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Questions tagged [visual-flight-rules]

Visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. VFR permits flying and navigating by visual reference outside the aircraft.

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18
votes
4answers
2k views

Airplane longitudinal control: pitch or power?

I recently came across some slides from a flight school teaching, for the initial climb after take-off and for the approach, the strategy of controlling/adjusting RoC/RoD with power Speed with ...
33
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9answers
11k views

What happens when a pilot has no Instrument Rating and visibility drops?

Note: I'm not a pilot, so I don't have much basic knowledge of how the pilot licence ratings work If a pilot doesn't have an Instrument Rating, and the weather conditions drop below VMC; what do they ...
4
votes
1answer
603 views

Does FAR 91.155c apply to class E surface extensions?

Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 91.155 says under (c): Except as provided in §91.157, no person may operate an aircraft beneath the ceiling under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) within the lateral ...
29
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4answers
27k views

When can I request flight following?

I'm a student pilot doing all VFR flying and making flight plans for training. I've heard that most people don't file a flight plan for VFR outside of training though, and instead request "flight ...
26
votes
3answers
7k views

When flying VFR without GPS, how do pilots know if they are inside controlled airspace or not?

How do VFR pilots know whether or not they are inside controlled airspace if they don't have GPS onboard?
10
votes
2answers
2k views

When are pilots required to have approval to conduct practice approaches?

I would like a clarification about requesting practice approaches. I have seen pilots at uncontrolled airports shoot practice approaches such as VOR, SDF, etc. without needing approval; obviously. ...
7
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1answer
743 views

How close can I fly to a bridge?

I want to take some pictures of a bridge. How close can my pilot get me?
22
votes
6answers
4k views

Why does flying IFR require a rating?

It may seem like a silly question, but my analogy is, some countries issue automatic-transmission-only driving licenses. Automatic transmission in this case would be the powerful avionics now ...
11
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2answers
5k views

What are the pilot responsibilities for “maintain visual separation” clearances?

ATC will sometimes give pilots the instruction to maintain visual separation from nearby traffic. I have a couple questions about this: There is a related ...
7
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2answers
380 views

What if traffic should give way to me but doesn't appear to be?

Let's say I'm flying a GA aircraft VFR, and I don't have TCAS or similar. I see another aircraft on a converging course, and it must give way to me. (Suppose it has me on its right.) It doesn't appear ...
29
votes
3answers
5k views

How can I tell how far I am from a cloud?

So the other day as I was flying, I started to wonder: All pilots should be familiar with basic VFR cloud clearance requirements in 14 CFR 91.155 (and if not, then go study now!). When flying piston ...
27
votes
5answers
7k views

Can large aircraft go VFR?

Is it legal for large, multi-crew, aircraft (such as the A380 or B747) to go VFR? I would guess it's legal just as any other aircraft. Is this ever done, like during training or test-flights? If it ...
19
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2answers
8k views

How can pilots fly VFR over-the-top in overcast conditions?

It's apparently legal for pilots to fly over the top of clouds and fly VFR. However, I don't understand how it's possible to do so, especially since there is no visual reference to rely on to ensure ...
25
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3answers
18k views

Can I fly “into” the Grand Canyon?

I haven't looked at the Grand Canyon on a sectional yet, but I know that it is definitely big enough (by far) so that someone could fly a plane under the level of the rim and stil meet all of ...
17
votes
2answers
3k views

Who to call for flight following?

I was up this past weekend on my first solo cross country and decided to request VFR flight following and was a bit confused at what happened. For this question I will set up the actual situation as ...
7
votes
6answers
9k views

Is it required for pilots to contact ATC while flying VFR? [closed]

Does a pilot need to communicate with ATC while flying VFR (during departure, flight or departure) or does it depend on type of flight (like private, commercial, etc.)? Or is it required for pilot to ...
12
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3answers
3k views

I've been denied VFR clearance through C airspace, what should I do?

If I'm flying along in my C-152 and I am trying to go in a straight line through the "center" of C airspace (to land at a regional airport under the airspace), but the controller tells me to remain ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How often do people fly SVFR?

I was going over Special Visual Flight Rules (SVFR) with my instructor recently and he told me that he has only requested it a few times, and that it is mainly used if you are flying from ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Does a pilot have to request altitude changes when receiving flight following?

Let's say that during a VFR flight the pilot requests flight following from ATC, giving information about the aircraft type, type of equipment, destination and cruise altitude. ATC responds by giving ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

Can I use actual IMC time for the requirements in 61.109(a)(3)?

I needed extra instrument time for my VFR checkride but it was cloudy for my lesson. My CFII and I turned it into an introduction to IFR lesson and we flew 0.3 actual and 0.3 simulated (with the hood) ...
5
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3answers
673 views

Where can I find the exact definition of VFR and IFR?

Although I have worked as ATC more than 5 years(not US), I don't know the exact definition of VFR and IFR. Of coure, I know that under VFR, pilot mainly use their eyes to navigate, but I want to know ...
4
votes
6answers
13k views

How do I determine odd or even when working with altitudes?

