41

Short Answer A procedure had been established to return from a Transoceanic Abort Landing (TAL) site to the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) using the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA). The maximum weight that could be ferried from Europe was approx. 87,000 kg, so so weight had to be removed from the orbiter prior to being mated. The SCA had a maximum range, unmated, ...


28

Yes, it was possible and NASA had a plan. Enterprise was taken on a European tour in 1983, visiting the UK, France, Germany and Italy. To get there, it crossed the Atlantic on the back of the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (the converted 747). According to Slate, the range of the SCA was about 1,000 nautical miles so it made refuelling stops at Goose Bay and ...


22

It is indeed a C-130A. The large tail numbers indicate it's from the late 50's or early 60's. In the late 60's, the USAF went with smaller numbers forward of the passenger door. Here's a similar a/c image from C-130.net Further searching of the C-130 Aircraft Database shows the only "014" to be be s/n 55-0014. The history shows it was assigned to the 40th ...


18

There is no single "key player". It depends on the task. You need big, long-haul transporters like the C-5 or the An-124 to move large amounts of troop and equipment quickly. This is called strategic airlifting and is done with turbofan-powered aircraft which are similar to airliners. But they need prepared and secured air strips of considerable length (the ...


16

For a transport category airplane with 20 or more seats the minimum aisle width is 15 inches from the floor to a height of 25 inches, and 20 inches width above a height of 25 inches. §25.815 Width of aisle. The passenger aisle width at any point between seats must equal or exceed the values in the following table: 1A narrower width not ...


11

The FAA defines several different types of aircraft, which have different applicable regulations. For fixed-wing aircraft, airworthiness for normal, utility, acrobatic, and commuter categories is covered in Part 23. Note: Seat number excludes pilot seats. Weights are maximum certificated takeoff weights. Normal category Seats: 9 or less Weight: 12,500 lb ...


8

Apparently Yes. From NASA document Space Shuttle Transoceanic Abort Landing (TAL) Sites(emphasis mine): Payloads and/or airborne support equipment will remain onboard the orbiter for the flight back to Kennedy Space Center unless the capability of the shuttle carrier aircraft, landing site location or other requirements dictate otherwise. The document ...


8

The achievable roll rate depends on altitude. At sea level, big aircraft have very low roll rates, because their roll damping is very high due to the large wingspan. Roll damping goes up with the square of the wingspan, whereas the aileron moment grows linearly with wingspan. If the aircraft flies high enough, the roll rate will go up inversely to the ...


7

In the past, the military has contracted a great deal of their airlifting, both of personnel and freight, to commercial carriers. If you include this activity, a number of other airplanes would have to be included, and of these, the 747 would be the workhorse of the group, especially in the 1990s. In addition to regular, ongoing military contracts and ...


7

FAA part §23.157 say that in a takeoff configuration (flaps on takeoff landing gear retracted, speed trimmed at 1.2 $V_{S1}$ or 1.1 $V_{MC}$ whichever is greater) a roll of 30° must be reversible within 5 seconds for a plane of less than 6.000 pounds up to 10 seconds for planes over 12.500 pounds on approach (flaps in landing position, gear extended, speed ...


6

The answer may be that parts were transported the same way A380 parts were transported The A380’s size means its fuselage and wing sections are shipped via a surface transportation network that includes specially-commissioned roll-on roll-off ships to carry these sections from production sites in France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom to the French ...


6

(Source) (af.mil) Early three-bladed version. It's a USAF Lockheed C-130 Hercules. Shown above is the same shiny livery with the painted prop line. The C-130 first flew on 23 August 1954.


5

Answer to the implicit question: Yes, the more recent airliner airfoils are indeed secret. Look for reports like this to see what is out there. Answer to question 1: Try the linked NASA Technical Paper 2969. Answer to question 2: Your viscosity is for sea level. Try to use the value for the tropopause and it will be only ⅓ as large.


4

Manoeuvring loads are well defined, controlled and regulated. The (auto-)pilot induces them, and the quasi-static loads can therefore be fully controlled. Gust loads are sudden impulse loads, producing aeroelastic effects such as high speed buffet. Aero-elasticity, Mach number, wing sweep angle all play a role: the faster the plane flies through the gust, ...


4

Turbulence intensity applies to the air around the aircraft. The sustained load factor applies to the aircraft itself. These are apples and oranges, one cannot be directly compared to the other. In a simple model of a high-G turn, the air remains stationary, and the aircraft increases its lift N times. Thus its wings have to be designed to carry a load of N*...


4

DFW Airport's original train system had cars built to carry mail and luggage. Most of the system was never used because it was slow, and there were worries that it was hard to train employees to interface with it. I would guess that a lot of airports have not tried such as system because their trans are optimized for passengers, so it is faster to just move ...


4

Since June 2011. EASA first proposed a change to CS 25.1322 in NPA 2009-12 (Notice of Proposed Amendment) in November 2009: CS-25 contains a certification specification (CS 25.1322) that dictates the colour of warning, caution, advisory, and other message lights that are installed as annunciation displays in the flight deck. As presently written, CS 25.1322 ...


3

A320 has maximum rate of roll 25°/s (according to this Flight article). And note that since A320 is fly-by-wire with augmented controls, this is not maximum possible with full aileron deflection but what maximum sidestick deflection will command. Depending on speed full deflection may cause higher rate of roll so the limit is achievable across reasonable ...


2

Never heard of any sort of takeoff speed "category" applied to operators in US rules, but we do have rules (in an airline's OpSpecs) for our aircraft that tell us at what min visibility centerline lights are required for takeoff (and landing as well). If an airport were considering investing in Centerline Lights, that recommendation, combined with a little ...


2

A large portion of part 23 was changed at the end of 2016. The utility, acrobatic, and commuter categories will not be used for new certifications. Old aircraft will retain the old category limits used for their certification. In place of the old system the "normal" category now covers up to 19 passengers and 19000 pound gross weight, it is divided into ...


2

Without the M, people would simply confuse the military cargo plane with the civil airliners that Airbus builds (e.g. A320, A380, etc).


1

My question boils down to: how an aircraft can withstand very high momentary forces but not very high sustained forces. From your question one can gather the maximum manuvering load factor has remained the same, and the turbulence intensity for design criteria has almost doubled. How is it possible? Fiber reinforced composites. These materials can ...


1

Few months back, I visited India and landed at their Indira Gandhi International Airport. During my exit, I was about to take the cab to my hotel but then I found their Airport Express Line. So they had this metro service for their passengers and it connects to major parts of New Delhi. Later during my stay there, I found out that Airport metro had a bit ...


1

A pressurized aircraft structure differs from non-pressurised in that the fuselage center area, including the cabin and baggage compartments, are built as a pressure vessel. Except for: strengthened frame and windows forward and aft pressure bulkheads pressurization systems the aircraft structure and design not related to the pressure vessel (like the ...


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