Questions tagged [regulations]

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7
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1answer
2k views

Why do some countries separate a transition level and a transition altitude?

The US airway system uses a single transition level (or altitude), but some other countries like China separate a transtion altitude and a transition level with the transition layer in between. ...
20
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4answers
7k views

Is there a height limit to national airspace?

Given the following facts: satellites can operate at an altitude of 200km without triggering frontier violation incident aircraft can trigger diplomatic protestations if they cross a frontier at an ...
6
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3answers
829 views

Is it practical to use ground effect to extend range in an emergency?

Imagine a piston engine airplane (let's say a DC-3) flying at cruise speed and altitude over a calm sea, trying to reach an unreachable airstrip straight ahead, just above sea level. Fuel is very low ...
18
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1answer
1k views

What responsibility does a pilot have for people on the ground when making an emergency landing?

Recently, a Cessna made an emergency landing on a crowded beach in Portugal. The two occupants of the aircraft did not sustain any serious injuries, but two people on the ground died. A couple of ...
0
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0answers
132 views

Can you operate regular commercial flights from an airport that is uncharted and not in the national AIP?

Is it possible to operate regular, commercial flights from an airport (aerodrome) that is not in the national AIP, and for which there are no charts, maps, terrain information, obstacle information, ...
48
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6answers
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How close can planes fly to each other over the ocean?

While on a recent Air Transat flight from Toronto Pearson to London Gatwick, several hours into the flight and over the Atlantic Ocean, my daughter and I noticed a plane behind ours to the left, ...
11
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1answer
1k views

What permissions or approval are needed to land in Antarctica?

Can I land at Jack F. Paulus Skiway (NZSP) with just an ATC clearance? Or do I need to ask some other authority before I fly there? Are there any regulations regarding 'landing rights' in Antarctica? ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Are there limitations in US legislation on a US citizen to own a MiG-15 in Europe?

If US citizen buys cold war era MiG-15 jet fighter aircraft, which: - had been acquired from the museum (facility of the Ministry of Defense one of the European Union countries, member of NATO) by ...
19
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3answers
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Has anyone ever been penalised for buzzing a control tower?

Has there ever been a pilot who was caught and penalised for performing a "circus stunt fly-by" next to a control tower? To clarify the question: I mean legal actions took place; for example ...
9
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1answer
6k views

Are the size and location of the registration number regulated?

On modern airliners, how large are the registration numbers? I know they are on the tail, but are they also under a wing? Do the regulations vary by country? If so, what is the US regulation?
1
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1answer
536 views

What is the exception applicable to basic VFR weather minimums in FAR 91.155?

Question applies to operating an Airplane. The part 91 regulation regarding Basic VFR weather minimums in Class G airspace states (in the FAR 91.155 chart): For aircraft other than helicopters: Day,...
14
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3answers
3k views

Can state or local laws regulate where aircraft can take off and land?

Say you have as private strip, but your neighbors get tired of hearing your plane. Can the local authorities pass, and enforce a law saying you can't take off and land there? Or do FAA rules override ...
10
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4answers
2k views

Is it legal for an SEP airplane to fly above its service ceiling?

Let's take a Cessna 172R for example. According to the POH this airplane has a service ceiling of 13,500 ft. I know that the service ceiling is the maximum altitude where a 100 foot per minute climb ...
28
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4answers
5k views

Is there any way to relieve the Pilot in Command?

Is there any way to relieve the Pilot in Command besides hijacking and incapacitation? This question comes from a comment by rackandboneman, who says: And whose authority is sufficient to make an ...
6
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1answer
470 views

What is the legal situation if a passenger dies in mid-flight?

Reading this question, a new one came to my mind. That question is explaining how an airline behaves in that unfortunate situation. However, what are the legal consequences? Concretely I would like ...
4
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0answers
263 views

How far can one be from an helipad when marshalling an helicopter?

I considered 25 meters (as per UN SOP's) but after working years with MI-8's the downwash can flatten a big man. I'm interested in procedures from the FAA etc. ...
-2
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2answers
292 views

Are there any regulations on how VFR Aircraft have to dodge if they are facing each other? [duplicate]

I thought about what happens when there are two Aircraft flying VFR, facing each other. VFR Aircraft are not guided by ATC, they have to seperate from other traffic on their own. I thought it could ...
11
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2answers
989 views

Can an airport fine an aircraft for being too noisy?

