA 85 request/receive fighter jet help with their mysterious rudder failure? [closed]

I recently watched a documentary about the Northwest Airlines Flight 85. The flight experienced a grave rudder malfunction when it was over the Bering Sea and had to turn back for an emergency landing ...
9
votes
3answers
553 views

What are the consequences of falsely and/or unnecessarily declaring an emergency?

I'm curious as to what would happen to a pilot should they falsely declare an emergency to expedite their landing. By 'falsely' or 'unnecessarily' I mean that the hypothetical pilot is not ...
3
votes
2answers
553 views

How do Airbus planes flare in normal operation?

In reading the reports and Sully's comments regarding the flight that was ditched in the famous events of US Airways Flight 1549, I am wondering how the Airbus control system works to flare an ...
13
votes
2answers
4k views

Do pilots reject takeoff if aircraft doors are not properly locked down?

This particular incident, the pilot rejected takeoff "due to a aft door indication". My questions are: Is it a such serious situation so as to reject take-off? If the pilots had taken off, could the ...
7
votes
5answers
549 views

Flying VFR in uncontrolled airspace, what to do if one spots an apparently out-of-control fire on the ground?

Suppose I'm flying VFR in class G (uncontrolled) airspace, monitoring the local CTAF frequency while doing so. Maybe I'm alone in doing circuits around the local airport, or maybe I'm practicing ...
0
votes
1answer
211 views

What is the best glide speed for the DC-3 with 2 engines out?

What is the best glide speed for the DC-3 with 2 engines out? I realize we may consider best speed for ground distance traveled or best for duration - and that weight can be a factor. I can't find ...
2
votes
0answers
164 views

What is happening with the Southwest Airlines fleet of B737s? [closed]

Another Southwest emergency landing today. Engines catching fire, fan blade separations, windshields cracking, resulting in emergency landings, casualties, and one fatality in just the last few ...
3
votes
3answers
317 views

Could a plane land on specialized vehicles if its landing gear failed?

This (fake) video has stirred up a lot of questions online about whether such a scenario would be possible in reality - and the answer to those questions appears to be a resounding "No, that's very ...
6
votes
2answers
246 views

Does MMO (limiting Mach number) assume any maneuvering limits?

This answer to a question about emergency descents notes: [Y]ou can accelerate descents by banking the aircraft into a turn. This allows you to increase angle of attack, thus increasing drag to ...
5
votes
1answer
325 views

About how many aborted takeoffs are there each year in commercial aviation?

Watching this sim of a 777 engine failure on takeoffs got me wondering about RTOs, and how often they occur. The interest was further driven after reading a comment by N1755L that might underline ...
5
votes
3answers
291 views

Does it help to climb in case of a partial engine failure?

When the engines of a airplane show irregularities that do not reduce performance but indicate a possible failure of the engines, is it useful to climb to a higher level, to increase the glide length ...
0
votes
3answers
298 views

Do aircraft automatically send a message to the ground if there is a catastrophic failure?

For example, if there is a engine failure, it will be displayed on EICAS as a CAS message. As per my knowledge, the pilot will initiate the contact with any ground station nearby for guidance to land ...
5
votes
1answer
380 views

Why are emergency water landings the majority of the pre-flight safety briefing if they're so rare?

According to an article published in the New York Daily News a few months after the "Miracle on the Hudson", when US Airways flight 1549 safely landed (watered?) on the Hudson River to the survival of ...
0
votes
1answer
283 views

How can I use a window for an emergency exit?

A survivor of US-Bangla Airlines Flight 211 crash reports exiting out of a broken window. My question is, in case you need to break an airplane window, what is the best way to do that?
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Can regular emergency exits not work after crashlanding?

Live accounts of survivors of Bangla Air 211 mention getting out after breaking windows but not out of the emergency exits. My question is can regular airline exits not work in such cases?