Questions tagged [runways]

A runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft" (ICAO definition).

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15
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1answer
3k views

What is the correct phraseology for "runway 03 R”?

What phraseology is normally used for "runway 03 R" by air-traffic control and pilots? A couple of possible options I came up with: runway zero three R runway three R runway zero three right runway ...
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What Are These Runway Lights For?

I know that the strobe lights that flash in rapid succession of each other indicate the open end of the runway, to help guide pilots in at night. It's obvious the white lights indicating the edges of ...
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Is there an equivalent of the Threshold Crossing Height for departure procedures?

The definition for the Threshold Crossing Height is, according to the sources that I have checked, "the theoretical height above the runway threshold at which the aircraft's glideslope antenna would ...
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3answers
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Where can I find runway usage statistics of USA airports? [closed]

Ok I’m looking for stats and data of planes arriving at various airports and what runways they use most. I need to know the most used runways for arrivals in airports here in the States. Can anyone ...
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1answer
687 views

What are the rules for racing on airport runways? [closed]

What are the adverse affects of burnout rubber left on the runways for airplanes?
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996 views

How are the runways operated at Toronto Pearson?

I have a sort of technical question regarding the operations of runway systems at larger airports, specifically at Toronto Pearson (satellite view here). As far as I can see, the airport has 5 runways:...
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1answer
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What is a "Land And Hold Short Of" light?

A runway inspection found a "Land And Hold Short Of" (LAHSO) embedded light had become dislodged and had caused damage to a tyre. http://avherald.com/h?article=4bb1964c&opt=0 What is such a ...
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3answers
575 views

How are runway lights constructed?

How are runway lights constructed so that they are not damaged by aircraft wheels, and can continue to function safely, to demanding specifications, under a wide variety of environmental conditions?
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1answer
848 views

Why is there such a long displaced threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK?

This video seems to raise a whole bunch of questions, but here's one I have: Why such a long displaced landing threshold on 22R at JFK/KJFK? (Scroll down to the 4L/22R section for details.) ...
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Why doesn’t runway 31R at JFK have a VGSI?

All of the runways at JFK have a PAPI except 31R. Why does 31R not have any kind of VGSI?
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413 views

Why runway 13L/31R of JFK Airport does not mention any Threshold Crossing Glide Path Height for its reciprocal end?

I am studying FAA's airports legacy file and its corresponding layout data. I noticed that runway 13L/31R of JFK Airport lacks a Threshold Crossing Glide Path Height, as one can also confirm from this ...
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2answers
572 views

How should you coordinate with traffic at non-towered airports?

I am a fairly new pilot. I recently flew to a non-towered airport in Quebec, Canada (Lachute, CSE4). There is a significant displaced threshold on each end of the runway. The airport has one taxiway ...
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How are procedures for curved-runway operations different from those for straight runways?

Runways having a significant curve between the two ends aren't exactly common, but they do exist, one good example being Elk City Airport's runway 14/35. When operating to or from an airport with a ...
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Why aren't runways lit from overhead, like highways?

Why don't runways have overhead high-mast lights like roads? YouTube videos substantiate that aircraft landing lights and runway edge lights are too faint to illuminate the whole runway, and the ...
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940 views

Was the runway upgrade at Mataveri Airport on Easter Island really related to the Lee Correy novel "Shuttle Down"?

This answer to the question Could the Space Shuttle have landed on any long runway other than those specially reinforced at Kennedy (TTS), and Edwards (EDW)? says: The Mataveri Airport on Easter ...
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1answer
974 views

How can I calculate the Obstacle Free Zone of an aerodrome?

How can I calculate the Obstacle Free Zone of an aerodrome?
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Where does the Departure End of Runway (DER) exactly begin?

I am having trouble understanding the concept of Departure End of Runway. Most sources state that DER is at the end of the portion of the runway that can be used for takeoff (which, as far as I can ...
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What does the letter G mean in a runway identifier?

Boulder Municipal Airport (KBDU) has runways 8 / 26 and also runways 8G / 26G. What is the significance of the letter G following the runway numbers?
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3answers
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Why do simultaneous-ops parallel runways need to be so far apart?

In the answers to this question about Denver's widely-scattered pinwheel of runways and this question about Schiphol's runway out in the middle of nowhere, it's mentioned that parallel runways are ...
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2answers
478 views

What are the meanings of those SFO Taxiway Marking?

I'm studying aviation and pulled up a Google Map satellite view of San Francisco International Airport (KSFO) and was wondering if someone could shed some light on what a few of the taxiway markings ...
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2answers
532 views

What is the Runway Design Code (RDC) for San Francisco airport (KSFO)?

I need the Runway Design Code (RDC) for the SFO airport. Can anyone provide a link for this and possibly other airports? I have checked the SFO Master Plan/Development Plan and found nothing.
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1answer
540 views

Why is runway friction measured at 65 km/h and 95 km/h?

Why do we measure at 65km/h and 95km/h when we do a Runway Friction Measurement? Are there differences?
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1answer
303 views

Why would a runway friction measurement improve over time?

Why would a runway friction measurement that I've just made (with a SARSYS friction tester) give better (condition improved) results than a measurement that I made 6 months ago? The runway has been in ...
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1answer
442 views

Do runway markings vary from country to country?

I understand that most of the airports should follow FAA/ICAO for runway markings but most of the countries have their own standardization orgs. So, how much do the runway markings vary from USA to ...
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1answer
291 views

Can aircraft depart/arrive after another aircraft has sprayed snow on the runway?

Does snow spray affect runway surface friction? The weather was bitterly cold on March 18th, 2018 and Birmingham airport was covered with snow. As you can see in this video, an A380 sprays snow on the ...
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How is tire rubber removed from the runway?

Every time an aircraft touches down, the tires are spun up rapidly. As a result, some rubber is left at the touchdown zone. (image source) As time goes on, more rubber is accumulated at the ...
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1answer
552 views

How does the capacity of 2 parallel runways compare to single runway?

Under IFR, what is the capacity of 2 near parallel runways and how does it compare to mixed mode single runway?
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Why is the landing distance increased on grass runways?

Checking the Cessna 152 POH it says to increase takeoff distance by 15% of ground roll (makes sense due to increased friction). Also says to increase landing distance by 45% (doesn't seem to make ...
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1answer
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How can an Airbus Beluga fly only with two engines and use short runways?

She could land and take off fully loaded on 2000 meters of runway at Hawarden Airport as seen here in this video. At my local airport the runway is 2500 meters long and an Airbus A300 is not allowed ...
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How do general aviation airports inspect their runways?

How do general aviation airports inspect their runways for cracks, ruts, holes or anything that would impair their integrity? How often do airport operators conduct standard inspections of their ...
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1answer
704 views

How will aiport operations at KOAK be affected when taxiway W is promoted to a runway?

For the record, my question is not about mistakenly using a taxiway as a runway. I've noticed recent changes to the sectional and TAC VFR maps around Metropolitan Oakland International Airport (OAK/...
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1answer
530 views

How are arriving aircraft assigned to runways?

A similar question to this one was asked before, however my question is not about who assigns runways to arriving aircraft, but what the reasons behind those decisions are. As an example, let's look ...
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1answer
374 views

What do different runway depictions mean in the Chart Supplement?

I cannot find a digital Chart Supplement (AF/D) glossary. What is the length requirement to depict a runway as a dashed line vs. solid black? The depiction for Melbourne, Florida shows one runway ...
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1answer
731 views

Does the landing distance required for a wet runway needs to be within a certain range of the landing distance available?

Conform the regulations the landing distance required (LDR) for propeller engine aircraft needs to be within 70% of the landing distance available (LDA). The LDR for a wet runway needs to be ...
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1answer
2k views

At what distance beyond the aiming point is a landing considered a "Deep Landing"?

In Flight Data Monitoring (FDM) programmes, the Deep Landing calculation is based on difference between the aim point (or glide slope touchdown point) and the actual touchdown point. How are the ...
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1answer
994 views

What is the runway holding short line on Taxiway B between B2 and B3 at KFAT for RWY29L?

At Fresno Yosemite International Airport (KFAT), I was instructed to taxi to RWY 29L via B11, B from Signature Support. When passing B3 and approaching RWY 29L end, I noticed there is one holding ...
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2answers
2k views

Why building a stopway instead of just building a longer runway? [duplicate]

I don't get the point of building a stopway. If you have the space to build a stopway, you could just extend the length of the runway. Why are stopways necessary?
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2answers
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Is there a formula to calculate take off runway distance for commercial planes?

I want to be able to calculate the take off runway distance that a plane needs depending on factors such as weight and plane size, etc. I know that graphs exist in the pilot handbook to do this but is ...
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2answers
863 views

Are animals straying onto the runway considered to be a runway incursion?

Are animals on the runway defined as a runway incursion?
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1answer
1k views

What is the circular pavement at the end of a runway called? [duplicate]

What is the circular pavement at the end of a runway called where aircraft turn 180 degrees to then backtrack? Is the term runway turning bay appropriate for that? The problem is that there is a ...
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3answers
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Why are most runways laid out in a generally East-West direction?

Runways are named by a number between 01 and 36, which is generally the magnetic azimuth of the runway's heading in decadegrees. From what I have read, most airport runways are aligned along an East-...
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1answer
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On a calm day, what determines the active runway?

When the winds are "calm" or variable, and as such there is no wind direction on which to base the decision on what the active runway should be, how is that determination made?
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2answers
707 views

How does a runway inspection radar work?

In AC 150/5220-24 FAA mentions radar equipment to detect foreign object debris (FOD) on runways, based on stationary and mobile radars with an astronomical precision, e.g. able to detect an object as ...
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2answers
547 views

What materials are used to build a military runway?

What type of matrix should be used on a military runway used by C130 aircraft?
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4answers
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Is it feasible to recuperate energy from landing aircraft by using a runway sled with regenerative braking?

Would it be feasible to land large (Boeing 747 and Airbus A380) and all other aircraft on a sled on the runway, the kinetic energy of the aircraft is then transferred to the sled, then the sled uses ...
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2answers
2k views

Is there something like a table of aircraft required runway lengths?

I'm looking for a chart showing the minimum length a runway can be for various aircraft to land and take off. Does something like this exist?
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RWY designation [duplicate]

I'm a translator, and currently I have some issues associated with RWY designation. There is a runway with the magnetic direction 246°. How would you call it? So let me put it like this. In Wikipedia,...
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1answer
682 views

landing with east to west wind on runway 11/29 [duplicate]

i was wondering if anyone could help me out with this doubt i have. the kananga airport in dr congo has a single runway labelled 11/29. upon checking on google maps the number 11 is on the left end ...
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3answers
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What are the considerations for landing on ice runways?

In Greenland there are a number of ice runways and I have heard that it is no difficulty landing on them. One would think they would be slippery and the aircraft might slide off the runway or ground ...
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3answers
373 views

Who bears responsibility when an aircraft takes off from the wrong runway?

On occasion, an aircraft is cleared for takeoff on one runway, but actually departs from another runway. This has resulted in embarrassment as well as catastrophe. When this occurs, are both the ...

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