23 votes

What should a pilot flying IFR in IMC and on final, do if the vacuum system fails?

Your scenario isn't really realistic, the turn coordinator and the AI are almost always on different sources of power to protect against this very event. The TC is almost always electrically driven ...
GdD's user avatar
  • 54k
23 votes

Why do helicopter operations avoid IFR?

Helicopters do not avoid IFR. They will, however, try to avoid IMC for safety reasons. The same is true for airplanes in the same weight class. Just because the pilot is IFR rated and the aircraft is ...
Dean F.'s user avatar
  • 16.5k
19 votes

Is it possible to perform a spin recovery in IMC?

I do not want to speak for civilian training here, and I do know that each aircraft has its own set of emergency procedures. Those procedures will depend upon the instrumentation that you have ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 4,318
19 votes

Why do helicopter operations avoid IFR?

Helicopter IFR operations do exist, but the short answer to the thrust of your question is: helicopter IFR is inherently more dangerous than fixed-wing IFR due to the lack of stability. A properly ...
Ben's user avatar
  • 14.3k
17 votes
Accepted

What should a pilot flying IFR in IMC and on final, do if the vacuum system fails?

GdD’s answer is accurate (up vote). My answer will be more step by step. The first thing you should do is recognize the issue. That might not be immediately easy depending on your aircraft and it’s ...
Dean F.'s user avatar
  • 16.5k
17 votes

Is it possible to perform a spin recovery in IMC?

Entirely possible, although it is the turn coordinator not the artificial horizon that is primary -- to determine the direction of the spin. Nose-down elevator, rudder opposite the spin, the when ...
Ralph J's user avatar
  • 51.5k
10 votes

Is it possible to perform a spin recovery in IMC?

When I used to teach my IFR students, they usually spent only the first couple of hours with all of their instruments. I put them in all sorts of unusual attitudes and let them recover under the hood, ...
Shawn's user avatar
  • 969
9 votes
Accepted

Is it a literal hood that's used to simulate IMC?

When you read or hear the term "under the hood" as it relates to simulated IMC, it may or may not be an actual hood. The FAA does not require a hood, instead the FAA calls for a "view limiting device."...
Devil07's user avatar
  • 8,544
8 votes

Is the actual VMC to IMC transition a challenge (for IFR rated pilot/craft etc) if, say, sudden or unexpected?

If you are an IFR pilot hand flying in VMC and suddenly your horizon reference disappears, or becomes untrustworthy (flying over sloping terrain in low visibility, or flying between cloud layers that ...
John K's user avatar
  • 131k
8 votes
Accepted

How can a non-IFR rated pilot fly SVFR?

In order to fly an SVFR clearance, the pilot and planned flight must meet several criteria. The AIM 4-4-6 as well as 14 CFR 91.157 spell out the basic requirements: You must have at least a private ...
Romeo_4808N's user avatar
  • 73.7k
8 votes

How can pilots fly inside a cloud?

These are some very well written and complete answers. I would also like to offer my own perspective and context in the matter. A modern IFR aircraft will have 2 sets of flight instruments: (1) ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 4,318
8 votes

Can fuzzy dice help in IMC?

No. The simple fact is, any kind of hanging indicator would be subject to the same G forces that confuse a human's inner ear. Here's a famous video of pilot Bob Hoover pouring tea while doing a barrel ...
HiddenWindshield's user avatar
7 votes

Is it possible to perform a spin recovery in IMC?

Yes it is possible, but it takes more than training; it takes practice Point of reference/experience: Flight Instructor and Standardization Instructor, three years, US Navy. Caveat 1: I'd ...
KorvinStarmast's user avatar
6 votes

If unexpectedly in IMC, does it help to climb into clouds to get on radar?

Absolutely not! If a pilot is not trained for instrument flight it would be near suicide to attempt flight in cloud due to spatial disorientation. In clouds you have to trust your instruments solely ...
GdD's user avatar
  • 54k
6 votes
Accepted

How is an ILS approach conducted when following a heavy aircraft?

Other bodies may advise differently but I will answer for the FAA. The FAA covers this in their wake turbulence handbook as well as many other scenarios you can look over. Basically you can fly ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 101k
6 votes
Accepted

What's the best way to get through clouds when not instrument rated?

