Questions tagged [supersonic]

Use for questions relating to flight at speeds greater than sound and related effects from doing so.

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2
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1answer
88 views

Does an airfoil in supersonic flow have zero circulation?

In incompressible flow, the Kutta-Joukowski theorem can be used to relate the lift (per unit span) to the circulation around an airfoil. However, if we look at an airfoil or the flat plate (see below) ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does directional stability decrease at supersonic speeds?

As an aircraft accelerates through the transonic region from full subsonic to to full supersonic flow its directional or yaw stability decreases. What causes this reduction?
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Could an arrow planform be better for a supersonic aircraft than a delta? Why?

From this review paper Page 11: Strut-bracing for the SST allows very signi®cant reductions in both vortex and wave DDL via an extreme arrow con®guration and could be favourable to LFC via ...
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1answer
119 views

Would supersonic bi/tri/multiplane wings have less lift interference drag than a subsonic version?

Biplane wings interfere with each other, reducing the total lift often to about only 20% more than a mono wing of the same chord and span. But at supersonic speeds - say, Mach 2, where Mach angle is ...
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1answer
123 views

What is the speed above which painting an aircraft black (or dark) results in lower skin temperature?

The Concorde is painted white for thermal reasons. If I understand correctly, it is done to reflect as much radiation as possible in order to lower tempereture. But when the skin is really hot (SR-71, ...
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0answers
44 views

How to avoid shock (particularly Oblique shock) inside Cd nozzle?

Using the Area ratio (A/A*) and for the desired exit Mach number I have designed a cd nozzle. The Inlet total pressure (Po) and the total temperature (To) is calculated using Isentropic relations for ...
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1answer
107 views

How hot is supersonic intake air?

How hot is the air at the compressor inlet at supersonic speed? For instance the Concorde at mach 2.2 or other jet engines at even higher speeds.
2
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1answer
87 views

Does jet engine exhaust velocity relative to itself remain constant despite speed changes?

Maybe this is a stupid question. I seem to have been told, the velocity of the exhaust leaving an airbreathing jet engine relative to the engine, is constant despite changes in airspeed. However, to ...
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1answer
59 views

How to identify shock waves and expansion waves on a representation of the mach number?

This image is a representation of the Mach number for $M_{\infty}=2.0$ I am very new to CFD and high speed aerodynamics. I'm trying to analyse this image, specifically to understand why the velocity ...
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50 views

Why do supersonic and hypersonic planes have a pointed nose whereas commercial planes have a round nose [duplicate]

We see supersonic and hypersonic planes having a pointed nose whereas commercial planes have a round nose.is there aerodynamic reason for these different design?
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Which 2-seat 4th generation fighter/engine/configuration (de-militarized) would the best supersonic long-range civilian private transport?

Seeing recently -with some surprise- that former military jets of fairly recent vintage can be bought e.g. here and operated by (skilled+licensed²+rich³) private individuals after all classified/...
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2answers
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Why do shockwaves progressively move aft as speed increses?

As an airfoil moves from subsonic to supersonic, the shocks that develop over the surface move progressively toward the trailing edge. What is the physical explanation for this behavior? As a side ...
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What are the aerodynamic design principles behind the “supersonic” propeller of Luigi Colani's C-309 racing plane?

One of Luigi Colani's designs that is particularly confusing to me is the second design iteration of the C-309 propeller racing airplane. Allegedly, its two propellers are designed to be supersonic ...
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3answers
309 views

Is it possible to use refrigeration technology to cool the skin of supersonic aircraft?

The fastest air breathing aircraft, the Blackbird SR71 flew at speeds above Mach 3. Its engines could achieve much higher speeds but were limited by the aircraft's skin which would melt due to ...
3
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1answer
220 views

Concorde thrust reversers engaged on parked aircraft, but not all engines?

Am I correct in interpreting this photo as showing one thrust reverser engaged, while the other is open? Do the thrust reversers fall into place on a fully powered down Concorde? Could this be caused ...
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3answers
187 views

Where to find NACA 65-110 Airfoil? [closed]

I'm working on a research project regarding the Bell XS-1, which used the NACA 65-110 airfoil. I haven't been able to find any data on this airfoil, and I'm wondering if anyone knows where I could?
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2answers
521 views

How can an aircraft travel faster than speed of sound without breaking the sound barrier? [duplicate]

An excerpt from the BBC article here https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-51433720 "Despite travelling faster than the speed of sound the plane would not have broken the sonic barrier as it ...
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1answer
86 views

Why is wave drag non-zero for a flow without shockwaves?

