Questions tagged [visual-flight-rules]

Visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. VFR permits flying and navigating by visual reference outside the aircraft.

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18
votes
8answers
3k views

How can I easily keep track of my landing count during pattern work?

PPL Student pilot, ~20 hrs Hi, whilst doing some pattern work I frequently find myself unable to keep accurate track of the number of landings. There's an AFIS at my home airport who keeps track (...
13
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4answers
3k views

What is the best procedure for landing at my destination if I have a full electrical failure at night?

What is the best procedure for landing VFR at the intended destination airport and I have an electrical failure, in the following scenario? Let's assume this is a VFR flight and I'm 50 miles from the ...
2
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2answers
126 views

Do I need to change cruising altitudes for really short legs?

Let's say I'm cruising on a magnetic course of 150, so I'm flying at 7,500 feet. Then I need to fly for 6 miles on a magnetic course of 210, then back to 150. Do I need to switch to 8,500 or 6,500 ...
14
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3answers
3k views

Why do helicopter operations avoid IFR?

In almost any airplane commercial operation, unless you’re doing something very short haul daytime ops, an Instrument Rating is all but required with airplanes(it’s even in the FARs). Generally the ...
0
votes
5answers
214 views

Could a flight ever be considered to be operating under Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules at the same time?

In the US, could a flight ever be considered to be operating under Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules at the same time? If not, where in the FARs is this spelled out? Consider the ...
6
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3answers
2k views

For general aviation small aircraft flying VFR under 10,000 feet, can I use my phone GPS for navigation in the US?

For general aviation small aircraft flying VFR under 10,000 feet, can I use my phone GPS for navigation in the US? So no onboard GPS (which are expensive), no VOR/DME, of course there is always dead ...
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2answers
74 views

Are the VFR weather minimums in 91.155(d) redundant because of 91.155(a)?

14 CFR 91.155(d) specifies that: ... no person may take off or land an aircraft, or enter the traffic pattern of an airport, under VFR, within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B,...
4
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2answers
296 views

Can a VFR flight reference a waypoint in communication?

Can a VFR flight reference an IFR Waypoint when communicating position to tower or centers? For example: “N1234 at 3500’ at FERMY, request blah blah blah?” Thanks RHD! ****Adding additional ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Is an area of localized reduced visibility considered to be a cloud?

If there an area containing visible moisture in an otherwise clear sky and that area of visible moisture is transparent is it considered a "thin cloud" or simply a "localized area of reduced ...
4
votes
3answers
288 views

What is a circling approach?

What is a circling approach and why is it necessary? I know that if a runway is not suitable for an instrument approach, the pilots should execute landing on a runway which has an instrument approach ...
2
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3answers
185 views

How do pilots avoid clouds under night VFR?

When flying under visual flight rules (VFR), pilots have to be able to see far enough away to be able to avoid running into other aircraft or the ground. Therefore, VFR flight requires good ...
3
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4answers
282 views

What is the phraseology when leaving a TRSA?

When leaving TRSA what is the correct phraseology to tell ATC that radar service is no longer desired?
0
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1answer
66 views

If an aircraft is not IFR-equipped nor the pilot IFR rated, is it possible to get a border country to grant access from their CAA authority?

This could also apply to neighbouring countries that are just over water like UK-France, Canada-US (Lakes). Basically, a VFR flight only with permission granted from that country (if that's possible?...
3
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2answers
194 views

What regulations apply to a VFR flight from South Africa to Namibia?

I just would like to know what kind of flight plan, permissions, en route airway paths and other factors that need to be considered? Other than the passport, PPL license and aircraft documentation ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

What to do if trapped on top VFR?

In the event that, despite his best efforts, a VFR-only pilot has gotten trapped on top of a solid cloud layer, what is(are) the safest course(s) of action? For example, consider a long cross-country ...
2
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1answer
110 views

How to avoid getting trapped on top VFR?

This question addresses whether it is legal to fly VFR over-the-top. One of the comments mentioned the difference between safety and legality, i.e. doing so may not be safe even if it is legal (in ...
4
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0answers
49 views

Night VFR in France

I would like to conduct a night VFR in France and I am looking for the special regulations (references) for the following questions If an airport is approved for night VFR and nothing is mentioned ...
1
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2answers
92 views

How to not converge or diverge from the runway when there aren't checkpoints?

