Questions tagged [regulations]

Regulations governing aviation worldwide or in any jurisdiction. Specific jurisdictions should use a more specific tag.

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1answer
240 views

What are mechanical requirements for flying over water?

What are the mechanical requirements to fly over a large water body? Are multiple engines required? Do the engine/s need to be a certain kind (turbofan, turboprop, piston)?
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Can a foreign pilot with a Canadian ATPL get a job with AC or West Jet?

I have an Indian ATPL, I am type rated on the A-320 as PIC with a total of 5000 plus hours including military experience as a flying instructor. If I get a Canadian ATPL, what are the chances of ...
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Why do some countries separate a transition level and a transition altitude?

The US airway system uses a single transition level (or altitude), but some other countries like China separate a transtion altitude and a transition level with the transition layer in between. ...
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1answer
147 views

Are there regulations for unmanned aerial systems avionics?

I know that there are documents such as DO-178B, DO-178C and DO-254 that provide guidance and requirements for the development of avionics in general. In my opinion it's hard to believe that avionics ...
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1answer
314 views

Was there a historical requirement to announce altitude, temperature, etc?

It is a common experience of flying on commercial flights that pilots announce certain flying conditions, including altitude and speed. It has been previously asked on Aviation SE why pilots announce ...
5
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1answer
239 views

What are the certification requirements for software used at airports?

If you develop software that is used at the airport and integrates into a departure control system (DCS), is it required to undergo some IATA certification processes? When I search for IATA ...
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3answers
608 views

Is it practical to use ground effect to extend range in an emergency?

Imagine a piston engine airplane (let's say a DC-3) flying at cruise speed and altitude over a calm sea, trying to reach an unreachable airstrip straight ahead, just above sea level. Fuel is very low ...
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2answers
418 views

Do crosswinds affect which pilot lands the plane?

I know the crew usually decides ahead of time which pilot is to be PF for each phase of the flight. If, when they arrive at their destination they discover a considerable crosswind component, does ...
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0answers
124 views

Can you operate regular commercial flights from an airport that is uncharted and not in the national AIP?

Is it possible to operate regular, commercial flights from an airport (aerodrome) that is not in the national AIP, and for which there are no charts, maps, terrain information, obstacle information, ...
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6answers
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How close can planes fly to each other over the ocean?

While on a recent Air Transat flight from Toronto Pearson to London Gatwick, several hours into the flight and over the Atlantic Ocean, my daughter and I noticed a plane behind ours to the left, ...
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1answer
180 views

Can an Indian operator get approval for ETOPS-120 without first getting approval for a lower ETOPS rating?

If an A320 aircraft equipped with CFM 56-5B engines is certified capable of 120 minutes ETOPS by the manufacturer as per its AFM, can an Indian operator directly request operational approval for ETOPS-...
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3answers
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Has anyone ever been penalised for buzzing a control tower?

Has there ever been a pilot who was caught and penalised for performing a "circus stunt fly-by" next to a control tower? To clarify the question: I mean legal actions took place; for example ...
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344 views

What is the exception applicable to basic VFR weather minimums in FAR 91.155?

Question applies to operating an Airplane. The part 91 regulation regarding Basic VFR weather minimums in Class G airspace states (in the FAR 91.155 chart): For aircraft other than helicopters: Day,...
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1answer
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Are the size and location of the registration number regulated?

On modern airliners, how large are the registration numbers? I know they are on the tail, but are they also under a wing? Do the regulations vary by country? If so, what is the US regulation?
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Is it legal for an SEP airplane to fly above its service ceiling?

Let's take a Cessna 172R for example. According to the POH this airplane has a service ceiling of 13,500 ft. I know that the service ceiling is the maximum altitude where a 100 foot per minute climb ...
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2answers
271 views

Are there any regulations on how VFR Aircraft have to dodge if they are facing each other? [duplicate]

I thought about what happens when there are two Aircraft flying VFR, facing each other. VFR Aircraft are not guided by ATC, they have to seperate from other traffic on their own. I thought it could ...
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4answers
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Are seaplanes allowed to taxi in residential areas?

