Questions tagged [visual-flight-rules]

Visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. VFR permits flying and navigating by visual reference outside the aircraft.

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68 views

Standard Size to Print a sectional chart?

What sizes does the sectional charts are sold at? I downloaded it from here, and was able to print it on a large format printer. https://www.faa.gov/air_traffic/flight_info/aeronav/productcatalog/...
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78 views

Is it necessary to switch from VFR to IFR when using ILS approach?

I have flown at an airport and asked for vectors for an ILS approach in VMC for practice. But the controller refused to give me vectors and told me that I could only have a visual approach. I got the ...
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501 views

Can an aircraft flying VFR with a squawk code enter adjacent class C or D airspace after being handed over to the destination tower? [duplicate]

In the US, a VFR aircraft request VFR flight following and is given a squawk code after takeoff. 15nm before arriving at it's destination class D airport, the TRACON facility instructs the pilot to &...
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712 views

When filing a VFR Flight Plan, where/how do you include intent to use a Class B transition?

When intending to use a VFR transition route through Class B airspace, do you put the intended route on the flight plan, the alternate route (if you don't get clearance for some reason), or both? ...
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228 views

Can I fly a practice LNAV approach with an iPad?

I'm doing training for an instrument rating, and I'm thinking I'd like to do some solo VFR cross country flying and do some practice instrument approaches. The C152 I'll be flying doesn't have a GPS ...
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249 views

What are cloud clearance requirements around scuds?

I'm a private pilot (in the U.S.) and I was doing hood instrument training with my instructor under VFR. I put on the hood and we did an instrument takeoff, and I flew up to 4,500 feet to do some VOR ...
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119 views

Can “Center” provide VFR flight following?

Whenever I've requested VFR flight following, I've always requested it from So Cal Approach/Departure because I'm usually flying within their reach. If I'm flying outside the reach of So Cal Approach ...
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1answer
158 views

Why is scud-running necessarily dangerous? [duplicate]

(Disclaimer: Please do not take the below as an endorsement of scud-running.) Scud-running is when a pilot flying in poor weather operates their aircraft at a lower-than-normal height above terrain in ...
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156 views

How is optimal Glide Path Altitude calculated?

Good day, On a PPL checkride quite a while ago I got asked "if you are 10 miles from the airport how high should you be for a 3 degree glideslope?" Can someone run me down on how to do the ...
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841 views

What is the difference between Cloud Ceiling and Cloud Base?

By definition, Cloud ceiling is The height above the ground or water of the base of the lowest layer of cloud below 6000 meters (20,000 feet) covering more than half the sky. So does, Cloud Ceiling ...
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211 views

Can I do a VFR night sightseeing flight in Europe?

I am an American living in the Netherlands, and I recently converted my US PPL to an EASA PPL. I have significant night flying experience in the US, but I understand that night VFR in Europe is ...
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285 views

How can I estimate wind speed and direction in VFR?

I am new here, I started to do VFR navigation (no G1000) so I try to deal with the wind. I notice that I have some problems to find the wind speed and direction during flight. I am going to try to ...
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134 views

During VMC conditions in terminal airspace (class B), does the pilots have to strictly follow separation standards issued by ATC?

Is it common for pilots to breach separation standards in terminal airspace while the conditions are VMC? I'm interested primarily in commercial aircraft that have scheduled operations in major ...
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694 views

How can I determine whether or not an airport has an ATIS?

Where can I find the ATIS code and frequency for an airport through a VFR chart? For example, in the case of Frankfort airport (in the attached image), I can see the AWOS frequency but I am unable to ...
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332 views

Where can I find the active time of a MOA on the VFR chart?

I am trying to find out the time when the HILLTOP MOA is active and its elevation. Where is this information located in a VFR chart?
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828 views

Is using a VOR considered IFR or VFR?

As the title mentioned. And also, is using it in zero visibility (or near) a real life scenario?
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132 views

VFR Navigation, rerouting timing corrections due to wind - rule of thumb?

