Questions tagged [safety]

Safety includes all aspects of protecting aircraft, passengers and crew from accidents, mistakes and other potentially dangerous situations.

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3
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1answer
113 views

Who would be allowed to operate with no navigation lights over a populated area?

I know little about aircraft, FAA or FARS, but I've tried to research something I saw one evening without much success. I was hoping an expert could chime in. One evening, while watching for ...
25
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4answers
14k views

Why is “runway behind you” useless?

I was recently answering this question and for some reason it made me think of this fairly famous aviation saying The three most useless things to a pilot are the altitude above you, runway behind ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Is it safe to wear earplugs in flight?

Speaking in terms of health for the ears and eardrums, would earplugs that form an airtight seal be dangerous to wear in flight due to cabin pressure changes? What about in the event of a rapid ...
14
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3answers
522 views

Where does the 90 seconds limit for plane evacuation come from?

New airplanes have to confirm that all passengers have to be evacuated within 90 seconds or they wouldn't be certified by aviation authorities. But where does the 90 seconds limit come from? Why isn't ...
41
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4answers
36k views

How is fuel dumping safe?

The answers to this this question make it clear how modern airliners dump fuel in the case of an emergency. As far as I understand, fuel dumping might be done to lower an aircraft's weight to the ...
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0answers
95 views

How can pilots be confident that no one has sabotaged their aircraft? [closed]

How can pilots be confident that no-one with legitimate access to the aircraft hasn’t interfered with or sabotaged it? In particular, ground crews and mechanics.
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0answers
26 views

What are the Top Properties of a aluminium or titanium stacks That makes them used in the aerospace industry? [duplicate]

why aren't these substances used separately? What is the reason for composite and aluminum sheets to stick together? What are the challenges in drilling these plate?
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7answers
447 views

What prevents Low Cost Carriers (LCCs) from cutting cost that compromise safety?

I was reading an article about LCCs and here is an excerpt that got me thinking. While budget airlines cut other corners to keep fares low, they do not — actually cannot — compromise the safety ...
1
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2answers
338 views

Is the IOSA useful even if not all airliners are IATA members?

Given the two facts: According to wikipedia, the IATA represent a little more than 80% of available seat kilometers. It makes sense as some airlines are not IATA members. Under each region over the ...
1
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1answer
124 views

Do any regulatory bodies require ISO 9001 QMS certification from airlines or service providers?

As the aviation industry is transitioning to SMS approach, is having ISO 9001 certification required from any civil aviation authority? Similar to how IATA requires IOSA certification and certain ...
4
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4answers
156 views

Is Turn and slip indicator a good back-up for the attitude indicator?

I was reading my Aircraft general knowledge book, and noticed something peculiar that was written. The book described that the turn and slip indicator works as a back-up in case of a malfunctioning ...
31
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3answers
8k views

How serious is an impact like the 10/2017 Delta Airlines suspected bird strike?

Recently, there was an incident where a Delta Airlines charter flight carrying the Oklahoma City Thunder basketball team was struck by an "unidentified object". Delta's official statement claims that ...
13
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3answers
2k views

Is there any obvious warning when auto-pilot is disengaged or when the mode changes?

Under the investigation section of the First Air Flight 6560 incident, it describes the catalyst for the accident: The approach was entirely flown on autopilot, which was correctly set to capture ...
4
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2answers
319 views

What conditions cause the gear-up warning to sound on a Bombardier DASH-8?

As the title says, what conditions cause the gear-up warning to sound on a Bombardier DASH-8?
0
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0answers
25 views

When will ICAO update their Safety data service?

ICAO offer an aviation safety database (iStars API Data Service). Usually this has accidents/incidents up on the database a few days after it happens. However, their database doesn't seem to be ...
2
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1answer
133 views

Why are the VHF and UHF airbands directly adjacent to frequency bands used by vital radionavigation aids?

Of the three main frequency ranges used by aircraft for radio communications (HF, VHF, and UHF), two (VHF and UHF) have their aircraft-radio-communications frequencies clumped together into a ...
6
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1answer
2k views

How do pilots clear an aircraft to fly through a hurricane?

