Questions tagged [roll]

Roll involves rotation around the longitudinal (front to back) axis (i.e. a barrel roll involves a complete 360 degree rotation on this axis). Use for questions about this particular maneuver in flight

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5
votes
4answers
942 views

What costs less energy? Roll or Yaw?

Let's say you want to perform a turn anywhere from 1 to 90 degrees. Which will cost less energy? A bank or a yaw? Using the rudder does produce extra drag, because the control surface is deflected ...
8
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6answers
4k views

Why do planes need a roll motion?

Isn't only pitching up/down and yawing right/left enough for travelling from one location to another?
13
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6answers
3k views

What are the exact meanings of roll, pitch and yaw?

I lack some 3 dimensional understanding. What are these angles referenced to? For example, R, P, Y all start from 0, plane is flying horizontal, then it inclines its nose by 90 degrees, moving ...
1
vote
3answers
121 views

How Helicopters Change Attitude (Gyroscopic Precession or Thrust Vector Tilt)

I am trying to determine how helicopters pitch and roll (i.e. change attitude). I have heard two explanations. 1) Pitch/roll change is achieved by tilting the tip path plane and therefor tilting the ...
3
votes
4answers
293 views

Why is “proverse” yaw better than no yaw?

Why is the tendency to yaw in the direction of the roll more desirable (since it's the "proverse" yaw) than the lack of yaw in response to roll? Is it even possible to have no yawing tendency at all ...
4
votes
0answers
277 views

What is the cause of this roll oscillation during BA492 go-around? [closed]

Earlier today, BA492 aborted a landing at Gibraltar due to a strong tailwind, according to this article. Videos of the go-around show the Airbus A320 undergoing pronounced oscillation in the roll axis:...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

What's the relationship between aileron deflection and roll moment?

I'm wanting to build a laterals-only kinematic model in MATLAB considering only the ailerons for control inputs and was wondering if anyone has a rough guideline for the relationship between their ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

Is an Aileron Roll Easier Done Opposite The Rotation Of The Plane's Propeller?

We all know helicopters have tail rotors because they would spin out of control thanks to Newton's third law. That got me thinking, would a single propeller plane have an easier time doing an Aileron ...
1
vote
3answers
310 views

Why does an aircraft's nose tend to pitch downward at higher bank angles?

In the usual aircraft configuration, the center of lift is located behind the CG producing negative pitch moment (the horizontal stabilizer counteracts it by producing downforce - positive pitching ...
5
votes
3answers
405 views

How long can a commercial airliner fly at 90deg roll?

For how long can a commercial airliner fly at a 90deg roll angle ? Or can it at all ?
5
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2answers
415 views

Flight physics for a roll [closed]

I am working on a pet project to write a game with flight physics. It will not be a simulator but instead much simpler. What I have done so far I have created winged components that generate lift ...
7
votes
1answer
136 views

What is the axis of rotation in a high alpha roll?

When doing an aileron roll at a high alpha (say 25 degs), which axis will the aircraft rotate about? Is it the incoming air-stream vector or is it more the body X axis? And does the pitch inertial ...
6
votes
5answers
599 views

How to correct a roll due to turbulence?

I fly a Piper Cherokee 180 (PA-28-180) in an area that has frequent turbulence. When turbulence causes the aircraft to roll to one side I usually try to correct by using aileron and rudder in the ...
7
votes
3answers
893 views

Does “pendulum effect” apply to hang gliders or any aircraft?

In discussion of aircraft roll stability in FAA paragraph on dihedral effect and in keel effect and in Why are high wing aircraft more stable the question of pendulum effect arises. This is usually ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the direction convention for Roll angle?

This page from Wikipedia says: A positive rolling motion lifts the left wing and lowers the right wing. Which means that if an aircraft has a roll of +20 degrees, it would bank towards the right. ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

How is a confusion possible between Western and Russian Attitude Indicators?

Yesterday I watched a documentary on Crossair Flight 498 accident. One of the factors that might have contributed to the accident was the confusion of the pilot on interpreting the attitude indicator; ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How I determine numerically the roll rate of an aircraft?

I'm a Spanish student of aerospace engineering and I'm doing my final bachelor work that consists in designing an unlimited aerobatic plane, and I wonder if it is possible to calculate an ...
0
votes
2answers
446 views

Would An-72-like (or any anhedral wing multi-engine aircraft) cruising at high speed, roll counter intuitively right, if left engine suddenly dies?

Assuming low angle of attack & anhedral wing configuration. (and as a consequence of natural left yawing moment)
4
votes
1answer
305 views

Why does increasing thrust on one engine make the plane roll and not yaw?

If you increase the thrust on the right engine, the plane rolls to the left. But why? And why does the plane roll to the right and not yaw to the right? Note: I am not a pilot, nor have I followed ...
15
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7answers
4k views

What is it called when you roll without yawing or pitching?

My instructor made me do an exercise that consists of banking the sailplane left and right around 30 degrees without moving from the axis. I need to aim for a specific point, and start with the ...
5
votes
3answers
810 views

What is the name for yaw, pitch and roll together?

What is the name for yaw pitch and roll all together ? I've heard CMD used to refer to all of that information but don't know what it stands for. Is CMD correct? if so what does it stand for? is ...