Questions tagged [visual-flight-rules]

Visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of regulations governing aircraft operations. VFR permits flying and navigating by visual reference outside the aircraft.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
4answers
122 views

How can I estimate wind speed and direction in VFR?

I am new here, I started to do VFR navigation (no G1000) so I try to deal with the wind. I notice that I have some problems to find the wind speed and direction during flight. I am going to try to ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

During VMC conditions in terminal airspace (class B), does the pilots have to strictly follow separation standards issued by ATC?

Is it common for pilots to breach separation standards in terminal airspace while the conditions are VMC? I'm interested primarily in commercial aircraft that have scheduled operations in major ...
2
votes
3answers
449 views

How can I determine whether or not an airport has an ATIS?

Where can I find the ATIS code and frequency for an airport through a VFR chart? For example, in the case of Frankfort airport (in the attached image), I can see the AWOS frequency but I am unable to ...
7
votes
1answer
258 views

Where can I find the active time of a MOA on the VFR chart?

I am trying to find out the time when the HILLTOP MOA is active and its elevation. Where is this information located in a VFR chart?
1
vote
3answers
163 views

Is using a VOR considered IFR or VFR?

As the title mentioned. And also, is using it in zero visibility (or near) a real life scenario?
1
vote
2answers
92 views

VFR Navigation, rerouting timing corrections due to wind - rule of thumb?

Consider this reroute on a VFR nav trip from Great Malvern to Chipping Norton. Maintaining 120 TAS. Track 110 °M Heading 103 °M (taking 3/4 of Max Drift - MD) In still air this 30nm section would take ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Do dark conditions due to high-altitude smoke prevent ultralights from flying?

According to FAR103, you have to operate ultralights between sunrise and sunset, or between the times laid out in the Air Almanac (if you're in Alaska.) This means that the FAA has determined that ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Is it legal to fly without a transponder?

Everything is legal / airworthy. Except: Transponder is installed. It does work. It has NOT been inspected in any time frame that would show it is properly maintained. Flight is Golf, Echo, Delta &...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Why do VFR-flights need a clearance in class D airspace?

I ask myself why VFR-traffic has to get ATC-clearances in class D airspace, because as far as I know, ATC doesn’t provide separation for VFR-traffic in this airspace class... So why for example is a ...
18
votes
8answers
3k views

How can I easily keep track of my landing count during pattern work?

PPL Student pilot, ~20 hrs Hi, whilst doing some pattern work I frequently find myself unable to keep accurate track of the number of landings. There's an AFIS at my home airport who keeps track (...
13
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the best procedure for landing at my destination if I have a full electrical failure at night?

What is the best procedure for landing VFR at the intended destination airport and I have an electrical failure, in the following scenario? Let's assume this is a VFR flight and I'm 50 miles from the ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Do I need to change cruising altitudes for really short legs?

Let's say I'm cruising on a magnetic course of 150, so I'm flying at 7,500 feet. Then I need to fly for 6 miles on a magnetic course of 210, then back to 150. Do I need to switch to 8,500 or 6,500 ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Why do helicopter operations avoid IFR?

In almost any airplane commercial operation, unless you’re doing something very short haul daytime ops, an Instrument Rating is all but required with airplanes(it’s even in the FARs). Generally the ...
0
votes
5answers
221 views

Could a flight ever be considered to be operating under Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules at the same time?

In the US, could a flight ever be considered to be operating under Visual Flight Rules and Instrument Flight Rules at the same time? If not, where in the FARs is this spelled out? Consider the ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

For general aviation small aircraft flying VFR under 10,000 feet, can I use my phone GPS for navigation in the US?

For general aviation small aircraft flying VFR under 10,000 feet, can I use my phone GPS for navigation in the US? So no onboard GPS (which are expensive), no VOR/DME, of course there is always dead ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Are the VFR weather minimums in 91.155(d) redundant because of 91.155(a)?

14 CFR 91.155(d) specifies that: ... no person may take off or land an aircraft, or enter the traffic pattern of an airport, under VFR, within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B,...
4
votes
2answers
306 views

Can a VFR flight reference a waypoint in communication?