Wave drag is often defined as the component of drag that arises due to the presence of shockwaves. Shocks result in an entropy rise and a corresponding increase in drag. However, when using Supersonic ...
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1answer
204 views

How does a delta wing deal with supersonic boundary separation?

The question Why most of the supersonic or fighter aircraft use all-moving control surfaces? emphasis the importance of all moving stabilator for supersonic aircraft. Many supersonic aircrafts ...
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1answer
170 views

What is the physical-based/theoretical reason why supersonic area ruling works?

Supersonic area ruling is used to reduce the drag rise that occurs as aircraft pass through the transonic regime. While it has been validated experimentally, what is the theoretical/physics-based ...
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98 views

About ramjet efficiency in supersonic speed. Is there an optimal speed?

I know there is an optimal speed for ramjet. This are the results of my research. The reason the efficiency increases with supersonic speed to an optimal value then decreases is related to the ...
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1answer
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Since shock waves have non-negligible viscosity, why do the normal shock relations ignore friction/viscosity?

The normal shock relations (seen below) are derived by using steady, 1D, neglect potential, no shaft work, adiabatic and zero viscosity assumption. However, since shock waves are "thin regions of high ...
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Supersonic propellers for supersonic aircraft? [duplicate]

A propeller is a spinning wing. Supersonic wings work. So, provided that the blades are made wide-chord and thin like supersonic wings are, with a supersonic airfoil, can they not power efficiently a ...
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3answers
346 views

Do afterburners use excessive amounts of fuel?

The purpose of an afterburner is to provide additional thrust, and it is obvious that more fuel is needed for that. But that is to be expected independent of an afterburner. That more thrust needs ...
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Is an afterburner louder than the same jet engine without it?

I would speculate that an afterburner increases the noise because it is nearer to the exhaust. But it certainly causes so many changes in the exhaust flow that it could be less loud as well. It may ...
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1answer
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Will you be able to hear a supersonic aircraft flying away from you?

I'm wondering if you could be able to hear the sound emitted by an aircraft say traveling at Mach 2 away from you. I wondered if it might shift the emitted frequencies beyond the audible range. Would ...
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1answer
162 views

Is the “Boom” project vaporware or really going to happen? [closed]

Is this https://boomsupersonic.com viable or more vaporware? Any solid information?
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109 views

What will happen to wing Vortices on supersonic aircraft?

Having looked at the new Aerion AS2 design I wondered whether anyone could tell me what happens to wingtip vortices at a cruise of Mach 1.4 with the strange wing shape of the AS2 design? I know that ...
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1answer
309 views

Why doesn't Concorde stall when passing Mach 1, where a normal airliner does?

As Jay Carr asked: What is a high speed stall?, Jan Hudec explained: A difference from normal stall is that after supersonic flow separation the lift remains proportional to angle of attack and so ...
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How can an F-22 Raptor reach supersonic speeds without having supersonic inlets?

The F-22 Raptor and some other jets do not have inlet spikes, yet they are able to achieve supersonic speeds. How is that possible?
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4answers
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Was the Boeing 2707 design flawed?

The mach 2.7 capable Boeing 2707 has an interesting design. I'm curious if there has been any studies done that concluded that this aircraft would simply not have worked, given the way it was ...
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3answers
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Can you feel passing through the sound barrier in an F-16?

Is it possible for the pilot to feel passing through the sound barrier in an F-16? What about other modern aircraft, will you feel anything? Do you need to go back to really dated designs before you ...
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1answer
129 views

How do a narrow airframe and canards keep supersonic shock waves from coalescing?

In a follow up to my previous question: How does the X-59 acheive quiet supersonic flight? Canards and a long narrow airframe were cited as design choices to prevent shock waves from coalescing. How ...
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1answer
227 views

How does the X-59 acheive quiet supersonic flight?