When flying circuits under VFR, if there is no clear distinct checkpoint available, what can you do/use as a checkpoint? I suspect the runway but please correct me if I'm wrong. How do you make sure ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Are commercial VFR flights legal?

I live in Southern California and was surprised to learn today that a local company is operating very short-haul VFR flights as an alternative to car commuting. https://www.floatshuttle.com/ I can ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Tiny margin between VFR cruise and over Class C?

Our class C airspace at KRDU has a 4400 ceiling. If I fly Westbound above the airspace at VFR cruise, I'm expected to be at 4500. Since this is a tiny margin and I don't want to bust into the airspace ...
11
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2answers
1k views

How can I learn about unpublished VFR reporting points?

I often hear "The Creek" used by pilot and ATC in the vicinity of Provo Municipal airport. I've been flying in this area for over 20 years, and I don't know what they are talking about. There are at ...
3
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5answers
204 views

How do I improve navigation with a VFR sectional chart?

I am doing my PPL atm. I am struggling to navigate with a VFR sectional chart, I am getting lost more often. How do I fix this issue? Any tips? I have trouble identifying small towns, identifying ...
3
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1answer
176 views

How does ceiling relate to IFR and VFR?

I'm working on a Python script that takes in metar data and decides if an airport is VFR/IFR/MVFR etc. This is the website that I'm getting the info from: https://www.aviationweather.gov/metar/data?...
6
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2answers
184 views

Why did the tower at a Class D airport not set me up with flight following on the ground?

On a trip I had a few days ago I had contacted the ground controller at Santa Fe Municipal (KSAF), a Class D airport, to arrange for a VFR departure to the southwest and requested VFR flight following....
2
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1answer
343 views

Can a helicopter fly VFR at night in India?

As per the title, can a helicopter fly VFR at night in India?. If yes, can the pilot ask for special VFR?
8
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4answers
1k views

Which altitudes are safest for VFR? [closed]

As a fairly new pilot who does a fair amount of x-country flying I find myself "feeling" safer going East at 5500 and West at 6500 happily burning extra fuel to get up there. Listening to the on route ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Which avoidance maneuver is best when seeing crossing traffic on approach to a runway?

Let us say I am in final landing and I saw another aircraft is crossing the runway while I am still in air, should go around be my best choice? If I touched down and then I saw the traffic, how ...
7
votes
2answers
205 views

Are there conventions on which side to travel on Victor airways - USA?

I'm a low-time VFR pilot (100hrs) in the United States. I have not yet started IFR training (other than XC time building). I understand the purposes and reasons why the Victor airways exist. I also ...
5
votes
1answer
138 views

What is special about the ICAO Caribbean region for VFR climb/descent?

In the FAA JO 7110.65 that provides rules for air traffic control, the following limitations are listed for VFR climb and descent: 8−8−5. VFR CLIMB AND DESCENT a. In the Houston, Miami, and ...
2
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2answers
222 views

What is the proper procedure to change VFR altitude when changing heading from east to west?

When you fly from west to east, sometimes your route heads west to avoid obstacles or to clear class B or C airspace. According to hemispheric rule, let's pretend I selected 7500 feet for VFR to the ...
3
votes
1answer
462 views

Where does one request a VFR transition route through class B?

Other than staying outside class B until being cleared in, is the point where one requests a transition route important? For example, the SFO B coastline transition is shown as starting up at San ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

How are VFR / GAAP approach points selected?

This is kind of an Australia based question. How are VFR approach points selected and why they are where they are? Also what challenges will pilots face from the GAAP (General Aviation Airport ...
0
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2answers
452 views

Can a GPS waypoint be used when filing a VFR flight plan?

This probably equally applies to IFR flight plans, but the general question is can arbitrary (unrelated to an airway or named fix) GPS coordinates be used in the route on a flight plan?
6
votes
2answers
280 views

What can I do if I cancel IFR when I shouldn't have?

