Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [visual-flight-rules]

Visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. VFR permits flying and navigating by visual reference outside the aircraft.

0
votes
1answer
77 views

Where can I find official definition of VFR and IFR? [duplicate]

I know that ICAO Annex 2 'Rules of the air' states rules such as general rules, visual flight rules, instrument flight rules, etc. And aircraft should fly in accordance with either visual flight rules ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

Can a VFR flight follow an IFR route?

Can a VFR flight follow the same route of an approved IFR route (such as those found on Forefight Route Adviser) using waypoints and Victor airways?
8
votes
2answers
252 views

Where is this VFR reporting point (“Water Tank” near Thousand Oaks, CA) in real life?

I was looking at the VFR sectional near Thousand Oaks, California. The chart has a "WATER TANK" labeled, but I see many water tanks in Thousand Oaks on the Google Maps satellite view. Does anyone ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

What is the top altitude of the class delta KEDC? It looks like it's not depicted on the VFR sectional chart

Can someone tell me what I'm missing? I usually see a [-#] that denotes the airspace above a class delta. I believe KEDC (Austin Executive) is a class delta based on the chart supplement. Attached is ...
5
votes
1answer
133 views

Staying oriented in VFR

This is something I have been questioning more and more often on how pilots do it. So, let's say we are flying on a new location and know very little about it. When flying around and keeping the ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Does an IFR flight at night in VMC count as “night VFR conditions” (FAR 61.129)?

FAR 61.129 several times uses the phrase “night VFR conditions.” Does this mean strictly flights conducted under VFR at night, or does it include night flights conducted under IFR but in VMC?
5
votes
3answers
511 views

Where can I find the exact definition of VFR and IFR?

Although I have worked as ATC more than 5 years(not US), I don't know the exact definition of VFR and IFR. Of coure, I know that under VFR, pilot mainly use their eyes to navigate, but I want to know ...
10
votes
1answer
263 views

Is there research suggesting that VFR cruise altitude rules improve safety?

In the United States, 14 CFR 91.159 prescribes cruising altitudes for level flight under VFR: (a) When operating below 18,000 feet MSL and (1) On a magnetic course of zero degrees ...
5
votes
1answer
242 views

In a part 91 formation flight within a mode C veil, are all the aircraft required to have their transponders on?

Two aircraft are planning on conducting a standard formation flight (aircraft remaining within 1 mile of each other) as follows in the U.S.: Maintaining VFR below 10,000 MSL; Remaining outside/clear ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

How do I enter the traffic pattern if I am coming from a nonstandard direction?

I have some questions on entering the pattern, VFR at an uncontrolled airport: Scenario: let's say I am going to land on a one-runway airport (36-18). Also, let's say I will be landing on 36 (left ...
1
vote
2answers
205 views

Traversing a tall suspension bridge during low overcast [duplicate]

Suppose a pilot is flying VFR with excellent visibility and calm wind but with a ceiling of 1000, along a wide river at 500 feet. At some point she approaches a suspension bridge. Climbing and trying ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

Is a reversal of heading allowed in the NYC Hudson VFR corridor?

The special rules chart indicates that northbound traffic should follow the eastern edge of the Hudson and southbound should follow the west one. Suppose a pilot wanted to only go mid-way through the ...
0
votes
1answer
217 views

IFR to VFR Flight Plan Change [duplicate]

A pilot has filed an IFR flight plan. While airborne, he feels like changing to VFR flight. Can he request for it and what are the conditions?
3
votes
2answers
180 views

How to maintain your pitch when looking for other traffic in the pattern?

I am a student pilot and I fly in a desert region where turbulence often changes the pitch and airspeed of my aircraft. I am having an issue maintaining pitch while scanning for other aircraft in the ...
1
vote
2answers
240 views

How do Class B transitions work in the US? [closed]

I'm just wondering about VFR requests relating to class bravo airspace in the US: Is requesting VFR flight following in a class bravo the same thing as requesting a class bravo clearance? Does ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

What are some of the bigger differences world wide in VFR charts?

While discussing Aviation Charts in this SE question, JanHudec & Jwentin commented that VFR chart symbols are not internationally standardized - including airspace names and procedures. What are ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Are customs stops required for private flights within the Schengen Area?

