Questions tagged [turbofan]

A type of jet engine which uses two different airflow streams (one passing through the core and another blown past it by a fan) for obtaining thrust.

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1answer
164 views

Why do large civil airliners use cold rather than hot thrust reversers?

Is it because cold thrust reversers are best for turbofans and most civil airliners have turbofan engines?
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85 views

Turbo-electric engine vs high by-pass-ratio Turbo fan, which config. would seem more efficient? (Liquid Hydrogen Fuel)

Would be a turbo-electric config using 2 turbofans as generators for a 150 pax. aircraft more efficient than a very high bypass rationed Turbofan that burns hydrogen? If not, then why are all ...
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53 views

Does aircraft nacelle length/shape/geometry affect the contrail formation?

This is coming from Question 1 and further down Question 2. I think the nacelle and exhaust cone do affect the contrail formation in some way, what is the relationship between them? Do the famous 787 ...
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163 views

What are variable stator vanes?

Most turbofans nowadays use "variable stator vanes"; what are these, what is their purpose, and how does it affect a gas turbine's performance?
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Bleed air examples and percentages [duplicate]

I'm doing an assignment in GSP where I've got to examine bleed air and it's effect on thrust and fuel consumption. I've got to simulate 1-10% bleed air and then answer whether the drop in performance ...
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1answer
96 views

What is the relation between N1 and Wing anti-ice

When wing anti-ice is selected, the N1 or EPR limit is automatically reduced, and the idle N1 or EPR is automatically increased. What does this statement mean ???
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3answers
178 views

What amount of electricity could we get from the Seebeck effect on a kerosene turbofan?

Edit: I rewrote my post. To downvoters, can you comment on your reasons? As a kind reminder: Downvote questions that don't show any research effort or don't contain enough information to be clear and ...
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1answer
106 views

Efficiency of the Kuznetsov NK-88 or NK-89 engine burning hydrogen

It's tough to find data about turbofan efficiency running on hydrogen. The Tupolev Tu-155 has been used as a test bed for exotic fuels right before the fall of the soviet union, without much follow-up....
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175 views

Why Not Just Replace All the Fan Blades?

It looks like operators will have to remove all their P&W powered B777s from service until they have checked the engines. Since the problem seems to be fatigue (which is a function of time) in a ...
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1answer
953 views

Why are jet engine fan blades painted?

I came across this extremely interesting article with details on a 2018 United Airlines Boeing 777 engine failure, which is also related to the more widely-publicized failure a few days ago: http://...
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Comparison of specific thrust vs. speed, for EDFs and propellers

I stumbled upon this graph showing the decrease in specific thrust (Thrust by Power) in relation to velocity, for a Schuebeler EDF: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Specific-thrust-T-P-vs-airspeed-...
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1answer
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What are the engine-out implications of giant turbofans?

It seems that turbofans for civil airliners are improving fuel efficiency by building larger and larger fans that spin slower. For example, the RR Trent 800 introduced in 1993 had a diameter of 2.8m, ...
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What is the fan pressure ratio in a turbofan?

What is it and how does it affect efficiency and thrust?
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Texts on aero-engine structures

I have been scouring the web for resources on aero-engine structures and structural design (preferably civil turbofans) but unfortunately it seems like they are hard to come by. I would like dedicated ...
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89 views

What's this outlet of IAE V2500 for? [duplicate]

Anybody knows what is this outlet for and why it is designed in such way? Edit: On MD-90 didn't see such thingy
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2answers
251 views

The latest turbofan aircraft feature an exposed exhaust cone, does it come with some benefits? [duplicate]

Aircraft like Airbus A320neo/A330neo/A350 series have a visible exhaust cone, which is not visible in the older versions of Boeing 747, Airbus A330/A321/A319 etc. Why is this design preferred over the ...
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What are these painted lines on the fan blades of Rolls Royce Pearl 15?

I'm not sure that they are painted lines but it looks they are. What are they for? More images:
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254 views

What kind of test is going on in this image?