Consider this reroute on a VFR nav trip from Great Malvern to Chipping Norton. Maintaining 120 TAS. Track 110 °M Heading 103 °M (taking 3/4 of Max Drift - MD) In still air this 30nm section would take ...
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1answer
87 views

Do dark conditions due to high-altitude smoke prevent ultralights from flying?

According to FAR103, you have to operate ultralights between sunrise and sunset, or between the times laid out in the Air Almanac (if you're in Alaska.) This means that the FAA has determined that ...
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1k views

Is it legal to fly without a transponder?

Everything is legal / airworthy. Except: Transponder is installed. It does work. It has NOT been inspected in any time frame that would show it is properly maintained. Flight is Golf, Echo, Delta &...
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235 views

Why do VFR-flights need a clearance in class D airspace?

I ask myself why VFR-traffic has to get ATC-clearances in class D airspace, because as far as I know, ATC doesn’t provide separation for VFR-traffic in this airspace class... So why for example is a ...
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8answers
3k views

How can I easily keep track of my landing count during pattern work?

PPL Student pilot, ~20 hrs Hi, whilst doing some pattern work I frequently find myself unable to keep accurate track of the number of landings. There's an AFIS at my home airport who keeps track (...
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What is the best procedure for landing at my destination if I have a full electrical failure at night?

What is the best procedure for landing VFR at the intended destination airport and I have an electrical failure, in the following scenario? Let's assume this is a VFR flight and I'm 50 miles from the ...
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167 views

Do I need to change cruising altitudes for really short legs?

Let's say I'm cruising on a magnetic course of 150, so I'm flying at 7,500 feet. Then I need to fly for 6 miles on a magnetic course of 210, then back to 150. Do I need to switch to 8,500 or 6,500 ...
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Why do helicopter operations avoid IFR?

In almost any airplane commercial operation, unless you’re doing something very short haul daytime ops, an Instrument Rating is all but required with airplanes(it’s even in the FARs). Generally the ...
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259 views

Could a flight ever be considered to be operating under Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules at the same time?

In the US, could a flight ever be considered to be operating under Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules at the same time? If not, where in the FARs is this spelled out? Consider the ...
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For general aviation small aircraft flying VFR under 10,000 feet, can I use my phone GPS for navigation in the US?

For general aviation small aircraft flying VFR under 10,000 feet, can I use my phone GPS for navigation in the US? So no onboard GPS (which are expensive), no VOR/DME, of course there is always dead ...
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99 views

Are the VFR weather minimums in 91.155(d) redundant because of 91.155(a)?

14 CFR 91.155(d) specifies that: ... no person may take off or land an aircraft, or enter the traffic pattern of an airport, under VFR, within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B,...
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371 views

Can a VFR flight reference a waypoint in communication?

Can a VFR flight reference an IFR Waypoint when communicating position to tower or centers? For example: “N1234 at 3500’ at FERMY, request blah blah blah?” Thanks RHD! ****Adding additional ...
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Is an area of localized reduced visibility considered to be a cloud?

If there an area containing visible moisture in an otherwise clear sky and that area of visible moisture is transparent is it considered a "thin cloud" or simply a "localized area of reduced ...
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519 views

What is a circling approach?

What is a circling approach and why is it necessary? I know that if a runway is not suitable for an instrument approach, the pilots should execute landing on a runway which has an instrument approach ...
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356 views

How do pilots avoid clouds under night VFR?

When flying under visual flight rules (VFR), pilots have to be able to see far enough away to be able to avoid running into other aircraft or the ground. Therefore, VFR flight requires good ...
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593 views

What is the phraseology when leaving a TRSA?

When leaving TRSA what is the correct phraseology to tell ATC that radar service is no longer desired?
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68 views

If an aircraft is not IFR-equipped nor the pilot IFR rated, is it possible to get a border country to grant access from their CAA authority?

This could also apply to neighbouring countries that are just over water like UK-France, Canada-US (Lakes). Basically, a VFR flight only with permission granted from that country (if that's possible?...
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238 views

What regulations apply to a VFR flight from South Africa to Namibia?

