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Due to the ongoing runway incursion epidemic, US ATC must hear every aircraft read back certain instructions, including callsign. If you don’t read them back correctly, they’re required to repeat the instruction until you do. No matter how many times it takes. When this rule was first adopted (or at least enforced), a shocking number of pilots couldn’t give ...


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Your First Question: In the US, are weather-reporting requirements for an airport in Class D airspace more stringent than for an airport in surface-level Class E airspace? Answer: The "Primary" airport within active Class D airspace requires (Ref: FAA Order JO 7400.2M, paragraphs 17-2-9 and 17-2-10: That a Control Tower be currently in operation; ...


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Aviation can be very unforgiving at times. One of the ways to deal with that are so-called idiot proof systems. Checklists are a good example. The reason we use them is not to help us remember what to do, but to make it impossible for us to forget what to do, as long as we can get ourselves to remember to use the checklists. "Read back all instructions&...


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Failure to readback runway assignments and hold short instructions is still a common occurrence. Enough so that the brief moments taken by including the reminder on ATIS are nothing, when compared to the time taken to query pilots, and make second transmissions, to elicit the necessary information. It only takes one error (did he say hold short, the left, ...


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