When black-boxes are found, how is the information retrieved from within the data storage? Is there a special kind of device used for this?


2 Answers 2


They send it to the manufacturer (or other lab) who knows how to get the data out.

Old black boxes stored the data on tape which they take out put in a reader and print out the data. Partially damaged tape can still be read, the result will be a data stream with holes in it.

Newer black boxes use solid state storage (like one of those 8gig memory cards). It will be put in a reader to read it out. The exact format of the data will be specific per manufacturer.

Then the analysts will make nice graphs of it for the investigators.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ "other lab" usually includes the relevant local air-accident investigation organisations (e.g. AAIB, BEA) - the recorder manufacturer may only be involved if the normal means of reading the data fail. $\endgroup$ Jan 29, 2015 at 15:23
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ I don't think I've ever heard they would send it to manufacturer. Usually it's either the local air-accident investigation board or they ask one of the major ones (NTSB (USA), BEA (France), MAK (Russia), AAIB (UK)) to do it (usually depending on which country the aircraft was manufactured in as that investigation board is involved anyway). $\endgroup$
    – Jan Hudec
    Jan 29, 2015 at 16:56
  • $\begingroup$ During the investigation of the Garuda Indonesia Flight 200 crash, the FDR had to be sent back to Boeing for data retrieval. $\endgroup$
    – Erich
    Jan 30, 2015 at 1:07
  • $\begingroup$ I didn't realize Boeing made FDRs... $\endgroup$ Mar 16, 2019 at 4:43

If the blackbox is intact, procedures described in other answers would apply. If, however, the data storage device (ssd, tape, etc.) itself is damaged, it will be given to forensic experts such as police criminal unit or other expert group or company that specializes in data recovery. For them it doesn't make much difference that the storage device is in fact an aircraft flight data recorder storage, they handle it in pretty much the same manner as any other device.

Blackbox itself is unimportant, only the data on storage devices is.

  • $\begingroup$ Actually, the NTSB often recovers data from the blackbox. When have they ever used outside experts other than the manufacturer? $\endgroup$ Jan 30, 2015 at 2:52
  • $\begingroup$ World's bigger than the U.S. and NTSB isn't the only investigation authority. $\endgroup$
    – jficz
    Jan 30, 2015 at 7:06

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .