Questions tagged [runways]

A runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft" (ICAO definition).

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3answers
271 views

What's the relation between speed of an aircraft and takeoff distance?

I'm making a tool that when given : weight of aircraft , takeoff speed , runway length and some other parameters , it analysis the takeoff performance and states whether using the brakes now is safe ...
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How does the runway number relates to Magnetic Heding/Course? [duplicate]

I know that runway numbers correspond to Magnetic North, how does it relate to Magnetic Course/heading? Can we say that the runway number is equivalent to Magnetic heading?
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6answers
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Why do airports remove/realign runways?

When looking at Google Earth, I often find myself looking for airports. I often notice that no matter what size airport, over time many of them have abandoned old runways and built new runways in ...
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1answer
578 views

Why did this aircraft take off in the opposite direction compared to the one used by other flights right before/after it?

I recently took a weekend trip to Naples and went to admire the city from above at the Certosa di San Martino panoramic viewpoint which, it turned out, was also offering a distant view at NAP ...
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2answers
1k views

What does an "X" at only one end of the runway mean?

I came across aerial imagery of a dirt strip in northern Idaho with a white "X" at one end of the runway, but no markings at the other. Does this mean the runway is only closed in one direction, or ...
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2answers
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Why is one of Madera Municipal's runways labelled with only "R" on both sides?

I was looking on Google Maps satellite view and noticed Madera Municipal Airport in Madera, CA (ICAO KMAE) has an east-west runway labelled with nothing but the letter "R" on both sides. There is no ...
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3answers
5k views

Are grass strips more dangerous than tarmac?

There are a couple of flight schools near me. One is at a large airport, they use Piper Tomahawks primarily to teach. Naturally, they use well maintained, tarmac runways to takeoff and land. This ...
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1answer
3k views

What are the slash markings on Gatwick's 08R/26L?

Google Earth @ 51°08'52.24" N 0°11'35.71" W The markings are at 100 m intervals, to one side only of the centerline. They're also lighted as seen below. They are missing from the ICAO aerodrome ...
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3answers
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Are runways booked by airlines to land their planes?

Suppose Indigo lands at Indira Gandhi international airport and the arrival is schedule at 5:30 a.m. Is the runway to land on fixed by the airline. If not please explain reason behind not to schedule ...
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1answer
736 views

Are there regulations on building homes at the end of a runway?

I live next to a golf course (Butter Valley Golf Port) in Bally PA that has a paved single engine air strip that runs through a portion of the course. Off the end of the runway (in one direction) ...
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How can pilots obtain runway length information for airports that do not appear in the chart supplement?

How can pilots obtain official runway length information for airports that do not appear in the chart supplement such as private airports?
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1answer
371 views

What are these protuberances on the north edge of runway 10/28 at Mataveri?

The single runway (10/28) at Mataveri International Airport (IPC/SCIP) on Rapa Nui1 has (at least according to Google Maps) a few paved protuberances emanating from partway down its northern edge ...
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1answer
205 views

Shouldn't there be ATIS/sign information on sloped up runways?

I landed on Catalina island runway 22 last Saturday after the installation of a new concrete runway. To make it easier for heavyweight planes to land and after a short roll stop, they have made the ...
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2answers
332 views

Where do LAX commercial cargo planes land/take off?

At the Los Angeles airport, do commercial freight planes such as a 777F, 737F etc. take off near the Lufthansa / FedEx / DHL cargo areas from the 25L /25R runways towards the ocean ? Do they land in ...
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2answers
928 views

Why are runway lights always on?

By driving often near my local airport, I deduced that runway lights are kept always on as soon as the day light or weather conditions require it. I also suppose that it comes from safety reasons ...
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1answer
298 views

How did this Vampire's takeoff damage the runway so much?

This appears to be real, but, what's the cause? Aircraft is a DeHavilland Vampire on takeoff from a small airfield, but the runway's surface disintegrates from jet blast Full file at https://i.imgur....
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1answer
230 views

What is the minimum runway width for SSC Stratolaunch?

What is the minimum runway width for the Scaled Composites Stratolaunch vehicle? Is this determined by the separation between its fuselages (and thus undercarriages), or its outer engines (to stop ...
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2answers
4k views

Why is there conflicting nomenclature for the 1,000 ft runway markings?

The two thick solid lines on runways at 1,000 ft from the end of the threshold are called "fixed-distance markers" in some documentation, and in others, it is called the "touchdown zone ...
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0answers
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How is The Published Runway Touchdown Zone Elevation Decided?

The touchdown zone of a runway can be up to 3,000 feet long if the information I have is accurate. How is the published Touchdown Zone Elevation determined? Is it the center, an average of the ...
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1answer
1k views

Do 'threshold' and 'end of the runway' mean the same thing?

While I studied aviation, I got confused by these two words. Can anybody explain whether they're the same or not, and if not, what is the difference?
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2answers
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What factors made my flight land at runway 02 in El Prat?

Aircraft normally land at Barcelona's El Prat airport using either of the 25 runways, along a flight path hugging the coast, with a flip to the 07 orientation generally associated with bad weather. ...
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1answer
2k views

Why isn't KTEX's runway designation 10/28 instead of 9/27?

Why is the marking on the runway written as (9/27) Telluride (KTEX), Colorado, USA. whereas the direction is 284 degrees? Shouldn't it be (10/28) instead?
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1answer
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When and why was runway 07/25 at Kai Tak removed?

Wikipedia states that Kai Tak Airport in Hong Kong originally had two runways, both built under Japanese occupation during World War II: ... In 1942, the Japanese army expanded Kai Tak, using many ...
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1answer
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What are the pros and cons of practising figure-eight landings on perpendicular runways?

This is just a gee-whiz question, I have no intention of doing this nor am I trying to get anyone's blessing on this. Part of remaining current to legally take passengers up in a plane is having 3 ...
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1answer
205 views

Why is the TORA of 27R not the same as the TORA of 09L?

09L and 27R are the same runway but just in opposite directions. I've drawn out a diagram and for some reason the TORA for 27R is 18m less? Where has that 18m disappeared? I've been trying to work out ...
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1answer
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How do I get an FAA okay for a private runway?

The county I'd like to put a private runway (for my use only) in doesn't require any special permits because the property is zoned Agricultural, BUT they do require some form of acknowledgement from ...
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2answers
273 views

What prevents the use of an EMAS along the sides of a runway?

The NTSB report about the crash of American Airlines Flight 1420 discusses whether an EMAS would have mitigated the severity of the accident, but concludes, based on testimony from a representative of ...
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Is there a way for passengers to know which runways their flight will use?

When I fly, I like to see the airport when I take off and land. Is there a way I can know, in advance, which runway the plane is likely to depart/arrive from so I know which side of the plane to sit ...
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4answers
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Do any airports have runways or taxiways that cross active rail lines at grade?

Gibraltar has a runway which crosses an active road at grade (which, due to the peninsula’s geography and the resulting constraints on the airport’s location, happens to be the main road connecting ...
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4answers
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Why do heavy departures wait 5-10 minutes on the runway at ZRH?

I'm frequently travelling to Zürich for business and I usually make my schedule so that I have at least an hour to do some planespotting and photographing at the ZRH airport. Whenever I came to the ...
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2answers
408 views

Why aren't runway numbers painted in a higher aspect ratio?

I'm watching a lot of aviation youtube channels and it seems to me that when attempting a landing on a "normal" glide path, it must be quite hard to read the runway numbers until you're on short final,...
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Why not make the touchdown zone of runways wider than the rest?

Reasons: Save money by making the rest of the runway narrower Larger margin of error left and right Easier to turn around, if necessary And if the reason that it isn't done is merely for regulation/...
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1answer
245 views

Are there differences between the runway lighting on a land runway and on an aircraft carrier?

How are the lights on aircraft carriers placed and are there differences to the color/position/number of lights at normal airports?
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1answer
374 views

Are tritium runway lights widespread in remote areas?

There was some interest in the 80s and 90s in providing runways in remote areas with tritium lighting (which requires no external power, since the radioactive decay in a sample of tritium gas induces ...
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3answers
2k views

Can pilots choose runway and landing direction?

Pilots normally receive landing clearance for a specific runway assigned by ATC. Absent an emergency, can pilots of commercial flights (depending on the wind conditions for example) choose a ...
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1answer
366 views

Can I land on an abandoned runway in California?

Can a private pilot land on an abandoned runway in southern California's remote areas? There are a few unpaved runways near scenic hillsides, ideal for camping or swimming.
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1answer
443 views

What are the consequences of turboclair system on restriction due to turbulences?

A turboclair system basically consisted of jet engines used to warm the air around the runway and dissipate the fog. I understand that better visibility due to less fog allows less-well-equipped ...
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1answer
156 views

Is it possible for one runway to have a different TORA in each direction?

Is it possible that TORA is not the same for both directions on a single runway?
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1answer
415 views

What runway is used in a 90 degree crosswind? [duplicate]

If an airport has runway 09/27 and the wind is at 180 or 360, which runway is used? Is it possible for both ends to be used depending on the amount of traffic?
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1answer
761 views

Why does Schiphol airport have such a long taxi way? [duplicate]

I heard that from runway 18R-36L the taxi time is around 20 minutes, I heard that this runway was built and is used mainly to reduce noise pollution, but what reasons are there for the length of the ...
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1answer
7k views

Is it possible to drive into Gibraltar Airport's runway?

The runway of Gibraltar Airport crosses an active 4 lane highway Example Video. My question is are there any security measures which prevent normal traffic from entering the airport through the ...
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2answers
2k views

Are taxiways numbered in a predictable order?

When taxiing at an airport without a full-blown airport diagram (most commonly, a non-towered airport), how does a pilot know whether taxiway A (Alpha) is on one end of a runway, or the other? Or, in ...
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2answers
14k views

How long does a runway have to be for an Airbus A380 to takeoff?

I have seen several Airbus A380's takeoff on large runways, but how small can a runway get for an Airbus A380 to takeoff fully without overrunning?
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2answers
563 views

Is this photo of an aircraft in a flood genuine?

I stumbled upon this picture somewhere on the internet: I don't believe an aircraft would be able to take off like that; I also don't expect a normal landing be allowed if this were on a runway. I ...
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4answers
9k views

Do military bases still employ wheel watchers?

When I was in the air wing in the '70s, I had the unpleasant opportunity of pulling wheel watch. The unfortunate individual sat in a small shack (maybe 3 x 6 ft.) with a pair of high-powered ...
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3answers
274 views

What runway materials reduce skidding in wet conditions?

What are the possible materials that can be used on a runway, so as to reduce the plane speed and certainly stop the plane while preventing skidding when the runway is wet?
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1answer
521 views

What is this 'runway number' automatic readout system on a flight deck?

I was watching this flight-deck video (starts at 11:13) of a Turkish Airlines Boeing take off from Istanbul and just as they accelerate on the take off roll there seems to be an automatic voice in the ...
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1answer
7k views

Why are months (e.g. December) used to notate a runway?

I'm writing a report on runway quality and I've stumbled onto a weird qualifier in the data. I understand that runway 17/35 indicates which direction the runway is facing based on magnetic heading. ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is the aiming point distance shorter in the US vs. Europe for long runways?

In essence, if you compare EGLL and KJFK (but it works for other airports too) you would see that US airports generally adhere to the rule of 1000 ft in distance between threshold and aiming point ...
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2answers
1k views

Why don't pushback tugs take the aircraft to the runway? [duplicate]

As we know aircrafts have to turn on their engines to taxi the entire way to the runway, if pushback tugs are used, it would save a lot of ATF and overall costs. Is there any specific regulation by ...

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