21 votes

Why does Class D overlap class B around SeaTac? ...and other Seattle Bravo airspace strangeness

This is a great question. For those who are unfamiliar, and in areas where airspace is complex, it’s sometimes useful to look at the VFR Flyway Chart. This is the one on the back of FAA Terminal Area ...
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  • 23k
20 votes

What does the "T" on sectional charts mean in reference to airspace altitude?

T is used to signify that the top of Class C airspace that lies under Class B is the bottom surface of that airspace. This is important when the Class C segment lies under multiple layers of Class B, ...
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  • 16k
19 votes
Accepted

What is it like flying in class B airspace?

On my first cross-country as a student (dual), we actually transitioned through the class B airspace just north of us, flew to a smaller airport north of town, did a landing there, followed by flying ...
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  • 648
19 votes
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Why was this helicopter denied entry to Class B airspace?

According to the post at LiveATC, Newark was closed, apparently due to smoke in the tower. With the airport closed, nobody could be granted clearance to take off or land. Outside of declaring an ...
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  • 6,004
18 votes

Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

The answer has to do with ATC's separation requirements. In Class D airspace, VFR aircraft are not afforded any kind of separation. Mandatory traffic advisories and safety alerts are provided between ...
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  • 9,545
17 votes

What is it like flying in class B airspace?

There are several big differences between working around a Class B airport versus a Class C. Explicit clearance required. Operation in Class C airspace simply requires establishing two-way contact ...
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  • 22.2k
12 votes
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What is this strange cutout in Class B of Kansas City International Airport?

There are in fact two airports in the cutout: An unmarked field (A in top map) just east of Platte City (see below) that corresponds to the NW limit of the cutout. Note that this edge of the cutout ...
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  • 16.4k
12 votes

What does the "T" on sectional charts mean in reference to airspace altitude?

You can start many "what does this thing on an FAA chart mean" questions with the FAA's Aeronautical Chart User's Guide. It doesn't go into a deep explanation, but does show it as an ...
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  • 5,157
11 votes
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What is "airspace underlying a Class B airspace area designated for an airport"?

Yes, there is a legal interpretation on this: [...] under the express language of the regulation, aircraft operating in the airspace underlying Class B airspace - irrespective ...
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  • 70.2k
11 votes
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Is the "Bay Tour" flight path documented, or is it a more informal route? Are there similar flight paths for other cities?

There certainly are similar routes - the Niagara Scenic Falls route, given in FAR 93.71 comes to mind. (FAR 93 has plenty of these, by the way.) Comply with the following procedures when ...
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  • 22.2k
9 votes
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When filing a VFR Flight Plan, where/how do you include intent to use a Class B transition?

Since VFR flight plans are only used for SAR, and your route would only matter if you aren’t talking to ATC, I would file the route you intend to take if ATC denies you the B transition—or refuses to ...
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  • 25.1k
8 votes
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Where does the Olive Branch (KOLV) class D ceiling meet the Memphis (KMEM) class B floor?

The Class D airspace surrounding the Olive Branch airport extends upward to 2900 feet msl, excluding the Class B airspace. So, your understanding is correct. Here is the official description of ...
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  • 17.1k
8 votes

When filing a VFR Flight Plan, where/how do you include intent to use a Class B transition?

In answer to your specific question, as I understand you are asking, I would just put in the intended route (e.g., Bay Shore Transition) in the "route of flight" section and the route ...
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  • 17.1k
8 votes
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Why does entry into Class B specifically require clearance?

For a large class B complex, the same approach control frequency may be working aircraft both inside and outside the B, with some of those outside the B in a class C or D. Establishing communication ...
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  • 41.8k
7 votes

Does the transponder need to be on in the upper limit of Class B airspace?

Yes: If you combine the two sections provided by SMSvonder Tann and Raaj Tram you get: 14 CFR 91.215 - ATC transponder and altitude reporting equipment and use: (b)(4) All aircraft in ...
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  • 27.5k
7 votes
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Which class B airports support GA?

Short answer; Basically all of them, but for the 7 landing slot airports you might need to pre-arrange your arrival. It really depends what is going on at the airport, how willing you are to pay the ...
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  • 95.9k
6 votes

What is the minimum recommended cruising altitude to avoid bird strikes?

AIM 7−4−1. Migratory Bird Activity a. Bird strike risk increases because of bird migration during the months of March through April, and August through November. b. The altitudes of migrating birds ...
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  • 7,097
6 votes

Is an ultralight aircraft allowed to fly near Class B airspace?

Yes, an ultralight aircraft operated under 14 CFR 103 can be operated within the "Mode C Veil" within the limitations of §103. As you note, 14 CFR 91—including §91.215, ATC transponder and altitude ...
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  • 16.1k
6 votes

Is the "Bay Tour" flight path documented, or is it a more informal route? Are there similar flight paths for other cities?

As a Bay Area pilot, I've wondered this too. It appears to be an unofficial but widely-understood local custom, similar to the not-always-charted VFR reporting points commonly in use at many local ...
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  • 261
6 votes

What does the "T" on sectional charts mean in reference to airspace altitude?

Since the Class C airspace is sandwiched between the surface and the shelves of the nearby Class B airspace, the T indicates that the upper limit of the ClassC surface area is on the bottom of the ...
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5 votes

Is the "Bay Tour" flight path documented, or is it a more informal route? Are there similar flight paths for other cities?

There is not one official "Bay Tour" flight route. However, there are general guidelines to follow. This local flight instructor's site explains this and offers suggestions of where you can get a map. ...
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  • 69.7k
5 votes
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Can an appropriately-fitted UAS (of any size category) be flown in Class B airspace?

In general, no, you can't. Public (Governmental) Use The FAA maintains a page on Public Operations of UASs. There are a couple of ways governmental organizations (excluding the armed forces) can fly ...
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  • 18.9k
5 votes
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How should I refer to a transition through class B or class C airspace?

You'll sometimes get radio phraseology different from what is published on charts either due to some holdover from now-superseded procedures (bad form, but it happens) or because of Letters-Of-...
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  • 2,862
5 votes
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What does "Clear Of Clouds" mean in reference to Class B Airspace in the United States?

That specific phrasing means that you can't touch a cloud. See the VFR minimums in 14 CFR 91.155, where it says: no person may operate an aircraft under VFR when the flight visibility is less, or ...
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  • 70.2k
5 votes
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How do Class B transitions work in the US?

Is requesting VFR flight following in a class bravo the same thing as requesting a class bravo clearance? No. Flight following just means that the aircraft is receiving traffic advisories. A VFR ...
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  • 69.7k
4 votes

Sightseeing in a class Bravo airspace?

Letters of Authorization (LOAs) are authorization to conduct various types of commercial flights in certain airspace. They are defined and governed by FAA Order 8900.1 and can be obtained from the ...
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4 votes
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Does TRACON airspace override Class B airspace in terms of control authority when controlling approach or departure procedures?

Class B is a legal restriction for pilots. ATC has to give them clearance to enter it. It's there to protect the traffic around a busy airport from aircraft that are not being controlled by ATC. The ...
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  • 27.5k
4 votes
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When do you contact ATC when departing from a non-towered airport into class B controlled airspace?

I'm assuming you're VFR. You contact ATC before you enter the Class B air space. If necessary, you orbit outside, but you don't enter until after you hear the magic phrase "<your callsign>, ...
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4 votes

How does the traffic pattern at a large airport affect nearby, smaller airports?

Generally speaking when airports like this are close together the airspace is designed to allow operations at both airports to occur without interfering with each other. Broadly speaking if one ...
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  • 95.9k

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