Can a VFR flight reference an IFR Waypoint when communicating position to tower or centers? For example: “N1234 at 3500’ at FERMY, request blah blah blah?” Thanks RHD! ****Adding additional ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is an area of localized reduced visibility considered to be a cloud?

If there an area containing visible moisture in an otherwise clear sky and that area of visible moisture is transparent is it considered a "thin cloud" or simply a "localized area of reduced ...
4
votes
3answers
337 views

What is a circling approach?

What is a circling approach and why is it necessary? I know that if a runway is not suitable for an instrument approach, the pilots should execute landing on a runway which has an instrument approach ...
2
votes
3answers
227 views

How do pilots avoid clouds under night VFR?

When flying under visual flight rules (VFR), pilots have to be able to see far enough away to be able to avoid running into other aircraft or the ground. Therefore, VFR flight requires good ...
3
votes
4answers
348 views

What is the phraseology when leaving a TRSA?

When leaving TRSA what is the correct phraseology to tell ATC that radar service is no longer desired?
0
votes
1answer
67 views

If an aircraft is not IFR-equipped nor the pilot IFR rated, is it possible to get a border country to grant access from their CAA authority?

This could also apply to neighbouring countries that are just over water like UK-France, Canada-US (Lakes). Basically, a VFR flight only with permission granted from that country (if that's possible?...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

What regulations apply to a VFR flight from South Africa to Namibia?

I just would like to know what kind of flight plan, permissions, en route airway paths and other factors that need to be considered? Other than the passport, PPL license and aircraft documentation ...
4
votes
1answer
245 views

What to do if trapped on top VFR?

In the event that, despite his best efforts, a VFR-only pilot has gotten trapped on top of a solid cloud layer, what is(are) the safest course(s) of action? For example, consider a long cross-country ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

How to avoid getting trapped on top VFR?

This question addresses whether it is legal to fly VFR over-the-top. One of the comments mentioned the difference between safety and legality, i.e. doing so may not be safe even if it is legal (in ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

Night VFR in France

I would like to conduct a night VFR in France and I am looking for the special regulations (references) for the following questions If an airport is approved for night VFR and nothing is mentioned ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

How to not converge or diverge from the runway when there aren't checkpoints?

When flying circuits under VFR, if there is no clear distinct checkpoint available, what can you do/use as a checkpoint? I suspect the runway but please correct me if I'm wrong. How do you make sure ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Are commercial VFR flights legal?

I live in Southern California and was surprised to learn today that a local company is operating very short-haul VFR flights as an alternative to car commuting. https://www.floatshuttle.com/ I can ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Tiny margin between VFR cruise and over Class C?

Our class C airspace at KRDU has a 4400 ceiling. If I fly Westbound above the airspace at VFR cruise, I'm expected to be at 4500. Since this is a tiny margin and I don't want to bust into the airspace ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I learn about unpublished VFR reporting points?

I often hear "The Creek" used by pilot and ATC in the vicinity of Provo Municipal airport. I've been flying in this area for over 20 years, and I don't know what they are talking about. There are at ...
3
votes
5answers
218 views

How do I improve navigation with a VFR sectional chart?

I am doing my PPL atm. I am struggling to navigate with a VFR sectional chart, I am getting lost more often. How do I fix this issue? Any tips? I have trouble identifying small towns, identifying ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

How does ceiling relate to IFR and VFR?

I'm working on a Python script that takes in metar data and decides if an airport is VFR/IFR/MVFR etc. This is the website that I'm getting the info from: https://www.aviationweather.gov/metar/data?...
6
votes
2answers
196 views

Why did the tower at a Class D airport not set me up with flight following on the ground?

On a trip I had a few days ago I had contacted the ground controller at Santa Fe Municipal (KSAF), a Class D airport, to arrange for a VFR departure to the southwest and requested VFR flight following....
2
votes
1answer
363 views

Can a helicopter fly VFR at night in India?

