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Questions tagged [visual-flight-rules]

Visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. VFR permits flying and navigating by visual reference outside the aircraft.

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1answer
118 views

Staying oriented in VFR

This is something I have been questioning more and more often on how pilots do it. So, let's say we are flying on a new location and know very little about it. When flying around and keeping the ...
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2answers
69 views

Does an IFR flight at night in VMC count as “night VFR conditions” (FAR 61.129)?

FAR 61.129 several times uses the phrase “night VFR conditions.” Does this mean strictly flights conducted under VFR at night, or does it include night flights conducted under IFR but in VMC?
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3answers
430 views

Where can I find the exact definition of VFR and IFR?

Although I have worked as ATC more than 5 years(not US), I don't know the exact definition of VFR and IFR. Of coure, I know that under VFR, pilot mainly use their eyes to navigate, but I want to know ...
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211 views

Is there research suggesting that VFR cruise altitude rules improve safety?

In the United States, 14 CFR 91.159 prescribes cruising altitudes for level flight under VFR: (a) When operating below 18,000 feet MSL and (1) On a magnetic course of zero degrees ...
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1answer
182 views

In a part 91 formation flight within a mode C veil, are all the aircraft required to have their transponders on?

Two aircraft are planning on conducting a standard formation flight (aircraft remaining within 1 mile of each other) as follows in the U.S.: Maintaining VFR below 10,000 MSL; Remaining outside/clear ...
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2answers
211 views

How do I enter the traffic pattern if I am coming from a nonstandard direction?

I have some questions on entering the pattern, VFR at an uncontrolled airport: Scenario: let's say I am going to land on a one-runway airport (36-18). Also, let's say I will be landing on 36 (left ...
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2answers
194 views

Traversing a tall suspension bridge during low overcast [duplicate]

Suppose a pilot is flying VFR with excellent visibility and calm wind but with a ceiling of 1000, along a wide river at 500 feet. At some point she approaches a suspension bridge. Climbing and trying ...
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2answers
136 views

Is a reversal of heading allowed in the NYC Hudson VFR corridor?

The special rules chart indicates that northbound traffic should follow the eastern edge of the Hudson and southbound should follow the west one. Suppose a pilot wanted to only go mid-way through the ...
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1answer
176 views

IFR to VFR Flight Plan Change [duplicate]

A pilot has filed an IFR flight plan. While airborne, he feels like changing to VFR flight. Can he request for it and what are the conditions?
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2answers
176 views

How to maintain your pitch when looking for other traffic in the pattern?

I am a student pilot and I fly in a desert region where turbulence often changes the pitch and airspeed of my aircraft. I am having an issue maintaining pitch while scanning for other aircraft in the ...
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2answers
193 views

How do Class B transitions work in the US? [closed]

I'm just wondering about VFR requests relating to class bravo airspace in the US: Is requesting VFR flight following in a class bravo the same thing as requesting a class bravo clearance? Does ...
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0answers
59 views

What are some of the bigger differences world wide in VFR charts?

While discussing Aviation Charts in this SE question, JanHudec & Jwentin commented that VFR chart symbols are not internationally standardized - including airspace names and procedures. What are ...
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1answer
134 views

Are customs stops required for private flights within the Schengen Area?

I would like to make a VFR flight from Switzerland to Germany and Germany to France and then France to Switzerland. For the first step: Switzerland to Germany I know that I have to fill a custom ...
4
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1answer
248 views

What aircraft maintenance logs should I have available for a private checkride?

I’m about to do my Private Pilot Checkride in my own plane. I’ve been trying to find a list of things that will be needed for the Checkride in the logbook, as I had thought it was an updated annual, ...
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3answers
7k views

When flying VFR without GPS, how do pilots know if they are inside controlled airspace or not?

How do VFR pilots know whether or not they are inside controlled airspace if they don't have GPS onboard?
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106 views

What is the process for requesting flight following in Canada?

In US, the process to get flight following is pretty straightforward. You call the approach/center frequency, request a flight following and you get it. On a recent flight originating from a Canadian ...
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1answer
200 views

How and when is a VFR flight plan closed when flying from the US to Canada?

