Questions tagged [regulations]

Regulations governing aviation worldwide or in any jurisdiction. Specific jurisdictions should use a more specific tag.

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21
votes
4answers
65k views

Can civilians buy military aircraft?

Say one wanted to buy a retired F-14, or F-5, or a BAE Hawk. Could I do it? Obviously this would mean stripping out radars, weapons, rwr, and any other sensitive equipment, but after this, would it ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the relation between number of crew members (pilots and attendants) and fleet size in airlines?

Taking into account relevant elements like the fleet size or the type of flights (short or long haul, passengers or cargo, ...), do airlines use typical ratios between the number of aircraft and the ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

Where to download NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) information?

I am reading about NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) and I found out they are created and regulated by the following entities: westbound flow: Shanwick Oceanic Control eastbound flow: Gander Oceanic ...
2
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0answers
119 views

Flying to Paro, Bhutan requires a special crew, what are the regulations? [duplicate]

I would like to fly from Geneva to Paro, Bhutan on Gulfstream GIV-SP. I was informed that I have to take a specialized pilot from Delhi. Can anyone guide me what are the formalities and what are the ...
2
votes
1answer
546 views

What is the hierarchy of aviation regulatory bodies? [duplicate]

What does the hierarchy of the aviation bodies look like? Does it look like this: International: ICAO Continental: EASA,ECAC,...? National:?
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Are there any low time lucky CPL holders who operate as PIC on medium or heavy jets?

CPL holder can be PIC on any plane if it's not a commercial air transport. So if the flight is positioning, acceptance, testing, delivery or any other without cargo and passengers any CPL holder ...
8
votes
1answer
291 views

Can an instrument procedure be intercepted from the middle and how?

While I was reading FAA-H-8083-6 I was wondering if a pilot can be instructed to intercept a procedure from a point somewhere in the middle of it. Specifically: A pilot departs from an airport ...
6
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1answer
305 views

Where can aircraft carriers carry out air operations?

I'm interested in any military or civil airspace regulations about where aircraft carriers are allowed to launch and retrieve aircraft. For example, are fixed wing aircraft allowed to take off from ...
5
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1answer
462 views

Is there a roadmap to satellite / inertial only based navigation?

GNSS is the most accurate mean of navigation available on the flight deck but it relies on satellite being available and under control. Inertial systems are autonomous, but far less accurate. ...
9
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1answer
5k views

How do pilots use stopway, EMAS, clearway and displaced threshold?

I noticed in Why is “clearway minus stopway” used in V1 adjustments? that a stopway and an EMAS are both indicated by yellow chevrons: Same Opa-Locka stopway on the left, and San Diego EMAS on the ...
3
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1answer
2k views

What regulatory bodies are there?

Since planes traverse the Earth, and a country may deem another country's airline unsafe, yet that unsafe airline is deemed safe in its country, what is the hierarchy of the aviation regulatory bodies ...
11
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3answers
709 views

Can a pilot act as cabin crew member?

If several standby cabin crew members called in sick and there are no more available can standby pilot called to perform cabin crew member duties? Probably it would be more economical than postpone ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

What happens if a private pilot's license isn't used for some time? [duplicate]

I have a question about the currency of a Private Pilot's License: if someone obtains a PPL but doesn't fly for a period of time, is there a time after which some conditions or restrictions are ...
21
votes
2answers
9k views

Can a pilot take off at his own discretion?

[I'm referring to an ATC conversation during the military coup in Turkey with an MD83 EP-TAS (ATA TBZ5402). Can a pilot take off at his own discretion? To summarize the link: a pilot is begging the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there any country that requires window blinds to be open for takeoff and landing?

Does any country legally require the window blinds to be open for takeoff and landing? I'm asking about legal regulations that specifically mention window blinds, not airline procedures or general '...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the maximum slope for taxiing aircraft?