As per the title, can a helicopter fly VFR at night in India?. If yes, can the pilot ask for special VFR?
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Which altitudes are safest for VFR? [closed]

As a fairly new pilot who does a fair amount of x-country flying I find myself "feeling" safer going East at 5500 and West at 6500 happily burning extra fuel to get up there. Listening to the on route ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Which avoidance maneuver is best when seeing crossing traffic on approach to a runway?

Let us say I am in final landing and I saw another aircraft is crossing the runway while I am still in air, should go around be my best choice? If I touched down and then I saw the traffic, how ...
7
votes
2answers
244 views

Are there conventions on which side to travel on Victor airways - USA?

I'm a low-time VFR pilot (100hrs) in the United States. I have not yet started IFR training (other than XC time building). I understand the purposes and reasons why the Victor airways exist. I also ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

What is special about the ICAO Caribbean region for VFR climb/descent?

In the FAA JO 7110.65 that provides rules for air traffic control, the following limitations are listed for VFR climb and descent: 8−8−5. VFR CLIMB AND DESCENT a. In the Houston, Miami, and ...
2
votes
2answers
275 views

What is the proper procedure to change VFR altitude when changing heading from east to west?

When you fly from west to east, sometimes your route heads west to avoid obstacles or to clear class B or C airspace. According to hemispheric rule, let's pretend I selected 7500 feet for VFR to the ...
3
votes
1answer
573 views

Where does one request a VFR transition route through class B?

Other than staying outside class B until being cleared in, is the point where one requests a transition route important? For example, the SFO B coastline transition is shown as starting up at San ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

How are VFR / GAAP approach points selected?

This is kind of an Australia based question. How are VFR approach points selected and why they are where they are? Also what challenges will pilots face from the GAAP (General Aviation Airport ...
0
votes
2answers
544 views

Can a GPS waypoint be used when filing a VFR flight plan?

This probably equally applies to IFR flight plans, but the general question is can arbitrary (unrelated to an airway or named fix) GPS coordinates be used in the route on a flight plan?
6
votes
2answers
304 views

What can I do if I cancel IFR when I shouldn't have?

Standard procedure for T-38 training is to cancel IFR in the MOA and fly back to the base VFR. A couple days ago I canceled in the MOA out of habit and instantly realized that I was above a broken ...
0
votes
2answers
166 views

What is the limit between lower and higher airways in VFR?

On skyvector you see "World high", "world low" and the VFR map. VFR is always under the clouds, correct? But how high do you have to be to follow the high/upper and how high for the low/lower airways?...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between VFR Flyways, Corridors and Transition Routes?

What is the difference between: VFR Flyways VFR Corridors VFR Transition Routes I can find a Flyway chart on the reverse side of the TAC chart and also Transition Routes in the TAC chart. But where ...
5
votes
1answer
231 views

How can I overlay a VFR sectional on another map to identify features and landmarks?

How do I know which highways and landmarks on a VFR sectional align with which real-world features? Is there a way to overlay the VFR sectional map from the FAA on top of Google Maps or Bing? Edit: I'...
2
votes
3answers
166 views

How can I correct the heading for this navigation problem?

I'm a pilot trainee in Hungary and just encountered a navigation question problem which is from the PPL Training Questions book. Would be glad if someone can briefly explain how to do this typical ...
2
votes
3answers
460 views

How is the quadrantal rule applied to VFR flights in Hungary?

I'm looking for a clear explanation for this quadrantal rule question (it applies to Hungary): A VFR pilot is cruising, en-route in level flight, above the transition level of FL035. His magnetic ...
2
votes
3answers
768 views

When to turn from crosswind to downwind to base in a circuit?

I was told by my instructor that my circuit spacing is inconsistent. I do not know how to look at the runway and use it to judge when to turn downwind and base. As a result, my base leg is sometime ...
2
votes
1answer
282 views

How do I know when to use flaps in glide approach or force landing?

During glide approach or practice force landing, I can see the aim point moving down. It means the aircraft will overshoot the field. But I am not sure when should flaps be used or which stage of ...