All Questions

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
3k views

How can passengers help in the cockpit in an aviational emergency? [closed]

During an emergency solely related to aviation (ie not a medical situation), suppose that some airline passenger believes that he/she can help in the cockpit. Since the cockpit door is locked for ...
28
votes
1answer
10k views

What is the behavior of false glideslope signals?

I know that an ILS transmits not only the correct glideslope but also signals that can be interpreted as a false glide path. But I'm not familiar with the details of these erroneous indications. What ...
14
votes
3answers
25k views

What are the differences between "ground stop", "ground delay", and "gate hold"?

I've heard several terms referring to air traffic control procedures that restrict movement for a certain period of time: ground stop, ground delay, and gate hold (plus others I'm sure I'm forgetting ...
17
votes
2answers
4k views

Does adding a motorized fan to a hot air balloon change its class as an aircraft?

I have seen fans like these for use in ballooning and glider propulsion. Does adding one of these change the definition of the flight vehicle? e.g. is it No longer a balloon, but now an aircraft? ...
11
votes
1answer
583 views

How does a pilots license of cluster ballooning differ from other ballooning or unpowered flight?

John Ninomiya discusses his experience with developing this new style of ballooning on his Cluster Ballooning website. Many of the site's links are now broken, but on there he formerly attested that ...
7
votes
1answer
293 views

Is FAA approval required in order to fly an RNAV SID/STAR for a private aircraft operated under FAR Part 91?

I know that under FAR Part 135, specific approval is required for an RNAV SID/STAR (given via an OpSpec), but what about Part 91? Does the aircraft/pilot have to be approved, and if so how is the ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Can time logged in foreign aircraft be applied towards an FAA certificate or rating?

Does time logged in these foreign-registered aircraft (cross country, etc) count towards US certificates or ratings? Or is it flight experience that should be excluded from an 8710?
18
votes
3answers
12k views

Is it legal to fly in RVSM airspace with an inoperative autopilot?

FAR Part 91, Appendix G, Section 2 says: (c) Altitude-keeping equipment: All aircraft. To approve an aircraft group or a nongroup aircraft, the Administrator must find that the aircraft meets ...
51
votes
5answers
59k views

What are the main differences piloting Boeing vs. Airbus aircraft?

What are the main differences in flying a Boeing vs an Airbus aircraft? Ignoring cosmetics, e.g. nose/window shape (see How can I tell apart an Airbus from a Boeing?)
4
votes
2answers
855 views

What licenses and/or training should one obtain to be able to fly a drone in California?

The FAA will open up to flying civilian drones in 2015. Should we get pilot licenses to be ready for this? if so, is there a difference between plane or helicopter pilot license? Links related: NASA ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

Is roll control achieved exclusively with spoilers on an A320 on final approach?

As a private pilot I have zero knowledge about how big jets are being flown so I was a little surprised to see that smaller Airbuses (A32x) only use spoilers for roll control on final approach. ...
22
votes
1answer
5k views

What is this sound from Airbus aircraft before take off?

When flying in an Airbus, I often (if not always) hear a weird sound before the aircraft starts to accelerate for taking off. From where exactly does this sound come from? Why doesn't it appear on ...
5
votes
3answers
432 views

What are the different steps to certify a new aircraft in Europe?

I know that to be allowed to fly an aircraft has to be certified by an agency and that this one is not the same for European or American (for instance) aircraft. What are the different steps that an ...
14
votes
1answer
807 views

Are there any serious plans for a new supersonic civilian aircraft? [closed]

Since the retirement of the Concorde and the Tupolev Tu-144, there aren't any civilian airplanes (passengers carrier or business jet) flying supersonic. I heard that Dassault and SAAB had rather ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

What are those thin magenta lines on the Sectional / Terminal Area Chart near Death Valley?

Due west of KLAS and Death Valley are a large number of MOAs and Restricted areas. On the sectional and terminal area charts, there are thin magenta lines snaking over some of the mountain tops. What ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

How can a hang glider take off from flat ground?

