Skip to main content

Questions tagged [visual-flight-rules]

Visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. VFR permits flying and navigating by visual reference outside the aircraft.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
35 votes
9 answers
14k views

What happens when a pilot has no Instrument Rating and visibility drops?

Note: I'm not a pilot, so I don't have much basic knowledge of how the pilot licence ratings work If a pilot doesn't have an Instrument Rating, and the weather conditions drop below VMC; what do they ...
Jon Story's user avatar
  • 10.4k
31 votes
7 answers
6k views

Why does flying IFR require a rating?

It may seem like a silly question, but my analogy is, some countries issue automatic-transmission-only driving licenses. Automatic transmission in this case would be the powerful avionics now ...
user avatar
31 votes
5 answers
15k views

Can large aircraft go VFR?

Is it legal for large, multi-crew, aircraft (such as the A380 or B747) to go VFR? I would guess it's legal just as any other aircraft. Is this ever done, like during training or test-flights? If it ...
falstro's user avatar
  • 11.8k
30 votes
4 answers
31k views

When can I request flight following?

I'm a student pilot doing all VFR flying and making flight plans for training. I've heard that most people don't file a flight plan for VFR outside of training though, and instead request "flight ...
Nick's user avatar
  • 1,108
29 votes
3 answers
7k views

How can I tell how far I am from a cloud?

So the other day as I was flying, I started to wonder: All pilots should be familiar with basic VFR cloud clearance requirements in 14 CFR 91.155 (and if not, then go study now!). When flying piston ...
Lnafziger's user avatar
  • 59k
26 votes
3 answers
10k views

When flying VFR without GPS, how do pilots know if they are inside controlled airspace or not?

How do VFR pilots know whether or not they are inside controlled airspace if they don't have GPS onboard?
slantalpha's user avatar
  • 4,213
25 votes
9 answers
6k views

How can a private pilot prepare for a long cross country flight in an unfamiliar area?

TL/DR: What are common preparation tips or techniques for low-hour private pilots planning long cross country flights in unfamiliar territory? I got my private pilot's license in November 2016 in ...
David DeVine's user avatar
25 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why fly VFR at all?

Really novice question here: if both the pilot and the aircraft are instrument-rated, why would anyone fly VFR? IFR lets one fly in a wider range of weather conditions and at night while there are no ...
0x60's user avatar
  • 353
25 votes
4 answers
25k views

Can I fly "into" the Grand Canyon?

I haven't looked at the Grand Canyon on a sectional yet, but I know that it is definitely big enough (by far) so that someone could fly a plane under the level of the rim and stil meet all of ...
Keegan's user avatar
  • 6,877
24 votes
2 answers
15k views

May a non-instrument pilot legally file IFR as long as he amends and doesn’t accept an instrument clearance?

Say a pilot plans to make a cross country flight along Victor airways, but under VFR. Depending on workload and communication effectiveness along the way, our hero may provide the planned fairly ...
Greg Bacon's user avatar
  • 5,710
23 votes
1 answer
18k views

Under VFR, can a pilot fly above a layer of clouds?

Image source I often see charts like the one above showing VFR cloud clearance minima. Since the regs list a minimum distance above clouds obviously VFR flights are allowed to fly over clouds. ...
TomMcW's user avatar
  • 28.6k
20 votes
8 answers
4k views

How can I easily keep track of my landing count during pattern work?

PPL Student pilot, ~20 hrs Hi, whilst doing some pattern work I frequently find myself unable to keep accurate track of the number of landings. There's an AFIS at my home airport who keeps track (...
ExternalUse's user avatar
20 votes
2 answers
5k views

How can pilots lacking instruments interpret vectors given by ATC?

This video is about European Air Transport flight 2939, a Boeing 737, which "lost all the instruments of the aircraft" shortly after takeoff. BCS2939: We are flying heading now, and we don't have ...
cat's user avatar
  • 383
20 votes
4 answers
8k views

Why must IFR be cancelled?

Watching flying videos and listening to LiveATC, you will sometimes hear a pilot cancel IFR approach. Why does the ATC care if you are on IFR or VFR? So long as you get on the ground safely, it seems ...
SnakeDoc's user avatar
  • 2,438
20 votes
2 answers
10k views

How can pilots fly VFR over-the-top in overcast conditions?

It's apparently legal for pilots to fly over the top of clouds and fly VFR. However, I don't understand how it's possible to do so, especially since there is no visual reference to rely on to ensure ...
Qantas 94 Heavy's user avatar
20 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is there a minimum density a cloud must attain before it is, legally speaking, a cloud?

I was doing a simulated tour of local untowered airfields the other day, operating VFR on VATSIM in Class B airspace (Logan). Whenever I'm in Class B as a VFR flight I like to give ATC as boring a ...
William Walker III's user avatar
18 votes
4 answers
2k views

Airplane longitudinal control: pitch or power?

