Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about words, phrases and definitions that are specific to aviation or used in a different way in aviation.

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14
votes
3answers
7k views

Regarding N1 and N2, what does the “N” stand for?

I initially phrased this question in a comment to another question regarding what N1 and N2 mean, hoping it would be that sort of low-hanging fruit that is easily answerable and not worth a proper ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the meanings of these terms related to instrument flight?

Please describe and define the following terms: Homing 0 degree relative bearing Tracking Hold Entry Holding pattern What are its uses and purposes? Any one to suggest a thorough instrument book as ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

What does a “hard stand departure” mean?

I am reading a table explaining how to plan multiple diversion returns from an individual station: widebody gate departures - xx minutes narrow body gate departures - xx minutes all hard ...
20
votes
1answer
19k views

What is the difference between aviation “accident” and “incident”?

When I hear speaking about aviation crashes, sometimes I hear about "accidents" and other times about "incidents". What distinguishes them? Is there an international standard that determines how ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

If an airplane touches down short of the runway, and doesn't reach it, is it still a runway excursion?

In light of the two recent incidents where aircraft landed roughly 1000 ft short of their intended runways, Air Canada AC-624 at Halifax and Asiana OZ-162 at Hiroshima, I started thinking the ...
11
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2answers
2k views

What is the correct name for this ILS Indicator?

What is the correct terminology for the name of the aircraft instrument that looks like this?
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Is “General Aviation” a well-defined term in the US, in the EU and/or elsewhere?

In this earlier question I tentatively assume that GA means civil aircraft operations other than scheduled passenger transport - what I think of as "airliner" operation though it could include quite ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Why is it called “base” leg?

When flying a circuit, the leg after downwind and before final is called base. Where does this name come from?
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How do engineers log airplane maintenance?

Is there an encoding system that replaces the vagueness of natural language when it comes to logging aircraft problems or repairs that took place at a specific site on the airplane? So, instead of ...
7
votes
1answer
550 views

What do you call the portion of a tail-dragger takeoff when the tail is in the air?

During a take-off roll out down the runway, in a tail-dragger airplane, what is the period of time called where the plane is level, with the main gear still on the runway, but the tail has come up off ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the origin of the term “Tyro” for inexperienced pilots?

Over the years I have been aware of the term "Tyro" to mean a new or inexperienced pilot. I'm pretty sure it is/was used more in a military setting than a GA one, but none the less I was interested to ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What do taxiway lane, taxiway strip and taxiway shoulder mean?

I am developing a game which involves an airport simulation. And I am looking into the general rules that traffic control has for busy airports and am also confused on the terminology of a taxiway. ...
8
votes
1answer
685 views

What does “500 and 1” mean?

In this AVWeb article, numerous references are made to 500 and 1, with other references to 3,000 and 5. Based on the statement <...
9
votes
1answer
938 views

What does it mean for a payload to be “caged”?

If an aircraft has a movable payload (e.g. camera) attached to it, two of the status modes are caged and stowed. Stowed indicates the payload is retracted and or in a locked position. What is ...
8
votes
1answer
651 views

What is TAPS in this report?

In researching for this question, I came across some reports from EASA referring to TAPS. What is the meaning of TAPS in this context?