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Questions tagged [visual-flight-rules]

Visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. VFR permits flying and navigating by visual reference outside the aircraft.

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2
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2answers
123 views

How do I improve navigation with a VFR sectional chart?

I am doing my PPL atm. I am struggling to navigate with a VFR sectional chart, I am getting lost more often. How do I fix this issue? Any tips? I have trouble identifying small towns, identifying ...
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1answer
95 views

How does ceiling relate to IFR and VFR?

I'm working on a Python script that takes in metar data and decides if an airport is VFR/IFR/MVFR etc. This is the website that I'm getting the info from: https://www.aviationweather.gov/metar/data?...
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2answers
112 views

Why did the tower at a Class D airport not set me up with flight following on the ground?

On a trip I had a few days ago I had contacted the ground controller at Santa Fe Municipal (KSAF), a Class D airport, to arrange for a VFR departure to the southwest and requested VFR flight following....
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1answer
181 views

Can we fly VFR at night?

Can a helicopter fly VFR at night? If yes, can he ask for special VFR?
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4answers
1k views

Which altitudes are safest for VFR? [closed]

As a fairly new pilot who does a fair amount of x-country flying I find myself "feeling" safer going East at 5500 and West at 6500 happily burning extra fuel to get up there. Listening to the on route ...
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1answer
156 views

Which avoidance maneuver is best when seeing crossing traffic on approach to a runway?

Let us say I am in final landing and I saw another aircraft is crossing the runway while I am still in air, should go around be my best choice? If I touched down and then I saw the traffic, how ...
7
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2answers
159 views

Are there conventions on which side to travel on Victor airways - USA?

I'm a low-time VFR pilot (100hrs) in the United States. I have not yet started IFR training (other than XC time building). I understand the purposes and reasons why the Victor airways exist. I also ...
5
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1answer
96 views

What is special about the ICAO Caribbean region for VFR climb/descent?

In the FAA JO 7110.65 that provides rules for air traffic control, the following limitations are listed for VFR climb and descent: 8−8−5. VFR CLIMB AND DESCENT a. In the Houston, Miami, and ...
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2answers
131 views

What is the proper procedure to change VFR altitude when changing heading from east to west?

When you fly from west to east, sometimes your route heads west to avoid obstacles or to clear class B or C airspace. According to hemispheric rule, let's pretend I selected 7500 feet for VFR to the ...
3
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1answer
117 views

Where does one request a VFR transition route through class B?

Other than staying outside class B until being cleared in, is the point where one requests a transition route important? For example, the SFO B coastline transition is shown as starting up at San ...
2
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1answer
75 views

How are VFR / GAAP approach points selected?

This is kind of an Australia based question. How are VFR approach points selected and why they are where they are? Also what challenges will pilots face from the GAAP (General Aviation Airport ...
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2answers
174 views

Can a GPS waypoint be used when filing a VFR flight plan?

This probably equally applies to IFR flight plans, but the general question is can arbitrary (unrelated to an airway or named fix) GPS coordinates be used in the route on a flight plan?
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2answers
199 views

What can I do if I cancel IFR when I shouldn't have?

Standard procedure for T-38 training is to cancel IFR in the MOA and fly back to the base VFR. A couple days ago I canceled in the MOA out of habit and instantly realized that I was above a broken ...
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2answers
48 views

What is the limit between lower and higher airways in VFR?

On skyvector you see "World high", "world low" and the VFR map. VFR is always under the clouds, correct? But how high do you have to be to follow the high/upper and how high for the low/lower airways?...
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1answer
734 views

What is the difference between VFR Flyways, Corridors and Transition Routes?

What is the difference between: VFR Flyways VFR Corridors VFR Transition Routes I can find a Flyway chart on the reverse side of the TAC chart and also Transition Routes in the TAC chart. But where ...
5
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1answer
106 views

How can I overlay a VFR sectional on another map to identify features and landmarks?

How do I know which highways and landmarks on a VFR sectional align with which real-world features? Is there a way to overlay the VFR sectional map from the FAA on top of Google Maps or Bing? Edit: I'...
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3answers
129 views

How can I correct the heading for this navigation problem?

