Questions tagged [visual-flight-rules]

Visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. VFR permits flying and navigating by visual reference outside the aircraft.

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22
votes
6answers
4k views

Why does flying IFR require a rating?

It may seem like a silly question, but my analogy is, some countries issue automatic-transmission-only driving licenses. Automatic transmission in this case would be the powerful avionics now ...
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2answers
238 views

Traversing a tall suspension bridge during low overcast [duplicate]

Suppose a pilot is flying VFR with excellent visibility and calm wind but with a ceiling of 1000, along a wide river at 500 feet. At some point she approaches a suspension bridge. Climbing and trying ...
3
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2answers
150 views

Is a reversal of heading allowed in the NYC Hudson VFR corridor?

The special rules chart indicates that northbound traffic should follow the eastern edge of the Hudson and southbound should follow the west one. Suppose a pilot wanted to only go mid-way through the ...
7
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1answer
451 views

How and when is a VFR flight plan closed when flying from the US to Canada?

I recently flew from US to Canada. As required I filed a VFR flight plan online (at 1800wxbrief.com). The flight plan was activated after I took off by contacting Flight Services at 122.2. They ...
0
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1answer
351 views

IFR to VFR Flight Plan Change [duplicate]

A pilot has filed an IFR flight plan. While airborne, he feels like changing to VFR flight. Can he request for it and what are the conditions?
4
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1answer
821 views

What aircraft maintenance logs should I have available for a private checkride?

I’m about to do my Private Pilot Checkride in my own plane. I’ve been trying to find a list of things that will be needed for the Checkride in the logbook, as I had thought it was an updated annual, ...
1
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1answer
167 views

Are there downloadable versions of the Canadian VNC and VTA charts?

Are there PDF versions of Canadian VNC and VTA charts available for download? I fly in Australia where airservices lists them on their website so I was hoping to find something similar for Canada.
3
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2answers
189 views

How to maintain your pitch when looking for other traffic in the pattern?

I am a student pilot and I fly in a desert region where turbulence often changes the pitch and airspeed of my aircraft. I am having an issue maintaining pitch while scanning for other aircraft in the ...
1
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2answers
416 views

How do Class B transitions work in the US? [closed]

I'm just wondering about VFR requests relating to class bravo airspace in the US: Is requesting VFR flight following in a class bravo the same thing as requesting a class bravo clearance? Does ...
0
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0answers
91 views

What are some of the bigger differences world wide in VFR charts?

While discussing Aviation Charts in this SE question, JanHudec & Jwentin commented that VFR chart symbols are not internationally standardized - including airspace names and procedures. What are ...
10
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2answers
2k views

When are pilots required to have approval to conduct practice approaches?

I would like a clarification about requesting practice approaches. I have seen pilots at uncontrolled airports shoot practice approaches such as VOR, SDF, etc. without needing approval; obviously. ...
1
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1answer
174 views

Are customs stops required for private flights within the Schengen Area?

I would like to make a VFR flight from Switzerland to Germany and Germany to France and then France to Switzerland. For the first step: Switzerland to Germany I know that I have to fill a custom ...
26
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3answers
7k views

When flying VFR without GPS, how do pilots know if they are inside controlled airspace or not?

How do VFR pilots know whether or not they are inside controlled airspace if they don't have GPS onboard?
7
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2answers
344 views

Should I mention an altitude restriction from the previous controller during an ATC handoff?

I was flying my first solo cross country today with VFR flight following heading east at 5,500 ft. As I approach my top of descent (TOD), the controller nonchalantly said, "[call sign], you can ...
8
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3answers
2k views

How safe is IFR in class E?

In class D and E airspace, there is no separation between IFR and VFR traffic. However, most airspace in the United States below 18,500 feet MSL is class E airspace, which is exactly where non-...
1
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0answers
67 views

What is the legal definition of separation as it relates to ATC? [duplicate]

ATC provides "separation" for all aircraft in class bravo airspace. What is the legal definition of separation? Is it the same or different than the see-and-avoid rule (FAR Part 91.113(b)) where all ...
3
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1answer
196 views

Sightseeing in a class Bravo airspace?

