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Questions tagged [wing-sweep]

Angle of a line from root to tip, 25% of the way back from the leading edge, measured from the perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the aircraft.

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16 votes
2 answers
18k views

What is the reason for the poor low-speed characteristics of sweptback wings?

I know there are advantages of swept-back wings delaying shock-wave allowing a aircraft to fly faster. However, what are the disadvantages. I know one of them is that they have very poor low speed ...
Harry Wang's user avatar
17 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why is the coefficient of drag for straight wings at supersonic speeds lower than for swept wings?

Why is the coefficient of drag of a straight wing lower than the coefficient of drag of a swept back wing at higher supersonic speeds (above, say, Mach 2)?
Adder's user avatar
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7 votes
4 answers
21k views

Where is the spanwise flow? How does the span wise flow point the air towards the wingtip?

If you search Google for span wise flow, the first result under the pictures tab is a image of a wing with the span wise flow at the trailing edge: (Source) If you look at some other photos you ...
Crafterguy's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
11k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of an oblique wing over a swing wing?

This question asks about the benefits of an oblique wing over a delta wing, but I am more interested in the benefits of an oblique wing compared to a swing wing. Wikipedia states: This is a ...
ROIMaison's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
4k views

What is the aerodynamic benefit of trailing edge sweep?

Sweep will allow flight at higher speed because the perpendicular air flow speed (over wing) is less. But why is there trailing edge sweep? We can have a swept leading edge and unswept trailing edge ...
Selva's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why are Vertical tails generally tapered?

I'm just intrigued to know why the vertical tail of a majority of aircraft is tapered? Is it due to aerodynamics, structural design or due to some instrumentation or multiple other reasons?
CuthillMckee's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
6k views

How I determine numerically the roll rate of an aircraft?

I'm a Spanish student of aerospace engineering and I'm doing my final bachelor work that consists in designing an unlimited aerobatic plane, and I wonder if it is possible to calculate an ...
user30728's user avatar
  • 143
2 votes
2 answers
629 views

Swept back wing theory

I'm a beginner in airfoil design. I just came across swept-back wings. There is a point that I couldn't understand that theory. Why is the only perpendicular component of the airflow to the wing(...
Sankara Narayan's user avatar
34 votes
1 answer
6k views

Why did the DC-3 have wing sweep?

When looking at the silhouette of a DC-3, one can clearly see that the wings are swept. This design is from 1935, before the high-speed research work on wing sweep was ever implemented, and the DC-3 ...
Koyovis's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why should isobars be aligned with the leading edge of the main wing for a transonic cruiser?

When designing an airplane meant to cruise at transonic speeds (or supersonic speeds), I heard that one should look at the isobars on the main wing in order to assess if the shape, sweep angle and ...
Ludovic C.'s user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are the benefits of a pivot wing?

The answer to another question mentions the rather unusual pivot wing. From an aerodynamical standpoint, what are the benefits of an oblique wing compared to a delta, a trapezoid or a forward swept ...
usernumber's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

What aerodynamic characteristics arise from trailing edge sweep angle?

I drew 3 wing planforms, each with the same leading edge sweep. But they have different trailing edge sweep. Let's just assume for the moment that all those wings have the same surface area, so that ...
DrZ214's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
701 views

Comparisons between the A340 and 747-200 wing: sweep angle and span

Here is a picture of the wings of the A340 (launched in the late 1980s) and the Boeing 747-200/400 (launched in the early 1970s / 80s) superimposed upon each other (source: https://www.amazon.com/...
interested22's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
2k views

Is wing sweep needed on supersonic aircraft?

Area rule states that bodies with the same crossectional area distribution have the same drag. Does that mean I could use a straight wing on mach 1.2 aircraft with performance as high as sweep winged ...
Francis L.'s user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
926 views

Could a variable sweep aircraft also use negative angle?

Variable sweep on fighter aircraft is a bit out of fashion, but seems to a worthwhile option to adjust the wing to the current speed and needed lift. All this is bought with complexity and weight of ...
sargas's user avatar
  • 175
2 votes
3 answers
3k views

How does a variable-sweep-wing aircraft keep wing-mounted payloads straight?

So, a variable-sweep wing is an interesting design, but I am wondering: if the aircraft wing moves back or forward, then the payload's angle will also change. Is there a another rotating mechanism in ...
Bilal Mirza's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
315 views

Why doesn't a wing in supersonic flow produce a shock that results in flow parallel to the leading edge?

When we look at a wedge in supersonic flow, a shock emanates from the leading edge such that the flow after the shock is turned and is parallel to the airfoil surface. The shock angle is based on the ...
Nick Hill's user avatar
  • 616
0 votes
2 answers
602 views

Can wing sweep decrease total drag force at low-subsonic speeds?

From experience everybody knows if you put your arm out of car window at high speed(150km/h), it's a lot easier to hold arm angled backward then hold arm straight out(prependicular to airlfow).So ...
member2017's user avatar