I would like to make a VFR flight from Switzerland to Germany and Germany to France and then France to Switzerland. For the first step: Switzerland to Germany I know that I have to fill a custom ...
4
votes
1answer
362 views

What aircraft maintenance logs should I have available for a private checkride?

I’m about to do my Private Pilot Checkride in my own plane. I’ve been trying to find a list of things that will be needed for the Checkride in the logbook, as I had thought it was an updated annual, ...
25
votes
3answers
7k views

When flying VFR without GPS, how do pilots know if they are inside controlled airspace or not?

How do VFR pilots know whether or not they are inside controlled airspace if they don't have GPS onboard?
4
votes
0answers
160 views

What is the process for requesting flight following in Canada?

In US, the process to get flight following is pretty straightforward. You call the approach/center frequency, request a flight following and you get it. On a recent flight originating from a Canadian ...
7
votes
1answer
253 views

How and when is a VFR flight plan closed when flying from the US to Canada?

I recently flew from US to Canada. As required I filed a VFR flight plan online (at 1800wxbrief.com). The flight plan was activated after I took off by contacting Flight Services at 122.2. They ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Are there downloadable versions of the Canadian VNC and VTA charts?

Are there PDF versions of Canadian VNC and VTA charts available for download? I fly in Australia where airservices lists them on their website so I was hoping to find something similar for Canada.
7
votes
2answers
296 views

Should I mention an altitude restriction from the previous controller during an ATC handoff?

I was flying my first solo cross country today with VFR flight following heading east at 5,500 ft. As I approach my top of descent (TOD), the controller nonchalantly said, "[call sign], you can ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

What is the legal definition of separation as it relates to ATC? [duplicate]

ATC provides "separation" for all aircraft in class bravo airspace. What is the legal definition of separation? Is it the same or different than the see-and-avoid rule (FAR Part 91.113(b)) where all ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Sightseeing in a class Bravo airspace?

I went to go fly around DFW today, wanted to do some sight see of the city and such. When I got in the air I contacted approach to get VFR flight following and was going to remain outside of the class ...
2
votes
2answers
244 views

Where can I obtain official German VFR approach charts?

I am looking for the official VFR approach charts of German airports. I could found a preview here : airports.de however I do not know where I can find the official ones or where I can order them. ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

When do I have to contact Centre when departing/arriving at an airport with an ATF?

I'm looking at St-Frédéric airport in Quebec, Canada (CSZ4) and specifically at the "COMM" section. It says that there is an Aerodrome Traffic Frequency (ATF) on 122.8 but it also seems to say that ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

Are there Instrument-only airports?

Are there airports that in general don’t allow VFR traffic and e.g. don’t even have a VFR chart published and just allow IFR traffic?
6
votes
3answers
330 views

Is a weather briefing required? [closed]

Are pilots legally required to obtain a weather briefing prior to some or all flights?
5
votes
1answer
163 views

Is Flight Following in the USA directly equivalent to Basic Service in the UK?

This is partially a question on terminology, I have flown in the USA and used a service which is commonly referred to as "Flight Following". I have read this question: Is there a European equivalent ...
3
votes
3answers
438 views

Can I request VFR flight following in a practice area and without a flight plan?

Can you request VFR flight following for your local non towered practice area? Can you have flight following without filing a flight plan? Can you also receive FF when flying low (800 AGL) locally ...
6
votes
2answers
349 views

What is the reference point for AGL? [duplicate]

I am about to start my PPL soon (still flying in FSX) and I do not understand one thing. As per FAR 91.159 if my altitude is above 3000' AGL I must maintain certain altitude depending on my course, ...
3
votes
2answers
878 views

How should I request flight following when I'm not taking a direct route to my destination?

I want to plan a flight from KMSN - KDAY. My plan avoids the ORD airspace as much as possible, so something like: KMSN - JVL - KARR - JOT - EON - KRZL - OKK - MIE - KDAY What would be the ...
4
votes
1answer
415 views

Does FAR 91.155c apply to class E surface extensions?

Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) 91.155 says under (c): Except as provided in §91.157, no person may operate an aircraft beneath the ceiling under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) within the lateral ...
1
vote
1answer
373 views

What VFR cruising altitude should be flown to the west below 4500 feet?

