The general duties of Pilot Flying (PF) and Pilot Monitoring (PM), also called Pilot Not Flying (PNF), are e.g. outlined in the following section of the Boeing 737 NG FCOMv1 (NP.11.2 Normal Procedures - Introduction, emphasis mine):
Preflight and postflight crew duties are divided between the captain and first
officer. Phase of flight ...
Navel aviation pilots are specifically trained for anti ship and anti submarine warfare roles and they are also trained for carrier based operations. They are also trained for ground attack, dogfight etc. Air Force pilots does not have carrier based landing skills and they do not have anti submarine warfare capabilities.