Questions tagged [ultralight]

Questions regarding very lightweight powered aircraft.

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1answer
118 views

In reference to airspace, what does the FAA mean by “within the lateral boundaries of”? Is this construed to also imply a vertical limit?

Several FARs use the phrase "within the lateral boundaries of" (x airspace). What does the FAA interpret this phrase to mean? Specifically, what is the vertical extent of the airspace encompassed by ...
1
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1answer
74 views

What is the maximum takeoff weight allowed for a part 103 ultralight?

What is the max takeoff weight (MTOW) for a part 103 vertical takeoff (VTOL) ultralight? And is the value peak or continuous limit?
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1answer
104 views

Can a part 103 ultralight weigh 400kg fully loaded? [duplicate]

I am designing an electric VTOL personal part 103 ultralight. My question is: I have 114kg for the ultralight, 100kg for the pilot and 30kg for the baggage. About 260kg is enough to be take off ...
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1answer
84 views

What indications has the FAA given that phrases like “surface area of Class E airspace designated for an airport” do or don't include E4 “extensions”?

The dashed magenta shape on the sectional chart around KGUP depicts the horizontal extent of the Class-E-to-surface at KGUP. Inside this perimeter, Class E airspace extends all the way down to the ...
2
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1answer
94 views

In which countries can I fly an FAA compliant Part 103 ultralight?

İf I have a legal part 103 ultralight as defined by the FAA, in which countries may I fly this ultralight in the world in addition to the USA?
2
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1answer
123 views

How can I certify an ultralight design as complying with part 103?

Can you help me about which procedure do I need to follow in order to have a certificate that my design is part 103 ultralight. And as a information how long would it take to get the certificate and ...
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2answers
114 views

Is a 3 horsepower engine powerful enough for a 100 pound ultralight? [duplicate]

I'm building an ultralight and it weighs 100 pounds empty. My only engine is 3HP. Is that good enough?
3
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0answers
40 views

Would FAR 91.227, or any other regulation, forbid use of ADS-B-out in an unregistered ultralight?

Would FAR 91.227, or any other regulation, forbid use of ADS-B-out in an unregistered ultralight? Could the N-number field simply be left blank, without violating any regulation or law? One possibly ...
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2answers
106 views

At what altitude, if any, may an ultralight overfly the Gallup airport (KGUP) with no prior authorization without violating FAR 103.17?

At what altitude, if any, may an ultralight overfly the Gallup, New Mexico airport (KGUP) with no prior authorization without violating FAR 103.17? This is a question about the meaning of "within ...
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2answers
78 views

How to select and electric propulsion system for my experimental Ultralight?

I've been trying to design and build, my experimental Ultralight using electric propulsion system, My plane designed base on Slaler and Gensis ultralight , following is the primary calculation Empty ...
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1answer
121 views

Does anyone know free DIY ultralight plans? [closed]

Is anybody aware of open source plans for an ultralight that can be made out of standarized aluminium/wooden parts without welding?
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4answers
204 views

Is it possible to power an ultralight airplane with a single-cylinder weed-whacker engine?

Plane: Weighs 200 pounds. 16 FT wingspan, 36in. by 5 in. airfoil Engine: 3,000 RPM, 2 HP Propeller: 4ft with 4 blades and weighs 4 lbs. Is there perhaps an equation that could determine this?
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2answers
225 views

What engine should I use for a home-built ultralight (That is rideable) [closed]

I am looking for an engine that is powerful + cheap engine that will work in an ultralight aircraft and fly 1 person as well as the plane. yeah, this is kinda specific, but I have a tight budget and ...
1
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1answer
67 views

Do ultralights need to have EPA-compliant engines in the USA and Canada?

Do ultralights need to have EPA-compliant engines in: The USA? Canada? Just wondering if you could use a hobby type 2 stroke engine for a twin engine Lazair type ultralight. I don't think they are ...
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1answer
109 views

Does anyone have free plans for a ultralight?

I am looking for free ultralight plans for a beginner. I have been wanting to fly but I don’t want to spend thousands on a license so ultralight is the next best thing.
1
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2answers
320 views

Can a harbor freight predator 212 cc engine be enough for an ultralight [duplicate]

Hi I am planing on building a budget ultralight and I was wondering if a 6.5 hp 212 cc predator motor will be enough and if so what size prop should I use. A little background, it is going to be a ...
13
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1answer
5k views

Why does Canada recommend a minimum rate of climb for ultralights of 300 ft/min?