This is similar question to this question, but different scenario. Let me describe the situation: I am at KDYL in class G airspace. Accroding to ATIS the clouds are at 4700 scattered. I am going to ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the required cloud clearance in G airspace when there are clouds just above in class E airspace?

This is my first question here and I am about to start my Private Pilot License (PPL). Now I am flying in my Flight Simulator X. So, I am at KDKK airport. It has an elevation of 692 MSL . I got my ...
4
votes
2answers
558 views

Is the standby altimeter required for day VFR flight in a C172 Nav III?

I am very confused about whether the standby altimeter is required for day VFR flight: the KOEL (Kinds of Operations Equipment List) says “0” for day VFR but “1” for day IFR, while the equipment list ...
17
votes
2answers
3k views

How accurate must fuel gauges be for VFR flight?

All Private Pilots should know the acronym TOMATO FLAMES for the Minimum Equipment List (MEL). On that list, F means Fuel Gauges.But what exactly is required of fuel gauges? Yesterday, my rental ...
5
votes
2answers
166 views

At what minimum height above terrain does a vertical structure need to be indicated on a sectional map?

I recently drove by what seemed like an unusually tall structure and used Google Maps satellite view, its distance measurement tool, and basic trigonometry to calculate that this building (some kind ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

Which source to use when reporting the current altitude to ATC?

While flying from KSNA to KVCB VFR at night, Norcal Approach asked for my current altitude. I was somewhere between 12.0 and 12.5 depending on which reading I was going to use. ATC had me confirm. ...
2
votes
3answers
194 views

Is a destination airport necessary for cross-country VFR departure clearance?

New flyer here. When you’re requesting departure clearance for a cross-country VFR, do you have to specify the destination airport to the controller, or can you just specify a direction (eg. “VFR to ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How should the VFR Cruising Altitudes (FAR 91.159) be applied over rising terrain?

Imagine flying at 4500' indicated altitude, 4500' AGL, heading 270, directly towards a steep mountain ridge that tops out at 4000 feet. Imagine the mountain being almost like a flat wall. When can I ...
3
votes
1answer
349 views

Is there a rule-of-thumb for estimating distance to an aeroplane?

It's generally hard for humans to estimate how far away an aircraft really is. Question: Is there a standard rule for estimating the distance to an aircraft? For example: The entry/exit hatches are ...
6
votes
2answers
893 views

How can I legally land VFR in class D airspace with low and few clouds?

This question is a bit specific because it applies to an actual situation I'm observing for a flight I'm looking to make tomorrow. I'm a Non-IFR rated pilot looking to fly class D airspace. My ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Other aircraft doesn't apply right of way rules [duplicate]

I was flying VFR a couple of days ago and was warned by ATC that another aircraft was coming from my left to my right. At some point I saw it and we were clearly converging and getting pretty close. ...
2
votes
1answer
402 views

How would I read a departure chart? [closed]

How do I read charts like these? I don't know how to read it, or where to get started on IFR departures and approaches. I can talk to ATC and fly VFR, but I am still unable to fly IFR and would ...
0
votes
1answer
313 views

How does VFR work in countries other than USA? What does hi and lo mean? [closed]

I saw that at https://skyvector.com/ the VFR sectional charts were available for the USA only. Do other countries use the same format for sectional charts? Additionally What does Lo and Hi mean at ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Can I make an ILS-Approach when I am VFR?

When doing a VFR-Flight, the runway to land on is usually approached visually. However, I would like to do some ILS-Training but in VFR. Is that possible? If yes: What's the procedure? Do I have to ...
-3
votes
2answers
251 views

Are there any regulations on how VFR Aircraft have to dodge if they are facing each other? [duplicate]

I thought about what happens when there are two Aircraft flying VFR, facing each other. VFR Aircraft are not guided by ATC, they have to seperate from other traffic on their own. I thought it could ...
5
votes
1answer
225 views

Why are so few heliports depicted on sectionals?

Pretty much every aerodrome, from an international airport to a private grass strip is depicted on a sectional chart. But there are few or no heliports shown. Why is this? Do helicopters have a ...