I recently flew from US to Canada. As required I filed a VFR flight plan online (at 1800wxbrief.com). The flight plan was activated after I took off by contacting Flight Services at 122.2. They ...
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1answer
57 views

Are there downloadable versions of the Canadian VNC and VTA charts?

Are there PDF versions of Canadian VNC and VTA charts available for download? I fly in Australia where airservices lists them on their website so I was hoping to find something similar for Canada.
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2answers
277 views

Should I mention an altitude restriction from the previous controller during an ATC handoff?

I was flying my first solo cross country today with VFR flight following heading east at 5,500 ft. As I approach my top of descent (TOD), the controller nonchalantly said, "[call sign], you can ...
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0answers
57 views

What is the legal definition of separation as it relates to ATC? [duplicate]

ATC provides "separation" for all aircraft in class bravo airspace. What is the legal definition of separation? Is it the same or different than the see-and-avoid rule (FAR Part 91.113(b)) where all ...
3
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1answer
127 views

Sightseeing in a class Bravo airspace?

I went to go fly around DFW today, wanted to do some sight see of the city and such. When I got in the air I contacted approach to get VFR flight following and was going to remain outside of the class ...
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2answers
173 views

Where can I obtain official German VFR approach charts?

I am looking for the official VFR approach charts of German airports. I could found a preview here : airports.de however I do not know where I can find the official ones or where I can order them. ...
3
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1answer
92 views

When do I have to contact Centre when departing/arriving at an airport with an ATF?

I'm looking at St-Frédéric airport in Quebec, Canada (CSZ4) and specifically at the "COMM" section. It says that there is an Aerodrome Traffic Frequency (ATF) on 122.8 but it also seems to say that ...
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1answer
220 views

Are there Instrument-only airports?

Are there airports that in general don’t allow VFR traffic and e.g. don’t even have a VFR chart published and just allow IFR traffic?
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3answers
246 views

Is a weather briefing required? [closed]

Are pilots legally required to obtain a weather briefing prior to some or all flights?
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1answer
143 views

Is Flight Following in the USA directly equivalent to Basic Service in the UK?

This is partially a question on terminology, I have flown in the USA and used a service which is commonly referred to as "Flight Following". I have read this question: Is there a European equivalent ...
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3answers
384 views

Can I request VFR flight following in a practice area and without a flight plan?

Can you request VFR flight following for your local non towered practice area? Can you have flight following without filing a flight plan? Can you also receive FF when flying low (800 AGL) locally ...
6
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2answers
292 views

What is the reference point for AGL? [duplicate]

I am about to start my PPL soon (still flying in FSX) and I do not understand one thing. As per FAR 91.159 if my altitude is above 3000' AGL I must maintain certain altitude depending on my course, ...
3
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2answers
746 views

How should I request flight following when I'm not taking a direct route to my destination?

I want to plan a flight from KMSN - KDAY. My plan avoids the ORD airspace as much as possible, so something like: KMSN - JVL - KARR - JOT - EON - KRZL - OKK - MIE - KDAY What would be the ...
4
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1answer
331 views

Does FAR 91.155c apply to class E surface extensions?

Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 91.155 says under (c): Except as provided in §91.157, no person may operate an aircraft beneath the ceiling under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) within the lateral ...
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1answer
334 views

What VFR cruising altitude should be flown to the west below 4500 feet?

This is similar question to this question, but different scenario. Let me describe the situation: I am at KDYL in class G airspace. Accroding to ATIS the clouds are at 4700 scattered. I am going to ...
5
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2answers
849 views

What is the required cloud clearance in G airspace when there are clouds just above in class E airspace?

This is my first question here and I am about to start my Private Pilot License (PPL). Now I am flying in my Flight Simulator X. So, I am at KDKK airport. It has an elevation of 692 MSL . I got my ...
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2answers
458 views

Is the standby altimeter required for day VFR flight in a C172 Nav III?

I am very confused about whether the standby altimeter is required for day VFR flight: the KOEL (Kinds of Operations Equipment List) says “0” for day VFR but “1” for day IFR, while the equipment list ...
17
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2answers
3k views

How accurate must fuel gauges be for VFR flight?

