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23 votes

What does the "T" on sectional charts mean in reference to airspace altitude?

T is used to signify that the top of Class C airspace that lies under Class B is the bottom surface of that airspace. This is important when the Class C segment lies under multiple layers of Class B, ...
Pilothead's user avatar
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18 votes

Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

The answer has to do with ATC's separation requirements. In Class D airspace, VFR aircraft are not afforded any kind of separation. Mandatory traffic advisories and safety alerts are provided between ...
randomhead's user avatar
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14 votes

What does the "T" on sectional charts mean in reference to airspace altitude?

You can start many "what does this thing on an FAA chart mean" questions with the FAA's Aeronautical Chart User's Guide. It doesn't go into a deep explanation, but does show it as an ...
BowlOfRed's user avatar
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10 votes

Requesting to over fly a city “City Tour”

In my experience there are a few things you should do: Talk with a local, experienced CFI to find out what the typical course of the "city tour" is. When I was flying out of KPNE near ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 101k
9 votes
Accepted

When filing a VFR Flight Plan, where/how do you include intent to use a Class B transition?

Since VFR flight plans are only used for SAR, and your route would only matter if you aren’t talking to ATC, I would file the route you intend to take if ATC denies you the B transition—or refuses to ...
StephenS's user avatar
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8 votes

Is an ultralight aircraft allowed to fly near Class B airspace?

Yes, an ultralight aircraft operated under 14 CFR 103 can be operated within the "Mode C Veil" within the limitations of §103. As you note, 14 CFR 91—including §91.215, ATC transponder and altitude ...
J W's user avatar
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8 votes
Accepted

Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

For a large class B complex, the same approach control frequency may be working aircraft both inside and outside the B, with some of those outside the B in a class C or D. Establishing communication ...
Ralph J's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Which class B airports support GA?

Short answer; Basically all of them, but for the 7 landing slot airports you might need to pre-arrange your arrival. It really depends what is going on at the airport, how willing you are to pay the ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 101k
7 votes

Does the transponder need to be on in the upper limit of Class B airspace?

Yes: If you combine the two sections provided by SMSvonder Tann and Raaj Tram you get: 14 CFR 91.215 - ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use: (b)(4) All aircraft in ...
TomMcW's user avatar
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7 votes

What does the "T" on sectional charts mean in reference to airspace altitude?

Since the Class C airspace is sandwiched between the surface and the shelves of the nearby Class B airspace, the T indicates that the upper limit of the ClassC surface area is on the bottom of the ...
Romeo_4808N's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

What is the minimum recommended cruising altitude to avoid bird strikes?

AIM 7−4−1. Migratory Bird Activity a. Bird strike risk increases because of bird migration during the months of March through April, and August through November. b. The altitudes of migrating birds ...
JScarry's user avatar
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5 votes
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How do Class B transitions work in the US?

Is requesting VFR flight following in a class bravo the same thing as requesting a class bravo clearance? No. Flight following just means that the aircraft is receiving traffic advisories. A VFR ...
fooot's user avatar
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4 votes

Sightseeing in a class Bravo airspace?

Letters of Authorization (LOAs) are authorization to conduct various types of commercial flights in certain airspace. They are defined and governed by FAA Order 8900.1 and can be obtained from the ...
Romeo_4808N's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Does TRACON airspace override Class B airspace in terms of control authority when controlling approach or departure procedures?

Class B is a legal restriction for pilots. ATC has to give them clearance to enter it. It's there to protect the traffic around a busy airport from aircraft that are not being controlled by ATC. The ...
TomMcW's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

When do you contact ATC when departing from a non-towered airport into class B controlled airspace?

I'm assuming you're VFR. You contact ATC before you enter the Class B air space. If necessary, you orbit outside, but you don't enter until after you hear the magic phrase "<your callsign>, ...
Dan Pichelman's user avatar
4 votes

How does the traffic pattern at a large airport affect nearby, smaller airports?

Generally speaking when airports like this are close together the airspace is designed to allow operations at both airports to occur without interfering with each other. Broadly speaking if one ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 101k
4 votes
Accepted

Does the flight always switch to TRACON on a go-around in class B airspace?

It depends. As a rule oh thumb, a missed approach will be handed over to approach (TRACON) to get a new approach clearance. Some places have local rules that allow approach to delegate this ...
60levelchange's user avatar
4 votes

Which class B airports support GA?

Most* class B airports are surprisingly GA friendly if you are prepared. Martin Pauly has many YouTube videos of flying into class B airports all over the country in his Bonanza. However, there are ...
StephenS's user avatar
  • 27.7k
4 votes

Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

Class B is expected to be a busier airspace. The difference between "ATC can deny clearance" and "you must get explicit clearance" is huge in that context. Typically Class B ...
madscience's user avatar
4 votes

Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

The difference boils down to the likelihood that you’ll be in the way of IFR traffic—and how easily ATC can solve that problem. A typical class C or D airport may see only a few hundred (C) or a few ...
StephenS's user avatar
  • 27.7k
4 votes

What airspace class is the New York Hudson/East River SFRA airspace, and what is its visibility requirements?

Having special flight rules in Part 93 doesn't mean that the regular flight rules of Part 91 don't still apply. The SFRA is within the faded magenta line on the sectional chart, indicating Class G up ...
Dave-CFII's user avatar
  • 1,809
3 votes
Accepted

Is there a common route that Seattle GA pilots use to circle Mt Rainier while avoiding class B airspace?

I fly out of BFI and RNT. The short answer is go East to clear the B, then South to parallel terrain as you climb. You will have more time to do this if there is a North flow. There’s no specific ...
Michael Hall's user avatar
  • 26.5k
3 votes

Does the transponder need to be on in the upper limit of Class B airspace?

Yes. Generally, Class B airspace extends up to 10,000ft. That said, FAA states that: All aircraft are required to be equipped with a Mode C transponder when flying at or above 10,000 feet msl, ...
RaajTram's user avatar
  • 2,887
3 votes

Why do NY ARTCC Standard Operation Procedures have different altitude limits than the NY Class B airspace?

The commenters have a good point that the SOP documents you liked are for hobbyist simulation and are not necessarily faithful reproductions of real-world procedures. But even in the real world who ...
randomhead's user avatar
  • 15.6k
2 votes

Does TRACON airspace override Class B airspace in terms of control authority when controlling approach or departure procedures?

I may not understand your question correctly but I think you are a little confused about Airspace here. There is no TRACON airspace. TRACON is defined here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
DLH's user avatar
  • 5,809
2 votes
Accepted

What training is required for a class B endorsement?

I can not find any guidance other than what you have already noted for Class B airspace endorsements. The ground and flight training requirements seems to be left up to the discretion of the CFI. ...
Dean F.'s user avatar
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