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5

The best you can do is to make the wing loading low. Wing aspect ratio helps, too, and if you look at existing designs, it will be similar to that of gliders and certainly higher than that of airliners or GA airplanes. This answer covers the characteristics which make a high altitude possible and, besides wing loading, mentions the factor $\text{Mach}^2 \...


4

The rearward shifting center of pressure in the transonic regime is the culprit, which messes with the balance, though there seems to be workarounds: [...] the rearward shift in center of pressure at transonic speeds has made the problem of achieving balanced hinge moments throughout the speed range difficult. Such was the case for the horn-balanced, flap-...


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