I stumbled upon this article (sorry, in French!) stating that in order to avoid fines, Ryanair pilots start take-off procedures at the beginning of the runway (rather than at the "intersection"), with ...
21
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4answers
7k views

Are seaplanes allowed to taxi in residential areas?

There's a small pond/lake behind my house. A sea plane was just going around it. It was very loud and got like 10 feet from the shore. It's just going in circles and won't take off and leave. This is ...
7
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1answer
838 views

Based on what concept/strategy is a new aircraft ICAO code assigned?

I refer to the official ICAO database. BOEING 747-8 BBJ B748 LandPlane Jet 4 H BOEING BBJ (747-8) B748 LandPlane Jet 4 H I fail to understand ...
13
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4answers
6k views

Can a passenger drone perform auto-rotation?

(Source) The Dubai Drone is an Ehang passenger drone planned to start commercial services in July 2017. If there is a failure, can such an electric multi-copter auto-rotate a landing? I'm wondering,...
0
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1answer
421 views

Why photographing airports is banned if everything is perfectly pictured in Google Maps? [closed]

While staying at Premier Inn, next to Abu Dhabi International Airport (AUH/OMAA), I was more than surprised to find out warning signs that I'm strictly prohibited from taking photos of the nearby ...
2
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1answer
291 views

How much are aircraft nose paintings restricted by regulations?

It's actually surprising to see these old paintings on aircraft noses: WW2 nose art, source How much were (and are) these paintings generally restricted or allowed by law, civil regulation and ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Which countries (if any) allow beyond-line-of-sight drone use?

I was recently thinking about starting up a non-profit that would use large drones (full scale aircraft, not those dinky quadcopters) to deliver humanitarian aid to difficult locations. It was shot ...
3
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1answer
96 views

How are aeronautical procedures created in the US?

In creating new procedures for an airport, does someone from the FAA go to an airport, examine all their information, and choose what kind of approach/departure (for example) will be created? Or do ...
5
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1answer
313 views

What are the certification requirements for software used at airports?

If you develop software that is used at the airport and integrates into a departure control system (DCS), is it required to undergo some IATA certification processes? When I search for IATA ...
19
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3answers
4k views

Are there regulations for the field of view from cockpits?

Are there any design or ergonomic regulations with regard to the pilot's vertical and horizontal vision angles from the cockpit? For example, pilot should see space 30 deg. above and 20 deg. below ...
8
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1answer
1k views

How do the FAR's define a cloud?

If you're talking about a big puffy cumulus cloud it's pretty obvious. But from where I am right now, looking up I see grey sky from horizon to horizon. But visibility at the surface is good. All ...
8
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2answers
12k views

When is deicing required?

For airliners, under which meteorological conditions is de-icing required? What factors (temperature, humidity, dew point, precipitation, etc.) influence the decision to de-ice? Is decision to de-...
2
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1answer
205 views

Can an Indian operator get approval for ETOPS-120 without first getting approval for a lower ETOPS rating?

If an A320 aircraft equipped with CFM 56-5B engines is certified capable of 120 minutes ETOPS by the manufacturer as per its AFM, can an Indian operator directly request operational approval for ETOPS-...
3
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1answer
348 views

Which aerodromes are in the scope of ICAO recommendations?

I'm looking for a clarification of how aerodrome characteristics are regulated in a country which has signed the ICAO Chicago Convention (more on Wikipedia). To guide the answer, I'm providing a list ...
6
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1answer
628 views

What options do the crew have when passengers go berzerk?

In one recent incident with an American Airlines flight from São Paulo (GRU) to New York (JFK or LGA, dunno), the crew decided to land in Brasilia (BSB), Brazil because one couple was fighting (source ...
5
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1answer
328 views

Was there a historical requirement to announce altitude, temperature, etc?

It is a common experience of flying on commercial flights that pilots announce certain flying conditions, including altitude and speed. It has been previously asked on Aviation SE why pilots announce ...
7
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1answer
9k views

Where to download NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) information?