There's a small pond/lake behind my house. A sea plane was just going around it. It was very loud and got like 10 feet from the shore. It's just going in circles and won't take off and leave. This is ...
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1answer
679 views

Based on what concept/strategy is a new aircraft ICAO code assigned?

I refer to the official ICAO database. BOEING 747-8 BBJ B748 LandPlane Jet 4 H BOEING BBJ (747-8) B748 LandPlane Jet 4 H I fail to understand ...
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1answer
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Are life jackets mandatory on planes that will never fly over water bodies?

Supposing I'm a regional carrier and my routes never pass over water bodies (sea or lakes which are over a certain size). Am I obliged to carry life jackets on my plane?
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How did ICAO SARPS come to include the 250 knots speed limit for aircraft below 10,000 feet?

In certain airspace classes, a speed limit of 250 knots IAS is imposed for aircraft flying below FL100/10.000FT, according to the airspace classes defined by ICAO. How did this limit find its way into ...
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1answer
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Why photographing airports is banned if everything is perfectly pictured in Google Maps? [closed]

While staying at Premier Inn, next to Abu Dhabi International Airport (AUH/OMAA), I was more than surprised to find out warning signs that I'm strictly prohibited from taking photos of the nearby ...
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1answer
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How much are aircraft nose paintings restricted by regulations?

It's actually surprising to see these old paintings on aircraft noses: WW2 nose art, source How much were (and are) these paintings generally restricted or allowed by law, civil regulation and ...
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1answer
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How are aeronautical procedures created in the US?

In creating new procedures for an airport, does someone from the FAA go to an airport, examine all their information, and choose what kind of approach/departure (for example) will be created? Or do ...
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2answers
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Are there regulations for the field of view from cockpits?

Are there any design or ergonomic regulations with regard to the pilot's vertical and horizontal vision angles from the cockpit? For example, pilot should see space 30 deg. above and 20 deg. below ...
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1answer
892 views

How do the FAR's define a cloud?

If you're talking about a big puffy cumulus cloud it's pretty obvious. But from where I am right now, looking up I see grey sky from horizon to horizon. But visibility at the surface is good. All ...
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When is deicing required?

For airliners, under which meteorological conditions is de-icing required? What factors (temperature, humidity, dew point, precipitation, etc.) influence the decision to de-ice? Is decision to de-...
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What is the regulation related to weather radar use?

I think most commercial aircraft have a weather radar located in the nose cone, like this: (Source: PhotoBucket, by intelmani5) It's well known that radar emissions can be harmful, e.g. one could ...
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1answer
295 views

Which aerodromes are in the scope of ICAO recommendations?

I'm looking for a clarification of how aerodrome characteristics are regulated in a country which has signed the ICAO Chicago Convention (more on Wikipedia). To guide the answer, I'm providing a list ...
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How or when can the 250 KIAS speed limit below 10,000ft be exceeded?

This arose out of a comments discussion in this question. The only airspace I really know is the UK. Here, a controller may issue a clearance to exceed the 250kt limit below 10,000ft for reasons ...
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557 views

What options do the crew have when passengers go berzerk?

In one recent incident with an American Airlines flight from São Paulo (GRU) to New York (JFK or LGA, dunno), the crew decided to land in Brasilia (BSB), Brazil because one couple was fighting (source ...
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5answers
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Is there a legal requirement to tell your doctor you are a pilot?

Specifically if I visit a doctor in Canada who is not a CAME for my regular aviation medical, do I have to tell him/her that I have a pilot's licence? You can imagine why I'm asking. I just ...
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Can civilians buy military aircraft?

Say one wanted to buy a retired F-14, or F-5, or a BAE Hawk. Could I do it? Obviously this would mean stripping out radars, weapons, rwr, and any other sensitive equipment, but after this, would it ...
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1answer
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What is the relation between number of crew members (pilots and attendants) and fleet size in airlines?

Taking into account relevant elements like the fleet size or the type of flights (short or long haul, passengers or cargo, ...), do airlines use typical ratios between the number of aircraft and the ...
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1answer
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Where to download NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) information?

