18 votes

Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

The answer has to do with ATC's separation requirements. In Class D airspace, VFR aircraft are not afforded any kind of separation. Mandatory traffic advisories and safety alerts are provided between ...
randomhead's user avatar
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15 votes
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How can I legally land VFR in class D airspace with low and few clouds?

What is the appropriate way to handle this situation as a pilot? First, tell tower about the problem. They may be able to assign you a different runway, have you loiter (circle) for a minute or ...
Dan Pichelman's user avatar
11 votes

Do civilian aircraft transiting through controlled airspace designated for military airports typically talk to the tower of that airport? (USA)

Military ATC facilities in the USA follow the same rules and procedures as civilian ATC facilities. There are a very few differences; certain branches of the military require Tower controllers to say &...
randomhead's user avatar
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10 votes

How should I operate within the dashed magenta lines next to Class D airspace?

The area inside those lines is class E from the surface.
Dave's user avatar
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10 votes
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Bottom of class C vs top of class D

AIM 3-1-3 answers this: Hierarchy of Overlapping Airspace Designations When overlapping airspace designations apply to the same airspace, the operating rules associated with the more restrictive ...
tedder42's user avatar
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9 votes

Why does the ATIS say "read back all instructions"?

Due to the ongoing runway incursion epidemic, US ATC must hear every aircraft read back certain instructions, including callsign. If you don’t read them back correctly, they’re required to repeat the ...
StephenS's user avatar
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8 votes

With radio not working, why it is more important to stay away from exactly class D airspace?

I think you are mis-interpreting the answer, you should remain outside Class-D until the flow of traffic can be acertained. If you lose comms outside of a Class-B or Class-C, you should not enter that ...
Ron Beyer's user avatar
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How should I operate within the dashed magenta lines next to Class D airspace?

Its an area of Class-E airspace used for Instrument Approach Procedures. From The Pilot Handbook, Chapter 14, Airspace: Class D airspace is generally airspace from the surface to 2,500 feet ...
Ron Beyer's user avatar
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8 votes
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Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

For a large class B complex, the same approach control frequency may be working aircraft both inside and outside the B, with some of those outside the B in a class C or D. Establishing communication ...
Ralph J's user avatar
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Who to contact when inbound to adjoining class deltas?

You should contact the tower of the Delta you intend on transitioning through/entering first. Tell them you want to transition through their airspace. If they clear you to enter their airspace you can ...
Dave's user avatar
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6 votes

Do civilian aircraft transiting through controlled airspace designated for military airports typically talk to the tower of that airport? (USA)

I've seen one case where banner tow aircraft operating east-west offshore about a mile (or less) from an Air Force base's runway 18/36 did talk to the military tower. Offhand I can think of two cases ...
Ralph J's user avatar
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Does this chart show a heliport in class D airspace without a control tower?

The triangular area you’re referring to is actually the LAX class D airspace. The heliport itself is uncontrolled. It is not that uncommon for an uncontrolled heliport or airport to be within the ...
StephenS's user avatar
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5 votes

What is the top altitude of the class delta KEDC? It looks like it's not depicted on the VFR sectional chart

This looks odd to me. The supplement (3 Jan 2019) does indicate class D operations: AIRSPACE: CLASS D svc 1200–0400Z‡ other times CLASS E. But the current (August 2018) Airspace Designations ...
BowlOfRed's user avatar
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What's the north boundary of the KINS Class D? (Or: does a SUA designation take precedence over controlled airspace?)

According to the sectional chart, Class D airspace does not extend into the restricted area. SkyVector KINS Sectional Chart The restricted airspace starts at the surface to an unlimited altitude. ...
wbeard52's user avatar
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5 votes

How can I legally land VFR in class D airspace with low and few clouds?

I agree that SVFR is easiest way to deal with this situation. However, sometimes controllers resist going through trouble of SVFR when its just one or two puffy clouds in the pattern and the reported ...
Devil07's user avatar
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5 votes

Do civilian aircraft transiting through controlled airspace designated for military airports typically talk to the tower of that airport? (USA)

Frankly, you treat their airspace like you would any other class D airspace. The only thing required to enter is two way radio communications. Their controllers may divert you to other areas of the ...
Romeo_4808N's user avatar
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4 votes
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How to fly a drone in Class D in Italy?

The class D airspace you are referring to is a control zone (CTR). According to article 24 of Regulation for Remotely Piloted Aerial Vehicles, the following applies to VLOS operations (emphasis mine): ...
60levelchange's user avatar
4 votes

When is this Class D airspace not Class D airspace?

Great question. The short answer to your question is "Full Time." Ultimately that Class D airspace will be incorporated into the LAX Class B, but there is a lot of red tape involved so step ...
Devil07's user avatar
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What are the lateral limits of Class D airspace in the USA?

JO 7400.2L, Procedures for Handling Airspace Matters, describes how the size of Class D airspace is determined. Per paragraph 17−2−5. DETERMINING CLASS D AREA SIZE: ...
Mike Cowan's user avatar
4 votes

Is the airspace at KGPT class E or G when the tower is closed?

To expand a little more on what @rbp said, the VFR Sectional Note is referring to the Class D and Class E (sfc) designations. So, when referring the the Chart Supplement, which says ...
scottfred's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is there a 'common courtesy' distance that should be complied with when initiating contact with ATC for class D airspace?

To answer the question in the title, the AIM 4-3-2 says: When operating at an airport where traffic control is being exercised by a control tower, pilots are required to maintain two-way radio ...
Pondlife's user avatar
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With radio not working, why it is more important to stay away from exactly class D airspace?

The procedure in the linked answer assumes you're VFR. If you're in class A airspace, that means you must be IFR, and there are specific (and somewhat different) procedures for IFR flights that lose ...
StephenS's user avatar
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4 votes
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How to sightsee in Class C and D airspaces?

The answer is the same in theory: you just tell ATC what you want to do, and they either approve it (possibly with some modifications) or deny it. Since all VFR services are on a “workload permitting” ...
StephenS's user avatar
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4 votes

Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

Class B is expected to be a busier airspace. The difference between "ATC can deny clearance" and "you must get explicit clearance" is huge in that context. Typically Class B ...
madscience's user avatar
4 votes

Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

The difference boils down to the likelihood that you’ll be in the way of IFR traffic—and how easily ATC can solve that problem. A typical class C or D airport may see only a few hundred (C) or a few ...
StephenS's user avatar
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4 votes

VFR through Class C to land at Class D (located within Class C)

First of all, there is no such thing as a Class D airport within Class C airspace. Airspace classes are exclusive; unless there is a cutout in the Class C (which there will be) the C will take ...
randomhead's user avatar
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4 votes

Bottom of class C vs top of class D

This is more a “thought exercise” question than one that’s likely to present a real-world quandary. The two controllers are in near constant communication with each other and have probably worked ...
Max R's user avatar
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