I went to go fly around DFW today, wanted to do some sight see of the city and such. When I got in the air I contacted approach to get VFR flight following and was going to remain outside of the class ...
2
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2answers
629 views

Where can I obtain official German VFR approach charts?

I am looking for the official VFR approach charts of German airports. I could found a preview here : airports.de however I do not know where I can find the official ones or where I can order them. ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

When do I have to contact Centre when departing/arriving at an airport with an ATF?

I'm looking at St-Frédéric airport in Quebec, Canada (CSZ4) and specifically at the "COMM" section. It says that there is an Aerodrome Traffic Frequency (ATF) on 122.8 but it also seems to say that ...
4
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1answer
280 views

Are there Instrument-only airports?

Are there airports that in general don’t allow VFR traffic and e.g. don’t even have a VFR chart published and just allow IFR traffic?
7
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1answer
15k views

What is the minimum ceiling and visibility limits in Class E airspace?

With the intention of landing, taking off, or entering the traffic pattern at an airport in Class E airspace, what is the minimum ceiling and visibility as a VFR pilot in the USA.
7
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1answer
4k views

What is defined as “day VFR” under EASA rules?

I received a document where it it specified that the flight relevant for such document can only take place in "Day VFR" conditions undear EASA regulations. Is this connected to VMC? What does EASA ...
29
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3answers
5k views

How can I tell how far I am from a cloud?

So the other day as I was flying, I started to wonder: All pilots should be familiar with basic VFR cloud clearance requirements in 14 CFR 91.155 (and if not, then go study now!). When flying piston ...
6
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3answers
774 views

Is a weather briefing required? [closed]

Are pilots legally required to obtain a weather briefing prior to some or all flights?
3
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3answers
616 views

Can I request VFR flight following in a practice area and without a flight plan?

Can you request VFR flight following for your local non towered practice area? Can you have flight following without filing a flight plan? Can you also receive FF when flying low (800 AGL) locally ...
23
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2answers
8k views

May a non-instrument pilot legally file IFR as long as he amends and doesn’t accept an instrument clearance?

Say a pilot plans to make a cross country flight along Victor airways, but under VFR. Depending on workload and communication effectiveness along the way, our hero may provide the planned fairly ...
6
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2answers
513 views

What is the reference point for AGL? [duplicate]

I am about to start my PPL soon (still flying in FSX) and I do not understand one thing. As per FAR 91.159 if my altitude is above 3000' AGL I must maintain certain altitude depending on my course, ...
5
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1answer
196 views

Is Flight Following in the USA directly equivalent to Basic Service in the UK?

This is partially a question on terminology, I have flown in the USA and used a service which is commonly referred to as "Flight Following". I have read this question: Is there a European equivalent ...
3
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2answers
1k views

How should I request flight following when I'm not taking a direct route to my destination?

I want to plan a flight from KMSN - KDAY. My plan avoids the ORD airspace as much as possible, so something like: KMSN - JVL - KARR - JOT - EON - KRZL - OKK - MIE - KDAY What would be the ...
25
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3answers
18k views

Can I fly “into” the Grand Canyon?

I haven't looked at the Grand Canyon on a sectional yet, but I know that it is definitely big enough (by far) so that someone could fly a plane under the level of the rim and stil meet all of ...
1
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1answer
566 views

What VFR cruising altitude should be flown to the west below 4500 feet?

This is similar question to this question, but different scenario. Let me describe the situation: I am at KDYL in class G airspace. Accroding to ATIS the clouds are at 4700 scattered. I am going to ...
5
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2answers
2k views

What is the required cloud clearance in G airspace when there are clouds just above in class E airspace?

This is my first question here and I am about to start my Private Pilot License (PPL). Now I am flying in my Flight Simulator X. So, I am at KDKK airport. It has an elevation of 692 MSL . I got my ...
4
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2answers
994 views

Is the standby altimeter required for day VFR flight in a C172 Nav III?

I am very confused about whether the standby altimeter is required for day VFR flight: the KOEL (Kinds of Operations Equipment List) says “0” for day VFR but “1” for day IFR, while the equipment list ...
17
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2answers
4k views

How accurate must fuel gauges be for VFR flight?