All Private Pilots should know the acronym TOMATO FLAMES for the Minimum Equipment List (MEL). On that list, F means Fuel Gauges.But what exactly is required of fuel gauges? Yesterday, my rental ...
5
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2answers
160 views

At what minimum height above terrain does a vertical structure need to be indicated on a sectional map?

I recently drove by what seemed like an unusually tall structure and used Google Maps satellite view, its distance measurement tool, and basic trigonometry to calculate that this building (some kind ...
15
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2answers
1k views

Which source to use when reporting the current altitude to ATC?

While flying from KSNA to KVCB VFR at night, Norcal Approach asked for my current altitude. I was somewhere between 12.0 and 12.5 depending on which reading I was going to use. ATC had me confirm. ...
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3answers
186 views

Is a destination airport necessary for cross-country VFR departure clearance?

New flyer here. When you’re requesting departure clearance for a cross-country VFR, do you have to specify the destination airport to the controller, or can you just specify a direction (eg. “VFR to ...
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2answers
1k views

How should the VFR Cruising Altitudes (FAR 91.159) be applied over rising terrain?

Imagine flying at 4500' indicated altitude, 4500' AGL, heading 270, directly towards a steep mountain ridge that tops out at 4000 feet. Imagine the mountain being almost like a flat wall. When can I ...
3
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1answer
326 views

Is there a rule-of-thumb for estimating distance to an aeroplane?

It's generally hard for humans to estimate how far away an aircraft really is. Question: Is there a standard rule for estimating the distance to an aircraft? For example: The entry/exit hatches are ...
6
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2answers
824 views

How can I legally land VFR in class D airspace with low and few clouds?

This question is a bit specific because it applies to an actual situation I'm observing for a flight I'm looking to make tomorrow. I'm a Non-IFR rated pilot looking to fly class D airspace. My ...
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2answers
141 views

Other aircraft doesn't apply right of way rules [duplicate]

I was flying VFR a couple of days ago and was warned by ATC that another aircraft was coming from my left to my right. At some point I saw it and we were clearly converging and getting pretty close. ...
2
votes
1answer
366 views

How would I read a departure chart? [closed]

How do I read charts like these? I don't know how to read it, or where to get started on IFR departures and approaches. I can talk to ATC and fly VFR, but I am still unable to fly IFR and would ...
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1answer
274 views

How does VFR work in countries other than USA? What does hi and lo mean? [closed]

I saw that at https://skyvector.com/ the VFR sectional charts were available for the USA only. Do other countries use the same format for sectional charts? Additionally What does Lo and Hi mean at ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Can I make an ILS-Approach when I am VFR?

When doing a VFR-Flight, the runway to land on is usually approached visually. However, I would like to do some ILS-Training but in VFR. Is that possible? If yes: What's the procedure? Do I have to ...
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2answers
246 views

Are there any regulations on how VFR Aircraft have to dodge if they are facing each other? [duplicate]

I thought about what happens when there are two Aircraft flying VFR, facing each other. VFR Aircraft are not guided by ATC, they have to seperate from other traffic on their own. I thought it could ...
5
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1answer
210 views

Why are so few heliports depicted on sectionals?

Pretty much every aerodrome, from an international airport to a private grass strip is depicted on a sectional chart. But there are few or no heliports shown. Why is this? Do helicopters have a ...
11
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1answer
2k views

Flying Considerations during an Eclipse? [duplicate]

August 21, 2017 will see a total eclipse of the sun across large sections of the United States, generally between about 10a.m. and 2p.m. (depending on location and timezone) If one is flying during ...
9
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1answer
237 views

Do FAA sectional charts show all power/transmission lines?

The FAA's sectional aeronautical charts include some power/transmission lines. How complete is this? I am specifically interested in using something like ForeFlight for aeronautical charts while hot ...
5
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1answer
780 views

In an unpressurized cabin, why is the cockpit ambient pressure lower than the outside pressure?

As I study for my IRA written, this (VFR) question resurfaced and continues to irk me. The annotations cite the Venturi effect as the sole reason, but I don't follow. From Wikipedia: "The Venturi ...
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1answer
285 views

What happens when VFR conditions change over a longer flight? [duplicate]

If I am understanding correctly, you're not really supposed to use VFRs if the weather is not clear enough that you can ensure you're not going to run into things. Usually you do this by looking at ...