36 votes
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How do pilots stay disciplined and use checklists, even after they have become routine?

You stay vigilant by having seen things go wrong. Like Jamiec mentioned the importance of a proper preflight is drilled into you by your primary instructor from day one in light aircraft, and that ...
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25 votes
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What is the difference between a flow and a checklist?

Generally speaking a checklist is an actual list of items to check, and a flow is a pattern of movement across the aircraft controls (switches, dials, etc.) which will accomplish some subset of the ...
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23 votes
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What is the appropriate fuel tank selection to land a 172?

You should check your POH but it may just be that the instructor in question was recently flying a lot of Pipers and it was force of [bad] habit. This POH for the 172S is in agreement with you. ...
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23 votes

How do pilots stay disciplined and use checklists, even after they have become routine?

In commercial operations the vigilance to avoid complacency is derived from multiple reinforcing actions. Checklists are often preceded by flows in which you take a logical route through the aircraft ...
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  • 34.9k
19 votes

How much do you have to respect checklist order?

Yes, the published sequence must be respected. Here is a quote from published instructions on checklist usage by one of the major manufacturers based in the USA: ". . . . The crew may need to ...
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  • 1,585
16 votes

What is the difference between a flow and a checklist?

Definitions A flow is like a fluid movement in specific directions across panels for a specific purpose, to set up the airplane. It is meant to be a muscle memory method. Example: A checklist is a &...
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13 votes

How do pilots stay disciplined and use checklists, even after they have become routine?

I can't speak for commercial operations, but from a GA point of view, the pre-flight checks and their importance are drilled in to you from your very first lesson. Its is stressed that the Pilot in ...
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12 votes
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Why are the windshield wipers in the A320 power-up checklist?

For the same reason you should turn your wipers off when you shut off your car (since very few people go through a power-up checklist in their car...): Running the wipers on a dry windshield can ...
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12 votes
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Is there any form of checklist that a pilot needs to go through before they use their ejection seat?

Yes there are checklists but a lot of the training is done by practice exercises so the procedure becomes instinctive during an emergency. The exact procedures to be used vary based upon airframe, ...
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12 votes

How much do you have to respect checklist order?

I can only speak to the FAA but they expect you to follow the order that checklists are written in as per AC120-71B they also expect checklists to be created in a logical order: 4.2 Organization. 4.2....
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12 votes
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How much do you have to respect checklist order?

There is some good advice on proper checklist usage in the answers given. Like FAA and civilian aircraft manufacturers, the military preaches disciplined and proper usage of checklists. For the sake ...
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  • 16.4k
11 votes

What are the checklist items for a runaway stab trim on a B737 MAX 8 and MAX 9?

Here is a screenshot of a B737 Max 8 Runaway Stabilizer Checklist. There might be some small variations in the checklist when comparing each individual airline. Additionally, here is the Boeing "...
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11 votes
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Why might flight schools prohibit you from testing pitot heat during pre-flight?

I was taught to check it (on a C152/172) before every flight but I've also heard people say that you don't need to. Some reasons I've heard people give for not checking it are: Risk of draining the ...
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10 votes
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How many checklists are there for a commercial pilot for the entire flight?

Typically, the checklists in normal operations are: External walk around and preflight Before start Before taxi Before take-off After take-off Cruise Descent Approach Landing Shutdown ...
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10 votes

How to verify the runway numbers in a systematic way given the high workload during landing?

There are a few common (?) techniques you could use, although how you work them into your actual checklists is up to you. Here are some that I've been taught, there are probably more: Tune the ...
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  • 70.4k
10 votes

How much do you have to respect checklist order?

On your PC, do you press the power button before it is plugged into the wall? It is written that way because the thing might not work if you do it in the wrong order. Your example of RADAR first and ...
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8 votes
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Is there a checklist for lightning strike?

For the aircrew, at least in the aircraft that I've flown, there is no defined checklist. You scan and then deal with anything that occurs (inoperative equipment, pressurization issues, whatever you ...
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  • 42.1k
8 votes

Is there any form of checklist that a pilot needs to go through before they use their ejection seat?

Really, really worst case, grab the handle & pull. In the T-37, the boldface checklist for ejection was, "Handgrips - Raise, Triggers - Squeeze" -- it was a 2-step process. In the T-38, it was ...
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8 votes

How do pilots stay disciplined and use checklists, even after they have become routine?

In short, discipline. In my case, I learned the discipline to use a checklist for every action on every flight the one time I decided not to use a checklist while taxiing from the fuel pump back to ...
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8 votes

Has a pilot ever accidentally skipped an item in the before takeoff checklists and survived?

Yes, I forgot to preflight the pitot tube, took off, had no accurate airspeed indication, the airspeed indicator acted as a cross between an altimeter and a rate of climb indicator. The pitot side of ...
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  • 17.4k
7 votes

Is there a best-practice method to work through a checklist?

The current FAA Advisory Circular dealing with SOPs in general, but only lightly touching upon checklists, is AC 120-71a. It is primarily aimed at Part 119 certificate holders who conduct operations ...
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  • 2,872
7 votes

Do any airlines have Braille emergency checklists?

It would be counter productive It takes time to learn (especially touch reading) It takes time to keep proficient This is time spent on a skill useless for >99,999999% of flights This is time NOT ...
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  • 4,123
6 votes

How to verify the runway numbers in a systematic way given the high workload during landing?

The FAA issued a NOTAM https://notams.aim.faa.gov/lta/main/viewlta?lookupid=1396671390068774785 in December of 2016 that deals with this issue. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation ...
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  • 7,230
6 votes

How many emergency/abnormal checklists are there for a typical airliner?

How many checklists does a typical airliner have for unusual/abnormal/emergency scenarios? Many. A book. The abnormal checklists usually compile to a book and it is located in the cockpit at all ...
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5 votes
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Does the FAA have a best practice for highlighting memory items on a checklist?

The short answer is to use color in some way. I couldn't find anything very detailed on this: there's plenty of general checklist information out there from the FAA, NASA, universities and so on, but ...
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5 votes

What is the appropriate fuel tank selection to land a 172?

Yes, the fuel selector typically must be selected to "Both" for takeoff and landing. The Cessna 172 Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS) requires a placard for most early serial numbers (all models ...
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  • 16.2k
5 votes

Is there a best-practice method to work through a checklist?

There are really two aspects to your question: Operational usage and Design usage. The two are closely related, but let's look at them separately: Operational Usage From an operational standpoint the ...
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5 votes

How to verify the runway numbers in a systematic way given the high workload during landing?

I don’t use checklists when taking off and landing, but I do use acronyms. On takeoff, I use HAAPPY ...
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  • 7,230
5 votes

Why do we check Idle operation with carb heat on during a Cessna 172 run-up?

Because, in engaging the carburetor heat, you are decreasing the density of the air entering the engine with the same fuel flow, thereby richening the mixture. At idle power, if the throttle idle set ...
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