Some times we see images of jet engines on the net that have strange colors. For example take a look at the bellow image. What the operator is doing? Why the color of blades are white with red on its ...
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Why does the LEAP 1A HPT run at such a high RPM?

I've watched the N2 on the LEAP sit at 100% at cruise and fluctuate as high as 101%. Why does the HPT run at such a high RPM?
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165 views

Would large, low aspect ratio fan/propeller blades be more efficient? Why not?

With reference to this answer We read in the above that accelerating a larger mass of air by a smaller amount is (theoretically) more efficient. This is an advantage of a larger propeller than is ...
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1answer
124 views

What is the purpose of air that passes through the engine core in a turbofan engine? Is it mainly to spin the fan rotor? [duplicate]

The majority of the air going through the bypass is producing most of the thrust and providing the air that cools the engine. Does is also provide the pressurization and cooling/heating for the cabins?...
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1answer
101 views

Why are high-bypass turbofans faster than turboprops?

The turboprop, and especially the high-blade-count propfan, differs from the high-bypass turbofan principally in throwing away the draggy outer ducting. This makes it easier to obtain a greater ...
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At what range does the turbofan start to become more economical than a turboprop? [duplicate]

By more economical I only mean 'burns less fuel'. I'm under the impression that at optimal cruise speed and altitude a turbofan will burn less fuel per mile per passenger than a turboprop, but I might ...
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What causes the horn-like noise during the start-up of some jet engines?

Here's the specific sound I'm talking about (it starts specifically 56 seconds into the video, as well as at 2:02 for the second engine): I've only really heard that ...
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247 views

Why would sea level static thrust have a takeoff and a maximum continuous value?

In the type certificate data sheet for a jet engine, there is this table static thrust is the thrust generated by the engine when the plane is at rest with respect to the Earth and the surrounding ...
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2answers
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What do these temperature data listed in the EASA Type Certificate Data Sheet mean?

Could you tell me what is the Maximum Permissible Indicated Turbine Temperature (ITT) and the ambient limit temperature for sea level static thrust?
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327 views

Do turbofan nacelles generate lift?

Since they are essentially an annular wing, how much do they contribute if at all to an aircraft's total lift? Would the effect of this lift be noticeable enough to help cancel out the drag they ...
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432 views

Why do some Turbofan engines have multi-stage fans?

I was wondering why some turbofan engine have multi-stage fans. e.g. F-119 engine: F100 Saturn AL-31
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Are large jet turbofans so easy to spin?

In this question, in the accepted answer, there is a comment by alephzero that says one can actually rotate a large turbofan's blades with one finger! Is that true, ...
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What gas turbines have the following configuration?

Is there any jet engines--with published data on the dimension of the turbines and compressors--that are of the configuration of 2 Low Pressure compressor, 8 High Pressure compressor, 2 High Pressure ...
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1answer
219 views

What is the most recent turbofan engine that used steel for its bypass fan blades?

I haven't been able to locate any engines that use steel for the bypass fan. All sources suggest Ti and composites are used for blade construction. Apart from the weight steel could partially make up ...
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Why is tangential velocity a loss of kinetic energy in a turbine section?

While researching turbine engines I came across a statement The mass of airflow naturally does not change in the transfer of energy to the rotor system, but the velocity of mass flow being slowed ...
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339 views

Why don't turbofan engines have shrouds affixed to the fan blades?

For a turbofan to be efficient the gap between the blades and the shroud has to be extremely small. Why don't we just attach the shroud directly to the blades and let it spin as one? Would that ...
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Why don't bypass ducts in jet engines narrow down the flow to accelerate it?

Since decreasing the flow area increases flow velocity, why don't turbofan bypass ducts narrow down to produce more thrust?
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166 views

What is the temperature range of engine mounts connected to the pylon?

I want to know what is the temperature of the engine mounts in modern turbofan engines for example, Rolls Royce Trent 900. Also, what are the temperature considerations you need to make while ...
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120 views

How hot is the outer casing of a turbofan engine?