There are a number of different ways of taking off with a powerless hang glider, the most commonly used being either running down a hill or jumping off a cliff/platform. This is how I learned to hang ...
16
votes
6answers
38k views

What's a quick way to determine which runway to use?

Let's say I call up Wx and have the wind direction and I know the runway headings from my charts and the pattern is empty. I can do the math, but it's tedious and slow and even worse when there are ...
5
votes
2answers
229 views

Are there standard ground-tether systems for unpowered aircraft?

Do grounding systems have any standards or conventions? Is tethering specified in any way? I can understand the engineering aspects of the question, but I am wondering about regulation or ...
16
votes
1answer
6k views

Is there any size of tethered kite that is regulated by the FAA?

Civilians fly kites for entertainment. Is there a limit, after which the kite is considered an aircraft and becomes regulated? Is a kite considered a balloon, after a certain size? Do technology ...
17
votes
2answers
3k views

With the upgrade of the 737 to the Max model, what major changes are incorporated?

The Boeing 737 was originally designed in the 1960's and flew into the 1980's before a major redesign (the 737-700, -800, and -900 models) was implemented. Coming up in a few years will be the next ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

How will radar systems be used in FAA's NextGen ATC plans?

Based on the reading I've been doing of FAA's Next Generation Air Traffic Control (NextGen) plans, I've been wondering if and how radar systems will continue to be used for ATC as NextGen rolls out? ...
16
votes
3answers
9k views

What is the range and accuracy of ATC radar systems?

What is the average range, accuracy, and update frequency of radar systems used to monitor airspace in the USA? I'm primarily interested in capabilities for tracking smaller general aviation aircraft ...
11
votes
3answers
416 views

How is drone (UAS) traffic regulated in the US?

Does the FAA regulate drones at this time? Maybe they regulate only a certain class / size of UAV / UAS? Is drone regulation to the level that traffic is managed through ATC?
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How does aircraft navigation work? [closed]

Is it possible to briefly summarize how a commercial plane navigation system operates to a layperson (e.g. a passenger)? The aircraft takes off, reaches a certain altitude, and then lands perfect on ...
19
votes
4answers
62k views

Flight Level Change or Vertical Speed - When to use it?

I've heard that some pilots have this difficulty to determine the correct use of both features. So, which is the difference between using the vertical speed, instead using the flight level change ...
24
votes
3answers
5k views

What are the weather requirements to log an instrument approach?

So let's assume that I'm the sole manipulator of the flight controls in an aircraft in which I'm rated and that I fly an instrument approach. What weather does the FAA require (assuming that I'm not ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Can I save money on becoming a helicopter pilot in the US if I do flight hours in Mexico?

Flight hours costs approximately $285 per hour. Below is a screenshot from a local (Newport Beach, CA) school regarding what it takes to become a private pilot. So I was hoping that maybe there ...
37
votes
1answer
15k views

Can I attach a camera to the outside of my aircraft in the USA?

I've been watching a lot of videos shot with mini cameras (like a GoPro) from outside the aircraft. Some look like they're mounted on or under wings, others from underneath the aircraft. This looks ...
21
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the best way to keep logbook entries backed up?

What is the best way to keep logbook entries backed up? Should a photocopied or scanned image on a computer suffice? Can an Excel spreadsheet or other software/apps be used? In case a logbook is lost ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Do controllers take wind into account when giving headings?

When ATC gives you headings to fly, do they consider wind correction? In theory they should because they call it a heading and not a track, but do they? After all, the heading they want you to fly ...
27
votes
6answers
133k views

What's the difference between True vs Magnetic headings?

What is the difference between a true and a magnetic heading? Why are/were magnetic headings used in aviation?
24
votes
3answers
3k views

Why would ASOS have a caution for Low Density Altitude?

I did my initial training in a high altitude area, where it got pretty hot in the summer, so I'm not at all surprised when I hear an ASOS announce: Caution: Density Altitude (a few thousand above ...
30
votes
3answers
5k views

What are the typical facets of ownership costs, for a single engine aircraft?