What is a safe minimum rate of climb for ultralights? I understand most ultralights climb at least 300-800 ft/min and in fact the Canadian ultralight specs recommend a minimum rate of climb of 300 ft/...
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1answer
284 views

Is there any legal way to fly an inline twin-engine aircraft with a single-engine certificate?

Is there any legal way to fly an inline twin-engine aircraft with only a single-engine endorsement? For example, if it's an ultralight or amateur built? I understand Rutan's Defiant was an inline ...
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1answer
302 views

Is it possible to fly an ultralight aircraft with a 13.4kW engine?

I want to build an ultralight within the 115kg preload (US standard). Can I use and engine with the specifications below? My weight is around 63kg. Rated output: 13.4kW(18HP)@3600RPM
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0answers
81 views

Do UL aircraft complying with LTF-UL need to copy an existing design pattern?

With my current pipe dream being to get physically involved in aviation instead of only theoretically, I looked into the regulations for ultralight planes in Germany. On multiple occasions in the ...
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4answers
133 views

Where is the compression on a compression strut in a tube and fabric airplane coming from?

I understand the functions of every part of a tube and fabric (two spar) ultralight wings and the loads they carry but what keeps puzzling me is the compression strut of a two spar wing as seen above. ...
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2answers
955 views

Why do gliders have bungee cords in the control systems and what do they do? Are they on all control surfaces? What about ultralights?

Why do gliders have bungee cords in the control systems and what do they do? Are they on all control surfaces? Why don't ultralights have them?
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2answers
2k views

Did the twin engined Lazair ultralight have a throttle for each engine?

Did the twin engined Lazair ultralight have a throttle for each engine? I know larger aircraft have dual throttles. What about the smaller aircraft like ultralights? It would be so much easier just ...
33
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4answers
10k views

What is it exactly about flying a Flyboard across the English channel that made Zapata's thighs burn?

CNN's French inventor makes 'beautiful' flight across Channel on hoverboard reports that: "French inventor Franky Zapata has successfully crossed the Channel on a jet-powered hoverboard for the ...
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1answer
199 views

Does a tandem ultralight need flaps on the rear wing if the front wing has flaps?

Does a tandem ultralight need flaps on the rear wing if the front wing has flaps? I understand that most Rutan canards don't have flaps as I was told if the main wing has flaps, the canards need one ...
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1answer
49 views

What is the best or most popular way to reduce wing tip vortices on an ultralight operating at 600-800k Re?

What is the best or most popular way to reduce wing tip vortices on an ultralight triplane, operating at 600-800k Re with fibreglass wings ,10 ft wingspan, gap of 2 chord, chord of 2 ft, 0 stagger? ...
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1answer
169 views

Where can I take my ultralight aircraft? [closed]

I know many airports do not allow ultralight aircraft but can I take it to work, home, or to the bar? What is the limits of freedoms of travel in an ultralight?
2
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2answers
433 views

How much lift does the wing attach fitting actually carry?

How do I calculate the lift force that the the bolt that join the wings to the fuselage of a strutted or braced airplane carry? I know in a cantilever airplane,the bolts have to carry all of the lift ...
2
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4answers
320 views

How to determine the compressive force in the spars of a strutted wing?

How does one calculate the compressive force that the inner section of a strutted or braced wing (from the strut attach point to the wing root) experiences? I know how to calculate the tension in the ...
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1answer
198 views

May an ultralight vehicle pass directly above KEGE at 9200 MSL at 1600Z with no prior authorization without violating FAR 103.17?

May an ultralight vehicle pass directly above KEGE at 9200 MSL at 1600Z with no prior authorization without violating FAR 103.17? http://vfrmap.com/?type=vfrc&lat=39.643&lon=-106.916&zoom=...
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3answers
2k views

Why is the tail group of virtually every airplane swept instead of straight?

Even low performance airplanes like ultralights have their tail group (vertical and horizontal stabilizer with rudder and elevator) swept backwards knowing fully well that a straight tail group will ...
4
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1answer
182 views

What are the historical precedents of today's E2 and E4 airspace? (US)

What are the historical precedents of today's E2 and E4 airspace? From what previous airspace classes did these airspaces evolve? How do these precedents help us understand the significance of the ...
2
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1answer
184 views

What are all the US airports where E4 “extensions” change to E2 and become part of a larger E2 “surface area” when the tower closes for the night?