I'm a pilot trainee in Hungary and just encountered a navigation question problem which is from the PPL Training Questions book. Would be glad if someone can briefly explain how to do this typical ...
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3answers
229 views

How is the quadrantal rule applied to VFR flights in Hungary?

I'm looking for a clear explanation for this quadrantal rule question (it applies to Hungary): A VFR pilot is cruising, en-route in level flight, above the transition level of FL035. His magnetic ...
2
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3answers
334 views

When to turn from crosswind to downwind to base in a circuit?

I was told by my instructor that my circuit spacing is inconsistent. I do not know how to look at the runway and use it to judge when to turn downwind and base. As a result, my base leg is sometime ...
2
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1answer
90 views

How do I know when to use flaps in glide approach or force landing?

During glide approach or practise force landing, I can see the aimpoint moving down. It means the aircraft will overshoot the field. But I am not sure when should flaps be used or which stage of flaps ...
0
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1answer
174 views

Where can I find official definition of VFR and IFR? [duplicate]

I know that ICAO Annex 2 'Rules of the air' states rules such as general rules, visual flight rules, instrument flight rules, etc. And aircraft should fly in accordance with either visual flight rules ...
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2answers
606 views

Can a VFR flight follow an IFR route?

Can a VFR flight follow the same route of an approved IFR route (such as those found on Forefight Route Adviser) using waypoints and Victor airways?
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2answers
286 views

Where is this VFR reporting point (“Water Tank” near Thousand Oaks, CA) in real life?

I was looking at the VFR sectional near Thousand Oaks, California. The chart has a "WATER TANK" labeled, but I see many water tanks in Thousand Oaks on the Google Maps satellite view. Does anyone ...
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2answers
96 views

What is the top altitude of the class delta KEDC? It looks like it's not depicted on the VFR sectional chart

Can someone tell me what I'm missing? I usually see a [-#] that denotes the airspace above a class delta. I believe KEDC (Austin Executive) is a class delta based on the chart supplement. Attached is ...
6
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1answer
159 views

Staying oriented in VFR

This is something I have been questioning more and more often on how pilots do it. So, let's say we are flying on a new location and know very little about it. When flying around and keeping the ...
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2answers
221 views

Does an IFR flight at night in VMC count as “night VFR conditions” (FAR 61.129)?

FAR 61.129 several times uses the phrase “night VFR conditions.” Does this mean strictly flights conducted under VFR at night, or does it include night flights conducted under IFR but in VMC?
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3answers
667 views

Where can I find the exact definition of VFR and IFR?

Although I have worked as ATC more than 5 years(not US), I don't know the exact definition of VFR and IFR. Of coure, I know that under VFR, pilot mainly use their eyes to navigate, but I want to know ...
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1answer
380 views

Is there research suggesting that VFR cruise altitude rules improve safety?

In the United States, 14 CFR 91.159 prescribes cruising altitudes for level flight under VFR: (a) When operating below 18,000 feet MSL and (1) On a magnetic course of zero degrees ...
7
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1answer
536 views

In a part 91 formation flight within a mode C veil, are all the aircraft required to have their transponders on?

Two aircraft are planning on conducting a standard formation flight (aircraft remaining within 1 mile of each other) as follows in the U.S.: Maintaining VFR below 10,000 MSL; Remaining outside/clear ...
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2answers
488 views

How do I enter the traffic pattern if I am coming from a nonstandard direction?

I have some questions on entering the pattern, VFR at an uncontrolled airport: Scenario: let's say I am going to land on a one-runway airport (36-18). Also, let's say I will be landing on 36 (left ...
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2answers
238 views

Traversing a tall suspension bridge during low overcast [duplicate]

Suppose a pilot is flying VFR with excellent visibility and calm wind but with a ceiling of 1000, along a wide river at 500 feet. At some point she approaches a suspension bridge. Climbing and trying ...
3
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2answers
145 views

Is a reversal of heading allowed in the NYC Hudson VFR corridor?