I am reading about NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) and I found out they are created and regulated by the following entities: westbound flow: Shanwick Oceanic Control eastbound flow: Gander Oceanic ...
2
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0answers
122 views

Flying to Paro, Bhutan requires a special crew, what are the regulations? [duplicate]

I would like to fly from Geneva to Paro, Bhutan on Gulfstream GIV-SP. I was informed that I have to take a specialized pilot from Delhi. Can anyone guide me what are the formalities and what are the ...
9
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2answers
2k views

How did ICAO SARPS come to include the 250 knots speed limit for aircraft below 10,000 feet?

In certain airspace classes, a speed limit of 250 knots IAS is imposed for aircraft flying below FL100/10.000FT, according to the airspace classes defined by ICAO. How did this limit find its way into ...
2
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1answer
739 views

What is the hierarchy of aviation regulatory bodies? [duplicate]

What does the hierarchy of the aviation bodies look like? Does it look like this: International: ICAO Continental: EASA,ECAC,...? National:?
3
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2answers
196 views

Is it legal to build and fly an international aid drone?

Is it legal to build and fly a scale 1m:20cm Boeing C-17 for use in flying from the U.K. to other countries to deliver aid in places that are hard to reach? For example, on top of a large hill where ...
8
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1answer
317 views

Can an instrument procedure be intercepted from the middle and how?

While I was reading FAA-H-8083-6 I was wondering if a pilot can be instructed to intercept a procedure from a point somewhere in the middle of it. Specifically: A pilot departs from an airport ...
9
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1answer
327 views

Where can aircraft carriers carry out air operations?

I'm interested in any military or civil airspace regulations about where aircraft carriers are allowed to launch and retrieve aircraft. For example, are fixed wing aircraft allowed to take off from ...
3
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2answers
656 views

Why does a dual-axis autopilot not allow operation in single-axis?

Image source: KFC 225 Pilot's Guide (PDF) In a dual-axis AP, when no lateral mode is selected, a wing leveler (ROL) mode is activated and can't be disengaged unless another lateral mode is selected. ...
5
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1answer
472 views

Is there a roadmap to satellite / inertial only based navigation?

GNSS is the most accurate mean of navigation available on the flight deck but it relies on satellite being available and under control. Inertial systems are autonomous, but far less accurate. ...
3
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1answer
3k views

What regulatory bodies are there?

Since planes traverse the Earth, and a country may deem another country's airline unsafe, yet that unsafe airline is deemed safe in its country, what is the hierarchy of the aviation regulatory bodies ...
10
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1answer
7k views

How do pilots use stopway, EMAS, clearway and displaced threshold?

I noticed in Why is “clearway minus stopway” used in V1 adjustments? that a stopway and an EMAS are both indicated by yellow chevrons: Same Opa-Locka stopway on the left, and San Diego EMAS on the ...
11
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3answers
793 views

Can a pilot act as cabin crew member?

If several standby cabin crew members called in sick and there are no more available can standby pilot called to perform cabin crew member duties? Probably it would be more economical than postpone ...
9
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3answers
707 views

Do “water bomber” aircraft pilots have more relaxed rules?

I have no exposure to aviation regulations, but I'm curious if some rules are different for emergency aircraft pilots. Similar to ambulance drivers and police officers being allowed to speed or run ...
0
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1answer
3k views

What happens if a private pilot's license isn't used for some time? [duplicate]

I have a question about the currency of a Private Pilot's License: if someone obtains a PPL but doesn't fly for a period of time, is there a time after which some conditions or restrictions are ...
21
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2answers
9k views

Can a pilot take off at his own discretion?

[I'm referring to an ATC conversation during the military coup in Turkey with an MD83 EP-TAS (ATA TBZ5402). Can a pilot take off at his own discretion? To summarize the link: a pilot is begging the ...
-1
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1answer
139 views

What is the applicable regulation for flying in a residential area? [closed]

What are the laws for flight in a residential area. Can I just fly around the neighborhood or do I have to have a flight plan? I have my own strip. I have had some noise complaints about just flying ...
10
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1answer
771 views

Are some countries' civil aviation authorities safer than others?

Okay, put down the pitchforks, I'm not pointing fingers at anyone! I'm just aware that every country has its own civil aviation authority, and I wonder if there's any reason to believe that some ...