I am reading about NATs (North Atlantic Tracks) and I found out they are created and regulated by the following entities: westbound flow: Shanwick Oceanic Control eastbound flow: Gander Oceanic ...
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0answers
114 views

Flying to Paro, Bhutan requires a special crew, what are the regulations? [duplicate]

I would like to fly from Geneva to Paro, Bhutan on Gulfstream GIV-SP. I was informed that I have to take a specialized pilot from Delhi. Can anyone guide me what are the formalities and what are the ...
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1answer
470 views

What is the hierarchy of aviation regulatory bodies? [duplicate]

What does the hierarchy of the aviation bodies look like? Does it look like this: International: ICAO Continental: EASA,ECAC,...? National:?
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1answer
149 views

Are there any low time lucky CPL holders who operate as PIC on medium or heavy jets?

CPL holder can be PIC on any plane if it's not a commercial air transport. So if the flight is positioning, acceptance, testing, delivery or any other without cargo and passengers any CPL holder ...
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1answer
282 views

Can an instrument procedure be intercepted from the middle and how?

While I was reading FAA-H-8083-6 I was wondering if a pilot can be instructed to intercept a procedure from a point somewhere in the middle of it. Specifically: A pilot departs from an airport ...
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1answer
289 views

Where can aircraft carriers carry out air operations?

I'm interested in any military or civil airspace regulations about where aircraft carriers are allowed to launch and retrieve aircraft. For example, are fixed wing aircraft allowed to take off from ...
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Why does a dual-axis autopilot not allow operation in single-axis?

For example, why can't the AP hold only the altitude, and the pilot steers laterally. As far as I know any AP with more than one axis doesn't allow single-axis operation. Control wheel steering (CWS /...
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1answer
457 views

Is there a roadmap to satellite / inertial only based navigation?

GNSS is the most accurate mean of navigation available on the flight deck but it relies on satellite being available and under control. Inertial systems are autonomous, but far less accurate. ...
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1answer
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How do pilots use stopway, EMAS, clearway and displaced threshold?

I noticed in Why is “clearway minus stopway” used in V1 adjustments? that a stopway and an EMAS are both indicated by yellow chevrons: Same Opa-Locka stopway on the left, and San Diego EMAS on the ...
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What regulatory bodies are there?

Since planes traverse the Earth, and a country may deem another country's airline unsafe, yet that unsafe airline is deemed safe in its country, what is the hierarchy of the aviation regulatory bodies ...
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Can a pilot act as cabin crew member?

If several standby cabin crew members called in sick and there are no more available can standby pilot called to perform cabin crew member duties? Probably it would be more economical than postpone ...
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2answers
581 views

Do “water bomber” aircraft pilots have more relaxed rules?

I have no exposure to aviation regulations, but I'm curious if some rules are different for emergency aircraft pilots. Similar to ambulance drivers and police officers being allowed to speed or run ...
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1answer
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What happens if a private pilot's license isn't used for some time? [duplicate]

I have a question about the currency of a Private Pilot's License: if someone obtains a PPL but doesn't fly for a period of time, is there a time after which some conditions or restrictions are ...
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Can a pilot take off at his own discretion?

[I'm referring to an ATC conversation during the military coup in Turkey with an MD83 EP-TAS (ATA TBZ5402). Can a pilot take off at his own discretion? To summarize the link: a pilot is begging the ...
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1answer
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Is there any country that requires window blinds to be open for takeoff and landing?

Does any country legally require the window blinds to be open for takeoff and landing? I'm asking about legal regulations that specifically mention window blinds, not airline procedures or general '...
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1answer
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What is the maximum slope for taxiing aircraft?

Every airport I have encountered has flat runways and taxiways. Of course this is not exactly true, as some other questions picked up, and it is also possible that I just happened to visit mostly ...
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What regulations exist for ATC real time RADAR simulator software?

Does professional ATC RADAR simulator software need to comply to some regulations or requirements in order to be used for real life controller training? Have ICAO, Eurocontrol, EASA or FAA published ...