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Questions tagged [runways]

A runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft" (ICAO definition).

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When and why was runway 07/25 at Kai Tak removed?

Wikipedia states that Kai Tak Airport in Hong Kong originally had two runways, both built under Japanese occupation during World War II: ... In 1942, the Japanese army expanded Kai Tak, using many ...
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What difference does the choice of paved runway surface make to aircraft?

What difference to the pilot does it make it say a runway is Concrete or Asphalt? Does it require different information in the flight management system or other calculations?
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What does the number of white bars in runway's threshold mean?

At the beginning of each runway there are some white bars. Does number of bars in threshold mean anything?
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What are the pros and cons of practising figure-eight landings on perpendicular runways?

This is just a gee-whiz question, I have no intention of doing this nor am I trying to get anyone's blessing on this. Part of remaining current to legally take passengers up in a plane is having 3 ...
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How is the runway pavement chosen?

Wikipedia list a number of runway pavement. For specific airports, the choice is obvious (e.g. ice, snow). But there are few pavement I cannot figure out how to decide which one use. Why an airport ...
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Why is the TORA of 27R not the same as the TORA of 09L?

09L and 27R are the same runway but just in opposite directions. I've drawn out a diagram and for some reason the TORA for 27R is 18m less? Where has that 18m disappeared? I've been trying to work out ...
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1answer
202 views

How do I get an FAA okay for a private runway?

The county I'd like to put a private runway (for my use only) in doesn't require any special permits because the property is zoned Agricultural, BUT they do require some form of acknowledgement from ...
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Should you wait to switch to the ground frequency until after crossing a runway?

I've never had the opportunity to fly into a controlled airport with parallel runways, so I've never actually faced the situation. But, in the interest of being ahead of it, when would it be prudent ...
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Are tritium runway lights widespread in remote areas?

There was some interest in the 80s and 90s in providing runways in remote areas with tritium lighting (which requires no external power, since the radioactive decay in a sample of tritium gas induces ...
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What's the difference between overrun and overshoot landings?

Is there a difference between overrun and overshoot landings or are they exactly the same, talking about a runway excursion?
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Can jet airplanes operate on 'rough' airfields?

A question I've always wondered is: can jet aircraft - not turboprop in this case - operate from 'rough' airstrips. My definition of 'rough' is grass or maybe a smooth mud airfield. I know that there'...
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Do any airports have runways or taxiways that cross active rail lines at grade?

Gibraltar has a runway which crosses an active road at grade (which, due to the peninsula’s geography and the resulting constraints on the airport’s location, happens to be the main road connecting ...
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Does the use of a turboclair system come with operational restrictions due to possible turbulence?

A turboclair system basically consisted of jet engines used to warm the air around the runway and dissipate the fog. I understand that better visibility due to less fog allows less-well-equipped ...
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What prevents the use of an EMAS along the sides of a runway?

The NTSB report about the crash of American Airlines Flight 1420 discusses whether an EMAS would have mitigated the severity of the accident, but concludes, based on testimony from a representative of ...
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Where does the Departure End of Runway (DER) exactly begin?

I am having trouble understanding the concept of Departure End of Runway. Most sources state that DER is at the end of the portion of the runway that can be used for takeoff (which, as far as I can ...
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How are procedures for curved-runway operations different from those for straight runways?

Runways having a significant curve between the two ends aren't exactly common, but they do exist, one good example being Elk City Airport's runway 14/35. When operating to or from an airport with a ...
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Is there a way for passengers to know which runways their flight will use?

When I fly, I like to see the airport when I take off and land. Is there a way I can know, in advance, which runway the plane is likely to depart/arrive from so I know which side of the plane to sit ...
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Why do heavy departures wait 5-10 minutes on the runway at ZRH?

I'm frequently travelling to Zürich for business and I usually make my schedule so that I have at least an hour to do some planespotting and photographing at the ZRH airport. Whenever I came to the ...
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What's a quick way to determine which runway to use?

Let's say I call up Wx and have the wind direction and I know the runway headings from my charts and the pattern is empty. I can do the math, but it's tedious and slow and even worse when there are ...
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Was the runway upgrade at Mataveri Airport on Easter Island really related to the Lee Correy novel “Shuttle Down”?

This answer to the question Could the Space Shuttle have landed on any long runway other than those specially reinforced at Kennedy (TTS), and Edwards (EDW)? says: The Mataveri Airport on Easter ...
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What factors are considered when a runway is planned?

What environmental factors are considered when a new runway construction is planned (e.g. winds, weather, sun direction, etc.)?
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1answer
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Are there differences between the runway lighting on a land runway and on an aircraft carrier?

How are the lights on aircraft carriers placed and are there differences to the color/position/number of lights at normal airports?
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Why not make the touchdown zone of runways wider than the rest?

Reasons: Save money by making the rest of the runway narrower Larger margin of error left and right Easier to turn around, if necessary And if the reason that it isn't done is merely for regulation/...
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Which civilian airport has the most runways (current and planned)?

I just read Is the airport capacity related to number of runways? . While there are a host of factors, the idea of more runways is obviously so that more flights come in and out. Which is the biggest ...
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Why are most runways made of asphalt and not concrete?