I just would like to know what kind of flight plan, permissions, en route airway paths and other factors that need to be considered? Other than the passport, PPL license and aircraft documentation ...
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923 views

Is it illegal to fly a Cessna 172S under day VFR with an inoperative vacuum gauge?

Let's say my vacuum gauge is not working on my C172S and I want to go day VFR flying. There is no MEL. 14 CFR 91.213 details procedures for inoperative instruments, and I think the following ...
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441 views

What to do if trapped on top VFR?

In the event that, despite his best efforts, a VFR-only pilot has gotten trapped on top of a solid cloud layer, what is(are) the safest course(s) of action? For example, consider a long cross-country ...
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1answer
171 views

How to avoid getting trapped on top VFR?

This question addresses whether it is legal to fly VFR over-the-top. One of the comments mentioned the difference between safety and legality, i.e. doing so may not be safe even if it is legal (in ...
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68 views

Night VFR in France

I would like to conduct a night VFR in France and I am looking for the special regulations (references) for the following questions If an airport is approved for night VFR and nothing is mentioned ...
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98 views

How to not converge or diverge from the runway when there aren't checkpoints?

When flying circuits under VFR, if there is no clear distinct checkpoint available, what can you do/use as a checkpoint? I suspect the runway but please correct me if I'm wrong. How do you make sure ...
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2k views

Are commercial VFR flights legal?

I live in Southern California and was surprised to learn today that a local company is operating very short-haul VFR flights as an alternative to car commuting. https://www.floatshuttle.com/ I can ...
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118 views

Tiny margin between VFR cruise and over Class C?

Our class C airspace at KRDU has a 4400 ceiling. If I fly Westbound above the airspace at VFR cruise, I'm expected to be at 4500. Since this is a tiny margin and I don't want to bust into the airspace ...
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1k views

How can I learn about unpublished VFR reporting points?

I often hear "The Creek" used by pilot and ATC in the vicinity of Provo Municipal airport. I've been flying in this area for over 20 years, and I don't know what they are talking about. There are at ...
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5answers
271 views

How do I improve navigation with a VFR sectional chart?

I am doing my PPL atm. I am struggling to navigate with a VFR sectional chart, I am getting lost more often. How do I fix this issue? Any tips? I have trouble identifying small towns, identifying ...
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321 views

How does ceiling relate to IFR and VFR?

I'm working on a Python script that takes in metar data and decides if an airport is VFR/IFR/MVFR etc. This is the website that I'm getting the info from: https://www.aviationweather.gov/metar/data?...
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249 views

Why did the tower at a Class D airport not set me up with flight following on the ground?

On a trip I had a few days ago I had contacted the ground controller at Santa Fe Municipal (KSAF), a Class D airport, to arrange for a VFR departure to the southwest and requested VFR flight following....
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571 views

Can a helicopter fly VFR at night in India?

As per the title, can a helicopter fly VFR at night in India?. If yes, can the pilot ask for special VFR?
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1k views

Which altitudes are safest for VFR? [closed]

As a fairly new pilot who does a fair amount of x-country flying I find myself "feeling" safer going East at 5500 and West at 6500 happily burning extra fuel to get up there. Listening to the on route ...
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1answer
170 views

Which avoidance maneuver is best when seeing crossing traffic on approach to a runway?

Let us say I am in final landing and I saw another aircraft is crossing the runway while I am still in air, should go around be my best choice? If I touched down and then I saw the traffic, how ...
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327 views

Are there conventions on which side to travel on Victor airways - USA?

I'm a low-time VFR pilot (100hrs) in the United States. I have not yet started IFR training (other than XC time building). I understand the purposes and reasons why the Victor airways exist. I also ...
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190 views

What is special about the ICAO Caribbean region for VFR climb/descent?

In the FAA JO 7110.65 that provides rules for air traffic control, the following limitations are listed for VFR climb and descent: 8−8−5. VFR CLIMB AND DESCENT a. In the Houston, Miami, and ...