All Private Pilots should know the acronym TOMATO FLAMES for the Minimum Equipment List (MEL). On that list, F means Fuel Gauges.But what exactly is required of fuel gauges? Yesterday, my rental ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

At what minimum height above terrain does a vertical structure need to be indicated on a sectional map?

I recently drove by what seemed like an unusually tall structure and used Google Maps satellite view, its distance measurement tool, and basic trigonometry to calculate that this building (some kind ...
15
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2answers
2k views

Which source to use when reporting the current altitude to ATC?

While flying from KSNA to KVCB VFR at night, Norcal Approach asked for my current altitude. I was somewhere between 12.0 and 12.5 depending on which reading I was going to use. ATC had me confirm. ...
2
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3answers
227 views

Is a destination airport necessary for cross-country VFR departure clearance?

New flyer here. When you’re requesting departure clearance for a cross-country VFR, do you have to specify the destination airport to the controller, or can you just specify a direction (eg. “VFR to ...
6
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2answers
1k views

How can I legally land VFR in class D airspace with low and few clouds?

This question is a bit specific because it applies to an actual situation I'm observing for a flight I'm looking to make tomorrow. I'm a Non-IFR rated pilot looking to fly class D airspace. My ...
3
votes
1answer
422 views

Is there a rule-of-thumb for estimating distance to an aeroplane?

It's generally hard for humans to estimate how far away an aircraft really is. Question: Is there a standard rule for estimating the distance to an aircraft? For example: The entry/exit hatches are ...
2
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2answers
160 views

Other aircraft doesn't apply right of way rules [duplicate]

I was flying VFR a couple of days ago and was warned by ATC that another aircraft was coming from my left to my right. At some point I saw it and we were clearly converging and getting pretty close. ...
3
votes
3answers
8k views

Tips for the private pilot check ride [duplicate]

I am 17 and am going to be taking my check ride for my private pilot's license very soon. What tips do you have before I go up? (Oral exam and check ride). I am more looking for personal experience ...
2
votes
1answer
473 views

How would I read a departure chart? [closed]

How do I read charts like these? I don't know how to read it, or where to get started on IFR departures and approaches. I can talk to ATC and fly VFR, but I am still unable to fly IFR and would ...
0
votes
1answer
539 views

How does VFR work in countries other than USA? What does hi and lo mean? [closed]

I saw that at https://skyvector.com/ the VFR sectional charts were available for the USA only. Do other countries use the same format for sectional charts? Additionally What does Lo and Hi mean at ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Are VFR pilots required to avoid an isolated cumulus cloud like any other cloud?

When flying VFR, pilots are to stay free of clouds, which includes a minimum of 3 miles visibility, and 2,000 feet laterally. Yet, I've seen some youtube videos where it appears the pilot gets too ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Can I make an ILS-Approach when I am VFR?

When doing a VFR-Flight, the runway to land on is usually approached visually. However, I would like to do some ILS-Training but in VFR. Is that possible? If yes: What's the procedure? Do I have to ...
-2
votes
2answers
278 views

Are there any regulations on how VFR Aircraft have to dodge if they are facing each other? [duplicate]

I thought about what happens when there are two Aircraft flying VFR, facing each other. VFR Aircraft are not guided by ATC, they have to seperate from other traffic on their own. I thought it could ...
18
votes
4answers
5k views

Why must IFR be cancelled?

Watching flying videos and listening to LiveATC, you will sometimes hear a pilot cancel IFR approach. Why does the ATC care if you are on IFR or VFR? So long as you get on the ground safely, it seems ...
6
votes
1answer
272 views

Why are so few heliports depicted on sectionals?

Pretty much every aerodrome, from an international airport to a private grass strip is depicted on a sectional chart. But there are few or no heliports shown. Why is this? Do helicopters have a ...
4
votes
1answer
631 views

What dialogue would a crop duster typically have with ATC?

By Stefan Krause, Germany (Own work) [FAL], via Wikimedia Commons What is the exact dialogue a crop duster pilot will have, if any, with ATC on a routine flight?
11
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1answer
2k views

Flying Considerations during an Eclipse? [duplicate]

August 21, 2017 will see a total eclipse of the sun across large sections of the United States, generally between about 10a.m. and 2p.m. (depending on location and timezone) If one is flying during ...