From the little I know about vehicles in cities, nowadays concrete is preferred to asphalt for road construction as, while initially more expensive, concrete is supposed to be cheaper to maintain. ...
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Why aren't runway numbers painted in a higher aspect ratio?

I'm watching a lot of aviation youtube channels and it seems to me that when attempting a landing on a "normal" glide path, it must be quite hard to read the runway numbers until you're on short final,...
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Can pilots choose runway and landing direction?

Pilots normally receive landing clearance for a specific runway assigned by ATC. Absent an emergency, can pilots of commercial flights (depending on the wind conditions for example) choose a ...
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184 views

Can I land on an abandoned runway in California?

Can a private pilot land on an abandoned runway in southern California's remote areas? There are a few unpaved runways near scenic hillsides, ideal for camping or swimming.
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108 views

Is it possible for one runway to have a different TORA in each direction?

Is it possible that TORA is not the same for both directions on a single runway?
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What runway materials reduce skidding in wet conditions?

What are the possible materials that can be used on a runway, so as to reduce the plane speed and certainly stop the plane while preventing skidding when the runway is wet?
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1answer
151 views

What runway is used in a 90 degree crosswind? [duplicate]

If an airport has runway 09/27 and the wind is at 180 or 360, which runway is used? Is it possible for both ends to be used depending on the amount of traffic?
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Why does Schiphol airport have such a long taxi way? [duplicate]

I heard that from runway 18R-36L the taxi time is around 20 minutes, I heard that this runway was built and is used mainly to reduce noise pollution, but what reasons are there for the length of the ...
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Is it possible to drive into Gibraltar Airport's runway?

The runway of Gibraltar Airport crosses an active 4 lane highway Example Video. My question is are there any security measures which prevent normal traffic from entering the airport through the ...
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Why is one of two parallel runways sometimes closed in foggy weather?

A few times, when flying into SFO, me and my fellow passengers were informed that due to foggy weather one of two parallel runways there is closed, causing delays. So, a few questions: Why can only ...
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Are taxiways numbered in a predictable order?

When taxiing at an airport without a full-blown airport diagram (most commonly, a non-towered airport), how does a pilot know whether taxiway A (Alpha) is on one end of a runway, or the other? Or, in ...
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2answers
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How long does a runway have to be for an Airbus A380 to takeoff?

I have seen several Airbus A380's takeoff on large runways, but how small can a runway get for an Airbus A380 to takeoff fully without overrunning?
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Do landing strips suffer from landing wheel tire tracks?

I've now seen several landing strips up close and there are lots of tire tracks from planes' landing wheels. I wonder if it somehow modifies the properties of landing strips to make for poorer landing ...
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Is this photo of an aircraft in a flood genuine?

I stumbled upon this picture somewhere on the internet: I don't believe an aircraft would be able to take off like that; I also don't expect a normal landing be allowed if this were on a runway. I ...
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Do military bases still employ wheel watchers?

When I was in the air wing in the '70s, I had the unpleasant opportunity of pulling wheel watch. The unfortunate individual sat in a small shack (maybe 3 x 6 ft.) with a pair of high-powered ...
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If I own land, can I create a private runway on my property for my own use?

In the United States, if I own land that has an area suitable for landing a small general aviation airplane, can I just create a private runway, or do I have to officially be registered with the FAA ...
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1answer
458 views

What is this 'runway number' automatic readout system on a flight deck?

I was watching this flight-deck video (starts at 11:13) of a Turkish Airlines Boeing take off from Istanbul and just as they accelerate on the take off roll there seems to be an automatic voice in the ...
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1answer
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Why are months (e.g. December) used to notate a runway?

I'm writing a report on runway quality and I've stumbled onto a weird qualifier in the data. I understand that runway 17/35 indicates which direction the runway is facing based on magnetic heading. ...
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570 views

Why is the aiming point distance shorter in the US vs. Europe for long runways?

In essence, if you compare EGLL and KJFK (but it works for other airports too) you would see that US airports generally adhere to the rule of 1000 ft in distance between threshold and aiming point ...
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What is this runway marking on Kirkwall Airport's runway?

What are these markings on Kirkwall Airport's runway? From where they are on the runway, they seem like the touchdown markers, is that what they are?
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Where can I find runway usage statistics of USA airports? [closed]

Ok I’m looking for stats and data of planes arriving at various airports and what runways they use most. I need to know the most used runways for arrivals in airports here in the States. Can anyone ...
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1answer
419 views

What is the table top runway maximum slope?

What is the maximum permissible slope for a table top Runway (elevation 1600 m) to be made on hill top ?
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Why don't pushback tugs take the aircraft to the runway? [duplicate]

As we know aircrafts have to turn on their engines to taxi the entire way to the runway, if pushback tugs are used, it would save a lot of ATF and overall costs. Is there any specific regulation by ...
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1answer
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What is the correct phraseology for "runway 03 R”?

What phraseology is normally used for "runway 03 R" by air-traffic control and pilots? A couple of possible options I came up with: runway zero three R runway three R runway zero three right runway ...
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What Are These Runway Lights For?

I know that the strobe lights that flash in rapid succession of each other indicate the open end of the runway, to help guide pilots in at night. It's obvious the white lights indicating the edges of ...