I recently came across some slides from a flight school teaching, for the initial climb after take-off and for the approach, the strategy of controlling/adjusting RoC/RoD with power Speed with ...
Federico's user avatar
  • 32.6k
18 votes
3 answers
5k views

May I enter Class C airspace if I'm told "remain VFR"?

During a flight yesterday, the approach frequency for a local Class C was unusually busy. I was heading back to an underlying Class D and the frequency finally quieted down enough for me to poke in a ...
Greg Bacon's user avatar
  • 5,710
18 votes
2 answers
6k views

How accurate must fuel gauges be for VFR flight?

All Private Pilots should know the acronym TOMATO FLAMES for the Minimum Equipment List (MEL). On that list, F means Fuel Gauges.But what exactly is required of fuel gauges? Yesterday, my rental ...
abelenky's user avatar
  • 30.7k
18 votes
2 answers
7k views

Who to call for flight following?

I was up this past weekend on my first solo cross country and decided to request VFR flight following and was a bit confused at what happened. For this question I will set up the actual situation as ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 101k
17 votes
2 answers
2k views

Which source to use when reporting the current altitude to ATC?

While flying from KSNA to KVCB VFR at night, Norcal Approach asked for my current altitude. I was somewhere between 12.0 and 12.5 depending on which reading I was going to use. ATC had me confirm. ...
Alan Johnson's user avatar
16 votes
5 answers
17k views

Where can I find GA VFR maps for Australia?

Are there any sites similar to SkyVector (US-based) for GA aviation maps in Australia? I understand that Air Services Australia has miscellaneous single-purposes maps available, but they seem to be ...
CJBS's user avatar
  • 1,462
15 votes
5 answers
11k views

Is it required to contact approach when flying VFR into a Class D airfield?

Is it required when under VFR to contact an airfield's approach when approaching to land at a class D? KDLH is my example airfield. They possess independent radar approach and departure (same ...
Andy Levesque's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
809 views

Did Pacific Southwest Airlines ever operate flights under VFR?

Does anyone know if Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) ever flew certain routes under VFR? I've read this question and I understand that Part 121 does allow for VFR flight, but my question is specific ...
Mike's user avatar
  • 159
14 votes
4 answers
7k views

Why do helicopter operations avoid IFR?

In almost any airplane commercial operation, unless you’re doing something very short haul daytime ops, an Instrument Rating is all but required with airplanes (it’s even in the FARs). Generally the ...
Jhon Lewis's user avatar
14 votes
4 answers
4k views

What is the best procedure for landing at my destination if I have a full electrical failure at night?

What is the best procedure for landing VFR at the intended destination airport and I have an electrical failure, in the following scenario? Let's assume this is a VFR flight and I'm 50 miles from the ...
AviationLearner's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
3k views

VFR aircraft on a practice instrument approach—is the aircraft IFR? Do they receive separation?

A VFR aircraft contacts ATC and requests to execute a practice instrument approach (whether full-procedure or vectors-to-final). ATC issues the approach clearance, including the specific words "...
randomhead's user avatar
  • 15.6k
14 votes
2 answers
8k views

What is required for transatlantic flight in a private plane?

What equipment is required to fly a small plane across the Atlantic via Canada, Greenland, and Iceland? Is any additional training required beyond an ordinary pilot certificate? Can it be done in VFR ...
xpda's user avatar
  • 5,705
14 votes
3 answers
556 views

What are effective ways to spot the aircraft ATC specified?

When ATC instructs me something like "There is a Skyhawk on your 2 clock, 7 miles, 6500". I am not able to spot the target at least half of the time after several ATC reports its position until ATC ...
CrepuscularV's user avatar
  • 3,381
13 votes
3 answers
3k views

Can I do a VFR climb-out on IFR flight plan?

Let’s suppose I wish to fly an IFR flight from KTUS (Tucson International Airport) to KFST (Fort Stockton-Pecos) for example. Given the surrounding terrain there is of course an ODP that reads as ...
Antoine Benkemoun's user avatar
12 votes
5 answers
1k views

How often do people fly SVFR?

I was going over Special Visual Flight Rules (SVFR) with my instructor recently and he told me that he has only requested it a few times, and that it is mainly used if you are flying from ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 101k
12 votes
2 answers
9k views

What are the pilot responsibilities for "maintain visual separation" clearances?

ATC will sometimes give pilots the instruction to maintain visual separation from nearby traffic. I have a couple questions about this: There is a related ...
fooot's user avatar
  • 73.4k
12 votes
4 answers
51k views

On a chart, how can I find the frequency for flight following?

Is there a map I can refer to in order to pick up the correct frequency for VFR flight following while enroute? I know I can request a frequency from ATC as I depart, but what if I want to fly around ...
Stanley's user avatar
  • 1,030
12 votes
2 answers
7k views

In a Cessna 172 flying VFR on long final, when do I extend flaps to 10, 20, and 30 degrees?