I am always confused about how to calculate safety altitude, especially when it comes to even heights and odd heights, e.g. is 7500ft even or odd?
18
votes
4answers
5k views

Why must IFR be cancelled?

Watching flying videos and listening to LiveATC, you will sometimes hear a pilot cancel IFR approach. Why does the ATC care if you are on IFR or VFR? So long as you get on the ground safely, it seems ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Why does a pilot want to hold a Squawk Code when leaving Class B airspace?

I was listening to liveATC today... Controller clears this guy into the class B for a transition and throws him a code. Some time passes and the pilot has now transitioned the bravo and is leaving the ...
24
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3answers
3k views

Why fly VFR at all?

Really novice question here: if both the pilot and the aircraft are instrument-rated, why would anyone fly VFR? IFR lets one fly in a wider range of weather conditions and at night while there are no ...
19
votes
1answer
10k views

Under VFR, can a pilot fly above a layer of clouds?

Image source I often see charts like the one above showing VFR cloud clearance minima. Since the regs list a minimum distance above clouds obviously VFR flights are allowed to fly over clouds. ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a European equivalent of VFR Flight Following?

In the US, Flight Following is a radar service provided to VFR aircraft on a best-effort basis. Controllers provide traffic advisories but they don't issue clearances or instructions and the pilot is ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Do GA pilots routinely request “flight following” from ATC, and why?

My understanding is that private pilots are able to contact air traffic control and request "flight following", as it may help them with their situational awareness. Beyond that, however, I'm curious: ...
23
votes
2answers
8k views

May a non-instrument pilot legally file IFR as long as he amends and doesn’t accept an instrument clearance?

Say a pilot plans to make a cross country flight along Victor airways, but under VFR. Depending on workload and communication effectiveness along the way, our hero may provide the planned fairly ...
20
votes
2answers
4k views

How can pilots lacking instruments interpret vectors given by ATC?

This video is about European Air Transport flight 2939, a Boeing 737, which "lost all the instruments of the aircraft" shortly after takeoff. BCS2939: We are flying heading now, and we don't have ...
15
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4answers
8k views

Where can I find GA VFR maps for Australia?

Are there any sites similar to SkyVector (US-based) for GA aviation maps in Australia? I understand that Air Services Australia has miscellaneous single-purposes maps available, but they seem to be ...
9
votes
1answer
731 views

What punishment will I get from CASA if I fly in a cloud while a student pilot?

I am a student pilot in Australia. Someone said he saw me fly into a cloud at 1700 feet above ground level for five seconds. But I am sure I did not fly in the cloud. I have no instrument rating, nor ...
8
votes
1answer
697 views

Can TCAS be used to confirm “traffic in sight”?

If a pilot is asked to confirm traffic in sight, but they have hard time locating the traffic visually, however, they can see it on the TCAS display. Can they confirm they have the traffic in sight ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Does the “west evens / east odds” rule apply when flying without a specific destination (sightseeing, etc)?

I understand about the rule about odd / even (+500ft) separation at altitudes above 3,000ft AGL, but what about when you're flying without a definitive destination such as sightseeing where your track ...
6
votes
3answers
514 views

What are good apps to help with VFR navigation on my first solo?

Currently I am a student pilot in Spain (Barcelona) and I am 2 days away from my solo. I wanted to ask if there is any good application that will help me on VFR navigation since I'm allowed to go to ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

In an unpressurized cabin, why is the cockpit ambient pressure lower than the outside pressure?

As I study for my IRA written, this (VFR) question resurfaced and continues to irk me. The annotations cite the Venturi effect as the sole reason, but I don't follow. From Wikipedia: "The Venturi ...
5
votes
1answer
309 views

What is the process for requesting flight following in Canada?

In US, the process to get flight following is pretty straightforward. You call the approach/center frequency, request a flight following and you get it. On a recent flight originating from a Canadian ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the differences between Canadian VNCs and US Sectional charts?

I've been looking at Canadian VNCs (VFR Navigation Charts) and they look surprisingly different from US sectionals. A big difference seems to be how the airspace is designed, but there seem to be a ...
4
votes
2answers
942 views

Is the standby altimeter required for day VFR flight in a C172 Nav III?

I am very confused about whether the standby altimeter is required for day VFR flight: the KOEL (Kinds of Operations Equipment List) says “0” for day VFR but “1” for day IFR, while the equipment list ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

Where can I find a canonical list of sources for worldwide digital GA VFR maps?

Related question: Where can I find GA VFR maps for Australia? For various areas of the world, where are authoritative General Aviation VFR maps, charts, and so on available on the web?
3
votes
3answers
607 views

Can I request VFR flight following in a practice area and without a flight plan?

Can you request VFR flight following for your local non towered practice area? Can you have flight following without filing a flight plan? Can you also receive FF when flying low (800 AGL) locally ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

How should the VFR Cruising Altitudes (FAR 91.159) be applied over rising terrain?

Imagine flying at 4500' indicated altitude, 4500' AGL, heading 270, directly towards a steep mountain ridge that tops out at 4000 feet. Imagine the mountain being almost like a flat wall. When can I ...