Standard procedure for T-38 training is to cancel IFR in the MOA and fly back to the base VFR. A couple days ago I canceled in the MOA out of habit and instantly realized that I was above a broken ...
0
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2answers
118 views

What is the limit between lower and higher airways in VFR?

On skyvector you see "World high", "world low" and the VFR map. VFR is always under the clouds, correct? But how high do you have to be to follow the high/upper and how high for the low/lower airways?...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between VFR Flyways, Corridors and Transition Routes?

What is the difference between: VFR Flyways VFR Corridors VFR Transition Routes I can find a Flyway chart on the reverse side of the TAC chart and also Transition Routes in the TAC chart. But where ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

How can I overlay a VFR sectional on another map to identify features and landmarks?

How do I know which highways and landmarks on a VFR sectional align with which real-world features? Is there a way to overlay the VFR sectional map from the FAA on top of Google Maps or Bing? Edit: I'...
2
votes
3answers
156 views

How can I correct the heading for this navigation problem?

I'm a pilot trainee in Hungary and just encountered a navigation question problem which is from the PPL Training Questions book. Would be glad if someone can briefly explain how to do this typical ...
2
votes
3answers
423 views

How is the quadrantal rule applied to VFR flights in Hungary?

I'm looking for a clear explanation for this quadrantal rule question (it applies to Hungary): A VFR pilot is cruising, en-route in level flight, above the transition level of FL035. His magnetic ...
2
votes
3answers
644 views

When to turn from crosswind to downwind to base in a circuit?

I was told by my instructor that my circuit spacing is inconsistent. I do not know how to look at the runway and use it to judge when to turn downwind and base. As a result, my base leg is sometime ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

How do I know when to use flaps in glide approach or force landing?

During glide approach or practice force landing, I can see the aim point moving down. It means the aircraft will overshoot the field. But I am not sure when should flaps be used or which stage of ...
0
votes
1answer
279 views

Where can I find official definition of VFR and IFR? [duplicate]

I know that ICAO Annex 2 'Rules of the air' states rules such as general rules, visual flight rules, instrument flight rules, etc. And aircraft should fly in accordance with either visual flight rules ...
1
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3answers
1k views

Can a VFR flight follow an IFR route?

Can a VFR flight follow the same route of an approved IFR route (such as those found on Forefight Route Adviser) using waypoints and Victor airways?
8
votes
1answer
317 views

Where is this VFR reporting point (“Water Tank” near Thousand Oaks, CA) in real life?

I was looking at the VFR sectional near Thousand Oaks, California. The chart has a "WATER TANK" labeled, but I see many water tanks in Thousand Oaks on the Google Maps satellite view. Does anyone ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

What is the top altitude of the class delta KEDC? It looks like it's not depicted on the VFR sectional chart

Can someone tell me what I'm missing? I usually see a [-#] that denotes the airspace above a class delta. I believe KEDC (Austin Executive) is a class delta based on the chart supplement. Attached is ...
6
votes
1answer
183 views

Staying oriented in VFR

This is something I have been questioning more and more often on how pilots do it. So, let's say we are flying on a new location and know very little about it. When flying around and keeping the ...
2
votes
2answers
295 views

Does an IFR flight at night in VMC count as “night VFR conditions” (FAR 61.129)?

FAR 61.129 several times uses the phrase “night VFR conditions.” Does this mean strictly flights conducted under VFR at night, or does it include night flights conducted under IFR but in VMC?
5
votes
3answers
799 views

Where can I find the exact definition of VFR and IFR?

Although I have worked as ATC more than 5 years(not US), I don't know the exact definition of VFR and IFR. Of coure, I know that under VFR, pilot mainly use their eyes to navigate, but I want to know ...
11
votes
1answer
443 views

Is there research suggesting that VFR cruise altitude rules improve safety?

In the United States, 14 CFR 91.159 prescribes cruising altitudes for level flight under VFR: (a) When operating below 18,000 feet MSL and (1) On a magnetic course of zero degrees ...
10
votes
3answers
802 views

In a part 91 formation flight within a mode C veil, are all the aircraft required to have their transponders on?

Two aircraft are planning on conducting a standard formation flight (aircraft remaining within 1 mile of each other) as follows in the U.S.: Maintaining VFR below 10,000 MSL; Remaining outside/clear ...