It depends a lot on the type of cloud. And the airplane. Stratus clouds occur in calm air whereas cumulus clouds are caused by convection. In the calm air of stratus clouds it is rather unlikely that ...
Peter Kämpf's user avatar
5 votes

Is it a literal hood that's used to simulate IMC?

Yes, old style view limiting devices were typically a light plastic hat like device, which was translucent, to simulate clouds I suppose. It was typically on a pivot so it could still be worn while ...
mongo's user avatar
  • 17.7k
5 votes

When was the last collision in IMC outside controlled airspace?

In February 2020, there was a mid-air collision involving two IFR aircraft on training flights, in class G airspace in Australia. It occurred near a small airfield north of Melbourne. You can read the ...
Ben's user avatar
  • 14.3k
4 votes

Why do helicopter operations avoid IFR?

Oh my goodness, I do not understand the lack of knowledge of the logic for use of helicopters in IFR operations among my fellow pilots. As “Fletch” said in the movie of the same name, “guys, do I have ...
Tim Grimes's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Can instrument training be done in IMC with an instrument-rated safety pilot?

If you are the sole manipulator of the controls then yes you can log PIC time in this scenario, however you cannot act as PIC. The FAA discusses this in at least two letters of interpretation Speranza ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 101k
4 votes
Accepted

What is the best way to determine wind correction angle?

There are 2 methods to use whilst in-flight. Both start with a "max drift" calculation which is pretty easy to do: $$\text{max drift} = {60 \over \text{TAS}} \times \text{wind speed}$$ ...
Jamiec's user avatar
  • 33k
4 votes
Accepted

How do IFR flights in IMC in Class G airspace not collide?

IFR airplanes are expected to coordinate with each other if two airplanes arrive to shoot an approach at the same time in uncontrolled airspace. Whomever arrives first is going to be announcing their ...
John K's user avatar
  • 131k
4 votes

How do IFR flights in IMC in Class G airspace not collide?

Ideally, all aircraft will be giving position reports on CTAF (which does exist for en route in some places) and will self-deconflict. Where CTAF does not exist, or if pilots choose not to use it, ...
StephenS's user avatar
  • 27.7k
4 votes

What's the best way to get through clouds when not instrument rated?

Step -2: There is nowhere in the world you need to be badly enough to go VFR into IMC. If you're under enough pressure to get somewhere on time that you'd even consider going VFR into IMC, don't fly ...
Chris's user avatar
  • 15.5k
3 votes

Is it a literal hood that's used to simulate IMC?

With this one, everything was under the hood.
Koyovis's user avatar
  • 61.7k
3 votes

Does a CFI have to be a CFII to fly with a student in IMC?

No, a pilot with CP-ASEL-IA and CFI-ASE who is instrument current can take a student into actual IMC, and can even log it in both logbooks as dual training if the instruction is on the area of ...
Dave-CFII's user avatar
  • 1,809
3 votes

Is the actual VMC to IMC transition a challenge (for IFR rated pilot/craft etc) if, say, sudden or unexpected?

For an inadvertent entry into IMC on a VFR flight by an instrument rated and current pilot flying an IFR certified aircraft, the initial transition into instrument flight would not be difficult - at ...
Romeo_4808N's user avatar
  • 73.7k
3 votes

Is it possible to perform a spin recovery in IMC?

Having flown the A-4 Skyhawk series from 1958 to 1972 I concur with the A-7 jock. After having been at sea for 6-8 months all navy Air Wing pilots were scheduled for a week of ATC/instrument training. ...
Skip Wood's user avatar
3 votes

Is it possible to perform a spin recovery in IMC?

It's certainly possible, but also highly unlikely. It's possible because - ignoring thunderstorms, icing or other extreme conditions - being inside a cloud doesn't change how the aircraft handles or ...
Pondlife's user avatar
  • 71.7k
3 votes

How can pilots fly inside a cloud?

In accounts of World War I aviation, we sometimes read of pilots operating in clouds for extended periods. It strains credulity to think that this was actually possible with the primitive ...
quiet flyer's user avatar
  • 22.6k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible