6 votes

Is flying direct to a navaid considered a leg with track guidance?

I see that if a specific course is not required, the aircraft will turn direct to the navaid on any course which is suitable with its performance. But the aircraft always have track guidance regarding ...
Michael Hall's user avatar
6 votes

ILS Approach, when can you descend on the glide path?

You’re making this more complicated than it needs to be. Once you are cleared for an approach and established on any segment of that approach, then you may descend to the altitude published for that ...
StephenS's user avatar
  • 27.7k
5 votes

What is the difference between a conventional and an RNAV holding?

A conventional hold based on legacy radio-navigation required overflying the hold fix on entry as guidance is only available inbound to the fix and your exact position is known at the fix (with some ...
Gerry's user avatar
  • 19.8k
2 votes

Which ICAO body designs PANS?

Is it ANC (Air Navigation Commission) technical commissioners developing PANS, submitting them to the council for approbation like for the SARPs? 1. Similar process for SARPS and PANS The amendment ...
mins's user avatar
  • 73k
1 vote
Accepted

What is the difference between MOCA and OCA?

Closely reading the definitions in the OP, the MOCA exists with reference to a defined segment, while the OCA or OCH exists with reference to a specified runway threshold or a specified aerodrome. ...
Ralph J's user avatar
  • 51.4k
1 vote

Is flying direct to a navaid considered a leg with track guidance?

On a direct-to (DF), there is no track guidance. Any deviation from the line between the original initiation point and the target fix / beacon, will not be corrected for. The aircraft is just steered ...
DeltaLima's user avatar
  • 83.4k
1 vote

Is flying direct to a navaid considered a leg with track guidance?

The problem with “turn direct” is that depending on the aircraft speed and the wind speed/direction, the ground track may be completely different. This appears to violate the rule requiring “track ...
StephenS's user avatar
  • 27.7k
1 vote

What is the correct way to get established on the outbound track on this approach?

I do not have a specific ICAO reference. By my interpretation of the chart, you can approach the airport at any assigned altitude above 2300 feet MSL from your specified East direction. Just as long ...
Dean F.'s user avatar
  • 16.5k
1 vote
Accepted

Is the arrival segment of an IAP in PANS-OPS the equivalent of FAA's feeder route?

An arrival segment can be part of both an arrival route and a designated STAR. Both are protected with the same design criteria. The STAR chart consist of designated routes linking the approach ...
miceagol's user avatar
  • 261
1 vote

Based on PANS-OPS, what is the earliest turning point that can be used in a missed approach?

I can not figure out the earliest point where turning is allowed to be initiated, during a missed approach. It is up to the designer. Nothing in PANS-OPS prohibits turns before MAPt but in that case ...
S. Baldrick's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

Does a straight missed approach require all turns to be less than or equal to 15 degrees?

A straight missed approach can have a combination of both straight and turning parts. The straight part is called the intermediate missed approach, while the turning part is called the final missed ...
miceagol's user avatar
  • 261

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