Every airport I have encountered has flat runways and taxiways. Of course this is not exactly true, as some other questions picked up, and it is also possible that I just happened to visit mostly ...
-1
votes
1answer
132 views

What is the applicable regulation for flying in a residential area? [closed]

What are the laws for flight in a residential area. Can I just fly around the neighborhood or do I have to have a flight plan? I have my own strip. I have had some noise complaints about just flying ...
10
votes
1answer
612 views

Are some countries' civil aviation authorities safer than others?

Okay, put down the pitchforks, I'm not pointing fingers at anyone! I'm just aware that every country has its own civil aviation authority, and I wonder if there's any reason to believe that some ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What, exactly is “on the MEL”?

The MEL, minimum equipment list, defines whether fault of some equipment on the aircraft prevents it from being dispatched for flight or not. However, sometimes (e.g. in comments to this question) ...
6
votes
2answers
373 views

How common are regulations limiting when the FO can be PF?

I was reading that in India regulators have specified certain airports at which the FO is not allowed to take off or land. The Pilot-in-Command shall not authorise a Co-pilot to effect ...
5
votes
2answers
762 views

What is the technical role of a flight attendant?

Everyone knows flight attendants represent the airline for the passengers, and have a commercial role by distributing meals, selling goods, managing the entertainment system, and receiving complaints. ...
1
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0answers
576 views

Can a colour blind person pursue a career in Commercial Flying? [duplicate]

I have been an ardent aviation geek since childhood and always wanted to be flying commercially. But sometime later during a medical examination through Ishihara plates test I learned that I am color ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Which manuals should I study, before flying to France, Portugal and Switzerland?

My crew and I will fly to these countries, and I am accustomed to fly to The USA, but it will be my first time to Europe, and I am studying for the differences. Which documents and manuals do you ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Is stall recovery training mandatory for Airbus pilots?

The recent reports about the Air Asia Flight 8501 crash mention that the plane was stalled and that the pilots could not recover from the stall. Indonesia's National Transport Safety Committee ...
3
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2answers
852 views

In which countries a medically unfit US pilot can fly? [closed]

For example can one get another license in a foreign country? Which countries allow that?
5
votes
1answer
586 views

Are ATC radar tracking records and audio recordings considered legally public?

In practice, they are simply available online and mostly free. Alternatively, anyone may purchase an ADS-B receiver to monitor the surrounding air traffic and air-band radio to listen to ATC. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
240 views

Is a releasable locator beacon (ELT) required for aircraft carrying passengers over a water area?

Is an Emergency locator transmitter - ELT required on any type of aircraft carrying passengers over water? Does it need to be fitted with an hydrostatic release unit so that it doesn't sink with the ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Can TODA ever be shorter than TORA, under any circumstance?

I've always been told that TODA* = TORA† + Clearway. I can't really imagine what a negative clearway would be, so that leads me to think that it is required that TODA >= TORA. Interestingly, a ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

How many minutes between jetway (air bridge) detachment and take-off?

Is there a standard policy / guideline that dictates how many minutes a jetway or air bridge must be detached from a commercial aircraft before take-off?
1
vote
1answer
657 views

Are jets deliberately excluded from the “Complex airplane” definition?

A jet aircraft seems for sure very complex as such. But, referring Wikipedia, a "complex aircraft" (as legally defined) has: A retractable landing gear Flaps and A controllable pitch propeller And ...
1
vote
1answer
681 views

If a pilot license is revoked by a country's aviation authority, can the pilot still obtain another license?

There was a recent new story of a Kuwait Airways pilot that got his license revoked after an investigation into an incident on an international flight where unauthorized persons were allowed on to the ...
1
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2answers
2k views

What is the typical cruising altitude for a civil airplane? [duplicate]

I'd like to know the interval of altitudes airliners usually cruise at (and its reasons)? And if there are international restrictions about this? Also I read somewhere that recently about a ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Are there winglet modification regulations?

If an already existing fleet (737-800 and 900 without winglets) is thinking of a winglet modification, is that possible without regulations? Or what are the regulations?
2
votes
2answers
449 views

Is breaking a FAR an issue when flying outside of FAA jurisdiction?