At the pilot-controlled airfield I use most frequently, we fly a standard rectangular pattern. The normal-landing C172 flap sequence goes Downwind: 10 degrees past the “abeam point” and airspeed in ...
Greg Bacon's user avatar
  • 5,710
11 votes
4 answers
2k views

How would ATC try to establish contact with a VFR craft?

Example: I'm in a 172 tailed N1234A, on a pleasure hop between Hicks Field and Addison, circling around DFW International to the north, flying at 1500ft within DFW's Mode C veil under VFR (so I'm ...
KeithS's user avatar
  • 22.9k
11 votes
3 answers
4k views

I've been denied VFR clearance through C airspace, what should I do?

If I'm flying along in my C-152 and I am trying to go in a straight line through the "center" of C airspace (to land at a regional airport under the airspace), but the controller tells me to remain ...
Keegan's user avatar
  • 6,877
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

How can I learn about unpublished VFR reporting points?

I often hear "The Creek" used by pilot and ATC in the vicinity of Provo Municipal airport. I've been flying in this area for over 20 years, and I don't know what they are talking about. There are at ...
2NinerRomeo's user avatar
  • 2,223
11 votes
3 answers
2k views

Should I fly if conditions are VFR but the flight briefer says "VFR Flight Not Recommended"?

I contacted a flight briefer this morning in the San Francisco Bay Area in California. At the time, ceilings at my airport (Palo Alto) had just hit 1000 ft, so the field was (barely) VFR. It is a very ...
Peter's user avatar
  • 4,097
11 votes
1 answer
419 views

Why are there out-of-date tower frequencies on the VFR sectional chart, without a NOTAM?

I flew today to Salinas, CA and had a little trouble reaching Salinas tower (KSNS). The current VFR sectional shows the tower frequency as 119.4. However, apparently the frequency changed to 119.525 ...
Nils's user avatar
  • 215
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why does a pilot want to hold a Squawk Code when leaving Class B airspace?

I was listening to liveATC today... Controller clears this guy into the class B for a transition and throws him a code. Some time passes and the pilot has now transitioned the bravo and is leaving the ...
PilotGuy's user avatar
  • 193
11 votes
4 answers
4k views

When are pilots required to have approval to conduct practice approaches?

I would like a clarification about requesting practice approaches. I have seen pilots at uncontrolled airports shoot practice approaches such as VOR, SDF, etc. without needing approval; obviously. ...
Ryan Mortensen's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
3k views

Is there a European equivalent of VFR Flight Following?

In the US, Flight Following is a radar service provided to VFR aircraft on a best-effort basis. Controllers provide traffic advisories but they don't issue clearances or instructions and the pilot is ...
Pondlife's user avatar
  • 71.8k
11 votes
2 answers
6k views

What constitute "known icing conditions" and when can you fly VFR while they exist?

For flight operations conducted under 14 CFR part 91(other than subpart F) in VMC, what conditions constitute "known icing conditions"? Under what circumstances (e.g., altitude difference or no ...
J W's user avatar
  • 16.6k
11 votes
3 answers
2k views

In a part 91 formation flight within a mode C veil, are all the aircraft required to have their transponders on?

Two aircraft are planning on conducting a standard formation flight (aircraft remaining within 1 mile of each other) as follows in the U.S.: Maintaining VFR below 10,000 MSL; Remaining outside/clear ...
user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
2k views

Flying Considerations during an Eclipse? [duplicate]

August 21, 2017 will see a total eclipse of the sun across large sections of the United States, generally between about 10a.m. and 2p.m. (depending on location and timezone) If one is flying during ...
abelenky's user avatar
  • 30.7k
11 votes
1 answer
4k views

Can I display the route which I have created with skyvector.com on google maps?

I really appreciate skyvector.com as a tool for initial route planning and providing me with a good lookout to the upcoming VFR flight, but honestly I'm not very satisfied with the FAA Sectional ...
Falk's user avatar
  • 3,376
11 votes
1 answer
636 views

Is there research suggesting that VFR cruise altitude rules improve safety?

In the United States, 14 CFR 91.159 prescribes cruising altitudes for level flight under VFR: (a) When operating below 18,000 feet MSL and (1) On a magnetic course of zero degrees ...
Tanner Swett's user avatar
  • 5,781
10 votes
2 answers
2k views

How can I legally land VFR in class D airspace with low and few clouds?

This question is a bit specific because it applies to an actual situation I'm observing for a flight I'm looking to make tomorrow. I'm a Non-IFR rated pilot looking to fly class D airspace. My ...
Ryan Griffith's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
587 views

Do FAA sectional charts show all power/transmission lines?

The FAA's sectional aeronautical charts include some power/transmission lines. How complete is this? I am specifically interested in using something like ForeFlight for aeronautical charts while hot ...
Bob Jones Sr.'s user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
9k views

Is a magnetic compass required for VFR (day) flight in powered aircraft?

As the title suggests, Is a magnetic compass required equipment for VFR (day) flight in powered civil aircraft? I have always been under the impression it was. My question arises from reading CFR ...
fbynite's user avatar
  • 1,514

1
2 3 4 5