It's easy to go online and look at prices of a Cessna 172, but what are some examples of how to break down the real world costs of ownership? How much other maintenance should you plan for? How much ...
16
votes
1answer
716 views

What is the usage ratio of the An-225 Mriya?

Does anyone have data on how much time the An-225 (only one was produced; it is currently the largest aircraft in the world) spends flying/on missions and how much it waits for customers? This is a ...
10
votes
3answers
12k views

Are task cards still used in aircraft maintenance?

I used to work for a company making maintenance software for the shipping industry. Each component, from a cylinder in an engine to the furnace has to be inspected after (e.g.) 10,000 running hours, ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Who decides an aircraft's maintenance schedule?

I've found a 737 maintenance planning data document produced by Boeing, which gives a suggested schedule on page 6. I've also found a British Airways Fact Book document, which on the last page gives ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I renew/revalidate my lapsed JAR PPL?

I obtained a JAR PPL in 2003 and flew regularly for a few years afterwards. My last flight as Pilot in Command was around 2006 and as I have not kept up the required number of hours per year since ...
52
votes
6answers
102k views

How are runways numbered?

I'm not a professional pilot, just an enthusiast, so this might seem obvious to others; but I noticed that airports don't use sequential numbering for runways, starting from 1. Liverpool (for example)...
45
votes
5answers
168k views

When to use beacon, anti-collision, strobe, logo, and navigation lights?

During taxi, the taxi lights are used, and I think the landing lights are required to be used up to 10.000 feet for all commercial flights. However, my question is regarding the abovementioned lights:...
26
votes
2answers
5k views

What to do if the captain smells like alcohol?

Suppose you're the co-pilot on a flight and during pre-flight, talking to the captain, you smell alcohol. Although you didn't see him drinking and the smell isn't strong, what does regulation ...
37
votes
4answers
81k views

When are winds given with respect to true vs. magnetic north?

Wind information can be reported by various sources (ATIS, METAR, TAF, spoken on the radio, etc). I was taught that officially some of these sources are relative to magnetic north and others to true ...
16
votes
1answer
7k views

What is a Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach (SOIA)?

I have heard about Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approaches (SOIA), special procedures for runways that are spaced particularly close together. How exactly do they work? What are the requirements for ...
6
votes
2answers
965 views

What are the US Customs requirements upon returning to the US after pre-clearing customs in the US Virgin Islands?

I have heard conflicting information regarding pre-clearing customs in the USVI. On one hand, I have heard that once you clear customs you are done and don't need to do anything special on arrival. ...
11
votes
1answer
134 views

How does a US registered pilot obtain approval to fly to Cuba?

Because of US foreign policy, flights between the US and Cuba are prohibited except for certain conditions. If I am flying there for an approved reason (such as to visit immediate family), how do I ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What is required to fly over Cuba enroute to another country?

I understand that you need to get an overflight permit before entering Cuban airspace, even if you aren't landing there. How do you go about getting permission to overfly them enroute to another ...
39
votes
4answers
4k views

Is a rotary wing craft capable of supersonic flight?

Just what the title states. Since the Wright brothers, aviation technology for fixed-wing craft has advanced by an order or more. Rotary wing craft on the other hand (I know little about aviation; ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between a private and a commercial flight according to the US Customs and Border Protection?

From what I understand, whether or not a flight is classified as private or commercial in the eyes of US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has nothing to do with the Federal Aviation Regulations (...
13
votes
1answer
14k views

What is the difference between the various automated airport weather observing systems?

Automated airport weather observations can be produced by several types of equipment: AWOS-A, AWOS-1, AWOS-2, AWOS-3, and ASOS are the ones I've seen mentioned. What are the differences between these ...
12
votes
3answers
551 views

Are there benefits to opening a flight plan if I'm flying over populated areas?

Here in Idaho we have a lot of mountains and desert areas where if I had to make an emergency landing or crashed it may take a very long time to find me. In that case I can see the benefit to opening ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between planned true airspeed and actual true airspeed?

My electronic E6B does calculations for both planned and actual true airspeed (yielding different results). I was told the difference has to do with assumptions about temperature, but the manual doesn'...

15 30 50 per page