By what mechanism or combination of mechanisms does the X-59 reduce the noise produced by a sonic boom? What are the design choices that lead to quiet supersonic flight? I really want to understand ...
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2answers
903 views

Acceleration of a supersonic aircraft after breaking the sound barrier

People on the physics stackexchange recommended I ask here, so I am pasting my question regarding supersonic aircraft. I stumbled upon an interesting plot; in particular, the dependence of wave drag ...
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1answer
458 views

Could the Olympus 593 have been windmill-restarted during supersonic flight?

The Rolls-Royce/SNECMA Olympus 593 (which powered the Concorde) used a complex intake-ramp system to improve the engine's efficiency and prevent an engine shutdown or failure during supersonic flight ...
4
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1answer
193 views

Aerospike nose cones for supersonic jets?

Not to be confused with aerospike nozzles. This is about the big pin-like rod in front of ICBM nose cones. This answer (from Space) about aerospike nose cones notes that one of the potential ...
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2answers
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How is the camera positioned for these plane-to-plane Schlieren images of shock waves?

These two popular press articles discuss the use of schlieren photography to image shock waves of jets during flight using a special schlieren camera on a third plane. Gizmodo: NASA Captures First-...
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1answer
64 views

Are there any special considerations involved in designing manual flight controls for supersonic/hypersonic aircraft?

What things, if any, might need to be taken into account in the design of manual flight controls for supersonic or hypersonic aircraft that wouldn’t need to be taken into account with manual controls ...
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1answer
193 views

How does a weak shock-wave boundary-layer interaction create wave drag (other than through direct shock losses)?

I'm trying to understand the physical cause of wave drag, beyond the simple statement "the presence of shockwaves increases the drag". As far as I understand, in the case of a weak BLSWI (so without ...
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2answers
3k views

Could anyone (non-military) in the present day “exceed mach 1 over a regulated area”?

There is a question What would happen if I exceeded mach 1 over a regulated area? I wonder, could anyone in civil aviation (not military) actually carry out this violation? I know there are privately ...
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4answers
698 views

What would happen if I exceeded mach 1 over a regulated area?

What would happen if I exceeded mach 1 over a regulated area? Are there any penalties in place for this violation? Would ATC actually know I’m flying supersonic or would they have to go out of ...
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1answer
364 views

Can electroaerodynamic propulsion be used to circumvent sonic booms?

MIT researchers have created and flown the first plane that doesn’t require any moving parts. “Although it is still a long way off from commercial gas turbine propulsion … electroaerodynamic ...
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1answer
115 views

Is high speed buffet possible at supersonic speed?

Since high speed buffet is caused by boundary layer separation due to shock wave and at supersonic flight there is no shock wave directly onto the airfoil (it is attached to the trailing edge), is ...
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1answer
236 views

Why does strong shock wave-boundary-layer interaction produce a bubble reattachment?

The picture represents a lambda type shock wave, separating the boundary layer at its foot. Separation causes a recirculation bubble to appear. I understand why separation has happened, but what is ...
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1answer
211 views

What are some of the fastest UAVs? How do the pilots ensure that their controls are being transmitted to actions?

I would clarify that the drones I refer to are UAVs that were piloted using a control station. I know many military projects include such capabilities but I want to know how pilots work on such ...
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1answer
150 views

What kind of flight termination measures are taken for supersonic aircraft?

Having recently read an article that hyper-sonic airplanes carry enough energy that just flying into some target makes them as powerful as some missiles and I wonder if the supersonic planes have ...
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1answer
292 views

What kind of damage would low-level supersonic flight inflict?

I was watching a video about "The Big Stick" aka Project Pluto, a nuclear powered SLAM. In the video (I couldn't find the exact video) it said that after deploying its weapon payload a SLAM could fly ...
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3answers
351 views

Why do suborbital planes feature H-tail and/or large wingtips?

Spaceplanes that are suborbital are mostly supersonic and feature H-tail or rather large wingtips. This looks to be similar to a H-tail configuration but I'm unsure abut how it works, which is why I ...
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1answer
1k views

What is primary cause of shock induced separation (shock stall)?

In the video link above describing Prandtl Meyer Waves, lecturer stated (at 22:40) a very important fact on which he based his first half of the lecture. "Mach wave (mach lines) deflect the flow ...