rbp
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Why does only class C airspace have an "outer area"?
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18 votes

The Class C outer area is the airspace surrounding Class C airspace out to 20nm, and from the lower limit of radar coverage to the top of the controller's airspace. The outer area is not charted, ...

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Does Flight Following automatically include permission to fly through class C or D airspace?
8 votes

As per JO 7110.65 ATC, Section 2-1-16 SURFACE AREAS, when you are in contact with ATC, you do not need to specifically ask for authorization to enter a towered service area: b. Coordinate with the ...

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How dangerous was the turbulence on this commercial flight?
12 votes

Turbulence can be caused by a variety of different weather patterns. The one you describe in TX as "an area of dense clouds and lightning so thick that there was no visibility outside the windows" ...

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How do aircraft brake when using skis?
5 votes

Full up elevator and retraction of the flaps increases aerodynamic drag and downforce in the skis, reducing the time and distance required to stop. Seaplanes have the same issue.

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What's an "altitude engine"?
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18 votes

An altitude engine is a type of engine that uses a turbocharger (and less often, a supercharger) to generate sea-level pressure in its intake manifold, up to its critical altitude, at which point ...

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Is it legal to takeoff in a crosswind that exceeds the design limit of my aircraft?
0 votes

The controlling regulation for Part 91 flights is: 91.9 — Civil aircraft flight manual, marking, and placard requirements. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, no person ...

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Are there cases where a double horizontal stabilizer is useful?
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12 votes

The main aerodynamic purpose of the horizontal stab (or certain canards) is to provide longitudinal stability. If the rear wing with the 5th and 6th engine flies "up," like the main wing, then it ...

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How does hovering in ground effect (IGE) reduce drag?
0 votes

An IGE hover, the downwash hits the ground, creating a cushion of air. This cushion of air reduces the amount of power required to remain in the hover, reducing cyclic, and therefore reducing drag.

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Do helicopters need to use yaw pedals to fly a coordinated turn?
3 votes

Coordinated flight means that the airflow over the fuselage flows along the longitudinal axis of the aircraft. The main risk of uncoordinated flight in an airplane is the possibility of entering a ...

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What is the rotor speed of an EC135/H135 helicopter?
2 votes

I don't have an exact answer for the EC135, but in most helis, its somewhere arond 400RPM. Remember that the tips of the rotors cannot go supersonic, so its dependent on rotor diameter

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Why is the Mooney's signature tail profile different from most planes?
1 votes

The Mooney tail plane consists of three parts: vertical stab and L/R horizontal stab. All three are interchanging.

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Can I circle to a different runway if cleared for an instrument approach without circling minimums?
5 votes

In this scenario, you do in fact have two legal options -- although you must decide if they are safe. First, you can cancel IFR when you break out on the approach and switch to SVFR (this was ...

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Why is the VFR traffic pattern area at some airports different from its IFR circling approach area?
1 votes

It’s because of the marine sanctuary. 99% of the time it’s Runway 30, and there are noise abatement procedures (pdf) for the east side traffic pattern as well.

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Is the airspace at KGPT class E or G when the tower is closed?
3 votes

If the chart says its Class G when the tower is closed, they are talking about the surface area ("sfc" in the note), not the overlying airspace.

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Is there a way to obtain real-time METAR data?
1 votes

Although METARs don't provide real-time weather, you can programmatically obtain the current METAR using the ADDS Text Data Server Here's a sample result for KDEN: http://www.aviationweather.gov/...

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How would one define or explain the term "unloading the controls?"
2 votes

When maneuvering the aircraft by deflecting the control surfaces with the stick, the wing with the downward aileron and the tail will generate additional lift, which increases the load on that wing (...

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What's the point of writing on a cockpit window?
38 votes

If you use a grease pencil, it rubs off easily from glass So you can save paper, not have to look down or hunt for the info, it won't fall on the floor, and if it's written in the center of the ...

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Radio communications lost on climb out in IMC: when can I turn on course?
3 votes

Your assumptions are insufficient. If your clearance just states "CLIMB 6000 direct", and there are obstacles along the route, you have been given an incorrect clearance. It should have included ...

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Can an aircraft owner legally replace an oil quick drain valve?
-1 votes

Just replace the drain at the shop in front of the A&P

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Do modern aircraft have the functionality for the pilots to look behind the aircraft?
4 votes

Almost all tow planes have rear view mirrors mounted in them so they can see the glider and the tow rope. You can see mirrors mounted on the cowlings of these Piper Pawnee tow planes.

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How do people suffering from hypoxia not realize they aren't getting enough oxygen?
12 votes

As someone who has experienced hypoxia numerous times, the simple answer is that as you climb at 500-1000fpm into thinner air, the effects are very subtle, and, having compared them with other people, ...

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How should a glider pilot signal turns to the towplane?
8 votes

The glider flying handbook is wrong. The glider signals to the tow pilot by moving to the outside of the turn. We glider pilots have been trying toget the FAA to fix this and many other errors in ...

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What advice would you give a novice pilot on controlling the rudder?
3 votes

Fly a tail wheel airplane from the back seat, even if you don't learn how to land and take off. When you are sitting behind, instead of over the CG, you will feel every uncoordinated turn, and you ...

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How difficult is it to avoid ground loop in practice?
3 votes

I have a few hundred hours of taildrsgger time, both airplanes and gliders. Even though gliders don't have an engine they have to be kept flying straight especially when the tow rope hook is under the ...

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How often do people fly SVFR?
3 votes

Copters fly SVFR more often than fixed-wing for a number of reasons: SVFR minimums are lower (see 91.157), can be done at night, and are not subject to the "NO SVFR" of Part 91 Appendix D Section 3 ...

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What emergency situation can pilots encounter in gliders/non-powered aircraft?
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33 votes

The number one emergency in a glider is a tow rope break at low altitude, less than 200 feet above the ground with no appreciable headwind. Below 200 feet, the proper technique is to land straight ...

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What are the effects of crosswind on takeoff?
1 votes

The upwind aileron is held down in order to keep the crosswind from pushing the airplane downwind. This is called crosswind drift. Usually the aileron begins fully deflected and reduced as it becomes ...

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How did planes measure their speed relative to the ground before GPS?
0 votes

Fly any radial towards a VOR. Turn left 90 degrees until you have intercepted another radial +5 degrees, and time the cross leg. Turn inbound again. Calculate distance from VOR. Fly 6 minutes. Repeat ...

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Can small airplanes dump fuel during flight?
0 votes

the Mooney M20M has a gross take-off weight of 3368, and a gross landing weight of 3200#. Although not designed for fuel dumping, it has a operable valve on the floor of the right seat that is used ...

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Does the Cessna POH state the fuel consumption in Imperial or US Gallons?
Accepted answer
3 votes

The plane was certified with US Gallons. Use those for fuel consumption. The conversion tables are there in case your FBO's fuel pump is calibrated in L or Imp Gal.

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