The special rules chart indicates that northbound traffic should follow the eastern edge of the Hudson and southbound should follow the west one. Suppose a pilot wanted to only go mid-way through the ...
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1answer
337 views

IFR to VFR Flight Plan Change [duplicate]

A pilot has filed an IFR flight plan. While airborne, he feels like changing to VFR flight. Can he request for it and what are the conditions?
3
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2answers
188 views

How to maintain your pitch when looking for other traffic in the pattern?

I am a student pilot and I fly in a desert region where turbulence often changes the pitch and airspeed of my aircraft. I am having an issue maintaining pitch while scanning for other aircraft in the ...
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2answers
400 views

How do Class B transitions work in the US? [closed]

I'm just wondering about VFR requests relating to class bravo airspace in the US: Is requesting VFR flight following in a class bravo the same thing as requesting a class bravo clearance? Does ...
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0answers
88 views

What are some of the bigger differences world wide in VFR charts?

While discussing Aviation Charts in this SE question, JanHudec & Jwentin commented that VFR chart symbols are not internationally standardized - including airspace names and procedures. What are ...
1
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1answer
172 views

Are customs stops required for private flights within the Schengen Area?

I would like to make a VFR flight from Switzerland to Germany and Germany to France and then France to Switzerland. For the first step: Switzerland to Germany I know that I have to fill a custom ...
4
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1answer
763 views

What aircraft maintenance logs should I have available for a private checkride?

I’m about to do my Private Pilot Checkride in my own plane. I’ve been trying to find a list of things that will be needed for the Checkride in the logbook, as I had thought it was an updated annual, ...
26
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3answers
7k views

When flying VFR without GPS, how do pilots know if they are inside controlled airspace or not?

How do VFR pilots know whether or not they are inside controlled airspace if they don't have GPS onboard?
5
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1answer
299 views

What is the process for requesting flight following in Canada?

In US, the process to get flight following is pretty straightforward. You call the approach/center frequency, request a flight following and you get it. On a recent flight originating from a Canadian ...
7
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1answer
433 views

How and when is a VFR flight plan closed when flying from the US to Canada?

I recently flew from US to Canada. As required I filed a VFR flight plan online (at 1800wxbrief.com). The flight plan was activated after I took off by contacting Flight Services at 122.2. They ...
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1answer
144 views

Are there downloadable versions of the Canadian VNC and VTA charts?

Are there PDF versions of Canadian VNC and VTA charts available for download? I fly in Australia where airservices lists them on their website so I was hoping to find something similar for Canada.
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2answers
344 views

Should I mention an altitude restriction from the previous controller during an ATC handoff?

I was flying my first solo cross country today with VFR flight following heading east at 5,500 ft. As I approach my top of descent (TOD), the controller nonchalantly said, "[call sign], you can ...
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0answers
65 views

What is the legal definition of separation as it relates to ATC? [duplicate]

ATC provides "separation" for all aircraft in class bravo airspace. What is the legal definition of separation? Is it the same or different than the see-and-avoid rule (FAR Part 91.113(b)) where all ...
3
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1answer
189 views

Sightseeing in a class Bravo airspace?

I went to go fly around DFW today, wanted to do some sight see of the city and such. When I got in the air I contacted approach to get VFR flight following and was going to remain outside of the class ...
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2answers
554 views

Where can I obtain official German VFR approach charts?

I am looking for the official VFR approach charts of German airports. I could found a preview here : airports.de however I do not know where I can find the official ones or where I can order them. ...
3
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1answer
170 views

When do I have to contact Centre when departing/arriving at an airport with an ATF?

I'm looking at St-Frédéric airport in Quebec, Canada (CSZ4) and specifically at the "COMM" section. It says that there is an Aerodrome Traffic Frequency (ATF) on 122.8 but it also seems to say that ...
4
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1answer
278 views

Are there Instrument-only airports?

Are there airports that in general don’t allow VFR traffic and e.g. don’t even have a VFR chart published and just allow IFR traffic?
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3answers
694 views

Is a weather briefing required? [closed]

Are pilots legally required to obtain a weather briefing prior to some or all flights?
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1answer
195 views

Is Flight Following in the USA directly equivalent to Basic Service in the UK?

This is partially a question on terminology, I have flown in the USA and used a service which is commonly referred to as "Flight Following". I have read this question: Is there a European equivalent ...