Of all the US airports with part-time control towers and with E4 "extensions", in which cases are the airspace definitions written so that the E4 "extensions" change to E2 and become part of a larger ...
2
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0answers
98 views

In the US, can airspace simultaneously be E2 and E4? What happens at KSTC to the airspace in the dashed magenta boundary when the tower closes?

In the US, can the same airspace simultaneously be E2 and E4? Consider the case of KSTC -- St. Cloud Regional Airport, MN. http://vfrmap.com/?type=vfrc&lat=45.546&lon=-94.059&zoom=10 On ...
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2answers
444 views

What is the primary reason that the non-towered airports KACV and KTVL have E4 extensions to E2 airspace?

NOTE-- this question is not about why it was desired to protect the airspace that ended up within the E4 "extensions". Rather, this question is about why that was done by designating that airspace as ...
30
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3answers
8k views

What is this object in the cockpit of an ultralight?

This is a tool (probably) in on an ultralight airplane. Initially I guessed that it is a tilting meter (to level between right and left), but seems it is not as it just a vertical tube filled up with ...
5
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2answers
191 views

Positions of drag wires in a bay

Take a good look at the small dots • on the bays of this two spar wing. My question is: Are the drag and anti drag wire as seen in bay 1 supposed to connect to the root of the compression tube Or ...
3
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2answers
445 views

For slow-flying ultralights, how would a delta wing compare to a biplane layout of equal wing area?

Context: By "slow-flying" I refer to ultralights that can be classed as "motorfloaters" - similar wing loading to a hang-glider, stall speed below 40km/h, cruise speed not much above. I'm interested ...
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0answers
148 views

Could I Legally Fly a Paramotor as a Commuter Method [duplicate]

I get permission from company security to fly into work using my paramotor (I don’t have one, but would like to get one). We have six offices around the city. The city has two airports: one major ...
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2answers
224 views

Forces that wing attach fittings must transfer to fuselage?

I just saw the naked wing (it didn't have its wing fabric) of a Weedhopper ultralight and wondered the types of forces that the wing lift struts must transfer to the fuselage, apart from the apparent ...
2
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1answer
304 views

Does the wing to fuselage fittings of an airplane ever experience shear load?

Do wing attach fittings of semi-cantilevered plane (i.e. ultralights) ever get subjected to shear force? For example during roll, does the centrifugal force of the wings load the wing attach fittings ...
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0answers
198 views

How can Schrenk approximation be used to model lift load on a rectangular wing?

How can I use Schrenk approximation to calculate load distribution on my rectangular wing? A worked example will be appreciated.
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3answers
910 views

Is lift force less than weight during a descent?

In the above image lift is the same during a climb and during a descent. Is lift force not supposed to be less than weight during a descent? Secondly, does descending at an airspeed much lower than ...
3
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1answer
201 views

How to calculate the shear centre of a wing?

How is shear centre of a wings calculated? i.e. how can I calculate the wing shear centre of a two spar wing with main spar at 0% of wing chord and rear spar at 75% of wing chord? (Assuming the two ...
6
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4answers
2k views

Why does the Ikarus C42 pitch down when stalled?

Apparently, the C42 nose pitches down shortly after stall, like in this video. I know part of the video might be pilot input to recover from the stall, but I've read on various flying forums that this ...
10
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1answer
350 views

In the United States, are ultralights legally considered aircraft?

I sometimes hear it stated that in the United States, ultralight vehicles are not legally considered to be aircraft. For example, Wikipedia used to state: In the United States ultralights are ...
2
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1answer
132 views

What is the function of a sweep cable?

This is Goat3 ultralight with sweep cables,what is the fuction of these sweep cables?
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1answer
391 views

What is the purpose of this span wise “false spar” on Affordaplane wings?

This is the wing of an Affordaplane Ultralight,what is the use of those spanwise foam boards between the foam ribs,I know it's not for aesthetics.
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3answers
637 views

Can a Rutan Quickie be made into a legal Part 103 Ultralight?

I was was thinking about buying a 80s rutan quickie q-1, it has a 18 hp motor. I want to get a ultralight but I like this one because it is fast. Can I get a motor that would be within the ...
2
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2answers
176 views

To determine wing loading, do you need to subtract the weight of the wing from the gross weight?

Is it true that I must subtract the weight of my ultralight wing from the gross weight of my airplane inorder to determine the wing loading of my ultralight airplane? If yes,why is this so? I read a ...