When flying outside the US it is advisable to follow the FAA rules when they are stricter than ICAO, and when it does not violate the local flight governing body's rules. Can you still be fined or ...
0
votes
2answers
199 views

Can countries introduce new aviation policies unilaterally?

Let's say some country intends to introduce a new aviation policy that conflicts with ICAO regulations, like only aircraft certified and approved by our government can fly in our airspace. Can they do ...
39
votes
6answers
30k views

Do lights on aircraft flash in a specific pattern?

On a clear night, everyone can spot planes quite easily: they have flashing lights. I have noticed that the pattern seems different for different planes, and tried to find a meaning. What I saw so ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are speed restrictions imposed for flights flying below 10,000 ft?

I know that restrictions do not always apply and ATC can cancel them or pilots can request for speed restriction being canceled. But why is there such a speed restriction in first place? Are there any ...
5
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3answers
2k views

Why are combi airliners no longer being built?

Why are combi airliners no longer being built? Is the reason structural, economic or regulatory?
19
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2answers
3k views

Why do Turkey and UAE limit the age of aircraft flying over their territory?

Why do the civil aviation authorities of Turkey (15 years civil, 25 years cargo) and United Arab Emirates (20 years) limit the age of aircraft flying over their territory? I think if an old plane ...
5
votes
1answer
175 views

How are aviation regulations treated on a global stage?

I know that the two large aviation regulatory authorities are the FAA and EASA, but every country also has its own civil aviation authority. Focusing on airliners that need to operate all over the ...
6
votes
1answer
865 views

Can a captain fly in the right seat as SIC under part 129?

Re a Part 129 air carrier that is short of co-pilots: Can a pilot who usually flies in the left seat (B737 aircraft: non-US registry) as the Pilot-in-Command fly in the right seat as the SIC (co-...
4
votes
4answers
17k views

Are those devices allowed on a flight which create their own WiFi signals?

I am going from Canada to Mexico but I don't want to be dependent on in-flight entertainment. Thus I got seagate wireless plus so I can stream to my iPad. I couldn't find any policies I can use this ...
17
votes
3answers
4k views

Why is the sound quality of onboard public address so bad?

While not a frequent flyer, I did fly common airliners quite a lot, and each time the (very) low sound quality of onboard public adress system has always struck me. We all know technology makes it ...
2
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0answers
1k views

Difference between EASA and FAA regulations for airliners? [closed]

The design of large transport aircraft is governed by EASA's CS-25 regulation and the FAA's FAR Part 25 regulation. It seems however that these regulations are nearly identical. It is obvious that a ...
13
votes
1answer
578 views

Where can I find regulations in different countries for flight level rules based on direction of flight?

I'm from Brazil, and here we use the West/East rule, so we use an odd flight level when we fly between 0/360 - 179, and when we fly between ...
20
votes
1answer
19k views

What is the difference between aviation “accident” and “incident”?

When I hear speaking about aviation crashes, sometimes I hear about "accidents" and other times about "incidents". What distinguishes them? Is there an international standard that determines how ...
7
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2answers
8k views

Which airports have ILS Cat IIIC?

Are there any airports with ILS working CATIIIC? What do the charts for this procedure look like? Is there a missed approach procedure?
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Where can I find the transition altitude in different countries/regions?

Where can I find the transition altitude in different countries or regions? Hoping to cover as many places as possible. Links to the applicable regulations would be nice. See also: What is the ...
29
votes
3answers
19k views

How flat does a runway need to be?

I always assumed that big runways are flat (or more specifically straight: they might have a slight slope in either direction), but while watching some crosswind landing footage shot at Birmingham ...
11
votes
1answer
380 views

What is the history of the aircraft logbook?

I need to know when the mandate to maintain a logbook started. Was it a US requirement, or was it from another regulator in the world? Did the aircraft logbook start at the same time as the pilot ...