This video shows a pilot (Tim Gallagher/NOAA) flying what looks like a small jet into the eye of hurricane Matthew by Miami. It's clear that it is quite an interesting ride. The (small) caption states ...
9
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8answers
6k views

Can a handgun shot take down a commercial airliner?

Most airplanes, when taking off or landing, are in range of small arms fire, i.e. your every day handgun. Is it possible to take down a commercial airliner by shooting at it with a handgun? Would one ...
7
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2answers
889 views

Why are the transition altitudes/levels different around the World?

I got tasked by my instructor pilot to find out why each country has a different transition altitudes / levels. For example in the US it's FL180 and in Saudi Arabia it's FL150. Can someone help me ...
0
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2answers
101 views

Is potentially dangerous to select the take-off power on airliner lower that temperature at the moment on the airport? [closed]

Is potentially dangerous to select the take-off power on airliner at lower settings value due to the temperature that could be increased by the time the aircraft will go up?
-1
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1answer
53 views

Time of flying from Toronto to Philippines [closed]

Please I would Like to know how many hours I will be flying Across the ocean . I will be flying on an aircraft 773 boing 777.
3
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2answers
277 views

What needs to be considered when changing a tire during boarding/deboarding?

Passenger aircraft tires are physically inspected by the cockpit crew member or technician after each landing or before take-off, that the tire may have been cut or punctured as it may have hit ...
29
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5answers
15k views

Why didn’t the Captain of Cathay Pacific flight 780 shut down engine 1 and land with a more reasonable speed?

In the approach phase, engine 1 of Cathay Pacific flight 780 got stuck at about 70% N1 and it forced the crew to do an overspeed landing (230knots). Why didn't they shut it off by turning the fuel ...
17
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2answers
727 views

Who said “A little of all of us goes with every pilot we lose”?

The only attribution I’ve ever seen for the quotation below is “Anonymous FAA Inspector.” Whenever we talk about a pilot who has been killed in a flying accident, we should all keep one thing in ...
0
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1answer
175 views

Why do pilots wait for a positive rate to put the gear up, When V1 means “commit to takeoff”?

To explain further, V1 means they cannot stop in time if anything happens. Therefore they must commit to taking off. So why wait for a positive rate? Shouldn’t it be retracted as soon as they see a ...
4
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2answers
221 views

Are there any safety features to prevent reversible-pitch props from reversing in flight?

Some aircraft have propellers capable of reversing pitch, which is also known as beta angle. The example I saw was an Aviat Husky. (Youtube demonstration) I want to know if there are any safety ...
24
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8answers
8k views

Are there any real life instances of aircraft aborting a takeoff or landing to avoid a vehicle?

I came across a fake video of an A380 closely avoiding a fuel truck. More details at Snopes including a link to the YouTube video. While this video is not real, I'm interested in finding out if it's ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Have there ever been any accidents within holding stacks?

At a busy airport, up to a dozen aircraft waiting to land may fly the same holding pattern at the same time, separated vertically by 1,000ft. — a stack. Some ATC towers have dedicated Stack ...
8
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3answers
538 views

Has there ever been an uncommanded lowering of landing gear?

Has there ever been an uncommanded lowering of the landing gear on a large commercial jet? I could not find any instance of it in a preliminary google search. Could a simple short-circuit cause such a ...
41
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5answers
80k views

How much is the minimum safe distance between two planes in-flight?

According to FAA regulations, how far should a commercial jet be away from another plane in-flight? How about military planes? They get really close when in formations... Is there a minimum distance?
31
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3answers
8k views

Why was a flight delayed because of a bird in the cockpit?

This Washington Post article is about a Delta Airlines flight that took off after an initial delay, before turning back again shortly after, because of a bird that managed to stowaway in the cockpit. ...
22
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1answer
4k views

How short does a trip need to be before flying is less safe than other forms of transportation?

It's often mentioned that flying is the safest form of transportation, and no doubt this is true when considering only a long-haul trip. There's no doubt, for example, that driving (or taking a train ...
1
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1answer
137 views

How long is maximum time to investigate an airplane crash?

Lion Air flight 610 was crashed on 29 October 2018. It was Boeing 373 Max 8. Almost one year ago. I have not heard any news from National Transportation Safety Committee (NTSC) when they will release ...
4
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2answers
89 views

How can the effects of hot corrosion and salt deposits from sea water spray in gas turbine engines be negated/prevented?