I am able to find temperatures inside different components of turbofan engines, but I can't seem to find what would be the temperature of the external casing/shell of the engine. For example, ...
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1answer
292 views

Why does turbofan exhaust appear to reverse direction?

Yesterday I was at the airport planespotting. I observed the exhaust of a couple of turbofan engines, and found it curious how the fluid seemed to behave as it was leaving the engine and gaining ...
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2answers
295 views

Is it true that high-bypass engines are inherently inefficient at higher speeds?

Power consumption=Kinetic energy=$1/2mv^2$. Thrust=momentum change=$mv$. I keep being told that aircraft engines are most efficient when their exhaust velocity closely matches the freestream. The ...
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1answer
214 views

Why can’t the newest high-bypass turbofans run at their EPR, temperature, and RPM limits simultaneously at sea level?

The General Electric GE9X turbofan (used on the 777X), unlike the vast majority of turbofans before it, did not undergo the traditional triple-redline test (where the engine is run for a prolonged ...
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1answer
324 views

Does jet engine exhaust velocity relative to itself remain constant despite speed changes?

Maybe this is a stupid question. I seem to have been told, the velocity of the exhaust leaving an airbreathing jet engine relative to the engine, is constant despite changes in airspeed. However, to ...
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767 views

Do all single-engined aircraft experience torque that cause a turning tendency during the takeoff roll?

I've been flying the Cirrus Vision SF-50 for quite some time on my X-plane 11. Having a single turbofan engine mounted near the V-tail, I expected the requirement of at least a little right rudder. ...
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1answer
243 views

Why is the thrust-specific fuel consumption much worse for high bypass turbofans at cruise?

General Electric GE90 Takeoff: 0.278 lb/lbf/h (28.3 kg/kN/h) Cruise: 0.545 lb/lbf/h (55.6 kg/kN/h) Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Electric_GE90#Specifications I assume this is typical ...
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267 views

What is the fuel/air ratio of the CFM56-5A1 engine (in the A320 model)?

I could find the fan-bypass ratio, which was 6:1 (on some models 5:1) but I was unable to find the fuel to air ratio used in this engine. For reference, it is a high-bypass turbofan engine.
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What is the cost of electricity generated in the E175-E1?

I'm comparing two types of cabin illumination, and I'm having a difficult time to estimate the cost that will be saved by utilizing lights with a lower power consumption. What are the costs of ...
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Why do propellers have less theoretical range (i.e. range ignoring impatient passengers wanting to go fast) than jets, despite greater efficiency?

I was playing around with the breguet range equation recently, and came across a suprising result, that propellers have less range than jets, despite having greater efficiency. The range equation for ...
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1answer
237 views

What mechanism did the turbine reversers of early high-bypass turbofans use?

Nearly all jetliners nowadays use fat, efficient high-bypass turbofans (turbofans with a bypass ratio greater than or equal to 5:1). As the vast majority of a high-bypass turbofan’s thrust comes from ...
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260 views

Why do turbofans go faster than turboprops? [duplicate]

Can someone explain why turboprops are less effective in terms of thrust than turbofans? But at the same time, why turboprops burn less fuel? For example, the Bombardier Q400/De Havilland Dash 8 has a ...
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2answers
209 views

What factors contribute to the poor off design performance of turbofans?

I am looking to understand why turbofans have a higher specific fuel consumption when ran at lower power settings and what can be done to improve it. How much does the rpm of the various spools and ...
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219 views

Why don't private jets use higher bypass turbofans?

Common private jet engines such as the Williams FJ44 has a bypass ratio of just 2.8:1. Installation requirements aside. From an engineering perspective is there much to gain in efficiency by going to ...
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180 views

How do turbofan internals handle the load from the thrust?

To my understanding, turbofan engines get the majority of their thrust from the fan in front of the engine, up to around 70-80% while the core flow generates around 20-30%. Forward movement is ...

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