StephenS
  • Member for 3 years, 2 months
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  • KADS/KTKI
Which class B airports support GA?
4 votes

Most* class B airports are surprisingly GA friendly if you are prepared. Martin Pauly has many YouTube videos of flying into class B airports all over the country in his Bonanza. However, there are ...

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Does an IFR flight-plan include the approach?
12 votes

What you’re missing is that DJL8W is a Standard Terminal Arrival Procedure (STAR) to the Paris area. Here is an (out of date) chart: This procedure takes you from DJL to OKIPA, which is an Initial ...

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Why bits are mixed up (interleaved) during ATC transponder mode A and mode C reply format?
Accepted answer
9 votes

Mode 1 transponders only had six bits: A1, A2, A4, B1, B2 and B4, which clearly wasn’t sufficient to identify specific aircraft. Each day, all pilots would be given a common code to squawk when ...

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How should an aviation novice evaluate 'flight experience' or 'flight training' services?
0 votes

You can’t. All you can do is hope the safety regulator is doing its job. Someone with no prior flight training would have no idea what questions to even ask, much less a sound basis by which to judge ...

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Why is it safe flying in a tailwind when taking off is not?
6 votes

“Wind” is simply an air mass moving over the ground. When flying, planes do not experience wind per se because they are flying at a (mostly) fixed speed relative to that air mass. We speak of a “...

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Can a commercial pilot rent an airplane and use it for hire?
4 votes

It doesn’t matter whether the pilot rents, leases or owns the plane; if they are offering “aviation services” to the “general public”, then they are “holding out” and would need an Air Operator ...

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Can I get an EASA class 1 medical if I am red/green color blind?
0 votes

There are several different tests for color blindness. Ishihara plates are the cheapest but notorious for poor accuracy: if you don’t pass (and many people don’t), that isn’t really a failure; it just ...

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Why does the ATIS say "read back all instructions"?
9 votes

Due to the ongoing runway incursion epidemic, US ATC must hear every aircraft read back certain instructions, including callsign. If you don’t read them back correctly, they’re required to repeat the ...

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How do you request a 3D block of airspace to to freely maneuver your privately owned military jet?
2 votes

There is nothing specific to operating a military jet or any other type of aircraft. If you are in class E or G airspace, you can fly VFR and do whatever maneuvers you want without even talking to ATC,...

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Where do countries under international sanctions find spare parts?
Accepted answer
1 votes

In the case of military planes, they could try convincing someone with parts to secretly violate the UN sanctions, which may not be difficult if they have something the other really wants, like cheap ...

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How are range and frequency related in HF communications?
12 votes

Neither or both, depending. Unlike VHF and higher bands, which travel mostly via line of sight and therefore have limited range depending on altitude, HF radio relies on skywave propagation. This ...

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Why are clearing turns supposed to be shallow bank?
Accepted answer
1 votes

Clearing turns solve two problems: seeing other aircraft and helping them to see you. Banking will make you more visible to other aircraft, who may not have noticed you before. A lower bank angle (and ...

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Is it possible to own an F-14 Tomcat?
7 votes

Highly unlikely. There were only two operators of the F-14: the US and Iran. When the US decommissioned theirs in 2006, aside from a few stripped airframes in museums, they were all destroyed to ...

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If an NORDO airplane approaches and attempts a landing on a controlled airport, is that an automatic emergency?
0 votes

In an emergency, everything is legal. If your emergency is a radio failure, then squawk 7600 and ATC will recognize the emergency, clear the airspace around you and use light gun signals to clear you ...

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How does it feel like to be outside a flying airplane?
0 votes

It would be incredibly painful for a minute or so, and then you’d be dead. As others have noted, drag goes goes up with the square of speed, so three times the speed means nine times the drag. If you ...

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Are mode C altitude returns valid for aircraft separation?
2 votes

The IFR-IFR separation standard is 1000ft precisely to accommodate altimeter error. For instance, if the lower aircraft is actually 300ft higher than assigned (5300ft) and the higher aircraft is ...

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Why do NY ARTCC Standard Operation Procedures have different altitude limits than the NY Class B airspace?
1 votes

Airspace class is not the same as airspace ownership. TRACONs own a larger (often far, far larger) chunk of airspace, both horizontally and vertically, than is designated class B/C/TRSA. You can see ...

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When filing a VFR Flight Plan, where/how do you include intent to use a Class B transition?
Accepted answer
9 votes

Since VFR flight plans are only used for SAR, and your route would only matter if you aren’t talking to ATC, I would file the route you intend to take if ATC denies you the B transition—or refuses to ...

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If an airliner turns back midway, how is the route planned?
14 votes

A diversion is a diversion, regardless of whether it is to the nearest airport, back to your origin airport or some other airport that is attractive, which may depend on what sort of facilities are ...

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Low visibility spins and spirals: difficult-to-understand explanation of false perception
39 votes

Your vestibular system can only recognize acceleration. Your brain combines that with visual inputs to produce spatial orientation. (If the two disagree, you may get motion sickness.) When you are in ...

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Will prior hospitalization for alcohol intoxication prevent the issuance of a first class medical cert.?
3 votes

First of all, do not go through with an “exam” at this point. Change it to an “eval” appointment with the AME. The fee will likely be the same, but if you get bad news, it won’t go on your record. ...

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Question about congestion of the 1090MHz frequency
Accepted answer
7 votes

Additionally, there will be more aircraft interrogating (on 1030MHz) and responding to interrogations on 1090MHz for transponder based systems (TCAS, SSR). Actually, no. More Mode S (vs Mode A/C) ...

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Why does it feel like a plane stops in mid-air during approach?
2 votes

Lowering flaps and gear will add significant drag, which causes the plane to decelerate. Your body feels that, but without visual reference to the ground, your brain has no way to know what speed it ...

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During VMC conditions in terminal airspace (class B), does the pilots have to strictly follow separation standards issued by ATC?
0 votes

The only “separation standard[] issued by ATC” is visual separation, and as long as you don’t literally hit the other plane, you have complied with it. The penalty for non-compliance is usually death, ...

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When are pilots required to have approval to conduct practice approaches?
1 votes

If the approach (and published miss, if you plan to use it) is entirely within class E/G airspace, there is no regulation requiring you to contact ATC for approval for practice under VFR. However, ...

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Why do privater jets often fly at or above FL 400, but large commercial aircraft are usually in the range of FL 300 to FL 400?
1 votes

FL360 (plus or minus a bit) is the optimal altitude for fuel efficiency, which is the top priority for airlines. And airliners all fly at roughly the same speed (again, for fuel efficiency), so ATC ...

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Why don’t airplanes use turn signals?
Accepted answer
79 votes

At uncontrolled airports, there is rarely enough traffic for signals to be needed, and pilots should (though are not required to) communicate with each other on CTAF—an option that cars do not have. ...

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Hub-and-spoke networks: fixed and variable costs
Accepted answer
1 votes

The fixed cost problem with the hub and spoke model is mainly due to the need for banked flights to minimize average connection times. Ideally, every plane starts the morning at a spoke and arrives at ...

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Variable versus fixed costs in the airline industry
Accepted answer
3 votes

I’ll address your second question first. I'm fundamentally confused about the distinction between fixed and variable costs. Simply put, variable costs are ones that go away if you cancel a flight (...

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Is a destination airport necessary for cross-country VFR departure clearance?
1 votes

If you only give them a direction of flight, Clearance Delivery will give you a “local” squawk code, and Departure will usually terminate radar services as soon as you exit their class B/C airspace. ...

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