In aircraft operating in a maritime environment, corrosive effects from salt water are common. Are there any specific coatings used in engines for such aircraft? If so, which are they? How frequently ...
13
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1answer
5k views

Why does Canada recommend a minimum rate of climb for ultralights of 300 ft/min?

What is a safe minimum rate of climb for ultralights? I understand most ultralights climb at least 300-800 ft/min and in fact the Canadian ultralight specs recommend a minimum rate of climb of 300 ft/...
10
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2answers
797 views

What if a aerobatic fighter pilot sneezes in middle of a maneuver?

No offense to any pilots, I am a student, curious. I just watched Spy (2015) and I was just wondering what happens if one of the pilot accidentally sneezes during a difficult maneuver. Jude Law ...
9
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2answers
2k views

How often does fan blade out happen?

Jet engines are designed to contain a fan blade failure, and the engines and airplanes are designed with this type of failure in mind. This is more critical in the modern high-bypass designs with ...
10
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3answers
863 views

What is the longest period of time an aircraft type has been grounded due to safety concerns?

Obviously inspired by the current 737 Max situation, what is the longest period of time that any individual type of airliner has been grounded for safety concerns (excluding those that never returned ...
7
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4answers
327 views

What accidents have had crew accustomization to warnings among their causes?

A non-answer on this question claimed that: the idea that maneuvering with the stall warning activated will somehow damage us, causing us to ignore its warning when the chips are down and AOA is up,...
9
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8answers
13k views

Can rotorcraft pick up a dangerous electric charge?

So, I was re-watching The Hunt For Red October, (in light of current Russian shenanigans with Sweden), and there was a scene in which a crew-member on the ground was electrocuted by making contact (...
8
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4answers
1k views

Which altitudes are safest for VFR? [closed]

As a fairly new pilot who does a fair amount of x-country flying I find myself "feeling" safer going East at 5500 and West at 6500 happily burning extra fuel to get up there. Listening to the on route ...
12
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1answer
2k views

What are the regulations involved in aerial advertising?

I often see small aircraft flying at a low altitude around beaches and the like with banner advertisements trailing behind them on a rope sort of structure. I have a few questions about them: What ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Why did this 737 not take off on first attempt?

This video shows a 737 'near miss' takeoff. I'm curious as to why the aircraft did not take off as expected, i.e. is there anything obvious from the video? I'm ...
1
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3answers
323 views

Is it safe to fly with a B737-800? Is it different from a B737 Max 8? [duplicate]

I'm flying from Costa Rica to Chile in November with a B737-800 plane. I'm wondering if this is a different aircraft than the B737 Max 8 or if it's the same?
3
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3answers
452 views

Is it possible to hack an airplane while it's moving (in general)?

I recently searching Airbus Careers section, and I can say that I saw too many Cyber Security job positions. It was saying in the job description that there is a need of having knowledge about ...
12
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2answers
449 views

What are the ejection injury and fatality rates?

Most of us have probably heard about how ejecting from a military aircraft is dangerous in and of itself, and that ejection is not a get out of jail free card. The most common dangers seem to be: ...
0
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0answers
81 views

Why does not jet engines have a metal grid in the front? [duplicate]

An aircraft engine can get destroyed if a large object - like birds - enters it while running. I'm probably naive, but this seems pretty easy to solve. Why not just have some kind of metal grid in ...
8
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1answer
3k views

Can passengers use headphones during takeoff and landing?

On a recent flight from KBP to KIV operated by Ukraine International Airlines (aircraft B737-800) I was asked by the flight attendant to remove my headphones both during takeoff and landing. Is ...
50
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3answers
10k views

How dissimilar are redundant flight control computers?

Facts On Airbus aircraft there are computers to secure the flight envelope, or to move the control surfaces. FADECs totally control the engines. Computers take decisions in place of the pilots, or ...
2
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3answers
922 views

Why is this video of a G36 Bonanza taking off so scary?

Why is this video of a G36 Bonanza so 'scary'? If they had clipped the top of the trees, would it really have brought the plane down? (And even if yes, it looks pretty ...